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1.
Chinese Journal of Immunology ; (12): 554-557, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-515353

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study performed of develop a mice model of allergic diseases induced by crude extractings from populus pollen.Methods: A total of 60 BALB/c mice were divided randomly into there groups:normal control group,Albumin Egg(OVA) group and populus pollen model group with 20 in each.Mices were repeatedly sensitized by intraperitoneal injections of OVA or crude populus pollen extract every 5 d for four doses.Five days after the last sensitization,mices were repeatedly challenged by once daily antigen from 21-25 d.The changes of inflammatory cells in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid(BALF) were stained with hematoxylin and eosin(HE) to evaluate the degree of allergic inflammation.PAS staining was used to observe the secretion of airway mucus;The changes of the nasal mucosas and lungs of mice were stained with HE to evaluate the degree of allergic inflammation.And the average optical density of IL-4 and IFN-γ positive cells in lung tissue was measured by immunohistochemistry.The total IgE in the serum was also measured by enzyme-linked immunoassay(ELISA).Results: Compared with the mice in normal control group,those in OVA group and model group developed obvious allergic inflammation in the nasal mucosas and lungs,and increased airway mucus secretion.The number of inflammatory cells including eosinophil and neutrophils markedly increased in BALF smear.The average optical density of IL-4 positive cells in lung tissue was all increased in OVA group and model group compared with those in normal control group,and the average optical density of IFN-γ in lung tissue was on the contrary.The total IgE in the serum were all increased in OVA group and model group compared with those in normal control group,and the IFN-γ in the serum was significantly reduced in OVA group and model group compared with those in normal control group.Conclusion: Taken together,crude populus pollen extract can successfully induce a mice model of allergic diseases.This model is a useful tool in studying the mechanisms of allergic disease.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-503112

ABSTRACT

Objective To discuss the effects of different drying methods on composition and antioxidative activities of the volatile oil fromCymbopogon citrates; To optimize the best drying method for Cymbopogon citrates. MethodsCymbopogon citrates was dried by drying in the sun, drying in the shade and oven drying at 40℃. Volatile oil was extracted by steam distillation. Chemical constituents in the volatile oil were analyzed by GC-MS and the antioxidative activities were determined by ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP method).Results Extraction rate of the volatile oil fromCymbopogon citratesunder the environment of freshness, sun drying, shade drying and oven drying at 40℃ were 0.25%, 1.21%, 1.19% and 1.17%, respectively; after dried by different methods, main constituents and antioxidative activities of the volatile oil fromCymbopogon citrates were basically same. Conclusion Different drying methods have little influence on composition and antioxidative activities of the volatile oil fromCymbopogon citrates. Oven drying at 40℃ was the best way to dryCymbopogon citrates.

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