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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-919207

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Anti-phospholipase A2 receptor (PLA2R) autoantibody is the main biomarker of idiopathic membranous nephropathy (IMN). We aimed to find a new cutoff value of anti-PLA2R for patients with IMN and to explore the relevance between this antibody and baseline clinical parameters. @*Methods@#A total of 670 subjects including 374 IMN cases and 296 non-IMN controls were included between January 2017 and January 2020. All clinical parameters were collected at the time of renal biopsy. The levels of anti-PLA2R were detected by a commercial enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kit. The optimal cutoff value was calculated by a receiver operating characteristic curve and compared in diagnostic efficiency. @*Results@#The optimal cutoff value of anti-PLA2R for IMN was 7.45 RU/mL with the highest Youden index, and the corresponding sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value were 80.75%, 97.97%, 98.05% and 80.11%, respectively. Anti-PLA2R levels in IMN patients demonstrated a significant positive correlation with serum creatinine and 24-hour urinary protein, while they showed a negative correlation with serum albumin and estimated glomerular filtration rate. @*Conclusions@#The recommended cutoff value of anti-PLA2R is 7.45 RU/mL using ELISA detection for distinguishing IMN from non-IMN nephropathy. The level of anti-PLA2R is related to baseline renal function in IMN. This new threshold can improve the diagnostic efficiency and facilitate early diagnosis of IMN.

2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 890-906, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929333

ABSTRACT

Antrodia cinnamomea is extensively used as a traditional medicine to prevention and treatment of liver cancer. However, its comprehensive chemical fingerprint is uncertain, and the mechanisms, especially the potential therapeutic target for anti-hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) are still unclear. Using UPLC‒Q-TOF/MS, 139 chemical components were identified in A. cinnamomea dropping pills (ACDPs). Based on these chemical components, network pharmacology demonstrated that the targets of active components were significantly enriched in the pathways in cancer, which were closely related with cell proliferation regulation. Next, HCC data was downloaded from Gene Expression Omnibus database (GEO). The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and DisGeNET were analyzed by bioinformatics, and 79 biomarkers were obtained. Furtherly, nine targets of ACDP active components were revealed, and they were significantly enriched in PI3K/AKT and cell cycle signaling pathways. The affinity between these targets and their corresponding active ingredients was predicted by molecular docking. Finally, in vivo and in vitro experiments showed that ACDPs could reduce the activity of PI3K/AKT signaling pathway and downregulate the expression of cell cycle-related proteins, contributing to the decreased growth of liver cancer. Altogether, PI3K/AKT-cell cycle appears as the significant central node in anti-liver cancer of A. Cinnamomea.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929023

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#The plateau environment is characterized by low oxygen partial pressure, leading to the reduction of oxygen carrying capacity in alveoli and the reduction of available oxygen in tissues, and thus causing tissue damage. Cilostazol is a phosphodiesterase III inhibitor that has been reported to increase the oxygen release of hemoglobin (Hb) in tissues. This study aims to explore the anti-hypoxic activity of cilostazol and its anti-hypoxic effect.@*METHODS@#A total of 40 male BALB/C mice were randomly divided into a low-dose cilostazol (6.5 mg/kg) group, a medium-dose (13 mg/kg) group, a high-dose (26 mg/kg) group, and a control group. The atmospheric airtight hypoxia experiment was used to investigate the anti-hypoxic activity of cilostazol and to screen the optimal dosage. Twenty-four male Wistar rats were randomly divided into a normoxia control group, a hypoxia model group, an acetazolamide (22.33 mg/kg) group, and a cilostazol (9 mg/kg) group. After 3 days of hypoxia in the 4 010 m high altitude, blood from the abdominal aorta was collected to determine blood gas indicators, the levels of IL-6 and TNF-α in plasma were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and the levels of malondialdehyde (MDA), superoxide dismutase (SOD), and glutataione (GSH) were measured. The degree of pathological damage for rat tissues was observed with HE staining.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control group, the survival time of mice in the low, medium, and high dose group of cilostazol was significantly prolonged, and the survival time of mice in the medium dose group was the longest, with an extension rate at 29.34%, so the medium dose was the best dose. Compared with the hypoxia model group, the P50 (oxygen partial pressure at Hb oxygen saturation of 50%) value of rats in the cilostazol group was significantly increased by 1.03%; Hb and Hct were significantly reduced by 8.46% and 8.43%, and the levels of IL-6 and TNF-α in plasma were reduced by 50.65% and 30.77%. The MDA contents in heart, brain, lung, liver, and kidney tissues were reduced by 37.12%, 29.55%, 25.00%, 39.34%, and 21.47%, respectively. The SOD activities were increased by 94.93%, 9.14%, 9.42%, 13.29%, and 20.80%, respectively. The GSH contents were increased by 95.24%, 28.62%, 28.57%, 20.80%, and 44.00%, respectively. The results of HE staining showed that compared with the hypoxia model group, cilostazol significantly improved the damage of heart, lung, and kidney tissues in rats after hypoxia.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Cilostazol can significantly improve the oxidative stress and inflammatory reaction caused by rapid altitude hypoxia, and it has a significant protective effect on tissue damage caused by hypoxia, suggesting that it has obvious anti-hypoxic activity.


Subject(s)
Altitude Sickness , Animals , Cilostazol/therapeutic use , Hypoxia/drug therapy , Interleukin-6/pharmacology , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Oxidative Stress , Oxygen , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Superoxide Dismutase/metabolism , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/pharmacology
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928996

ABSTRACT

Areca catechu L. medicinal materials and their preparations are widely used in clinical practice. Betelnut polyphenol is one of the main chemical components with antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and antibacterial effects. With continuous increase of high altitude activities, tissue oxidative damage caused by high altitude hypoxia seriously affects the ability to work, and the studies on anti-hypoxia drugs are particularly important. Recent studies have shown that betelnut polyphenols have protective effects on oxidative stress injury caused by hypoxia via improving blood gas index of hypoxic organism, increasing superoxide dismutase glutathione catalase activity, and scavenging excessive free radicals. The effects of betelnut polyphenols against hypoxia and oxidative damage protection suggest that betelnut polyphenols can be used as potential anti-hypoxia drugs and posses clinical prospects.


Subject(s)
Antioxidants/pharmacology , Areca/chemistry , Humans , Hypoxia , Oxidative Stress , Polyphenols/pharmacology , Superoxide Dismutase/metabolism
5.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 174-182, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928795

ABSTRACT

With the rapid development and wide application of next generation sequencing (NGS) technology, a series of researches have revealed that concurrent genetic alterations play an important role in the response and resistance of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-mutant NSCLC to EGFR-tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI). Besides, TP53 mutation is the most common co-mutation gene in EGFR-mutant NSCLC, which has been proved to confer a worse prognosis in EGFR-mutated patients treated with first, second and third generation of EGFR-TKIs. Currently, it is still being explored how to select the best treatment strategies for patients with concomitant presence of TP53 mutation in EGFR-mutant NSCLC. Here, we review the literature on recent research progress of TP53 concurrent mutation in EGFR-mutant advanced NSCLC.
.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/genetics , ErbB Receptors/genetics , Humans , Lung Neoplasms/genetics , Mutation , Protein Kinase Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53/genetics
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928586

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the serum levels of insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) and insulin-like growth factor binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and their association with the core symptoms of ASD.@*METHODS@#A total of 150 ASD children aged 2-7 years (ASD group) and 165 healthy children matched for age and sex (control group) who were recruited at the outpatient service of Chongqing Health Center for Women and Children were enrolled as subjects. Autism Behavior Checklist (ABC) and Childhood Autism Rating Scale (CARS) were used to evaluate the core symptoms of the ASD children. Chemiluminescence was used to measure the serum levels of IGF-1 and IGFBP-3 in both groups.@*RESULTS@#The ASD group had a significantly lower serum level of IGF-1 than the control group (P<0.05). The children with severe ASD had significantly lower serum levels of IGF-1 and IGFBP-3 than those with mild-to-moderate ASD (P<0.001). For the children aged 2-3 years, the ASD group had a significantly lower serum level of IGF-1 than the control group (P<0.05). Boys had a significantly lower serum level of IGF-1 than girls in both ASD and control groups (P<0.05). The serum levels of IGF-1 and IGFBP-3 were negatively correlated with the total score of CARS (r=-0.32 and -0.40 respectively, P<0.001).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The reduction in serum IGF-1 level in early childhood may be associated with the development of ASD, and the serum levels of IGF-1 and IGFBP-3 are associated with the core symptoms of ASD children.


Subject(s)
Autism Spectrum Disorder , Autistic Disorder , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Insulin-Like Growth Factor Binding Protein 3 , Insulin-Like Growth Factor I , Male
7.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 868-881, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927750

ABSTRACT

Ectoine is an amino acid derivative and an important natural product in halophilic microorganisms. It plays an important role in protecting cells and stabilizing biological macromolecules, and can be widely used in biomedical fields such as drug preparation adjuvants, organ transplantation and preservation, skin wound repair and cosmetics. Due to the medical value and commercial market demand of ectoine, this article summarized the recent advances in the microbial production of ectoine, including the mutation and breeding of hyper-producing strains, construction of genetically and metabolically engineered strains, optimization of fermentation processes, and extraction and purification processes. The application of multi-omics technologies and computational biology to develop an ectoine producing cell factory was prospected, with the aim to provide a reference for ectoine overproduction.


Subject(s)
Amino Acids, Diamino/metabolism , Fermentation
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927422

ABSTRACT

To summarize YU Tian-yuan's experience of applying Danzhong (CV 17) for mental illness in acupuncture and tuina. YU Tian-yuan uses Danzhong (CV 17) alone or in combination with other acupoints to treat mental illnesses such as insomnia, palpitation and chest distress. Professor YU emphasizes 4 tips when treating diseases, nourishing the heart to tranquilize by light stimulation; regulating spirit by combined stimulation; leaving the acupoints and holding on the meridian for a wide range of stimulation; using rubbing and pushing manipulation in several directions for regulating qi to soothe the chest. And in clinical practice, formed a unique therapy to treat mental illness.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Humans , Mental Disorders/therapy , Meridians
9.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1513-1519, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927201

ABSTRACT

Metformin is the most common first-line oral hypoglycemic drug ,but there are large individual differences in pharmacokinetic parameters and pharmacodynamics during clinical use. The dosage of some patients should be adjusted to achieve satisfactory therapeutic effect. Pharmacokinetic parameters of metformin are affected by many factors ,including respects of transporter gene polymorphism ,drug interaction ,intestinal flora ,plateau hypoxia and physiological function and so on. In order to guide the clinical individualized use of metformin ,this study reviews the research progress on the influencing factors of metformin pharmacokinetics.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924055

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a method for the determination of total polyphenols and catechins in betel nut polyphenols extract, and provide reference for the quality control of betel nut polyphenols extract. Methods The content of total phenol in betel nut extract was determined by ultraviolet spectrophotometry. The content of catechins was determined by HPLC. Results The linear range of total polyphenols in betel nuts extract was 9.8~58.8 μg/ml. The three components of catechin, epicatechin and protocatechuic acid were completely separated by HPLC, and the linear relationship was good in their respective ranges, with the recoveries between 99.17% and 101.67%, the RSD between 1.2% and 2.5%. Conclusion The established method is simple, stable and reliable, which could be used for the quantitative analysis of betel polyphenol extract, and provide experimental basis for the quality control of betel polyphenol extract.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905269

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the prediction of Ischemic Stroke Predictive Risk Score (iScore), Preadmission Comorbidities, Level of Consciousness, Age, and Neurologic Deficit (PLAN), Acute Stroke Registry and Analysis of Lausanne (ASTRAL) and Totaled Health Risks in Vascular Events (THRIVE) for short- and long-term death for patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS). Methods:From August, 2015 to June, 2018, 323 AIS patients in emergency ward were included, and followed up 30 days, three months and a year after including. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to analyze the predictive effects of iScore, PLAN, ASTRAL and THRIVE. Results:The all-cause mortality 30 days, three months and a year after including was 12.4% (40/323), 17.3% (56/323) and 25.7% (83/323), respectively. The area under curve (AUC) from more to less arranged as iScore, PLAN, ASTRAL and THRIVES. There was significant difference of AUC between iScore and THRIVE (Z > 1.990, P < 0.05), but not among the others (Z < 1.943, P > 0.05). Conclusion:iScore, PLAN, ASTRAL and THRIVE may predict short- and long-term death of AIS patients in the emergency well, and iScore is the best. However, the procedure of iScore is complex, it is recommended to use PLAN and ASTRAL for emergency.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905212

ABSTRACT

Objective:To create a prediction model that could be used to stratify the risk of cardiac rehabilitation in patients with stable coronary artery disease by using test data based on cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) and general clinical data. Methods:A total of 114 patients with stable coronary artery disease were consecutively enrolled from the Cardiology Coronary Artery Disease Database of our hospital from December, 2014 to December, 2018, all the patients underwent CPET before coronary angiography. LASSO was used for feature selection. A nomogram was formulated based on the results of multivariate Logistic regression analysis using the RMS package of R. The predictive power was assessed with Receiver Operating Characteristic Curve. Results:Seven predictors were identified based on LASSO: coronary angiography results, the maximum value of ventilatory equivalent for carbon dioxide (EqCO2max), lymphocyte count, fasting blood glucose levels, cardiac muscle enzyme positivity, blood homocysteine and blood urea nitrogen levels. Combined with clinical experience and weighting analysis, the final four factors were included for Logistic regression modeling: coronary angiography results, EqCO2max, lymphocyte count and fasting blood glucose levels. The area under the curve was 0.875 for the model. Conclusion:EqCO2max and lymphocyte count are key predictors for stable coronary heart disease and can be used to identify patients at high risk for cardiac rehabilitation. A risk stratification model based on CPET and laboratory tests can be used to assess risk stratification for cardiac rehabilitation in patients with stable coronary artery disease.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921778

ABSTRACT

This study investigated the effect of rhein(RH) on the apoptosis and autophagy of human umbilical vein endothelial cells(HUVECs) induced by hydrogen peroxide(H_2O_2) and its underlying mechanism. The oxidative damage model in HUVECs was established and the cells were divided into different treatment groups. Cell survival rate was detected by MTT assay, apoptosis by Annexin V-FITC/PI double staining and Hoechst 33258 fluorescence staining, autophagy by Ad-mCherry-GFP-LC3 B adenovirus transfection, and protein expression by Western blot. The results showed that RH could protect cells by increasing the cell survival rate in a dose-dependent manner, decreasing the expression of apoptosis-related proteins(Bax and cleaved caspase-3) and the ratio of Bax/Bcl-2, elevating the expression of Bcl-2, up-regulating the expression of microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3(LC3)-Ⅱ, and down-regulating the expression of p62. Adenovirus transfection results showed that RH could increase the green and red spots, as well as the yellow spots. However, after the addition of autophagy inhibitor 3-MA, autophagy was reduced and apoptosis was increased. RH could enhance the expression of silent information regulator 2 related enzyme 1(SIRT1). The addition of SIRT1 inhibitor EX-527 reduced the protective effect of RH and cell viability. The addition of 3-MA had no effect on the expression of SIRT1 protein, but the expression of SIRT1 and LC3-Ⅱ proteins decreased and the expression of p62 increased after the addition of EX-527. After RH treatment, the phosphorylation of adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase(AMPK) increased, while that of the mechanistic target of rapamycin(mTOR) decreased in a dose-dependent manner. Moreover, this effect could be weakened by the AMPK inhibitor compound C. RH may enhance autophagy through SIRT1/AMPK/mTOR pathway to reduce H_2O_2-induced apoptosis of HUVECs.


Subject(s)
Anthraquinones , Apoptosis , Autophagy , Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells , Humans , Hydrogen Peroxide , Signal Transduction
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912709

ABSTRACT

Objective:To provide information for further development of chronic disease management, by studying the allocation of resources required to provide services in a county in Shanxi province as required by to the pathway of China-Gates Rural Primary Health Care Service project.Methods:A questionnaire survey was made to evaluate the deployment of manpower, equipment, and drugs required by levels of county, township and village medical institutions in the health management services of hypertension and diabetes in the rural areas of Yangqu county, Shanxi province from July to August 2019.Results:A total of one county hospital, 10 township health centers and 101 village clinics participated in the investigation. In terms of service personnel participating in the project, 9 township-level medical institutions were manned with personnel who could provide diagnosis, intervention planning, and follow-up visits, and only one of them had annual evaluators; village-level medical institutions basically didn′t have diagnosis, intervention planning, and annual evaluation staff. In terms of technical equipments, there was a general lack of diabetes assessment equipment at county, township and village level medical institutions. The mandatory equipments for diabetes assessment was equipped for only 80.0%, 79.0%, and 37.8% of the three levels of institutions, respectively. Village clinics lack hypertension assessment equipment and had no diabetes diagnosis equipment at all.Conclusions:The chronic disease management personnel, equipment, and drug supply in the rural areas of a county in Shanxi province are unbalanced among counties, townships, and villages. The quality of chronic disease management services should be improved through effective and rational use of resources.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912298

ABSTRACT

Objective:Analysis the protective effect of the partial femoral to femoral cardiopulmonary bypass(CPB) on thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm repair(TAAAR).Methods:From September 2016 to August 2020, 50 cases of TAAAR under partial CPB were performed at our hospital. Thirty males and 20 females with an average age of(40.5±12.4) years old(ranging 21 to 69 years old) were involved. Partial CPB without selective organ perfusion were applied at the early stage. Since November 2019, the adjunct of perfuse the celiac and superior mesenteric artery with warm blood and irrigate the renal artery with 4℃ HTK solution was used in TAAAR, and 25 patients were operated under this adjunct.Results:The average CPB time was(116.9±35.4) min, the lowest central body temperature during the partial CPB was(34.7±0.7)℃. Total early postoperative mortality was 6%(3/50, 3 deaths in partial CPB alone group). Paraplegia occurred in 4 cases(8%), new happened postoperative hemodialysis was in 6 cases(16%). Among the hemodialysis event, 2 cases(8%, 2/25) were in the group with selective organ perfusion, and 4 cases(16%, 4/25) in the group without using the adjunct.Conclusion:Mild hypothermic partial cardiopulmonary bypass combined with selective organ perfusion have protective effects on spinal cord and abdominal organ in patients underwent TAAAR.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912283

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the association between preoperative thyroid hormones and the postoperative acute kidney injury (AKI) in acute Standford type A aortic dissection (ASTAAD) patients.Methods:The patients with ASTAAD, who underwent surgeries in Beijing Anzhen Hospital from July 2016 to December 2016, were included in this retrospective cohort study. Multivariable regression and stratification analyses were used to examine the association of preoperative thyroid hormone with postoperative AKI.Results:The overall occurrence of postoperative AKI was 42.0%. Multivariate regression revealed that low level of TT3 ( OR=0.08, 95% CI: 0.01-0.94, P=0.04) and TT4 ( OR=0.97, 95% CI: 0.94-1.00, P=0.04) was independently associated with postoperative AKI. Subgroup analyses showed that the relation between TT3 and AKI was significantly noticed in patients with normal TSH levels ( OR=0.004, 95% CI: 0.001-0.16, P<0.01) other than in patients with lower TSH levels ( P=0.26). Conclusion:The present study showed that a low level of TT3 or TT4 was a predictor of postoperative AKI in ASTAAD patients, especially in patients with normal TSH. The thyroid function should be checked before surgical intervention of patients with ASTAAD, and patients with low T3 might be at higher risk of postoperative AKI.

17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888483

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the difference in cognitive impairment between the children with benign childhood epilepsy with centrotemporal spikes (BECT) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and those with BECT or ADHD alone.@*METHODS@#A prospective study was performed on 80 children with BECT and ADHD, 91 children with BECT, and 70 children with ADHD , who were diagnosed with the diseases for the first time. Seventy children of the same age who underwent physical examination were enrolled as the healthy control group. Event-related potential P300, Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children, and integrated visual and auditory continuous performance test were used to measure and compare each index between groups.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the healthy control group, the BECT+ADHD group, the BECT group, and the ADHD group had a significantly prolonged P300 latency, a significant reduction in the amplitude of P300, and significant reductions in the scores of verbal comprehension index (VCI), perceptual reasoning index (PRI), working memory index (WMI), processing speed index (PSI), full scale intelligence quotient (FSIQ), auditory response control quotient (ARCQ), visual response control quotient, full response control quotient (FRCQ), auditory attention quotient (AAQ), visual attention quotient, and full attention quotient (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Compared with the children with BECT or ADHD alone, the children with both BECT and ADHD have basically the same fields of cognitive impairment but a higher degree of cognitive impairment in some fields.


Subject(s)
Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity , Child , Cognitive Dysfunction/etiology , Epilepsy , Humans , Prospective Studies , Wechsler Scales
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888049

ABSTRACT

Trollius chinensis is a traditional Chinese medicinal material in China, the wild resource of T. chinensis are now exhausted, and commercial medicinal T. chinensis mainly depends on artificial cultivation. As one of the most severely happened diseases at the seedling period, damping off has been a serious threaten to the breeding of T. chinensis seedlings. However, no related research have been reported so far. So, the authors collected damping-off samples of T. chinensis in 2018 from seedling breeding nursery in Guyuan, Hebei province, and carried out study on taxonomic identification of the pathogen. Damping off occurs in the T. chinensis production area from mid-May to late June every year. At the beginning, brown lesions were observed on the basal stem, then the lesions circumferential expanded and constricted, and finally resulted in the fall and death of T. chinensis seedlings. Pathogenic isolate was growing rapidly on the PDA medium, well developed aerial mycelia were grey white at first, then turned brown gradually, and a great number of small dark brown sclerotia were developed in the middle and periphery of the colony. Mycelial diameter of the pathogen was about 7 to 10 μm, near right angle or acute angle branches, near branches with septa, branches and septa with constriction. After the healthy T. chinensis seedlings were inoculated by pathogenic isolate, damping-off was observed soon, and the symptom was as same as those observed in the field. Through homogenous blast, the rDNA-ITS sequence of the pathogenic isolate shown 99.49% to 99.84% homology with Rhizoctonia solani, R. solani AG-1 IC mycelium anastomosis group and Thanatephorus cucumeris, the sexual type of Rhizoctonia. Furthermore, obvious mycelial anastomosis phenomena were observed when the pathogenic isolate and R. solani AG-1 IC strain were confronting cultured. Based on the results above, the pathogenic isolate causing damping off of T. chinensis was identified as R. solani AG-1 IC mycelial anastomosis group. RESULTS:: in the present work have important significance for further research on basic biology of the pathogen and integrated control of damping off causing by it on T. chinensis.


Subject(s)
Basidiomycota , Plant Breeding , Plant Diseases , Rhizoctonia , Seedlings
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887950

ABSTRACT

Root rot was occurred widely in the production area of Rehmannia glutinosa, and which result in serious influence on the yield and quality of R. glutinosa. In the present work, a new phytopathogen was isolated from roots with root rot symptom in the production area of R. glutinosa. The colony of the pathogen growing on PDA medium was gray-black, the structure of hyphae was compact, the aerial hyphae was less developed, and the back of the colony was black. The hyphae of the pathogen were uneven in size, about 2 to 3 μm in diameter and twined with each other, the conidia of the pathogen were small, nearly round and about 1 μm in diameter. The healthy roots of R. glutinosa were inoculated with the pathogen in vitro, black-brown rot was observed at the inoculate sites after a few days' incubation. The rhizosphere soil of healthy R. glutinosa seedlings were inoculated in vivo, the leaves were wilted and the roots were black-brown rotted after several days' normal culture, the symptoms were consistent with those observed in the field. The genomic DNA of the pathogen was amplified by fungus rDNA-ITS universal primer ITS1/ITS4 and homologous analyzed, the pathogen was in a branch with Heterophoma sp., Phoma sp., P. novae-verbascicola and P. herbarum with the nuclear acid homology of 99.21% to 99.43%. The pathogen shown 97.00% to 98.02% nuclear acid homology with H. verbascicola, H. novae-verbascicola, H. poolensis, P. herbarum, H. sylvatica, H. verbascicola and H. verbasci-densiflori when amplified by the tub2 gene special primer Btub2 fd/Btub4 rd, and H. novae-verbascicola was the highest. The pathogen was in a branch with H. novae-verbascicola when amplified by the lsu gene special primer LR0 R/LR7. Based on the morphological characteristics, nucleotide sequence analysis and Koch's test results, the isolated pathogen causing root rot of R. glutinosa was identified as H. novae-verbascicola. This study is of great significance for the further theoretical research on root rot of R. glutinosa and root rot control in field.


Subject(s)
DNA, Ribosomal , Fungi/genetics , Plant Leaves , Rehmannia/genetics , Seedlings
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887743

ABSTRACT

Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) and cytomegalovirus (CMV), two of the most prevalent human herpesviruses, cause a wide spectrum of diseases and symptoms and are associated with serious health problem. In this study, we developed an internal control reference recombinase-aided amplification (ICR-RAA) assay for the rapid detection of EBV and CMV within 30 min. The assay had a sensitivity of 5 and 1 copies/test for EBV and CMV, respectively, with no cross reaction with other pathogens. In comparison with those of the commercial quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR), the sensitivity of the EBV and CMV ICR-RAAs using extracted DNA was 93.33% and 84.84%, respectively; the specificity was 98.75% and 100.00%, respectively; and the Kappa values were 0.930 and 0.892 (


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Child, Preschool , Cytomegalovirus/genetics , Cytomegalovirus Infections/virology , DNA, Viral/analysis , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections/virology , Female , Herpesvirus 4, Human/genetics , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Male , Middle Aged , Nucleic Acid Amplification Techniques , Recombinases/genetics , Young Adult
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