Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 4 de 4
Add filters

Year range
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 687-691, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-503151


Objective To analyze oncological outcomes of 125I permanent implant brachytherapy (125I-PIB) in clinically localized prostate cancer. Methods Between June 2008 and June 2015, 121 patients with clinically localized prostate cancer were treated with 125I-PIB, and their average age was 72.37 years old. Before treatment, the average prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level was 17.7 ng/ml, prostate volume was (51.4 ±15.0) cm3, the International Prognostic Scoring System (IPSS) score was (21.6 ±2.4) scores. The intermediate-risk and high-risk patients were treated with adjuvant endocrine or supplemental external beam radiotherapy. All patients were followed-up. Biochemical recurrence was defined as the PSA nadir plus 2.0 ng/ml. Results Average follow-up time of the 121 patients was 41.81 months. The prostate volume was (23.1 ± 10.2) cm3, and the IPSS score was (9.7±3.3) scores. Rates of 5-year overall survival, biochemical recurrence-free survival and cancer-specific survival were 86.7 %, 76.7 % and 96.5 %, respectively. 5-year biochemical recurrence-free survival rates were 88.5 %, 67.5 % and 65.2 % in the low-, intermediate-, and high-risk groups, respectively. Biochemical recurrence-free survival did not differ significantly by three risk groups (P=0.103), but the difference between high-risk and low-risk groups was statistically significant (P=0.028). According to multivariate analysis, higher prostate-specific antigen (P=0.021), higher Gleason score (P=0.023) and higher clinical T stage (P=0.037) were the significant covariates associated with biochemical recurrence-free survival. The addition of hormonal therapy or external beam radiation therapy was associated with significantly better outcomes than brachytherapy monotherapy (P=0.036, P=0.027). As for complications, there were 4 cases of surgery (trans-urethral resection of the prostate) and 4 cases of cardiovascular complications. Conclusions The 125I-PIB can bring excellent oncological outcomes and acceptable complications in patients. Adjuvant endocrine or external beam radiotherapy for the intermediate-risk and high-risk patients may improve the outcome. Factors influencing efficacy include the high PSA, Gleason score and clinical T stage.

Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 680-682,686, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-603019


Objective To evaluate the clinical value of the modified nerve-sparing open antegrade retropubic radical prostatectomy (MNS-ORP).Methods MNS-ORPs were performed in 30 patients with clinically localized prostate cancer.The modified technique included: endopelvic fascia was not incised, the prostate capsule was freed laterally from surrounding fasciae and dorsally;using the method of separating the peripheral fascia of the prostate, the Veil technique was applied to the open operation, that is, the modified Veil perserving nerve technology;pelvic lymph node dissections (9 regions and 5 groups) were extended;bladder neck preservation was completed;deep dorsal vein complex was bunched;jumper intussusception technology was applied for bladder and urethral anastomosis.Functional outcomes of continence and sexual function (IIEF-score) were followed-up.Results Median age of patients was 62 years old, and the level of PSA was 11.9 ng/ml.Median operating time was 150 minutes (75-240 minutes), blood loss was 350 ml (100-1 600 ml), preoperative IIEF-score was 21 scores (15-25 scores).Pathologic stage included pT1 (8 cases), pT2a (15 cases), pT2b (4 cases) and pT3a (3 cases).By Gleason score, there were 2 cases of 5 scores, 7 cases of 6 scores, 20 cases of 7 scores and 1 case of 8 scores.4 cases had positive margins including 2 cases (10.5 %) of pT2 and 2 cases (67 %) of pT3.There were no postoperative complications.Mean follow-up was 19 months (6-48 months).At the 1st month, 27 patients (90 %) got full continence, and at the 3rd month, all of the patients had full continence.At the 3rd month and the 6th month, median IIEF-scores were 13 and 19 scores, respectively with baseline of IIEF-score reaching by 40 % (at the 3rd month) and 70 % (at the 6th month) of preoperative level.Conclusions MNS-ORP follows rationales of radical prostatectomy and might be considered for selected patients.Preserving all periprostatic fasciae/nerves can recover early continence and maintains potency without affecting outcomes.

Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 446-449, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-463646


Objective To evaluate the efficacy of 1-stage urethroplasty using pedicle circular fascioctaneous preputial flap for the treatment of complex anterior urthral strictures.Methods Between January 2006 and January 2013, 37 patients with complex anterior urethral stricture were treated by 1-stage urethroplasty using pedicle circular fascioctaneous preputial flap.The mean age was 41 years ( 22 -71 years) .The etiology of stricture included trauma of 13 cases, iatrogenieity of 13 cases, gonorrhea infection of 2 cases, unknown reason of 9 cases.The penile urethral stricture was found in 22 cases, the bulbourethral stricture in 9 cases, and stricture extending from penile to posterior urethra in 6 cases.The mean length of anterior urethral stricture was 8.1 cm (range 5.0-14.0 cm).A circumferential island of the preputial/distal penile skin was mobilized by the technique of preserving penile fasciocutaneous wide vascular pedicle. The pedicle is composed of two layers of the dartos and the superficial lamella of Buck′s fascia, and the flap was divided in the midventral/middorsal plane back to the penoscrotal junction to convert the circular configuration to a longitudinal trip for urethral reconstruction.The dorsal and ventral inlaid flap urethroplasty was performed in 27 cases and tubularized flap urethroplasty was performed in 10 cases.Results The mean operative duration was 3.1 h (2.5-3.5 h).The mean length of the circular fascioctaneous preputial flap was 10.4 cm (range 9.0 -14.0 cm).All the patients were followed up for mean 22 months (3 -51 months).Thirty-two cases voided well and the mean peak urinary flow rate was 22.3 ml/s (15.0-29.0 ml/s).One-stage healing achieved in 32 cases (86.5%).Recurrent stenosis was noted in 4 cases, and meatal stenosis occurred in 1 patient, who required re-operation.Re-repair succeeded in 4 cases and total success rate was 97.3% (36/37).Conclusions The pedicle circular fascioctaneous preputial flap has advantage of good blood supply and autograft for new meatus.It could be a reliable and durable method for the treatment of complex anterior urthral strictures(≥5 cm) in 1-stage urethroplasty.

Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 442-445, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-416798


Objective To evaluate the value of renal parenchymal volume and thickness by non-contrast spiral CT in evaluating the differential glomerular filtration rate (GFR) for chronic obstructed kidneys, and to compare the correlations between the two morphologic indices of renal parenchyma and the GFR for chronic obstructed kidneys. Methods Seventy-one patients who had a diagnosis of unilateral chronic upper urinary tract obstruction were included in this analysis. (1) The renal parenchymal volume was mea-sured by non-contrast spiral CT. Both kidneys were scanned by non-contrast spiral CT. The renal parenchymal area of each section was marked manually. Renal parenchymal volume was calculated as the sum of renal parenchymal area multiplied by the width of each section. The volume percentage of obstructed kidney (%CTvol) was also calculated. (2) Renal parenchymal thickness was measured on the first and last non-contrast CT image levels from the anterior, posterior and lateral locations of the kidney that clearly contained the collecting system. The mean of these measurements was defined as the renal parenchymal thickness. The differential renal parenchymal thickness of the obstructed kidney (%CTt) was defined as the percentage of the obstructed renal parenchymal thickness to the total renal parenchymal thickness for both kidneys. GFR was determined with 99Tcm-DTPA dynamic imaging system by Gates method. The differential GFR for obstructed kidney (%GFR) was the GFR percentage of obstructed kidney to the total GFR for both kidneys. The Pearson relation test was carried out between the %CTvol, %CTt and the %GFR respectively. Results %CTvol and %CTt correlated well with %GFR in chronic obstructed kidneys among the 71 test group patients. Pearson correlation coefficient r was 0.80 (t=11.20, P<0.05) and 0.66 (t=7.24, P<0.05), respectively. The linear correlation equation respectively was %GFR=0.05+0.80×%CTvol (F=125.48, P<0.05) and %GFR=0.12+0.66×%CTt (F=52.36, P<0.05). Conclusions Renal parenchymal volume and thickness by non-contrast spiral CT might be used as clinical practical parameters to evaluate the differential GFR for chronic obstructed kidneys. Renal parenchymal volume is more accurate than renal parenchymal thickness.