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1.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 43-48, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015156

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the dynamic changes and mechanisms of neurological and cognitive functions in mice with traumatic brain injury (TBI). Methods Totally 60 12⁃month⁃old Balb/ c mice were divided into control group (10 in group) and TBI group (50 in group). TBT model mice were divided into 5 subgroups according to the time of model construction, including model 1 day, model 1 day, model 3 day, model 7 day, model 14 days and model 28 days group with 10 in each group. At the 29th day of the experiment, neurological scores and step down tests were carried out. After the test, the mice were sacrificed for brains which were detected by immunohistochemistry staining, inflammatory cytokine tests and Western blotting. Results Compared with the control group, the neurological scores of mice in TBI group increased, and then decreased after the 7th day when the scores reached the peak. However, the latency of step down errors was lower than control group, and the number of step down errors was higher than control group which had no changes. Compared with the control group, the expression of lonized calcium⁃binding adapter molecule 1(IBA1), chemokine C⁃X3⁃C⁃motif ligand1 (CX3CL1), C⁃X3⁃C chemokine receptor 1(CX3CR1), NOD⁃like receptor thermal protein domain associated protein 3 (NLRP3), and phosphorylation nuclear factor(p⁃NF)⁃κB in TBI group increased and reached to the peak at the 7th day, and then started to decrease. At the same time, the levels of inflammatory cytokines interleukin⁃6(IL⁃6) and tumor necrosis factor⁃α(TNF⁃α) first increased to the peak, and then began to decrease. However, compared with the control group, the expression of amyloid β(Aβ) protein and p⁃Tau protein in the model group continued to increase at all time. Conclusion The TBI model caused continuous activation of microglia along with inflammatory response, which first increased and then decreased, resultsing in neurological scores changes. In addition, the inflammatory response may act as a promoter of Aβ protein deposition and Tau protein phosphorylation, leading to cognitive impairment in mice.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982289

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the specific pharmacological molecular mechanisms of Kai Xin San (KXS) on treating Alzheimer's disease (AD) based on network pharmacology and experimental validation.@*METHODS@#The chemical compounds of KXS and their corresponding targets were screened using the Encyclopedia of Traditional Chinese Medicine (ETCM) database. AD-related target proteins were obtained from MalaCards database and DisGeNET databases. Key compounds and targets were identified from the compound-target-disease network and protein-protein interaction (PPI) network analysis. Functional enrichment analysis predicted the potential key signaling pathways involved in the treatment of AD with KXS. The binding affinities between key ingredients and targets were further verified using molecular docking. Finally, the predicted key signaling pathway was validated experimentally. Positioning navigation and space search experiments were conducted to evaluate the cognitive improvement effect of KXS on AD rats. Western blot was used to further examine and investigate the expression of the key target proteins related to the predicted pathway.@*RESULTS@#In total, 38 active compounds and 469 corresponding targets of KXS were screened, and 264 target proteins associated with AD were identified. The compound-target-disease and PPI networks identified key active ingredients and protein targets. Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway analysis suggested a potential effect of KXS in the treatment of AD via the amyloid beta (A β)-glycogen synthase kinase-3 beta (GSK3 β)-Tau pathway. Molecular docking revealed a high binding affinity between the key ingredients and targets. In vivo, KXS treatment significantly improved cognitive deficits in AD rats induced by Aβ1-42, decreased the levels of Aβ, p-GSK3β, p-Tau and cyclin-dependent kinase 5, and increased the expressions of protein phosphatase 1 alpha (PP1A) and PP2A (P<0.05 or P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#KXS exerted neuroprotective effects by regulating the Aβ -GSK3β-Tau signaling pathway, which provides novel insights into the therapeutic mechanism of KXS and a feasible pharmacological strategy for the treatment of AD.


Subject(s)
Rats , Animals , Alzheimer Disease/drug therapy , Amyloid beta-Peptides , Glycogen Synthase Kinase 3 beta , Network Pharmacology , Molecular Docking Simulation , Glycogen Synthase Kinase 3/therapeutic use , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970828

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical outcomes of anteromedial combined with lateral locking plate for complex proximal humeral fractures in the eldery.@*METHODS@#From June 2018 to October 2020, 30 patients who underwent surgical treatment for Neer grade 3 to 4 proximal humeral fractures, including 8 males and 22 females, aged from 51 to 78 years old with an average of (61.5±7.5) years old. Of them, 15 patients had fractures fixed with anteromedial combined with lateral locking plate(ALLP group), whereas 15 received internal fixation with proximal humerus locking plate only(PHLP group). The clinical data, simple shoulder test (SST), humeral head height loss, varus angle and shoulder range of motion were compared between the two groups.@*RESULTS@#All fractures were healed. The follow-up time ranged from 12 to 24 months, with an average of(14.3±2.9) months. The operation time of ALLP group was longer than that of PHLP group (P<0.05). There was no significant difference in intraoperative blood loss between the two groups (P>0.05). There was no significant difference in SST score between the two groups at 1, 3 and 12 months after operation (P>0.05). In terms of radiographic measurement, there was no significant difference in humeral head height loss and varus angle between the two groups at 1 and 3 months after operation (P>0.05). At 12 months after operation, the height loss and varus angle of humeral head in ALLP group were lower than those in PHLP group (P<0.05). In shoulder range of motion, the range of forward elevation in ALLP group was larger than that in PHLP group 1 year after operation(P<0.05). There was no significant difference in external rotation between the two groups.@*CONCLUSION@#Anteromedial combined with lateral locking plate in the treatment of complex proximal humeral fractures in the elderly can increase the stability of the medial column and obtain a good fracture prognosis. But there are also disadvantages such as longer operation time, so it should be individualized according to the fracture type of the patient.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Aged , Middle Aged , Treatment Outcome , Shoulder Fractures/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Shoulder , Humeral Head , Bone Plates , Humeral Fractures/surgery
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988737

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveAt the end of November 2022, Guangzhou implemented the latest Covid-19 epidemic prevention policy and began to gradually lift the lockdown. However, under the new epidemic prevention situation, the situation of SARS-CoV-2 infection in hospitalized patients in China is still unclear. Accordingly, this paper aims to study the SARS-CoV-2 infection of hospitalized patients in Guangzhou under the new epidemic prevention and control situation. MethodsThe results of SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid tests in our hospital from the end of November 2022 to the beginning of February 2023 were retrospectively analyzed. The positive rate of SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid tests in outpatients and inpatients under the new epidemic prevention situation, and the nosocomial infection of SARS-CoV-2 in inpatients were statistically analyzed. ResultsThis study retrospectively analyzed the SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid test results of 13 959 patients, including 6 966 outpatients and 6 993 inpatients. On November 30, 2022, the SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid test results of outpatients began to be positive, indicating that the outbreak of the SARS-CoV-2 infection had begun. On December 7, one case of SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid test results of hospitalized patients was positive, and nosocomial infections began to break out. On December 15, the positive rate of SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid test among patients exceeded 40 %, and the epidemic entered its peak period. After the end of December, the test positive rate gradually decreased, but the positive rate of inpatients was always higher than that of outpatients. Compared with December 2022, the positive rate of SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid test of patients in many departments in January 2023 decreased, but the positive rate of SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid test of inpatients in the oncology department increased significantly (P < 0.001). Further analysis found that the nosocomial infection rate of SARS-CoV-2 in inpatients was 86.57 % (329/380). However, the nosocomial infection rate in lymphoma patients [58.33 % (14/24)] was significantly lower than that of the hospitalized patients with other disease types (P < 0.001). ConclusionThe positive rate of SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid testing among patients reached its peak in mid-December 2022. In January 2023, the positive rate of SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid testing gradually decreased, while the number or positive rate of SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid testing positive patients in some departments increased. The nosocomial infection rate among hospitalized patients is as high as 90 %. There are differences in the nosocomial infection rate of SARS-CoV-2 among inpatients with different disease types. In summary, this study provides preliminary data on the epidemiological characteristics of SARS-CoV-2 infection among hospitalized patients in Guangzhou, as well as the protection against infection among hospitalized patients and cross-infection between medical staffs and patients.

5.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 588-592, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991676

ABSTRACT

Yersinia pestis phage is a virus that is parasitic within Yersinia pestis and can specifically lyses Yersinia pestis. The adsorption sites of phage infesting host bacteria are called receptor binding protein (RBP), including extracellular membrane protein, lipopolysaccharide, teichoteic acid, pili, flagella, capsular polysaccharide, etc., of which extracellular membrane protein and lipopolysaccharide are the receptors of Yersinia pestis phage. RBP plays a decisive role in the process of Yersinia pestis phage infecting Yersinia pestis. Therefore, the classification, isolation and application of Yersinia pestis phage are summarized; the research progress in identification and structure of Yersinia pestis phage receptor is analyzed, which is helpful in understanding the cleavage mechanism of Yersinia pestis phage and the interaction mode with Yersinia pestis from the molecular level, and provide more powerful support for in-depth study on Yersinia pestis phage receptor.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940487

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore effect of Huanglian Jiedutang (HLJDT) on autophagy-related protein expression in septic mice with liver injury induced by cecal ligation and puncture (CLP). MethodSixty eight-week-old C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into four groups, namely, the sham operation group, model group, and low- (1.44 g∙kg-1) and high-dose (2.88 g∙kg-1) HLJDT groups, with 15 in each group. The septic model was established by CLP after the last administration of HLJDT for three successive days. The survival rate of mice with 24 h was observed. The mice were sacrificed 12 h after operation for collecting the serum and liver tissue. The levels of serum interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), and interleukin-1β (IL-1β) were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and the levels of alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) in serum by biochemical method. The pathological changes in liver tissue were observed by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining, and the apoptosis index (AI) of hepatocytes by TdT-mediated dUTP-biotin nick end-labeling (TUNEL). The expression levels of protein high-mobility group box 1 protein (HMGB1), Beclin1, and microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3 (LC3)-Ⅱ/Ⅰ in the liver tissue were assayed by Western blot. ResultCompared with the sham operation group, the model group showed reduced survival rate at 12 and 24 h, elevated IL-6, TNF-α, and IL-1β levels, enhanced AST and ALT activities (P<0.05), hepatocyte swelling, inflammatory cell infiltration, and apoptosis, and up-regulated HMGB1 (P<0.05), Beclin1, and LC3-Ⅱ/Ⅰ (P<0.05). Compared with the model group, each medication group exhibited increased survival rate at 12 and 24 h, lowered IL-6 and TNF-α levels, weakened AST and ALT activities (P<0.05), alleviated liver injury and apoptosis (P<0.05), down-regulated HMGB1 expression ( P<0.05), and up-regulated Beclin1 and LC3-Ⅱ/Ⅰ (P<0.05). ConclusionHLJDT alleviates the liver injury of septic mice possibly by inducing autophagy and inhibiting apoptosis.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931462

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the status quo of self-learning readiness of in-service nurses in self-taught examination and its correlation with general self-efficacy.Methods:Convenience sampling method was conducted with nurses who studied in the self-taught nursing examination of a university from a university in Sichuan Province from March to May 2020. General information questionnaire, Chinese version of Self-regulated Learning Readiness Scale for Nursing Education (SLDRS) and General Self-Efficacy Scale (GSES) were used to investigate the research. SPSS 24.0 was used to analyze the scores, multiple linear stepwise regression analysis was used to analyze the influencing factors, and Pearson correlation analysis was used to analyze the correlation between self-learning readiness and general self-efficacy. A total of 468 questionnaires were collected and 455 were valid.Results:The total scores of 455 nurses were (147.93±18.07) points, and the overall average scores were (3.70±0.45) points. Multiple linear stepwise regression analysis showed that the desire to continue to study for postgraduate students, the times of face-to-face classes in each subject, the preference for nursing major, aimlessness and satisfaction with the forms of assistance were the important influencing factors of autonomous learning readiness ( P<0.05). There is a positive correlation between self-learning readiness and general self-efficacy ( r=0.551, P<0.05). Conclusion:The self-learning readiness of nurses for self-taught examination is at a medium level. Their self-learning ability may be improved by encouraging them to carry out career planning, improving their professional identity and self-efficacy, and choosing teaching methods that are more suitable for in-service staff.

8.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 240-250, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929208

ABSTRACT

The continuing discoveries of novel classes of RNA modifications in various organisms have raised the need for improving sensitive, convenient, and reliable methods for quantifying RNA modifications. In particular, a subset of small RNAs, including microRNAs (miRNAs) and Piwi-interacting RNAs (piRNAs), are modified at their 3'-terminal nucleotides via 2'-O-methylation. However, quantifying the levels of these small RNAs is difficult because 2'-O-methylation at the RNA 3'-terminus inhibits the activity of polyadenylate polymerase and T4 RNA ligase. These two enzymes are indispensable for RNA labeling or ligation in conventional miRNA quantification assays. In this study, we profiled 3'-terminal 2'-O-methyl plant miRNAs in the livers of rice-fed mice by oxidative deep sequencing and detected increasing amounts of plant miRNAs with prolonged oxidation treatment. We further compared the efficiency of stem-loop and poly(A)-tailed RT-qPCR in quantifying plant miRNAs in animal tissues and identified stem-loop RT-qPCR as the only suitable approach. Likewise, stem-loop RT-qPCR was superior to poly(A)-tailed RT-qPCR in quantifying 3'-terminal 2'-O-methyl piRNAs in human seminal plasma. In summary, this study established a standard procedure for quantifying the levels of 3'-terminal 2'-O-methyl miRNAs in plants and piRNAs. Accurate measurement of the 3'-terminal 2'-O-methylation of small RNAs has profound implications for understanding their pathophysiologic roles in biological systems.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Mice , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing , Methylation , MicroRNAs/genetics , Oxidative Stress , RNA, Small Interfering/metabolism , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928761

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the regulatory effect and mechanism of DNA methyltransferase 3A (DNMT3a) in hydroquinone-induced hematopoietic stem cell toxicity.@*METHODS@#Cells (HSPC-1) were divided into 4 groups, that is A: normal HSPC-1; B: HQ-intervented HSPC-1; C: group B + pcDNA3 empty vector; D: group B + pcDNA3- DNMT3a. RT-qPCR and Western blot were used to detect the expression levels of DNMT3a and PARP-1 mRNA and protein, respectively. Cell morphology was observe; Cell viability and apoptosis rate of HSPC-1 were detected by MTT and flow cytometry, respectively.@*RESULTS@#Compared with group A, the expression levels of DNMT3a mRNA and protein in HSPC-1 of group B were decreased, while PARP-1 mRNA and protein were increased (P<0.05); there was no significant difference in the above indexes between group C and group B; compared with group B, the expression levels of DNMT3a mRNA and protein showed increased, while PARP-1 mRNA and protein were decreased significantly in cells of group D transfected with DNMT3a (P<0.05). Cells in each group were transfected with DNMT3a and cultured for 24 h, HSPC-1 in group A showed high density growth and mononuclear fusion growth, while the number of HSPC-1 in group B and C decreased and grew slowly. Compared with group B and C, the cell growth rate of group D was accelerated. The MTT analysis showed that cell viability of HSPC-1 in group B were lower than that of group A at 24 h, 48 h and 72 h (P<0.05); after transfected with DNMT3a, the cell viability of HSPC-1 in group D were higher than that of group B at 24 h, 48 h and 72 h (P<0.05). The apoptosis rate of cells in group B was significantly higher than that of group A (P<0.001), while the apoptosis rate in group D was lower than that of group B (P<0.001).@*CONCLUSION@#DNMT3a may be involved in the damage of hematopoietic stem cells induced by hydroquinone, which may be related to the regulation of PARP-1 activity by hydroquinone-inhibited DNMT3a.


Subject(s)
Humans , Apoptosis , Cell Proliferation , DNA Methyltransferase 3A , Hematopoietic Stem Cells/drug effects , Hydroquinones/toxicity , Poly (ADP-Ribose) Polymerase-1 , RNA, Messenger/metabolism
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923503

ABSTRACT

@#To promote the construction of first-class disciplines of "Double First-Class" universities in China, the construction of a comprehensive evaluation system was explored, so as to provide suggestions for the development of these disciplines.Essential Science Indicators (ESI), InCites and Derwent Innovation Index databases, together with range transformation method and entropy weight method, were employed to analyze the data in the field of pharmacology and toxicology from some universities; the construction approaches and index performance of the system were studied. The score performances of the sample universities in the index system are different from their ESI rankings, suggesting that the system has certain practical value.ESI rankings cannot fully reflect the development levels of disciplines, while the multi-dimensional index evaluation system can overcome this shortcoming to a certain extent.This paper establishes an evaluation system with published papers and granted patents as the main evaluation objects, covering as many multi-angle indicators of scientific research output as possible, and trying to overcome the disadvantages due to lack of information in a single or few index systems.It is suggested that universities should formulate their discipline development plans from the perspectives of publishing high-quality original research results, leading or widely participating in scientific research cooperation, strengthening university-enterprise cooperation, promoting the application of research results, promoting open science and encouraging open access.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957921

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of anxiety and depressive symptoms in mediation of pain catastrophizing on disability in patients with low back pain.Methods:A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 97 patients with low back pain in the Changjiang Subdistrict community health center from July to October 2021. Oswestry Disability Index, pain catastrophic subscale in Coping Strategies Questionnaire-24, Generalized Anxiety Disorder Scale-short version, Patient Health Depression Questionnaire-short version were used to evaluate the activity dysfunction, pain catastrophic cognition and anxiety and depression levels of patients,respectively. Path analysis was implemented to test the mediation model, and the indirect effects were assessed using the bootstrap procedure with bias-corrected 95 %CI. Results:Results suggested significant positive correlations among pain catastrophizing, anxiety, depressive symptoms and disability of patients. In addition, both anxiety and depressive symptoms significantly mediated the impact of pain catastrophizing on disability (standardized indirect effects were 0.183 and 0.197, P<0.05). Patients with higher levels of pain catastrophic cognition showed higher levels of anxiety and depressive symptoms (β=0.757, 0.720; P<0.01), and reported more severe motor dysfunction (β=0.241, 0.274; P<0.05). Conclusions:Our findings suggest that anxiety and depression may be the psychological pathways through which pain catastrophizing predicts disability in patients with low back pain. Effective psychological interventions, such as emotion regulation and stress reduction strategies should be considered in treatment and supportive care for patients with low back pain.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954084

ABSTRACT

p62 is a ubiquitous multifunctional protein with six domains in the body.p62 is mainly involved in selective autophagic degradation of ubiquitinated substrates.Hence, it has become an important biomarker of monitoring autophagic flux.p62 is also involved in oxidative stress.Additionally, p62 participates in series of cellular biological processes including nutrient sensing, apoptosis and metabolic reprogramming.The expression of p62 is regulated by some transcriptive factors such as TFEB.The mutations of p62 gene are associated with neurological and other disorders.It has been shown that p62 is necessary for maintaining normal function of glomerular podocytes, massangial cells and renal tubular cells.Based on the diversity and importance of p62 protein functions, it may turn to be a candidate of therapeutic target in renal diseases in future.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935762

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinical significance of blood purification on changes in serum toxicant concentration and prognosis of acute benzene-based thinner poisoning. Methods: A total of 44 patients with acute benzene-based thinner poisoning admitted to the emergency department of Characteristic Medical Center of Armed Police from August 2013 to August 2020 were collected and divided into a blood purification group (24 cases) and a conventional treatment group (20 cases) , the general data, toxicant concentrations and prognosis of the two groups of patients were analyzed, and logistic regression analysis was performed on the influencing factors of the prognosis to explore the clinical effect of blood purification. Results: The concentration of poisons in the blood purification group at 24 hours after treatment was significantly lower than that in the conventional treatment group (t=6.76, P<0.001) , and the reduction in the concentration of poisons was significantly higher than that in the conventional treatment group (t=3.33, P=0.002) . The overall improvement rate in the blood purification group was 91.7% (22/24) , which was higher than that in the conventional treatment group (60.0%, 12/20) . Logisitic regression analysis showed that blood purification treatment method was the main factor affecting the prognosis of patients (OR=7.605×10(-5), 95%CI: 6.604×10(-8)-0.087, P=0.008) , and the toxic dose was a synergistic effect on the prognosis of patients factor (OR=1.038, 95%CI: 1.008-1.068, P=0.011) . Conclusion: Early blood purification treatment in patients with acute benzene-based thinner poisoning can rapidly reduce blood toxin concentration, avoid disease progression, and ultimately improve patient prognosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Benzene , Hazardous Substances , Poisoning/therapy , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
14.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 98-104, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935356

ABSTRACT

This paper summaries the Risk of Bias in Non-randomized Studies-of Environmental Exposure (ROBINS-E), a tool for evaluating risk of bias about non-randomized studies of exposures (NRSE), and introduces the application of ROBINS-E in a published NRSE. According to the characteristics of NRSE, evaluation fields and signaling questions were designed in ROBINS-E to provide essential information about risk of bias for NRSE included in systematic reviews and GRADE. ROBINS-E is the tool in assessment of risk of bias in observational studies and quasi-randomized studies. Although the tool has been used in practice to some extent, but it still needs further improvement. Attention should be paid to its update and progress.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bias , Environmental Exposure , Systematic Reviews as Topic
15.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 756-760, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014431

ABSTRACT

The progression of tumor is a dynamic process of multiple factors interacting with each other. With its unique metabolic method, tumor cells meet their own rapid proliferation needs while promoting inhibitory immune cell infiltration and tumor angiogenesis, thereby affecting tumor immune escape, promoting tumor metastasis. Abnormal glucose, lipids, amino acids and energy metabolites of tumor cells are closely related to immune abnormalities and vascular diseases, which are the research hotspots in this field in recent years. This article reviews the effects of tumor metabolites on tumor immunity and pathological angiogenesis and its molecular mechanisms, which provides the potential targets for tumor therapy with metabolism as a target.

16.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1920-1929, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887628

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The global pandemic coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has become a major public health problem and presents an unprecedented challenge. However, no specific drugs were currently proven. This study aimed to evaluate the comparative efficacy and safety of pharmacological interventions in patients with COVID-19.@*METHODS@#Medline, Embase, the Cochrane Library, and clinicaltrials.gov were searched for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in patients infected with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2)/SARS-CoV. Random-effects network meta-analysis within the Bayesian framework was performed, followed by the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation system assessing the quality of evidence. The primary outcome of interest includes mortality, cure, viral negative conversion, and overall adverse events (OAEs). Odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence interval (CI) was calculated as the measure of effect size.@*RESULTS@#Sixty-six RCTs with 19,095 patients were included, involving standard of care (SOC), eight different antiviral agents, six different antibiotics, high and low dose chloroquine (CQ_HD, CQ_LD), traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), corticosteroids (COR), and other treatments. Compared with SOC, a significant reduction of mortality was observed for TCM (OR = 0.34, 95% CI: 0.20-0.56, moderate quality) and COR (OR = 0.84, 95% CI: 0.75-0.96, low quality) with improved cure rate (OR = 2.16, 95% CI: 1.60-2.91, low quality for TCM; OR = 1.17, 95% CI: 1.05-1.30, low quality for COR). However, an increased risk of mortality was found for CQ_HD vs. SOC (OR = 3.20, 95% CI: 1.18-8.73, low quality). TCM was associated with decreased risk of OAE (OR = 0.52, 95% CI: 0.38-0.70, very low quality) but CQ_HD (OR = 2.51, 95% CI: 1.20-5.24) and interferons (IFN) (OR = 2.69, 95% CI: 1.02-7.08) vs. SOC with very low quality were associated with an increased risk.@*CONCLUSIONS@#COR and TCM may reduce mortality and increase cure rate with no increased risk of OAEs compared with standard care. CQ_HD might increase the risk of mortality. CQ, IFN, and other antiviral agents could increase the risk of OAEs. The current evidence is generally uncertain with low-quality and further high-quality trials are needed.


Subject(s)
Humans , COVID-19 , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Network Meta-Analysis , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2
17.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 97-103, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884966

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the prognostic factors of robot-assisted radical cystectomy (RARC).Methods:The clinical data of 224 patients underwent RARC from December 2014 to December 2018 in Nanjing Drum Hospital were reviewed. There were 193 males and 31 females, aged 36-92 years, with mean of 68 years. There were 7 patients(3.1%)undergoing neoadjuvant chemotherapy, the ASA scores of 125 patients (55.8%) were more than 2, and the mean body mass index was 23.4(15.4-35.5)kg/m 2. All patients were treated with RARC, with 72(32.1%) patients undergoing intraoperative blood transfusion. Kaplan-Meier method was used to analyze recurrence-free survival rate (RFS), cancer-specific survival rate (CSS) and overall survival rate (OS). Cox multivariate risk ratio model was used to evaluate the correlation between survival outcome and perioperative and pathological factors in patients treated with RARC. Results:For pathological status, there were 82 of ≤T 1, 64 of T 2, 57 of T 3 and 21 of T 4. Of all the patients, 49(21.9%) had lymph node metastasis, 12(5.4%) had positive surgical margin, 82(36.6%) had lymphovascular invasion(LVI), and 41(18.3%) underwent adjuvant chemotherapy. Follow-up time was between 11-60 months, and the median follow-up time was 24 months. The 5-year cumulative OS, RFS and CSS were 57.15%, 48.84% and 59.60%, respectively. Univariate Cox regression analysis showed that T stage( HR=5.764, 95% CI 1.926-17.249, P=0.002; HR=4.086, 95% CI 1.611-10.364, P=0.003; HR=9.391, 95% CI 2.118-41.637, P=0.003), N stage( HR=6.446, 95% CI 3.438-12.087, P<0.001; HR=5.661, 95% CI 3.086-10.385, P<0.001; HR=5.980, 95% CI 2.982-11.992, P<0.001), LVI( HR=3.319, 95% CI 2.008-5.486, P<0.001; HR=2.894, 95% CI 1.782-4.701, P<0.001; HR=3.471, 95% CI 2.017-5.974, P<0.001), American Society of Anesthesia (ASA)score( HR=2.888, 95% CI 1.619-5.150, P<0.001; HR=1.765, 95% CI 1.060-2.940, P=0.029; HR=2.612, 95% CI 1.424-4.792, P=0.002), body mass index( HR=0.886, 95% CI 0.819-0.957, P=0.002; HR=0.885, 95% CI 0.819-0.955, P=0.002; HR=0.862, 95% CI 0.792-0.938, P=0.001), age( HR=1.580, 95% CI 1.250-1.997, P<0.001; HR=1.362, 95% CI 1.088-1.705, P=0.007; HR=1.530, 95% CI 1.190-1.968, P=0.001) and intraoperative blood transfusion( HR=1.899, 95% CI 1.160-3.108, P=0.011; HR=2.218, 95% CI 1.371-3.587, P=0.001; HR=2.227, 95% CI 1.312-3.782, P=0.003) were significantly related to survival outcome. Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that T stage( HR=4.506, 95% CI 1.433-14.175, P=0.01; HR=3.159, 95% CI 1.180-8.454, P=0.022; HR=7.810, 95% CI 1.674-36.444, P=0.009), N stage( HR=6.096, 95% CI 2.981-12.467, P<0.001; HR=5.368, 95% CI 2.683-10.740, P<0.001; HR=5.539, 95% CI 2.497-12.288, P<0.001) and ASA score( HR=6.180, 95% CI 2.371-16.110, P<0.001; HR=2.702, 95% CI 1.175-6.215, P=0.019; HR=6.471, 95% CI 2.290-18.286, P<0.001) were independent predictors of RFS, CSS and OS, and adjuvant chemotherapy( R=0.434, 95% CI 0.202-0.930, P=0.032) could only predict OS. Conclusion:T stage, N stage and ASA were main independent predictors of postoperative survival outcomes, and adjuvant chemotherapy was independent predictor of OS.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876064

ABSTRACT

@#The World Health Organization (WHO) released the WHO 2020 guidelines on physical activity and sedentary behaviour in November 2020. Compared with the 2010 WHO guidelines, this guideline has incorporated more extensive medical evidence and made targeted recommendations for special populations. The main content includes physical activity and sedentary behaviour advice for children and adolescents, adults, older adults, pregnant and postpartum women, people with chronic conditions, and disability. This review will interpret the 2020 WHO guidelines in detail.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942224

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To establish an animal model with malignant tumor in the skull base-infratemporal region, and to explore the role of iodine staining technique in identifying tumor tissues with Micro-CT data.@*METHODS@#Sedation anesthesia was carried out on 12 BABL/c nude mice using inhaled isoflurane, and then WSU-HN6 cells that cultured and immortalized from human tongue squamous cell carcinoma were injected into the right infratemporal fossa via the submandibular area. The procedure was carried out under ultrasonographic guidance. The nude mice were sacrificed after 3 weeks observation. The head specimens were fixed and scanned by Micro-CT, and repeated scans were performed after staining with 3.75% compound iodine solution. Following decalcification in 20% EDTA for 2-4 weeks, the head specimens were embedded and sectioned. Hematoxylin and eosin staining and Pan-Keratin immunohistochemical staining were carried out. Bright-field microscopy and stereomicroscopy were used to visualize. The Micro-CT data were analyzed using iPlan software (Brainlab).@*RESULTS@#Non-traumatic ultrasonography was used to guide HN-6 cells injection and confirm skull-base tumor formation in all the animals. Ultrasonographic guidance reduced the risk of cervical vessel injury when transferring tumor cells into the skull base space. An obvious asymmetrical appearance was detected via ultrasonography 3 weeks after tumor cell injection. The Micro-CT analysis showed that the bone was obviously damaged on the right side of the skull base, but the soft tissue image was unrecognizable. After four days staining with compound iodine solution, the morphology of the tumor and surrounding soft tissue could be clearly identified. Hematoxylin and eosin staining showed the tumor formation of the right infratemporal fossa region accompanied by bone destruction. Human keratin immunohistochemical staining showed that the tumor tissue originated from human squamous cell carcinoma, and the polynuclear osteoclasts could be seen at the margin of the skull base bone resorption.@*CONCLUSION@#The animal model with malignant tumor in the skull base-infratemporal region could be successfully established via submandibular injection under ultrasound-guidance. Bone changes of the skull were easily observed on Micro-CT, but the tumor counter was not able to be distinguished from surrounding soft tissue. The 3.75% compound iodine staining of the head specimen could help discern the tumor and surrounding soft tissue in more details.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/diagnostic imaging , Infratemporal Fossa , Iodine , Mice, Nude , Skull Base , Staining and Labeling , Tongue Neoplasms , X-Ray Microtomography
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879875

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the clinical features of children with influenza A virus infection and neurological symptoms.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of children with laboratory-confirmed influenza A and neurological symptoms who were treated in Xi'an Children's Hospital Affiliated to Xi'an Jiaotong University from January to December, 2019.@*RESULTS@#A total of 895 children were diagnosed with influenza A, among whom 291 had neurological symptoms. Boys had a significantly higher incidence rate of influenza A than girls (@*CONCLUSIONS@#There is a high incidence rate of neurological symptoms in children with influenza A, and seizures are the most common symptom. Most of the patients with neurological symptoms tend to have a good prognosis, but those with ANE may have a poor prognosis.


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Brain Diseases , Influenza A virus , Influenza, Human/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Seizures
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