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1.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1006-1010, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016727

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To provide a reference for the safe administration of patients with atrial flutter, atrial fibrillation, placenta praevia hemorrhage and thrombocytopenia-threatened abortion after the operation of congenital heart disease. METHODS Clinical pharmacists participated in the diagnosis and treatment of a patient with atrial flutter, atrial fibrillation, placenta praevia hemorrhage and thrombocytopenia-threatened abortion after the operation of congenital heart disease. Given the thrombocytopenia caused by enoxaparin sodium, pharmacists suggested to stop enoxaparin sodium and change it to fondaparinux sodium after a blood routine review. For the patient with fast heart rate and low blood pressure, pharmacists recommended to choose metoprolol and adjust the dosage according to the heart rate, and change furosemide to hydrochlorothiazide. Pharmacists recommended to continue using metoprolol regarding doctors’ plan to replace metoprolol with sotalol before cesarean section. For possible drug interactions in the patient, pharmacists recommended to closely monitor blood potassium and other indicators, and provided drug education. RESULTS The doctors adopted the advice of clinical pharmacists. The patient’s bleeding was controlled, the indicators were kept stable during hospitalization, the gestational week was extended smoothly, and the cesarean section was successfully performed. CONCLUSIONS By participating in the treatment of the patient with atrial flutter, atrial fibrillation, placenta praevia hemorrhage and thrombocytopenia-threatened abortion after the operation of congenital heart disease, clinical pharmacists formulate individualized medication plans for the patient based on adverse drug reactions, drug interactions and medication education, ensuring the safety and effectiveness of medication.

2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 643-650, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016629

ABSTRACT

Three carboline fluorescent probes F1-F3 were designed and synthesized, based on lead compound JYJ-19, an antifungal compound discovered previously by our group. The antifungal activity in vitro results showed that compound F1 had moderate antifungal activity (MIC80 = 32 μg·mL-1). The stokes shift of F1 is 70 nm. The fluorescent probe F1 has good optical properties and can be used for fluorescence imaging research. Subcellular localization experiments results showed that F1 was enriched in the mitochondria of fungal cells. The detection of intracellular reactive oxygen species levels shows that JYJ-19 enhances intracellular reactive oxygen species levels. The above results indicated that carboline compounds could exert antifungal effects by acting on fungal mitochondria.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016463

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the possible mechanism of Osteoking (OK) on postmenopausal osteoporosis (PMOP). MethodForty adult female mice were randomly divided into a sham operation (Sham) group, osteoporosis model (OVX) group, estradiol intervention (E2) group, and OK group, with 10 mice in each group. The modeling was completed by conventional back double incision ovariectomy, and the corresponding drugs were given one week later. After 12 weeks, the body mass and uterine index of mice were measured, and the pathological changes of bone tissue and the number of osteoclasts (OCs) were determined by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) and tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) staining, respectively. Bone mineral density (BMD), trabecular number (Tb.N), trabecular separation (Tb.Sp), and bone volume fraction (BV/TV) were measured by microcomputed tomography (Micro-CT). The maximum load of the femur was detected by a three-point bending test. The contents of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and bone resorption marker C-terminal telopeptide of type Ⅰ collagen (CTX-1) were measured by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The protein expression levels of nuclear factor-kappa B p65 (NF-κB p65), phosphorylated nuclear factor-kappa B p65 (p-NF-κB p65), nuclear factor kappa B inhibitor alpha (IκBα), phosphorylated nuclear factor kappa B alpha (p-IκBα), nuclear factor of activated T cells 1 (NFATc1), and proto-oncogene (c-Fos) were detected by Western blot. The mRNA expressions of OCs-related specific genes matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9), NFATc1, TRAP, cathepsin K (CTSK), and c-Fos were detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR). ResultCompared with the Sham group, the uterine index decreased significantly in the OVX group, and the body mass (BMI) increased significantly. The structure of bone trabeculae was completely damaged, and the number of OCs increased. BMD, Tb.N, BV/TV, and maximum load decreased, while Tb.Sp was up-regulated. The levels of TNF-α and CTX-1 in serum were up-regulated. The protein expressions of c-Fos, p-NF-κB p65/NF-κB p65, NFATc1, and p-IκBα/IκBα were increased. The mRNA expressions of NFATc1, c-Fos, CTSK, TRAP, and MMP-9 were up-regulated (P<0.05, P<0.01). Compared with the OVX group, the body mass of the OK and E2 groups decreased, and the uterine index increased. The bone trabeculae increased, and the number of OCs decreased. BMD, Tb.N, BV/TV, and maximum load increased, while Tb.Sp decreased. The levels of TNF-α and CTX-1 in serum were decreased. The protein expressions of c-Fos, p-NF-κB p65/NF-κB p65, NFATc1, and p-IκBα/IκBα were decreased, and the mRNA expressions of NFATc1, c-Fos, CTSK, TRAP, and MMP-9 were decreased (P<0.05, P<0.01). ConclusionOK can inhibit the NF-κB/NFATc1 signaling pathway and reduce bone mass loss by reducing the level of inflammatory injury factors in PMOP mice, which is one of the mechanisms for treating PMOP.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016409

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the epidemic characteristics of varicella in Chongqing from 2014 to 2020, and to provide evidence for the development of scientific and effective varicella control strategies. Methods Data on the outbreak of varicella and vaccination in Chongqing from 2014 to 2020 were collected through the China Disease Prevention and Control Information System, and descriptive epidemiological methods were used for statistical analysis. Results A total of 181 551 cases of varicella were reported in Chongqing from 2014 to 2020, with an average annual incidence rate of 83.79 per 100 000. The incidence rate of varicella increased from 39.95 per 100 000 in 2014 to 81.88 per 100 000 in 2020 (P < 0.001). The incidence of varicella was seasonal, with the peak periods occurring from May to June and from October to December each year. The average annual incidence rate in municipal districts was 88.90/100 000, higher than 67.42/100 000 in counties and 82.50/100 000 in autonomous counties. The average annual incidence rate of varicella in males (87.13/100 000) was higher than that in females (80.38/100 000). The incidence of varicella was mainly distributed in people under 15 years old, with 143 508 cases (79.10%) reported, and the highest incidence age was 5-9 years old (37.00%). Among the affected occupations , 133 733 cases (62.6%) were students , 39 274 cases (18.40%) were children in nursery care, and 17 963 cases (8.4%) were scattered children. The actual number of doses of varicella vaccine from 2014 to 2020 was 2 302 522 doses, with the coverage rates of one-dose and two-dose vaccines being 75.56% and 32.17%, respectively. ARIMA predicted that there would be 2 604, 811, 756, 1 226, 2 405, 3 904, 2 410, 1 211, 2 034, 6 878, 10 887, and 8 955 cases of varicella from January to December 2021. Conclusion The incidence of varicella in Chongqing is on the rise, with obvious seasonal, regional and population distribution characteristics. It is necessary to strengthen the prevention and control of varicella epidemic, strengthen the prevention and control measures of key groups and key institutions in the high incidence season, strengthen the publicity of varicella vaccine, and improve the vaccination rate of two-doses of varicella vaccine for eligible children.

5.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 3439-3448, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999083

ABSTRACT

italic>Tussilago farfara L. is a perennial herb of Tussilago genus in the Compositae family. Its dried buds and leaves have good biological activities and have a long history of medicinal use in China and Europe. In this paper, we investigated the whole chloroplast genome characteristics, sequence duplication, structural variation and phylogeny of the Tussilago farfara L. After sequencing the Tussilago farfara L. chloroplast genome using Illumination technology, the complete Tussilago farfara L. chloroplast genome was further obtained by assembly and annotation, followed by a series of inverted repeat-large single copy/small single copy region contraction and expansion analysis, genome sequence variation, etc. The sequences of 13 homologous plants downloaded from NCBI were used to construct a neighbor-joining phylogenetic tree. The results showed that the total GC content of the chloroplast genome was 37.4% and the length was 150 300 bp; 125 genes were annotated, including 82 protein-coding genes, 35 tRNAs and 8 rRNAs; 148 (simple sequence repeats, SSR) loci were detected, and the relative synonymous codon usage showed that 31 codons out of 64 codons had a usage of >1. In the phylogenetic analysis, the chloroplast genomes of the seven species of Asteraceae, including the Yulin Tussilago farfara L., were highly conserved, and the sequence variation of the (large single-copy, LSC) and (small single-copy, SSC) regions was higher than that of the (inverted repeat, IR) region. This is in general agreement with the reported phylogeny of Yulin Tussilago farfara L. In this study, we obtained a high quality chloroplast genome and analyzed its genome characteristics, codon preference, SSR characteristics, SC/IR boundary, sequence variation and phylogeny, which can provide a basis for species identification, genetic diversity analysis and resource development of this medicinal plant.

6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981598

ABSTRACT

Food-dependent, exercise-induced anaphylaxis (FDEIA) is a potentially life-threatening disorder that often occurs with exercise, and patients typically have eaten a specific food within hours before disease onset. This disease is exceedingly rare, with a prevalence of 0.02%. No well-recognized prevention or treatment strategy has been available for FDEIA except avoiding triggers strictly. Here we report an 11-year-old boy with a history of recurrent anaphylaxis of unknown etiology more than 10 times within two years. As the anaphylactic symptoms had not been controlled after traditional treatments, the patient was given subcutaneous injection of dupilumab seven times within 33 weeks. During dupilumab treatments, the patient was exposed to culprit mushrooms plus exercises at least twice a month but without notable anaphylaxis. Thus, Dupilumab may improve the allergic reactions in FDEIA patients.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Child , Anaphylaxis/etiology , Food Hypersensitivity/diagnosis , Exercise-Induced Allergies , Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized/therapeutic use
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981421

ABSTRACT

With the advances in medicine, people have deeply understood the complex pathogenesis of diseases. Revealing the mechanism of action and therapeutic effect of drugs from an overall perspective has become the top priority of drug design. However, the traditional drug design methods cannot meet the current needs. In recent years, with the rapid development of systems biology, a variety of new technologies including metabolomics, genomics, and proteomics have been used in drug research and development. As a bridge between traditional pharmaceutical theory and modern science, computer-aided drug design(CADD) can shorten the drug development cycle and improve the success rate of drug design. The application of systems biology and CADD provides a methodological basis and direction for revealing the mechanism and action of drugs from an overall perspective. This paper introduces the research and application of systems biology in CADD from different perspectives and proposes the development direction, providing reference for promoting the application.


Subject(s)
Humans , Systems Biology , Drug Design , Drug Development , Genomics , Medicine
8.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1780-1786, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010037

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To understand the biological characteristics of polycythemia vera (PV) patients with myeloid fibroplasia, and further analyze the risk factors affecting myeloid fibroplasia in PV patients, so as to provide ideas for predicting the occurrence of myeloid fibroplasia in PV patients.@*METHODS@#Forty patients with PV in the Department of Hematology, Xiyuan Hospital of China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences were collected and divided into two groups, with (hyperplasia group) and without (Non-proliferative group) hyperplasia of bone marrow fibers. The differences of basic clinical characteristics, blood routine, biochemistry, bone marrow cells, coagulation function and other indicators between the two groups were compared, and the independent risk factors affecting the proliferation of bone marrow fibrous tissue in PV patients were further analyzed by multivariate regression.@*RESULTS@#Compared with Non-proliferative group, the JAK2 mutation rate (95% vs 70%,P=0.037), eosinophilic cell count (0.19 vs 0.11, P=0.047) and eosinophilic percentage (1.84 vs 1.27, P=0.001) in PV patients with hyperplasia were significantly increased, triglycerides (1.55 vs 1.91, P=0.038) and low-density lipoprotein (1.50 vs 3.08, P=0.000) were significantly reduced, bone marrow hematopoietic volume (0.85 vs 0.6, P=0.001), granulocyte/erythrocyte ratio (3.40 vs 1.89, P=0.033), lymphocyte/erythrocyte ratio (0.60 vs 0.42, P=0.033), and granulocyte+lymphocyte/erythrocyte ratio (3.72 vs 2.37, P=0.026) were significantly increased, thrombin time (18.84 vs 18.12, P=0.043) was significantly prolonged. Multivariate regression analysis results showed that peripheral blood eosinophil ≥2% and low-density lipoprotein ≤2 mmol/L were independent risk factors for bone marrow fibrous tissue hyperplasia in PV patients (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Increased proportion of peripheral blood eosinophils and decreased low density lipoprotein are risk factors for bone marrow fibrous tissue hyperplasia in PV patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bone Marrow/pathology , Polycythemia Vera , Hyperplasia/pathology , Granulocytes/pathology , Janus Kinase 2/genetics , Risk Factors , Lipoproteins, LDL , Polycythemia/pathology
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969952

ABSTRACT

To deepen the understanding of the acupoint indications, clarify the targeting of acupoints, and provide a basis for the composition of acupuncture prescriptions, it is suggested to add acupoint identification into the textbook Meridians and Acupoints, and a preliminary assumption that relevant acupoints can be identified by taking the indications, locations, and meridians as the key points is proposed. In this paper, acupoints for treating stomach disease, acupoints of eye region, and five-shu points of lung meridian are taken as examples, combined with ancient literature and modern scientific research achievements, the main indications of acupoint is identified, which is of great significance to the discipline's development, talent training, and achievement transformation.


Subject(s)
Meridians , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Acupuncture
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969882

ABSTRACT

Colorectal cancer (CRC) has become a major medical and public health threat to human life and health. At present, the clinical diagnosis and treatment of CRC mainly depends on the laboratory tests. With the increasing demand for treatment and prognosis, screening methods for CRC are emerging. In order to provide a reference for reasonable selection of laboratory diagnostic biomarkers, and further improve the accuracy and reliability of colorectal cancer screening, auxiliary diagnosis, efficacy monitoring, as well as prognostic evaluation, this article reviews the laboratory screening and diagnostic methods for CRC, and makes outlook for the future detection markers of CRC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biomarkers, Tumor , Reproducibility of Results , Colorectal Neoplasms/diagnosis
11.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1816-1820, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996890

ABSTRACT

With complex pathogenesis, myopia is a common ophthalmology disease and a major causation for visual impairment in children. For years, studies found that neurotransmitters, such as dopamine, nitric oxide, acetylcholine, γ-aminobutyric acid, 5-hydroxytryptamine, insulin and prostaglandins, are associated with children's refractive development and axial length growth. However, there are still many disagreements in their mechanisms of action. This article makes a systematic review on the roles of neurotransmitters in the pathogenesis of myopia including neurotransmitter receptors and antagonists to clarify the influence of different neurotransmitters on the occurrence and development of myopia, thus giving a comprehensive insight into its pathogenesis, building a basis for further research on the changes of neurotransmitters and providing new ideas and directions for the prevention and treatment of myopia.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995376

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the cost-effectiveness of a relatively mature artificial intelligence (AI)-assisted diagnosis and treatment system (ENDOANGEL) for gastrointestinal endoscopy in China, and to provide objective and effective data support for hospital acquisition decision.Methods:The number of gastrointestinal endoscopy procedures at the Endoscopy Center of Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University from January 2017 to December 2019 were collected to predict the procedures of gastrointestinal endoscopy during the service life (10 years) of ENDOANGEL. The net present value, payback period and average rate of return were used to analyze the cost-effectiveness of ENDOANGEL.Results:The net present value of an ENDOANGEL in the expected service life (10 years) was 6 724 100 yuan, the payback period was 1.10 years, and the average rate of return reached 147.84%.Conclusion:ENDOANGEL shows significant economic benefits, and it is reasonable for hospitals to acquire mature AI-assisted diagnosis and treatment system for gastrointestinal endoscopy.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994606

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy and safety of of rivaroxaban for different doses in the treatment of isolated distal deep vein thrombosis.Methods:The clinical data of 853 patients of isolated distal deep vein thrombosis attending Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital from Jan 2018 to Dec 2020 was retrospectively analyzed.Results:Thrombotic recurrence rate increased with increasing follow-up in the standard and low dose groups, and it was significantly lower in the standard dose group than in the low dose group (HR=0.44, 95% CI: 0.25-0.78, P=0.005) with most thrombosis occurring within the first year of follow-up. There was no statistical difference between the two groups in terms of major bleeding events (HR=1.70,95%CI 0.56-5.14, P=0.530) and the incidence of clinically relevant non-major bleeding events was significantly higher in the standard dose group than in the low dose group (HR=2.36, 95%CI 1.26-4.44, P=0.020). Subgroup analysis on anticoagulation duration found when anticoagulation duration was longer than 1.5 months, the risk of thrombosis was lower in the standard dose group than the low dose group (1.5-3 months:HR=0.11, 95%CI 0.01-0.87, >3 months: HR=0.19, 95%CI 0.04-0.95), there was an interaction between anticoagulation duration and dose ( P=0.007). Conclusions:Based on the risk of thrombosis recurrence and bleeding events, the standard dose of rivaroxaban (20 mg qd) is recommended for patients with isolated distal deep vein thrombosis, and the anticoagulant duration should be maintained for 1.5 months or more.

14.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 508-515, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993470

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the morphological characteristics of L 4, 5 facet joints in patients with degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis (DLS) of different spinopelvic types based on Roussouly classification. Methods:We retrospectively analyzed 142 patients with DLS who visited the department of orthopaedics in the Affiliated Hospital of Southwest Medical University from August 2018 to May 2022. There were 33 males aged 65.0±10.7 years and 109 females aged 61.8±9.6 years. The following morphological parameters of the L 4, 5 facet joint were measured on the CT images: facet joint angle (FJA), pedicle facet angle (PFA), facet joint tropism (FT) and facet joint osteoarthritis (OA) degree; the sacral slope (SS), lumbar lordosis (LL) and percentage of L 4 slip distance (SDP) were measured on preoperative standing neutral lumbar radiographs. According to the Roussouly classification, the patients were divided into four groups (type I, type II, type III, and type IV). The differences of morphological parameters of the facet joints and SDP were compared among the four groups, and the correlation between the FJA and PFA was analyzed. Results:There were 142 patients, including 28 type I, 50 type II, 43 type III, and 21 type IV according to the Roussouly classification. The SDPs of type I, type II, type III, and type IV were 19.1%±3.4%, 18.6%±3.9%, 21.7%±3.9%, 25.0%±2.4%, respectively. Except for types I and II, there were statistically significant differences in pairwise comparison among all other types ( P<0.05). The FJAs in type I and type II (31.4°±6.3°, 35.2°±6.8°) were larger than those in type III (28.4°±5.6°) and type IV (23.4°±4.5°), and the FJA in type III was larger than that in type IV. Conversely, the FJA in type I was smaller than that in type II. These differences were statistically significant ( P<0.05). The PFAs in type I and type II (113.9°±4.9°, 111.3°±5.6°) were smaller than those in type III (116.3°±4.4°) and type IV (121.8°±3.5°), and the PFA in type III was smaller than that in type IV, while, the PFA in type I was larger than that in type II. These differences were statistically significant ( P<0.05). The degree of OA in both type I and type II was lower than that in type III and type IV, with statistically significant differences ( P<0.05). However, there were no statistically significant differences in the degree of OA between type I and type II and between type III and type IV ( P> 0.05). Additionally, there were no statistically significant differences ( F=0.40, P=0.752) in the FT values among type I, type II, type III, and type IV (5.8°±2.3°, 5.6°±2.4°, 6.1°±1.8°, 5.9°±1.9°). Pearson correlation analysis showed that FJA was negatively correlated with PFA ( r=-0.68, P<0.001). Conclusion:In the slip segment of DLS, the facet joint morphology was part of the joint configuration in different spinopelvic types, not just the result of joint remodeling after DLS. Morphological characteristics of the facet joints and DLS interacted with each other.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991909

ABSTRACT

Sarcopenia is an age-related syndrome with progressive, generalized loss of muscle mass, strength, and physiological function. Low muscle mass is an important diagnostic criterion for sarcopenia. Ultrasound is safe, convenient and cost-effective, with extensive availability. It's a promising diagnostic tool for muscle mass assessment and sarcopenia screening in the elderly population. This review focuses on the specific methods and latest research progress on ultrasound assessment of sarcopenia.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990871

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical characteristics of patients with keratoconus, and to explore the factors influencing keratoconus severity.Methods:A cross-sectional study was performed.A total of 908 patients (1 476 eyes) with primary keratoconus were enrolled in Henan Eye Hospital from January 2019 to December 2021.The medical history data of patients were collected by face-to-face questionnaire survey.Refractive parameters were measured by subjective optometry.Intraocular pressure (IOP) was measured by a non-contact tonometer, and corrected IOP was calculated by Dresden formula.Corneal topography parameters was obtained using Pentacam HR.The subgroup analysis of clinical characteristics of all patients was performed by age (<21 years, 21~<31 years, ≥31 years) and gender.Disease severity was graded based on steep keratometry (Ks), namely mild (Ks<48 D), moderate (48 D≤Ks<55 D) and severe (Ks≥55 D). The influencing factors of disease severity in keratoconus were analyzed by ordered Logistic regression.This study adhered to the Declaration of Helsinki.The study protocol was approved by the Ethics Committee of Henan Eye Hospital (No.HNEECKY-2019[5]). All subjects or guardians were informed of the purpose and significance of the study and written informed consent was obtained.Results:Of the 908 patients, 622 were with bilateral keratoconus and 286 were with unilateral keratoconus.The median age of onset was 20(17, 26) years, and the median age of diagnosis was 21(18, 27) years.The ratio of males to females was 3.05∶1.There were 9.80%(89/908) of the patients having a history of allergy, 25.55%(232/908) having a history of other systemic diseases, and 1.98%(18/908) having a family history of keratoconus.Of the 1 476 affected eyes, 27.57%(407/1 476) were diagnosed as severe keratoconus, and 61.94%(568/917) had a history of eye rubbing.The medians of sphericity, cylindricity, IOP, corrected IOP, Ks, thinnest corneal thickness (TCT), anterior corneal surface elevation (AE) and posterior corneal surface elevation (PE) were -4.00(-7.00, -1.75)D, -3.50(-6.00, -1.50)D, 12.00(10.30, 13.80)mmHg, 15.40(13.60, 17.00)mmHg, 49.85(46.40, 54.90)D, 460.00(425.00, 490.00)μm, 21.00(13.00, 34.75)μm, 51.00(33.00, 75.00)μm, respectively.The spherical refraction, IOP and corrected IOP were lower and the cylindrical refraction was higher in patients at age <21 years than in patients at age 21~<31 years, and the TCT of patients at age <21 years was higher than that at age ≥31 years, and the differences were statistically significant (all at P<0.05). Compared with female patients, male patients had younger onset age, lower spherical refraction, IOP and corrected IOP, as well as higher cylindrical refraction, AE and PE, showing statistically significant differences (all at P<0.05). The spherical refraction and IOP of male patients were lower than those of female patients at age <21 years, and the cylindrical refraction was higher in males than in females among the patients at age 21~<31 years, and the differences were statistically significant (both at P<0.05). Among the patients with onset age <21 years and diagnosis age <21 years, the ratio of males to females in patients with severe keratoconus was higher than those with mild and moderate disease, and the difference was statistically significant (both at P<0.05). Older age of onset was a protective factor for disease severity in keratoconus (odds ratio=0.981, 95% confidence interval: 0.963~0.999). Conclusions:The younger the onset age of keratoconus patients, the more severe the disease.Among the patients with severe keratoconus, there were more male patients, and males have a younger onset age and severer conditions.It is suggested that early screening of keratoconus in children and adolescents should be strengthened in clinical work, and more active prevention and treatment measures should be taken for younger patients, especially males.

17.
Chinese Journal of Neonatology ; (6): 460-464, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990773

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the phenotypes and genotypes of neonatal nonketotic hyperglycinemia (NKH).Methods:A neonate with severe NKH admitted to our hospital was retrospectively analyzed. Using keywords 'glycine cleavage enzyme', 'glycine decarboxylase', 'nonketotic hyperglycinemia' and 'glycine encephalopathy' (both in Chinese and English), multiple medical databases were searched until December 31, 2022. The clinical phenotypes and genotypes of neonatal NKH were summarized.Results:For our case, the neonate was lethargy and had no appetite on the second day of life, followed by recurrent seizures and irregular breathing, requiring mechanical ventilation. She died at 3 weeks of age. Two compound heterozygous variants were found in GLDC gene from whole exome sequencing , one was c.848C>G(p.A283G) of maternal origin and one was c.1607G>A(p.R536Q) of paternal origin. The former was a novel mutation. A total of 54 cases (including this case) were collected. The main clinical manifestations included poor feeding, decreased muscle tone, hiccups, progressive lethargy, irregular breathing, apnea and neonatal seizures. 42 cases (77.8%) had GLDC gene mutations, 9 cases (16.7%) had AMT gene mutations, 2 cases (3.7%) had LIAS gene mutations and 1 case (1.9%) had GCSH gene mutations. Conclusions:Neurological manifestations are most common in neonatal NKH with wide clinical variations. GLDC gene mutations are the predominant pathogenic mutations.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990144

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the independent influencing factors of wound drainage tube time delay in patients with breast cancer and establish a predictive model.Methods:Patients admitted to Tianjin Medical University Cancer Hospital from January to November 2021 were selected as the research objects. They were divided into sword modeling group (156 cases) and verification group (86 cases) according to the admission time. Delayed time to postoperative wound drainage and extubation in breast cancer patients was the end point, 95 cases of 156 patients in the modeling group whose extubation time was less than or equal to 7 days were set as the normal group, 61 cases whose extubation time were more than 7 days were set as delayed group, and the influencing factors of the two groups were compared to establish the prediction model, Hosmer-Lemeshow test was conduct to verify the fitting effect, used the ROC curve to verify the prediction model performance.Results:Univariate and multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression analysis showed that patients' high BMI, related basic disease history, operation mode, axillary lymph node dissection, breast tumor size (T3, T4) and drainage fluid volume 48 hours (≥50 ml) after operation were independent influencing factors for wound drainage tube time delay ( P<0.05). The prediction model was P=0.822, and the area under the ROC curve was 0.877, and the Youden index was 0.605, the sensitivity was 0.736, and the specificity was 0.869. The research data of 86 cases in the validation group were used as the test set for internal and external validation of the model, and the model verification was 96.51%. Conclusion:This prediction model has a good effect, providing a reference basis for clinical medical workers.

19.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1737-1740, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987900

ABSTRACT

AIM:To explore the effect of genetic factors on the pathogenesis of keratoconus and its genetic model.METHODS: Genetic epidemiological methods were used to investigate the prevalence of keratoconus in 280 first-degree relatives of 100 patients with keratoconus who attended Henan Eye Hospital between July 2020 and April 2023. The heritability was estimated by Falconer regression method. The general genetic model was calculated using Penrose method, and the genetic model was confirmed by Falconer formula, Edwards approximation formula and the projection formula of San-Duo Jiang's threshold model theory.RESULTS: The results showed that there were 16(5.714%)first-degree relatives of keratoconus probands suffering from keratoconus, and the heritability of keratoconus was(86.100±7.400)%. The S/q score calculated by the Penrose method was 35.348, which was near to 1/(q)1/2, suggesting that the genetic model of keratoconus might be polygenic inheritance. The expected prevalence in first-degree relatives of keratoconus patients by Falconer formula, Edwards approximation formula and the projection formula of San-Duo Jiang's threshold model theory were 5.900%, 7.714% and 5.700%, respectively, which showed no significant differences from the actual prevalence(5.714%), suggesting that keratoconus was a polygenetic disease.CONCLUSION:Genetic factors might play an important role in the pathogenesis of keratoconus, and keratoconus is a polygenetic disease.

20.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 3318-3335, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007960

ABSTRACT

ATP is an important cofactor involved in many biocatalytic reactions that require energy input. Polyphosphate kinases (PPK) can provide energy for ATP-consuming reactions due to their cheap and readily available substrate polyphosphate. We selected ChPPK from Cytophaga hutchinsonii for substrate profiling and tolerance analysis. By molecular docking and site-directed mutagenesis, we rationally engineered the dual-substrate channel cavity of polyphosphate kinase to improve the catalytic activity of PPK. Compared with the wild type, the relative enzyme activity of the screened mutant ChPPKK81H-K103V increased by 326.7%. Meanwhile, the double mutation expanded the substrate utilization range and tolerance of ChPPK, and improved its heat and alkali resistance. Subsequently, we coupled the glutathione bifunctional enzyme GshAB and ChPPKK81H-K103V based on this ATP regeneration system, and glutathione was produced by cell-free catalysis upon disruption of cells. This system produced (25.4±1.9) mmol/L glutathione in 6 h upon addition of 5 mmol/L ATP. Compared with the system before mutation, glutathione production was increased by 41.9%. After optimizing the buffer, bacterial mass and feeding time of this system, (45.2±1.8) mmol/L glutathione was produced in 6 h and the conversion rate of the substrate l-cysteine was 90.4%. Increasing the ability of ChPPK enzyme to produce ATP can effectively enhance the conversion rate of substrate and reduce the catalytic cost, achieving high yield, high conversion rate and high economic value for glutathione production by cell-free catalysis. This study provides a green and efficient ATP regeneration system that may further power the ATP-consuming biocatalytic reaction platform.


Subject(s)
Molecular Docking Simulation , Catalysis , Glutathione , Adenosine Triphosphate
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