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1.
Cell Journal [Yakhteh]. 2019; 20 (4): 483-495
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-199617

ABSTRACT

Objective: Using mesenchymal stem cells [MSCs] is regarded as a new therapeutic approach for improving fibrotic diseases.The aim of this study to evaluate the feasibility and safety of systemic infusion of autologous adipose tissue-derived MSCs [AD-MSCs] in peritoneal dialysis [PD] patients with expected peritoneal fibrosis


Materials and Methods: This study was a prospective, open-label, non-randomized, placebo-free, phase I clinical trial. Case group consisted of nine eligible renal failure patients with more than two years of history of being on PD. Autologous AD-MSCs were obtained through lipoaspiration and expanded under good manufacturing practice conditions. Patients received 1.2 +/- 0.1×106 cell/kg of AD-MSCs via cubital vein and then were followed for six months at time points of baseline, and then 3 weeks, 6 weeks, 12 weeks, 16 weeks and 24 weeks after infusion. Clinical, biochemical and peritoneal equilibration test [PET] were performed to assess the safety and probable change in peritoneal solute transport parameters


Results: No serious adverse events and no catheter-related complications were found in the participants. 14 minor reported adverse events were self-limited or subsided after supportive treatment. One patient developed an episode of peritonitis and another patient experienced exit site infection, which did not appear to be related to the procedure. A significant decrease in the rate of solute transport across peritoneal membrane was detected by PET [D/P cr=0.77 vs. 0.73, P=0.02]


Conclusion: This study, for the first time, showed the feasibility and safety of AD-MSCs in PD patients and the potentials for positive changes in solute transport. Further studies with larger samples, longer follow-up, and randomized blind control groups to elucidate the most effective route, frequency and dose of MSCs administration, are necessary [Registration Number: IRCT2015052415841N2]

2.
Cell Journal [Yakhteh]. 2017; 19 (1): 159-165
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-185802

ABSTRACT

Objective: Nonunion is defined as a minimum of a 9-month period of time since an injury with no visibly progressive signs of healing for 3 months. Recent studies show that application of mesenchymal stromal cells [MSCs] in the laboratory setting is effective for bone regeneration. Animal studies have shown that MSCs can be used to treat nonunions. For the first time in an Iranian population, the present study investigated the safety of MSC implantation to treat human lower limb long bone nonunion


Materials and Methods: It is a prospective clinical trial for evaluating the safety of using autologus bone marrow derived mesenchymal stromal cells for treating nonunion. Orthopedic surgeons evaluated 12 patients with lower limb long bone nonunion for participation in this study. From these, 5 complied with the eligibility criteria and received MSCs. Under fluoroscopic guidance, patients received a one-time implantation of 20-50x106 MSCs into the nonunion site. All patients were followed by anterior-posterior and lateral X-rays from the affected limb, in addition to hematological, biochemical, and serological laboratory tests obtained before and 1, 3, 6, and 12 months after the implantation. Possible adverse effects that included local or systemic, serious or non-serious, and related or unrelated effects were recorded during this time period


Results: From a safety perspective, all patients tolerated the MSCs implantation during the 12 months of the trial. Three patients had evidence of bony union based on the after implantation X- rays


Conclusion: The results have suggested that implantation of bone marrow-derived MSCs is a safe treatment for nonunion. A double-blind, controlled clinical trial is required to assess the efficacy of this treatment


Subject(s)
Adult , Adolescent , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Autografts , Transplantation, Autologous/methods , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Lower Extremity , Prospective Studies
3.
Cell Journal [Yakhteh]. 2016; 18 (3): 302-309
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-183764

ABSTRACT

Objective: nonunion is defined as a minimum of 9 months since injury without any visible progressive signs of healing for 3 months. Recent literature has shown that the application of mesenchymal stromal cells is safe, in vitro and in vivo, for treating long bone nonunion. The present study was performed to investigate the safety of mesenchymal stromal cell [MSC] implantation in combination with platelet lysate [PL] product for treating human long bone nonunion


Materials and Methods: in this case series clinical trial, orthopedic surgeons visited eighteen patients with long bone nonunion, of whom 7 complied with the eligibility criteria. These patients received mesenchymal stromal cells [20 million cells implanted once into the nonunion site using a fluoroscopic guide] in combination with PL product. For evaluation of the effects of this intervention all the patients were followed up by taking anterior-posterior and lateral X-rays of the affected limb before and 1, 3, 6, and 12 months after the implantation. All side effects [local or systemic, serious or non-serious, related or unrelated] were observed during this time period


Results: from a safety perspective the MSC implantation in combination with PL was very well tolerated during the 12 months of the trial. Four patients were healed; based on the control X- ray evidence, bony union had occurred


Conclusion: results from the present study suggest that the implantation of bone marrow-derived MSCs in combination with PL is safe for the treatment of nonunion. A double blind, controlled clinical trial is required to assess the efficacy of this treatment [Registration Number: NCT01206179]

4.
Archives of Iranian Medicine. 2012; 15 (7): 422-428
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-144524

ABSTRACT

Osteoarthritis [OA] is a progressive disorder of the joints caused by gradual loss of articular cartilage, which naturally possesses a limited regenerative capacity. In the present study, the potential of intra-articular injection of mesenchymal stem cells [MSCs] has been evaluated in six osteoarthritic patients. Six female volunteers, average age of 54.56 years, with radiologic evidence of knee OA that required joint replacement surgery were selected for this study. About 50 ml bone marrow was aspirated from each patient and taken to the cell laboratory, where MSCs were isolated and characterized in terms of some surface markers. About 20-24x106 passaged-2 cells were prepared and tested for microbial contamination prior to intra-articular injection. During a one-year follow-up period, we found no local or systemic adverse events. All patients were partly satisfied with the results of the study. Pain, functional status of the knee, and walking distance tended to be improved up to six months post-injection, after which pain appeared to be slightly increased and patients' walking abilities slightly decreased. Comparison of magnetic resonance images [MRI] at baseline and six months post-stem cell injection displayed an increase in cartilage thickness, extension of the repair tissue over the subchondral bone and a considerable decrease in the size of edematous subchondral patches in three out of six patients. The results indicated satisfactory effects of intra-articular injection of MSCs in patients with knee OA


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Transplantation, Autologous , Injections, Intra-Articular , Treatment Outcome
5.
Urology Journal. 2007; 4 (2): 71-78
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-85544

ABSTRACT

For tissue engineering of the urinary tract system, cell culture requires to be established in vitro and an appropriate matrix acting as cell carrier should be developed. The aim of the present study was to assess the proliferation quality of mouse urothelial cells on 3 natural matrixes of human amniotic membrane [AM], peritoneum, and omentum, and to compare them with collagen matrix. Mouse urothelial cells were isolated by collagenase IV, and the urothelial cells [10[5] cells per milliliter]were cultured on the AM, peritoneum, omentum, and collagen. The pattern of growth and asymmetric unit membrane formation were analyzed by histologic examination and immunocytochemistry on the detached urothelium with pancytokeratin and uroplakin III, respectively. Electron micrographs were taken and cell layers, organelles, desmosomes, and junctions were studied. Immunocytochemistry of cultivated cells confirmed the urothelial cells phenotype. Up to 4 cell layers were obtained on the AM and 1 to 2 layers on the peritoneum. Distribution of the urothelial cells on the omentum was not favorable, which was due to its large pores. Cell proliferation started later on the AM [7 th day] compared to collagen [ 3 rd day]. Also, apoptosis started later on the AM [after 14 days] compared to collagen [7days]. These results showed that the AM can act as a cell carrier for culture of the urothelial cells, and its exceptional properties such as having various growth factors, availability, and cost-effectiveness make it a unique biological matrix for urothelial culture


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals, Laboratory , Urinary Tract/cytology , Amnion , Culture Techniques , Peritoneum , Omentum , Tissue Engineering , Mice , Immunohistochemistry
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