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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912865

ABSTRACT

Objective: To systematically evaluate the effects of different forms of traditional Chinese health-preservation exercises on osteoporosis (OP) using network meta-analysis.Methods: A systematic search on Excerpta Medica Database (EMBASE), Springer Link, Allied and Complementary Medicine Database (AMED), PubMed, Cochrane Library, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Wanfang Academic Journal Full-text Database (Wanfang) and Chongqing VIP Database (CQVIP) targeted the randomized controlled trials (RCTs) studying traditional Chinese exercises for OP published up to January 2020. Cochrane handbook was adopted to estimate the publication bias in the included studies, and statistical analysis was performed using Stata 14.0 and GeMTC 0.14.3 when data were extracted. Results: Fifty RCTs were included in the network meta-analysis, comprising a total of 4505 OP patients. The network meta-analysis showed that in terms of visual analog scale (VAS) for pain, Tai Ji Quan (Tai Chi) was the most efficacious, followed by Yi Jin Jing (Sinew-transforming Qigong Exercises), Ba Duan Jin (Eight-sectioned Exercise), Wu Qin Xi (Five-animal Exercises), sports training, drug and blank control; in terms of bone mineral density (BMD) of femoral neck, Yi Jin Jing was the most efficacious, followed by Wu Qin Xi, Ba Duan Jin, Tai Ji Quan, sports training, blank control and drug; regarding the lumbar BMD, it was Yi Jin Jing, Tai Ji Quan, Ba Duan Jin, Wu Qin Xi, sports training, blank control and drug in the descending order of efficacy; in terms of serum alkaline phosphatase, it was Yi Jin Jing, Tai Ji Quan, sports training, Wu Qin Xi, Ba Duan Jin, drug and blank control in the descending order of efficacy. Conclusion: The evidence to date suggests that the first choice for OP amongst the traditional Chinese exercises should be Yi Jin Jing, which can not only reduce the subjective pain, but also promote bone formation and increase BMD, though this conclusion requires more high-quality large-scale RCTs for further proof.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871844

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the changes in refractive status of eyes with idiopathic macular hole (IMH) after vitrectomy and phacoemulsification and IOL implantation (combined surgery).Methods:A retrospective clinical study. From January 2016 to June 2019, 51patients (56 eyes) of IMH who underwent combined surgery at the Tianjin Medical University Eye Hospital. were included in the study. Among them, there were 17 males and 34 females with the average age of 66.79±4.33 years. All the affected eyes underwent BCVA, retinoscopy and axial length (AL) measurement. The IOL power was calculated according to the SRK-T formula and the refractive power (predicted value) was predicted. The average BCVA of the affected eye was 0.20±0.13. The average anterior chamber depth was 2.89±0.28 mm. The average △corneal astigmatism was 0.73±0.43 D, the average AL was 22.92±0.70 mm, the average predicted refractive power was 0.10±0.66 D. All the affected eyes underwent standard transciliary flat part three-channel 25G combined surgery. Six months after the operation, the actual value (actual value) of the diopter after the operation was measured with the same equipment and method before the operation. Paired t test was used to compare the difference between the predicted value and the actual value. Results:Six months after the operation, the actual value of the refractive power was -0.19±0.64 D. Compared with the pre-operative refractive power, the difference was not statistically significant ( t=1.665, P=0.102). The difference between the actual value and the predicted value was -0.33± 0.81 D. Conclusions:The refractive status of the IMH eye undergoes myopia drift after combined surgery. The preoperative IOL power budget can be appropriately reserved for +0.3 D hyperopia.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871729

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the changes of follistatin-like protein 1 (FSTL1) in serum of patients with proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR).Methods:Twenty PDR patients confirmed by clinical examination and 20 normal people were included in the study. Human retinal vascular endothelial cells (HRCEC) were divided into HRCEC blank control group, 3 h hypoxia group, 6 h hypoxia group. Human umbilical vein endothelial cell (HUVEC) were divided into HUVEC blank control group, 3h hypoxia group, 6h hypoxia group. Real-time quantitative PCR (RT-PCR) and ELISA were used to determine the expression of FSTL1, TGF-β, VEGF, connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) mRNA and protein in peripheral blood and cells of all groups from all subjects.Results:The expressions of FSTL1, TGF-β1, CTGF, VEGF mRNA in blood samples of patients with PDR were 1.79±0.58, 0.97±0.21, 1.85±0.69 and 1.38±0.44. The expressions of FSTL1, TGF-β1 protein were 1.19±0.50, 0.71±0.24 ng/ml and 734.03±116.45, 649.36±44.23 ng/L. Compared with normal people, the differences were statistically significant ( tmRNA=0.90, 0.21, 2.85, 1.77; P=0.00, 0.00, 0.04, 0.02. tprotein=1.88, 7.68; P=0.00, 0.02). The cell viability of HRCEC cells in the 3 h hypoxia group and the 6 h hypoxia group were 0.66±0.05 and 0.64±0.04, respectively. Compared with the blank control group, the difference was statistically significant ( F=13.02, P=0.00). The cell viability of HUVEC cells in the 3 h hypoxia group and the 6 h hypoxia group were 0.63±0.06 and 0.68±0.06, respectively. Compared with the blank control group, the difference was statistically significant ( F=26.52, P=0.00). Comparison of FSTL1, TGF-β1, CTGF, and VEGF mRNA expression in HRCEC blank control group and 3 h hypoxia group, the differences were statistically significant ( F=14.75, 44.93, 85.54, 6.23; P=0.01, 0.00, 0.00, 0.03). Compared with the HRCEC blank control and 3 h hypoxia group, the expressions of FSTL1 and TGF-β1 protein were statistically significant ( P<0.05). There was a statistically significant difference in TGF-β1 protein expression in the hypoxic 6 h group ( P=0.03) and no significant difference in FSTL1 protein expression ( P=0.68). Comparison of FSTL1, TGF-β1, CTGF, and VEGF mRNA expression in HUVEC blank control group and 3h hypoxia group, the differences were statistically significant ( F=19.08, 25.12, 22.89, 13.07; P=0.00, 0.00, 0.00, 0.01). Immunofluorescence staining results showed that FSTL1, TGF-β1, CTGF, and VEGF proteins were positively expressed in cells in the 3h hypoxia and 6h hypoxia groups. Conclusion:The expression of FSTL1 gene and protein in serum of PDR patients was significantly higher than that of normal people.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868651

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of lncRNA HOTTIP on the radiosensitivity of four non-small cell lung cancer cell lines cultured in vitro by regulating the expression of miR-663a. Methods:Four non-small cell lung cancer cell lines (H838, H157, A549, and H1299) were irradiated with different radiation intensities (0, 2, 4, 6, and 8 Gy). Cell survival was detected by colony formation assay. The expression levels of HOTTIP and miR-663a were detected by qRT-PCR. A549 and H1299 cells were selected for the subsequent experiment. After silencing HOTTIP and/or over-expressing miR-663a, cell survival was detected by colony formation assay. Cell apoptosis was detected by flow cytometry. The expression levels of Cleaved caspase-3, Cleaved PARP andγ-H 2AX were quantitatively measured by Western blot. The targeting relationship between HOTTIP and miR-663a was vefiried by dual luciferase reporter assay and qRT-PCR. Results:The expression of HOTTIP was up-regulated, whereas that of miR-663a was down-regulated in the radiation-resistant H157, A549 and H1299 cells. Silencing HOTTIP or over-expressing miR-663a inhibited the survival of A549 and H1299 cells (radiosensitization ratios were 1.562 and 1.507, respectively), promoted the expression of Cleaved caspase-3, Cleaved PARP and γ-H 2AX, and accelerated cell apoptosis induced by radiation exposure. miR-663a was a target gene of HOTTIP, and HOTTIP negatively regulated the expression of miR-663a. The inhibition of miR-663a reversed the effect of silencing HOTTIP on the radiosensitivity of non-small cell lung cancer cells. Conclusion:Silencing HOTTIP can suppress the survival of non-small cell lung cancer cells and promotes cell apoptosis by up-regulating the expression of miR-663a, thereby enhancing the radiosensitivity of non-small cell lung cancer cell lines.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745253

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish and evaluate a morning check system for linac based on electronic portal image device (EPID).Methods Delivered fluence maps of open and wedge fields at 10 cm×10 cm field size of Synergy Linac were measured by EPID.Figure features from these two images were extracted with matlab codes and analyzed to realize a quick morning check.The repeatability of dose response and mechanical setup,relationship between gray value and machine unit (MU),accuracy of output and field size test were investigated with both EPID and DailyQA3.The status of Synergy linac was monitored both by DailyQA3 and EPID for two months.Results EPID was able to test the linac consistently with a testing error of 0.50 mm,1.00 mm for field size and center,respectively.Both of the test accuracy for flatness and symmetry was 0.17%.The mechanical accuracy test and dosimetric repeatability test were also consistent.The dose response of EPID was linearly related to the linac output (R2>0.999).EPID was highly sensitive to the change of output and radiation field size.The measurement deviations between EPID and DailyQA3 were consistent and within clinical acceptable tolerance.Conclusions EPID showed great accuracy and stability on monitoring the performance of linac.The established daily check tool based-on EPID is accurate and reliable for clinical usage.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-702227

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate and compare the effects of jejunal interposition and Roux-en-Y surgery after total gastrectomy. Methods The clinical data of 41 patients with gastric cancer who underwent total gastrectomy in our hospital from June 2013 to June 2016 were retrospectively analyzed.According to the different ways of reconstruction of digestive tract,the patients were divided into observation group and control group.Patients of the observation group were with jejunal interposition surgery,while patients of the control group were trea-ted with Roux-en-Y surgery,and the effects of the two groups were compared and analyzed.Results There was no significant difference be-tween the two groups in the time of reconstruction,length of hospital stay and the incidence of complications(P>0.05).One year after sur-gery,incidence of complications,albumin,total health score,fatigue score,and disgust score of the observation group were significantly better than those of the control group with statistically significant difference(P<0.05).There was no significant difference between the two groups in survival rate,hemoglobin,total protein,weight changes(P>0.05).Conclusion For patients with total gastrectomy,jejunal interposition and Roux-en-Y surgery had similar effect.But in terms of the long-term effect,jejunal interposition can reduce complications and improve lev-el of nutrition and quality of life.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-699470

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical effect of simultaneous integrated boost intensity-modulated radiation therapy (SIB-IMRT)and whole brain radiation therapy (WBRT) plus sequential boost conformal radiation therapy (SBCRT) in the treatment of multiple metastasis tumor of brain.Methods A total of 98 patients with multiple metastasis tumor of brain in the Radiation Oncology Center of the First Affiliated Hospital of Xinxiang Medical University from August 2014 to July 2015 were divided into observation group (n =60) and control group (n =38) according to the treatment plan.The patients in the observation group were treated with SIB-IMRT,the whole brain planned target dose was 2 Gy every time,and the target dose of the metastatic target volume was 3 Gy every time for 20 times (5 times weekly).The patients in the control group received WBRT plus SBCRT,the WBRT dose was 3 Gy every time for 10 times(5 times weekly),then the metastatic tumor target area was treated with SBCRT,the prescribed dose was 3 Gy every time for 10 times.All patients were followed up from the end of treatment to December 2016.The effective rate,disease control rate and one-year survival rate were compared between the two groups.Results The patients in the two groups were successfully treated with radiotherapy.Ninety patients were followed up,eight patients were lost to follow-up,the follow-up rate was 91.8% (90/98).The effective rate,disease control rate and oneyear survival rate in the observation group were significantly higher than those in the control group (x2 =5.371,4.352,6.002;P < 0.05).The median progression free survival time in the observation group was significantly longer than that in the control group (x2 =6.537,P < 0.05).There were no significant differences in the incidence of bone marrow suppression,digestive system reaction and nervous system damage between the two groups (x2 =1.821,2.032,3.782;P > 0.05).Conclusion SIB-IMRT can improve the effective rate,disease control rate and one-year survival rate of patients with multiple metastasis tumor of brain.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-694194

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the safety and clinical efficacy of transcatheter closure for ruptured aortic sinus aneurysm (RASA) with those of surgical treatment.Methods A total of 31 successive patients with RASA,who were treated in a single center during the period from October 2003 to May 2017,were enrolled in this study.Among them,11 patients received transcatheter closure therapy,their mean age was (36.64±10.87) years old;20 patients received surgical closure,their mean age was (28.90± 10.06) years old.The technical success rate,complications,residual shunt,operation time,hospitalization days,amount of blood transfusion,medical expenses,etc.were compared between the two groups.Results No statistically significant differences in age,sex and preoperative cardiac functional grading established by the Heart Disease Association of New York (NYHA) existed between the two groups (P>0.05).The technical success rates in transcatheter closure group and surgical closure group were 100% (11/11) and 95% (19/20)respectively (P>0.05).The amounts of blood transfusion in transcatheter closure group and surgical closure group were 0 ml and (427.25±331.36) ml respectively (P<0.01).The time spent for operation in transcatheter closure group and surgical closure group was (60.00±00.00) min and (205.50±129.35) min respectively (P<0.05).Days staying in intensive care unit (ICU) in transcatheter closure group and surgical closure group were 0 day and (1.50±0.61) days respectively (P<0.01).The residual shunt rates in transcatheter closure group and surgical closure group were 9.09% (1/11) and 10.00% (2/20) respectively.None perioperative death occurred in both groups.No statistically significant differences in hospitalization days and in medical expenses existed between the two groups (P>0.05).Conclusion Both transcatheter closure and surgical closure are safe and effective for the treatment of ruptured RASA,although transcatheter closure therapy has more advantageous in aspect of minimally-invasive management,operative time and length of hospital stay.For patients with a RASA which position is suitable for percutaneous interventional management,transcatheter closure therapy should be employed as a preferred therapy.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-711972

ABSTRACT

Objective To construct the connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) recombinant interference vector (shRNA) and observe its inhibitory effect on the expression of endogenous CTGF in retinal vascular endothelial cells.Methods The human CTGF shRNA was constructed and the high-titer CTGF shRNA lentivirus particles was acquired via three-plasmid lentivirus packaging system to infect retinal vascular endothelial cells.The optimal multiplicity and onset time of lentivirus infection were identified by tracing down the red florescent protein in interference vector.The cells were classified into three groups:blank control group,infection control group and CTGF knockdown group.The differences in cells migrating ability was observed through Transwell allay.The mRNA and protein expression of CTGF,fibronectin,a-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) and collagen Ⅰ (Col Ⅰ) were quantified through real-time PCR testing and Western blot system.Data between the three groups were examined via one-way analysis of variance.Results The result showed that an optimal multiplicity of 20 and onset time of 72 hours were the requirements to optimize lentivirus infection.Transwell allay result showed a contrast in the number of migrated cells in the CTGF knockdown group and that in the blank control group and infection control group (F=20.64,P=0.002).Real-time PCR testing showed a contrast in related gene expression (CTGF,fibronectin,α-SMA and Col Ⅰ) in the CTGF knocked-down group and that in the blank control group and infection control group (F=128.83,124.44,144.76,1 374.44;P=0.000,0.000,0.000,0.000).Western blot system showed the statistical significance of the contrasted number of related protein expression (CTGF,fibronectin,α-SMA and Col Ⅰ) in the knockdown group and that in the blank control group (F=22.55,41.60,25.73,161.68;P=0.002,0.000,0.001,0.000).Conclusion The success in producing CTGF shRNA lentivirus particle suggests that CTGF shRNA lentivirus can effectively knock down CTGF expression.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-711918

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe RNA-Seq analysis of gene expression profiling in human retinal vascular endothelial cells after anti-vascular endothecial growth factor (VEGF) treatment.Methods Cultured the retinal vascular endothelial cells in vitro and logarithmic growth phase cells were used for experiments.The cells were divided into VEGF group and VEGF combined with anti-VEGF drugs group.The VEGF group cells were treated with 50 ng/ml VEGF for 72 h to simulate the high VEGF survival conditions of vascular endothelial cells in diabetic retinopathy.VEGF combined with anti-VEGF drug group cells was treated with 50 ng/ml VEGF and 2.5 μg/ml anti-VEGF drugs for 72 h to imitate the microenvironment of cells following the anti-VEGF drugs treatment,and whole transcriptome sequencing approach was applied to the above two groups of cells through RNA-Seq.Now with biological big data obtained as a basis,to analyze the differentially expressed genes (DEGs).And through enrichment analysis to explain the differential functions of DEGs and their signal pathways.Results The gene expression profiles of the two groups of cells were obtained.Through analysis,328 DEGs were found,including 194 upregulated and 133 downregulated ones.The functions of DEGs were influenced by regulations over molecular biological process,cellular energy metabolism and protein synthesis,etc.Among these genes,SI,PRX and HPGD were related to protein synthesis,BIRCT to cellular apoptosis,and ABLIM 1 and CRB2 to retinal development,and ABCG 1,ABCA9 and ABCA12 were associated with the cholesterol of macrophage and the transfer of phospholipid.GO enrichment analysis showed that DEGs mainly act in three ways:regulating biological behavior,organizing cellular component and performing molecular function.Pathway enrichment analysis showed that gene expressions of the two cell groups were differentiated in ECM receptor pathway,and Notch,mitogen-activated protein kinase,transforming growth factor (TGF)-β and Wnt signal pathways.Among them,the gene expression in TGF-β signal pathway attracts most attention,where the DEGs,such as CAMK2B,COL3A1,CYGB,PTGER2 and HS6ST2,among others,were closely related to fibrosis process.Conclusion The anti-VEGF drugs may enhance the expression ofCAMK2B,COL3A1,CYGB,PTGER2 and others genes related to TGF-β signal pathway and aggravate retinal fibrosis disease.

11.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1117-1120, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-738108

ABSTRACT

Objective Applying the proteomics technology to identify proteins differentially in serums of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis patients and normal population.Methods The study included serum samples from idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis group and normal controlled group with 30 cases of each,from the Second Hospital of Shandong University,between October 2014 and October 2015.Proteins differentially expressed in serums were quantified by the isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantization coupled with two-dimensional liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry technology.The proteins were analyzed in terms of molecular function,cell location and biological processes for showing the key protein molecules which were related to the development of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis.Results A total of 490 kinds of proteins (with confidence coefficient above 95%) were identified by mass spectrometry and 25 kinds of differentially expressed proteins were found.Compared with the control group,we found 4 types of up-regulated proteins and 21 downregulated ones in the serum of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis patients.Data from the Gene ontology analysis showed that most differentially expressed proteins were in the extracellular region (92%) while pathway enrichment analysis showed that most proteins were involved in the complement and coagulation cascade pathway.Conclusion Proteins related to the complement system coagulation cascade pathway,and the proteins function need to be further studied.

12.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1117-1120, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-736640

ABSTRACT

Objective Applying the proteomics technology to identify proteins differentially in serums of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis patients and normal population.Methods The study included serum samples from idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis group and normal controlled group with 30 cases of each,from the Second Hospital of Shandong University,between October 2014 and October 2015.Proteins differentially expressed in serums were quantified by the isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantization coupled with two-dimensional liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry technology.The proteins were analyzed in terms of molecular function,cell location and biological processes for showing the key protein molecules which were related to the development of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis.Results A total of 490 kinds of proteins (with confidence coefficient above 95%) were identified by mass spectrometry and 25 kinds of differentially expressed proteins were found.Compared with the control group,we found 4 types of up-regulated proteins and 21 downregulated ones in the serum of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis patients.Data from the Gene ontology analysis showed that most differentially expressed proteins were in the extracellular region (92%) while pathway enrichment analysis showed that most proteins were involved in the complement and coagulation cascade pathway.Conclusion Proteins related to the complement system coagulation cascade pathway,and the proteins function need to be further studied.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-620151

ABSTRACT

With this retrospective study, we analyzed the negotiation subject, drug type, drug access mechanism, negotiation link and negotiation result of drug negotiation in typical regions at home and abroad.In foreign countries, drug negotiation mechanism has been implemented for many years, and many countries have established a relatively perfect negotiation system.We selected 8 typical countries and regions for which we statistically analyzed the negotiation subject, drug type, drug access mechanism, negotiation link and negotiation result of drug negotiation and these include the United States, Australia, Canada, France, Germany, Italy, South Korea and Taiwan.However, in recent years some Chinese medical insurance department carried out pilot works on drug negotiations, and they got some successful results of the implementation of practical experience.Eight typical Chinese regions were also selected for statistical analysis, and these include Zhejiang, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Chengdu and Qingdao.From the analysis of the comparison of drug negotiation mechanism in domestic and foreign typical regional, we found that foreign regional drug negotiation mechanism is more mature and perfect, while in the domestic areas the mechanism is still poor at a certain extent as compared to foreign countries.We should learn from the successful experience of foreign countries and also establish and improve the negotiation mechanism that is suitable for China''s national conditions.

14.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 132-136, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-256949

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the mental health status of infertility patients with varicocele and its relationship with infertility.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Using Hospital Anxiety and Depression scale (HAD), we assessed the psychological status of 110 infertility patients with varicocele, identified the risk factors of anxiety and depression in these patients, and analyzed the correlation among psychological and other relevant factors. Meanwhile, we recruited 61 age-matched normal fertile men as controls for comparative analysis. We also conducted logistic regression analysis on the mental health status of the 106 infertility patients with varicocele.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The prevalence rates of anxiety were 61.32% and 13.79%, while those of depression 37.73% and 6.90% in the infertile patients and normal fertile controls, respectively, significantly higher in the former than in the latter (P < 0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that the main risk factors of anxiety and depression of the infertile patients were the number of times they sought medical care and the severity of their testis disorders.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Infertility patients with varicocele have psychological disorders, which are particularly associated with the frequency of the patients' clinic visit and the severity of their testis disorders.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Anxiety Disorders , Epidemiology , Case-Control Studies , Depression , Epidemiology , Humans , Infertility, Male , Epidemiology , Psychology , Male , Middle Aged , Surveys and Questionnaires , Varicocele , Epidemiology , Psychology , Young Adult
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-284332

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the change of Th immunological gene in renal transplant recipients after the treatment of cyclosporine (CsA) and tacrolimus (FK506).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The peripheral blood lymphacytes just before and 24 hours after CsA and FK506 treatment were isolated. The total RNA of them were reverse-transcripted and examined by real-time quantity PCR array. The results were analyzed by bioinformatic methods.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The TLR4, CEBPB, IL4R, IL1R1,IL18R1,and IL1R2 genes were remarkably upregulated, whereas IL-2, CCL5, CD27, CCR5, CCR4, CD4, RPL13A, TGFB3, CD86, CCR3, STAT1, NFATC2IP, IL23A, IL15, IRF4, and TFCP2 were downregulated 24 hours after CsA treatment. The IL18, IL7, PTPRC, TNFSF4, SPP1, GFI1, TLR4, IL13RA1, TNF, INHBA, LAG3, IL13, IL1R1, SOCS5, IL10, YY1, TBX21, FASLG, IL18R1, and IL1R2 genes were remarkably upregulated, whereas IL-2, IL-3, IL-4, IL-6,CCR5, CD4, CD27, CD40LG, IL15, CCR3, CD86, CCR4, and IRF4 were obviously downregulated 24 hours after FK506 treatment.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>CsA and FK506 exert their therapeutic effectiveness by regulating the expressions of a series of target genes.</p>


Subject(s)
Cyclosporine , Pharmacology , Cytokines , Genetics , Metabolism , Gene Expression Regulation , Humans , Kidney , Metabolism , Kidney Transplantation , Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis , T-Lymphocytes, Helper-Inducer , Metabolism , Tacrolimus , Pharmacology
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-243255

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To retrospectively investigate the distribution in kidney transplantation for fifteen years in Peking Union Medical College Hospital.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We conducted a descriptive research counting up the number of patients who received kidney transplantation each year in our hospital during 1995 and 2010.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The first kidney transplantation in our hospital occurred in the 1960s. The number of kidney transplantation increased until reaching a maximum of 47 grafts in 2001; since then the number fell.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>With the decreased number of kidney transplantation, we have realized the shortage of transplantable organs is very serious. The continuing transplant shortage requires major efforts to expand the donor pool. Donation after cardiac death offers the potential to enlarge the donor pool, but we need to strictly control the criteria for potential donors.</p>


Subject(s)
China , Humans , Kidney Transplantation , Methods , Postoperative Complications , Epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Time Factors , Tissue Donors , Tissue and Organ Procurement , Treatment Outcome
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-419916

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effects of.breathing booster training and aerosol inhalation with terbutaline and ambroxol on pulmonary function in postoperative lung cancer patients. Methods A total of 84 patients requiring resection operations for lung cancer were randomly divided into treatment and control groups.In the peri-operative period,breathing booster training and terbutaline and ambroxol aerosol inhalation were given to the treatment group,while only aerosol inhalation was given to the control group.Therapeutic effects were evaluated according to patients pulmonary function and postoperative complications 2 weeks and 1 day before the operation,and again 2 weeks after the operation.Postoperative quality of life (QOL) was evaluated with St.George's respiratory questionnaire (SGRQ) 1 month after the operation. Results There was no statistically significant difference in average pulmonary function between the two groups 2 weeks before the operation.Two weeks after the operation,pulmonary function had decreased in both groups,but it was significantly better in the treatment group than in the control group.The treatment group also had significantly fewer pulmonary complications.The QOL of patients in the treatment group had improved significantly 1 month after the operation. Conclusion Breathing booster training and inhalation of terbutaline and ambroxol aerosol during the peri-operative period can significantly improve pulmonary function,reduce respiratory complications and improve the QOL of patients requiring lung cancer resection operations.This is most important for promoting their early recovery.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-380944

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of individualized and quantified rehabilitation exercise after te-nosuture of the digital flexor tendon. Methods One hundred and eighty cases of digital flexor tendon tenosuture were randomly divided into a quantification group and a control group. For the quantification group, the maximal ten-sile strength against rupture (Fmax) was measured during the operation. After splinting, the length of an elastic bandwas measured when there was a 2 mm clearance between the 2 ends of the sutured tendon, and the protective device was then fixed with all its parameters unchanged in the whole study. For the control group, Fmax was not measured and there was no protective device during training. Both groups were subdivided into subgroups A and B according to the daily training frequency. Training frequencies of 3 or 6 times per day were applied to the two subgroups. Results After 3 months of rehabilitation treatment, there was no re-rupture in the quantification group, but 6 cases of re-rup-ture occurred in the control group. 91% of the eases in the quantification group were evaluated as excellent or good, while in the control group 80% of the cases were evaluated as excellent or good. Clinical efficacy was significantly better in the quantification subgroup receiving 6 treatments per day than in any other subgroup. Conclusions Indi-vidualized and quantified rehabilitation exercise can prevent tendon re-rupture after tenosuture. 6 sessions of training per day may be better than 3 sessions per day.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-380462

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the therapeutic effect and quality of life (QOL) of patients with anastomotic stenosis after bougienage of esophagus following resection of esophagus with esophageal and of cardiac carcinoma.Methods A total of 135 patients suffering from anastomotie stenosis after resection operations were divided into a treatment group and a control group at random. All patients were given an esophageal dilator under gastroseope. In treatment group, deglutition training was given additionally, twice daily, 10 to 20 trials in each session. Therapeutic effect was evaluated according to patients' food intake and gastroscopy results of diameter of stenosis before treatment and 2,4,8 weeks after treatment. QOL was evaluated with Chinese version of SF-36 instrument. Results The food intake of all the patients improved. There was no difference of diameter of stenosis in degree Ⅰ stenosis patients be-tween two groups (P > 0.05 ) ; but the differences were statistically significant in degree Ⅱ and Ⅲ stenosis patients (P < 0.05). In treatment group, the degree and duration of improvement were more obvious. QOL of patients with degree Ⅱ and Ⅲ stenosis in both groups improved significantly after treatment ( P < 0.05 ), but compared with con-trol group the improvement was significantly greater in treatment group (P < 0.05). Conclusion The therapeutic effect of bougienage of esophagus can be strengthened with deglutition training. This combinative therapy is safe and effective.

20.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 511-513, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-266489

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the morbidity of cough variant asthma (CVA) among patients with chronic cough syndrome and its relative risk factors. Methods Patients were recruited with detailed history on their illness. Data were collected on physical examination, chest X-ray, eosinophil cell counts, pulmonary ventilation with histamine stimulating test and bronchi dilation test. According to available data, diagnosis of CVA was confirmed and the relative factors Questionnaire form was completed for each patient. Results Among 473 patients with chronic cough, 95 (44 male and 51 female) were confirmed to be CVA (20.08%). Analysis of the relative factors suggested that CVA was associated with multiple factors. Morbidity of CVA was associated with season, personal histories on allergy and family history on asthma, CVA could be induced by upper respiratory tract infection, inhale of oil vapor, acrimony air, over-burdened physical exercises etc. Conclusion For patients with chronic cough symptom, clear diagnosis of CVA, avoid of passable risk factors and timely medical intervention when necessary, would be helpful in controlling clinical courses and improving the prognosis of the disease.

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