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Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 20: eAO6935, 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1384774


ABSTRACT Objective To stratify ultrasound samples in a pediatric population undergoing evaluation for acute appendicitis to examine the variability in cecal appendix diameter, in different age groups, and to determine whether there is a prevalent value for each age group. Methods A retrospective cross-sectional study with 196 children aged 0 to 15 years. Data were extracted from reports of ultrasound examinations carried out between 2008 and 2015. Children with sonographic diagnosis of appendicitis or other signs of periappendiceal inflammation were excluded. Results The evaluation of the anteroposterior measurement of the cecal appendix revealed a mean diameter of 4.14mm (standard deviation: 0.93mm; 95%CI: 3.86-4.14). Cecal appendix diameter did not differ significant between age groups. Conclusion Evaluation of the anteroposterior diameter of the cecal appendix in centimeters in a sample of 196 children aged 0 to15 years revealed a mean diameter of 4.14mm (standard deviation, 0.93mm. There were no significant differences in cecal appendix diameter following stratification by age. Results indicate a single value can be adopted for mean cecal appendix diameter in pediatric populations.

Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 20: eAO6747, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1375324


ABSTRACT Objective To determine whether the size of thyroid nodules in ACR-TIRADS ultrasound categories 3 and 4 is correlated with the Bethesda cytopathology classification. Methods Thyroid nodules (566) subclassified as ACR-TIRADS 3 or 4 were divided into three size categories according to American Thyroid Association guidelines. The frequency of different Bethesda categories in each size range within ACR-TIRADS 3 and 4 classifications was analyzed. Results Most nodules in both ACR-TIRADS classifications fell in the Bethesda 2 category, regardless of size (90.8% and 68.6%, ACR-TIRADS 3 and 4 respectively). The prevalence of Bethesda 6 nodules in the ACR-TIRADS 4 group was 14 times higher than in the ACR-TIRADS 3 group. There were no significant differences between nodule size and fine needle aspiration biopsy classification in any of the ACR-TIRADS categories. Conclusion Size does not appear to be an important criterion for indication of fine needle aspiration biopsy in thyroid nodules with a high suspicion of malignancy on ultrasound examination.

Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 20: eAO6953, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1375364


ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate anthropometric and clinical data, muscle mass, subcutaneous fat, spine bone mineral density, extent of acute pulmonary disease related to COVID-19, quantification of pulmonary emphysema, coronary calcium, and hepatic steatosis using chest computed tomography of hospitalized patients with confirmed diagnosis of COVID-19 pneumonia and verify its association with disease severity. Methods: A total of 123 adults hospitalized due to COVID-19 pneumonia were enrolled in the present study, which evaluated the anthropometric, clinical and chest computed tomography data (pectoral and paravertebral muscle area and density, subcutaneous fat, thoracic vertebral bodies density, degree of pulmonary involvement by disease, coronary calcium quantification, liver attenuation measurement) and their association with poorer prognosis characterized through a combined outcome of intubation and mechanical ventilation, need of intensive care unit, and death. Results: Age (p=0.013), body mass index (p=0.009), lymphopenia (p=0.034), and degree of pulmonary involvement of COVID-19 pneumonia (p<0.001) were associated with poor prognosis. Extent of pulmonary involvement by COVID-19 pneumonia had an odds ratio of 1,329 for a poor prognosis and a cutoff value of 6.5 for increased risk, with a sensitivity of 64.9% and specificity of 67.1%. Conclusion: The present study found an association of high body mass index, older age, extent of pulmonary involvement by COVID-19, and lymphopenia with severity of COVID-19 pneumonia in hospitalized patients.

Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 20: eRC5584, 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360405


ABSTRACT A 2-year-old female patient, admitted in the emergency room, presented diarrhea for 5 days and bloody stools in the last 24 hours. Physical examination revealed no significant findings. Ultrasound was initially performed, showing an elongated, well delimited and solid mass occupying since right hypocondrium until left iliac fossa, displacing adjacent structures. In sequence, magnetic resonance imaging was performed for confirmation of findings suggestive of omentum lipoma. After 1 week, the surgical resection was performed by videolaparoscopic acess. During 2-year follow-up, there was no sign of recurrence.

Humans , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Omentum/surgery , Omentum/diagnostic imaging , Lipoma/surgery , Lipoma/diagnostic imaging , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Ultrasonography
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 18: eGS5832, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1133721


ABSTRACT Radiology departments were forced to make significant changes in their routine during the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic, to prevent further transmission of the coronavirus and optimize medical care as well. In this article, we describe our Radiology Department's policies in a private hospital for coronavirus disease 2019 preparedness focusing on quality and safety for the patient submitted to imaging tests, the healthcare team involved in the exams, the requesting physician, and for other patients and hospital environment.

RESUMO Os departamentos de radiologia precisaram adotar mudanças significativas em sua rotina durante a pandemia da doença causada pelo novo coronavírus, a fim de reduzir sua transmissibilidade e otimizar os cuidados médicos. Neste artigo, descrevemos as políticas adotadas pelo Departamento de Radiologia de um hospital privado durante a pandemia, com foco em qualidade e segurança de paciente submetido a exames de imagem, equipe de assistência do departamento de imagem, médico solicitante, demais pacientes e ambiente hospitalar.

Humans , Pneumonia, Viral/prevention & control , Radiology Department, Hospital/organization & administration , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , Radiology Department, Hospital/standards , Disease Outbreaks , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Betacoronavirus , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19 , Latin America/epidemiology
Radiol. bras ; 51(2): 102-105, Mar.-Apr. 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-956233


Abstract Objective: To describe the technique of injecting hemostatic matrix, as well as the experience of our interventional radiology department in its application. Materials and Methods: We conducted a single-center study with retrospective analysis of the experience of our group in the use of hemostatic gelatin matrix in percutaneous biopsies. Results: In a total of 73 biopsies in different organs, such as the liver, kidney, and spleen, hemostatic gelatin matrix was introduced into the coaxial needle. The only complication observed was migration of the hemostatic matrix to the left kidney collecting system, and that was resolved with clinical treatment. There were no cases of bleeding after the injection of hemostatic matrix. Conclusion: The use of hemostatic matrices in the path of percutaneous biopsies is another tool available for consideration in minimally invasive procedures.

Resumo Objetivo: Descrever a técnica de injeção de matrizes hemostáticas e a experiência do nosso serviço de radiologia intervencionista na sua aplicação. Materiais e Métodos: Foi realizado estudo unicêntrico com análise retrospectiva da experiência do nosso grupo na utilização de matriz hemostática gelatinosa em biópsias percutâneas. Resultados: Foram realizadas 73 biópsias com utilização de matriz hemostática gelatinosa no trajeto da agulha coaxial em diferentes órgãos, como fígado, rim, baço, entre outros. A única complicação observada foi a migração da matriz hemostática para o sistema coletor do rim esquerdo, sendo solucionada com tratamento clínico. Não foram observados casos de sangramento no trajeto das biópsias após a injeção de matrizes hemostáticas. Conclusão: O uso de matrizes hemostáticas no trajeto de biópsias percutâneas é mais uma ferramenta disponível a ser considerada nos procedimentos minimamente invasivos.

Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 16(4): eAO4279, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-975095


ABSTRACT Objective To evaluate safety and effectiveness of nodule volume reduction and thyroid function after percutaneous laser ablation treatment in patients with benign nonfunctioning thyroid nodules. Methods Prospective single-center study, from January 2011 to October 2012, which evaluated 30 euthyroid and thyroid antibodies negative patients with benign solitary or dominant nodule with indication of treatment due to compressive symptoms and aesthetic disturbances. The clinical and laboratory (thyroid ultrasound, TSH, FT4, TG, TG-Ab, TPO-Ab and TRAb levels) evaluations were performed before the procedure, and periodically 1 week, 3 months and 6 months after. The ablation technique was performed under local anesthesia and sedation. In each treatment, one to three 21G spinal needle were inserted into the thyroid nodule. The laser fiber was positioned through the needle, which was then withdrawn 10mm to leave the tip in direct contact with the nodule tissue. Patients were treated with a ND: Yag-laser output power of 4W and 1,500 to 2,000J per fiber per treatment. The entire procedure was performed under US guidance. Results Thirty patients, with a total of 31 nodules submitted to laser ablation were evaluated. The median volumetric reduction of the nodule was approximately 60% after 12 months. No statistical significance was observed on thyroid function and antibodies levels. There was a peak on the level of thyroglobulin after the procedure due to tissue destruction (p<0.0001). No adverse effects were observed. Conclusion Percutaneous laser ablation is a promising outpatient minimally invasive treatment of benign thyroid nodule.

RESUMO Objetivo Avaliar a segurança e a efetividade da redução de volume nodular e função tireoidiana após tratamento com ablação percutânea por laser em pacientes com nódulos tireoidianos benignos não funcionantes. Métodos Estudo unicêntrico prospectivo, de janeiro de 2011 a outubro de 2012, que avaliou 30 pacientes eutireoideos (com anticorpos antitireoide negativos), com nódulo solitário ou dominante benigno, com indicação de tratamento devido a sintomas de compressão e distúrbios estéticos. As avaliações clínica e laboratorial (ultrassonografia de tireoide, TSH, FT4, TG, TG-Ab, TPO-Ab e TRAb) foram realizada antes do procedimento e periodicamente − 1 semana, 3 meses e 6 meses depois. A técnica de ablação consistiu em procedimento realizado sob a anestesia local e sedação. Em cada tratamento, uma a três agulhas espinhais 21G foram inseridas no nódulo tireoidiano. A fibra laser foi posicionada através da agulha que foi, então, retirada 10mm, para deixar a ponta em contato direto com o nódulo. Os pacientes foram tratados com uma potência de saída ND: Yag-laser de 4W e 1.500 a 2.000J por fibra por tratamento. Todo o procedimento foi guiado por ultrassonografia. Resultados Foram avaliados 30 pacientes, com total de 31 nódulos submetidos à ablação a laser. A redução média volumétrica do nódulo foi de aproximadamente 60% após 12 meses. Não foi observada significância estatística na função da tireoide e nem nos níveis de anticorpos. Houve pico no nível de tiroglobulina após o procedimento devido à destruição do tecido (p<0,0001). Nenhum efeito adverso foi observado. Conclusão A ablação com laser é um tratamento minimamente invasivo promissor para tratamento do nódulo benigno da tireoide.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Thyroid Nodule/surgery , Laser Therapy/methods , Organ Size , Pain, Postoperative , Autoantibodies/blood , Thyroxine/blood , Calcitonin/blood , Thyrotropin/blood , Prospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome , Thyroid Nodule/pathology , Thyroid Nodule/blood , Laser Therapy/adverse effects
Int. braz. j. urol ; 42(5): 897-905, Sept.-Oct. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-796878


ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the diagnostic efficacy of transrectal ultrasonography (US) biopsy with imaging fusion using multiparametric (mp) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in patients with suspicion of prostate cancer (PCa), with an emphasis on clinically significant tumors according to histological criteria. Materials and Methods: A total of 189 consecutive US/MRI fusion biopsies were performed obtaining systematic and guided samples of suspicious areas on mpMRI using a 3 Tesla magnet without endorectal coil. Clinical significance for prostate cancer was established based on Epstein criteria. Results: In our casuistic, the average Gleason score was 7 and the average PSA was 5.0ng/mL. Of the 189 patients that received US/MRI biopsies, 110 (58.2%) were positive for PCa. Of those cases, 88 (80%) were clinically significant, accounting for 46.6% of all patients. We divided the MRI findings into 5 Likert scales of probability of having clinically significant PCa. The positivity of US/MRI biopsy for clinically significant PCa was 0%, 17.6% 23.5%, 53.4% and 84.4% for Likert scores 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5, respectively. There was a statistically significant difference in terms of biopsy results between different levels of suspicion on mpMRI and also when biopsy results were divided into groups of clinically non-significant versus clinically significant between different levels of suspicion on mpMRI (p-value <0.05 in both analyzes). Conclusion: We found that there is a significant difference in cancer detection using US/MRI fusion biopsy between low-probability and intermediate/high probability Likert scores using mpMRI.

Humans , Male , Prostatic Neoplasms/pathology , Prostatic Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods , Image-Guided Biopsy/methods , Prostate/pathology , Prostate/diagnostic imaging , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/instrumentation , Predictive Value of Tests , Reproducibility of Results , Retrospective Studies , Prostate-Specific Antigen/blood , Ultrasonography, Interventional/methods , Statistics, Nonparametric , Neoplasm Grading , Middle Aged
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 14(3): 374-377, July-Sept. 2016. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-796959


ABSTRACT Objective: To describe the imaging findings of prostatic tumors nonadenocarcinoma on multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging. Methods: A total of 200 patients underwented multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging of the prostate for screening for prostate cancer, from August 2013 to September 2014, followed by biopsy with ultrasound/magnetic resonance imaging fusion. Results: We found three pathologic proved cases of prostatic pure leiomyomas (0.02%) in our series and described the multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging features of these prostatic leiomyomas. The imaging findings had similar features to lesions with moderate or high suspicion for significant cancer (Likert 4 or 5) when localized both in the transitional zone or in the peripheral zone of the gland. Conclusion: Pure prostatic leiomyomas had imaging findings on multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging that mimicked usual adenocarcinomas on this test. Radiologists, urologists and pathologists must be aware of this entity and its imaging features.

RESUMO Objetivo: Descrever os achados de imagem de tumores prostáticos não adenocarcinoma na ressonância magnética multiparamétrica. Métodos: Realizaram ressonância magnética multiparamétrica da próstata para detecção de câncer de próstata 200 pacientes de agosto de 2013 a setembro de 2014, seguida por biópsia com fusão de imagens de ultrassonografia/ressonância magnética. Resultados: Encontramos três casos confirmados histologicamente de leiomiomas prostáticos puros (0,02%) em nossa casuística e descrevemos os achados da ressonância magnética multiparamétrica destes casos de leiomiomas. Os achados de imagem foram semelhantes aos de lesões com moderada ou alta suspeição para neoplasia clinicamente significante (Likert 4 ou 5) quando localizados na zona de transição ou zona periférica da próstata. Conclusão: Leiomiomas puros da próstata tiveram achados de imagem na ressonância magnética multiparamétrica que mimetizaram adenocarcinomas. Radiologistas, urologistas e patologistas devem estar cientes destas entidades e seus achados de imagem.

Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Prostatic Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods , Leiomyoma/diagnostic imaging , Prostatic Neoplasms/pathology , Ultrasonography, Interventional , Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Interventional , Image-Guided Biopsy , Leiomyoma/pathology
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 14(2): 119-123, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-788034


ABSTRACT Objective To correlate the Thyroid Imaging Reporting and Data System (TI-RADS) and the Bethesda system in reporting cytopathology in 1,000 thyroid nodules. Methods A retrospective study conducted from November 2011 to February 2014 that evaluated 1,000 thyroid nodules of 906 patients who underwent ultrasound exam and fine needle aspiration. Results A significant association was found between the TI-RADS outcome and Bethesda classification (p<0.001). Most individuals with TI-RADS 2 or 3 had Bethesda 2 result (95.5% and 92.5%, respectively). Among those classified as TI-RADS 4C and 5, most presented Bethesda 6 (68.2% and 91.3%, respectively; p<0.001). The proportion of malignancies among TI-RADS 2 was 0.8%, and TI-RADS 3 was 1.7%. Among those classified as TI-RADS 4A, proportion of malignancies was 16.0%, 43.2% in 4B, 72.7% in 4C and 91.3% among TI-RADS 5 (p<0.001), showing clear association between TI-RADS and biopsy results. Conclusion The TI-RADS is appropriate to assess thyroid nodules and avoid unnecessary fine needle aspiration, as well as to assist in making decision about when this procedure should be performed.

RESUMO Objetivo Apresentar a correlação entre o Thyroid Imaging Reporting and Data System (TI-RADS) e o sistema Bethesda, para relatar citopatologia em 1.000 nódulos tireoidianos. Métodos Estudo retrospectivo realizado no período de novembro de 2011 a fevereiro de 2014, que avaliou 1.000 nódulos tireoidianos de 906 pacientes submetidos a exame de ultrassonografia e à punção aspirativa por agulha fina. Resultados Observou-se associação significativa entre o TI-RADS e o resultado da classificação de Bethesda (p<0,001). A maioria dos indivíduos com TI-RADS 2 ou 3 teve resultado citológico Bethesda 2 (95,5% e 92,5%, respectivamente). Entre aqueles classificados TI-RADS 4C e 5, a maioria teve resultado Bethesda 6 (68,2% e 91,3%, respectivamente; p<0,001). A proporção de malignidades em TI-RADS 2 foi 0,8% e em TI-RADS 3 foi 1,7%. Entre TI-RADS 4A, foi de 16,0%, 43,2% em 4B, 72,7% em 4C e em 5 foi de 91,3% (p<0,001), mostrando clara associação entre o TI-RADS e os resultados da biópsia. Conclusão O TI-RADS é apropriado para avaliar nódulos da tireoide e evitar punção aspirativa por agulha fina desnecessária, além de auxiliar na decisão sobre quando este procedimento deve ser realizado.

Humans , Thyroid Gland/pathology , Thyroid Gland/diagnostic imaging , Ultrasonography , Thyroid Nodule/pathology , Thyroid Nodule/diagnostic imaging , Biopsy, Fine-Needle , Retrospective Studies , Ultrasonography/statistics & numerical data , Thyroid Nodule/classification , Diagnosis, Differential
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 11(4): 500-506, out.-dez. 2013. graf, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-699864


OBJETIVO: Avaliar a eficácia da ultrassonografia com contraste de microbolhas no diagnóstico do carcinoma hepatocelular e comparar seus resultados com os de ressonância magnética e anatomia patológica. MÉTODOS: Foram avaliados 29 hepatopatas crônicos candidatos ao transplante pelo programa de transplante hepático do Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein. Esses pacientes foram submetidos a ressonância magnética, ultrassonografia com contraste de microbolhas e biópsia hepática excisional. RESULTADOS: Houve concordância ótima entre os resultados da ultrassonografia com contraste de microbolhas e aqueles da ressonância magnética. Notou-se concordância moderada entre os resultados obtidos pelos dois métodos, quando comparados com os resultados de anatomia patológica. CONCLUSÃO: A ultrassonografia com contraste de microbolhas mostrou-se um método tão acurado quanto a ressonância magnética na avaliação do carcinoma hepatocelular, resultado corroborado quando realizada a comparação conjunta dos dois métodos com a anatomia patológica.

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy of microbubble contrast ultrasound in diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma and to compare its results with those of magnetic resonance and histopathology. METHODS: A total of 29 patients suffering from chronic liver diseases and awaiting liver transplants at Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein were subject to magnetic resonance, microbubble contrast ultrasound, and excision liver biopsies. RESULTS: Excellent agreement between magnetic resonance and microbubble contrast ultrasound was observed in this study. There was moderate agreement between both imaging methods and histopathology results. CONCLUSION: Microbubble contrast ultrasound was as accurate as magnetic resonance to evaluate hepatocellular carcinoma. These results were confirmed by comparing both methods to histopathological diagnosis.

Humans , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/diagnosis , Liver Neoplasms/diagnosis , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/pathology , Liver Neoplasms/pathology , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Microbubbles , Prospective Studies , Reproducibility of Results , Sensitivity and Specificity , Ultrasonography/methods , Ultrasonography/statistics & numerical data
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 7(1): 5-8, 2009.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-517003


Objetivo: Relatar experiência com a execução da técnica de Menghini auxiliada por ultrassom na avaliação da disfunção de enxertos hepáticos. Métodos: A técnica de Menghini utiliza uma agulha de sucção, por via percutânea, permitindo uma punção rápida (em menos de um segundo), o que pode contribuir para diminuir a incidência de complicações. Rresultados: Foram estudadas 87 biópsias realizadas com uma agulha de sucção 16 gauge em um período de um ano e três meses. Utilizou-se a ultrassonografia para avaliação da presença de líquido ou coleções peri-hepáticas, disfunções biliares e vasculares antes do procedimento, para marcação de um local seguro de punção e, finalmente, para controle pós-biópsia. A principal indicação de biópsia foi elevação de enzimas hepáticas. Em 81 casos foi colhido um fragmento e foram obtidas amostras satisfatórias em 85 procedimentos (97,7%). Complicações menores ocorreram em seis pacientes (6,9%): cinco com dor local e um com reação vagal. Houve uma complicação maior (1,1%), com hemotórax, que foi diagnosticado por controle clínico-radiológico e em seguida tratado. Cconclusões: A técnica de Menghini para obtenção de tecido hepático é rápida, efetiva e segura, embora devam sempre ser respeitados os cuidados gerais de qualquer procedimento intervencionista. A ultrassonografia antes e após o procedimento auxilia na marcação do lugar mais adequado para a punção e demonstrou ser útil no aumento da eficácia do método e na identificação precoce de eventuais complicações.

Humans , Male , Female , Biopsy , Biopsy, Needle , Graft Rejection , Liver Transplantation
Rev. imagem ; 29(3): 121-124, jul.-set. 2007. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-542040


Neste artigo descrevemos o caso clínico de um paciente com síndrome de nutcracker (síndrome de quebra-nozes) diagnosticado por ultra-sonografia com Doppler e discutimos a aplicação e a importância deste método de imagem, bem como suas limitações.

In this article we describe the clinical case of a patient with nutcracker syndrome, diagnosed by ultrasonography with Doppler, and discuss the application and the importance of this method of image, as well its limitations.

Humans , Male , Child , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Superior Mesenteric Artery Syndrome , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Ultrasonography, Doppler , Renal Veins/physiopathology