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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-511728

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the specific methods and clinical efficacy of docetaxel combined with doxorubicin in the treatment of locally advanced breast cancer and to evaluate its safety.MethodsThe clinical data of 72 pitients with locally advanced breast cancer who were treated in our hospital from July 2012 to July 2016 were retrospectively analyzed.According to the random double blind method,the patients were divided into the control group and the experimental group,with 36 cases in each group.The control group were treated with cyclophosphamide,5-fluorouracil and ammonia armor pterin methotrexate treatment,the experimental group were treated with docetaxel combined with adriamycin treatment,21 days for a cycle,withThe clinical curative effect,toxicity and quality of life were compared between the two groups of patients two cycles of treatment after the completion of the assessment.Results The total remission rate of the experimental group was 75.0%,which was significantly higher than that in control group 41.7%(P<0.05); the main adverse reactions were gastrointestinal reaction and bone marrow suppression,two groups of patients with 0-I,nausea and vomiting,hair loss,diarrhea,fatigue,white blood cell reduction,blood loss,blood loss,heart rate disorders,abnormal liver function and peripheral phlebitis.Two groups were compared.The two groups had no significant difference.Conclusion Docetaxel combined with adriamycin in the treatment of locally advanced breast cancer had definite and toxic and side reaction were slightly in patients can tolerance range,to promote the rehabilitation of patients,improve the quality of life has a very positive significance for popularization and application in the medical practice.

2.
Military Medical Sciences ; (12): 630-632,637, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-601917

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effect of heavy ion radiation on proliferation and apoptosis of human peripheral blood derived T lymphocytes and the mechanism .Methods T lymphocytes were isolated from heparinized whole blood samples by density gradient centrifugation using Ficoll before being irradiated with heavy ion beams 12 C.The accumulated absorbed dose (dose-rate values=0.5 Gy/min, and meanLET=29 keV/μm).12 h and 24 h post-infection, total RNA of T lymphocytes was isolated , and the apoptosis related gene expression , including Bcl-2, Bax, Caspase3, Caspase8 and Caspase9, was detected by RT-RT-PCR.24 h and 48 h after irradiation, the proliferation was analyzed by CCK 8 kit.The cell apoptosis was detected by flow cytometry after being labeled with AnnexinV-PE/7-AAD or AnnexinV-FITC/PE.The expression of Bcl-2, Bax and Caspase3 was also assayed by RT-PCR.Results Data showed that heavy ion radiation could inhibit the proliferation of T lymphocytes obviously , and the inhibition ratio in cells that received 2 Gy dose was much high-er than in cells that received 1 Gy dose.Furthermore, heavy ion radiation promoted the apoptosis of T lymphocytes signifi-cantly.The results of RT-PCR showed that the mRNA expression of Bcl-2 was down-regulated in heavy ion radiation T lym-phocytes while the expression of Bax and Caspase 3 was up-regulated.Conclusion Heavy ion radiation can inhibit the pro-liferation and promote the apoptosis of human peripheral blood derived T lymphocytes .

3.
Military Medical Sciences ; (12): 207-211,233, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-599099

ABSTRACT

Objective To construct a prostate cancer specific oncolytic adenovirus armed with a fusion protein gene , PSA-IZ-CD40L, and to evaluate its oncolytic efficiency and immune activation ability in vitro.Methods Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) gene, CD40L-N and CD40L-C genes were obtained from cDNA of LNCaP cells and Jurkat cells using poly-merase chain reaction (PCR) or nested-PCR, respectively.PSA,Linker,CD40L-N and CD40L-C were linked sequentially to generate fusion protein gene PSA-IZ-CD40L (PL) by overlapping PCR.Then, prostate specific oncolytic adenovirus PL-carrying gene, Ad-PL-PPT-E1A,was constructed using the oncolytic adenovirus system , which was based on Adeasy sys-tem.PC3M cells were infected by Ad-PL-PPT-E1A at serial multiplicity of infection (MOI), and the apoptosis was detec-ted by flow cytometry at several time points post-infection.For immune activation detection , PC3M cells were infected with Ad-PL-PPT-E1A at a MOI of 50, and the cell lysate was collected at 48 h post-infection.Peripheral blood mononuclear cells derived (PBMCs) from healthy donors were stimulated by the lysate from PC 3M cells or Ad-PL-PPT-E1A infected PC3M cells before proliferation was assayed using cell counting kit-8 (CCK8).Results Fusion protein gene, PSA-IZ-CD40L, was successfully constructed and cloned into the prostate cancer specific adenovirus to generate Ad -PL-PPT-PL. The expression of E1A and PL protein could be detected by reverse transcription PCR and Western-blotting.Cytopathic effect was observed in PC3M cells infected with Ad-PL-PPT-E1A.Furthermore, the apoptosis rate reached 70.67% ± 2.98%at 48 h post-infection with 200 MOI Ad-PL-PPT-E1A.Compared with the lysate of PC3M cells, that from Ad-PL-PPT-E1A infected cells could promote the proliferation of PBMCs .Conclusion We have constructed a prostate cancer spe-cific oncolytic adenovirus armed can fusion protein gene PL , Ad-PL-PPT-E1A, which could kill PC3M cells effectively and enhance the proliferation of PBMCs in vitro.

4.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-361606

ABSTRACT

Platelet-activation factor (PAF), one of the potent proinflammatory mediators, is produced from a large range of cells, including polymorphonuclear neutrophils, monocytes, and natural killer cells. To study the role of PAF in the pathogenesis of silicosis, we determined the PAF in silicotic patients and in healthy persons. The results showed that the concentration of PAF in the plasma of silicotic patients was significantly higher than that of healthy persons. Our in vitro experimental results showed that the total numbers of fibroblasts were markedly raised with added PAF from 0 to 1 μ g/ml. Adding 1 μ g/ml PAF significantly increased the total numbers of fibroblasts after culture for 48, 72, 96 hrs. Therefore, we suggest that PAF be possibly involved in the pathogenesis of silicosis. However, the mechanism remains to be further elucidated.


Subject(s)
Platelet Activating Factor , Pathogenesis, Homeopathic
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