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1.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 143-150, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969756

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinical features and long-term prognostic factors of diabetic patients with low or intermediate complexity coronary artery disease (CAD) post percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Methods: This was a prospective, single-centre observational study. Consecutive diabetic patients with SYNTAX score (SS)≤32 undergoing PCI between January and December 2013 in Fuwai hospital were included in this analysis. The patients were divided into two groups based on SS, namely SS≤22 group and SS 23-32 group. Multivariate Cox regression analysis was performed to identify independent factors related to poor 5-year prognosis. The primary outcomes were cardiac death and recurrent myocardial infarction, the secondary outcomes were all cause death and revascularization. Results: Of the 3 899 patients included in the study, 2 888 were men (74.1%); mean age was 59.4±9.8 years. There were 3 450 patients in the SS≤22 group and 449 patients in the SS 23-32 group. Compared with SS≤22 group, the incidence of revascularization was higher in SS 23-32 group (18.9% (85/449) vs. 15.2% (524/3450), log-rank P=0.019). There was no significant difference in all-cause death, cardiac death and recurrent myocardial infarction between the two groups (log-rank P>0.05). Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that age (HR=1.05, 95%CI 1.02-1.08, P<0.001), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (HR=3.12, 95%CI 1.37-7.07, P=0.007) and creatinine clearance rate (CCr)<60 ml/min (HR=3.67, 95%CI 2.05-6.58, P<0.001) were independent risk factors for 5-year cardiac death, while left ventricular ejection fraction (HR=0.94, 95%CI 0.91-0.96, P<0.001) was a protective factor. Previous PCI (HR=2.04, 95%CI 1.38-3.00, P<0.001), blood glucose level≥11.1 mmol/L on admission (HR=2.49, 95%CI 1.32-4.70, P=0.005) and CCr<60 ml/min (HR=1.85, 95%CI 1.14-2.99, P=0.012) were independent risk factors for 5-year recurrent myocardial infarction. The SS of 23-32 was independently associated with risk of revascularization (HR=1.54, 95%CI 1.09-2.16, P=0.014), after adjusting for residual SS. Residual SS was not a risk factor for 5-year prognosis. Conclusions: In diabetic patients with low-or intermediate complexity CAD, SS 23-32 is associated with increased risk of 5-year revascularization; the clinical characteristics of the patients are associated with the long-term mortality and recurrent myocardial infarction, but not related to revascularization.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Female , Coronary Artery Disease/surgery , Stroke Volume , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Prospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Ventricular Function, Left , Prognosis , Risk Factors , Myocardial Infarction/etiology , Diabetes Mellitus
2.
Journal of Geriatric Cardiology ; (12): 845-854, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010221

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The optimal apolipoprotein or lipid measures for identifying statin-treated patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) at residual cardiovascular risk remain controversial. This study aimed to compare the predictive powers of apolipoprotein B (apoB), non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (non-HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), apoB/apolipoprotein A-1 (apoA-1) and non-HDL-C/HDL-C for myocardial infarction (MI) in CAD patients treated with statins in the setting of secondary prevention.@*METHODS@#The study included 9191 statin-treated CAD patients with a five-year median follow-up. All measures were analyzed as continuous variables and concordance/discordance groups by medians. The hazard ratio (HR) with 95% CI was estimated by Cox proportional hazards regression. Patients were classified by the clinical presentation of CAD for further analysis.@*RESULTS@#The high-apoB-low-LDL-C and the high-non-HDL-C-low-LDL-C categories yielded HR of 1.40 (95% CI: 1.04-1.88) and 1.51 (95% CI: 1.07-2.13) for MI, respectively, whereas discordant high LDL-C with low apoB or non-HDL-C was not associated with the risk of MI. No association of MI with discordant apoB versus non-HDL-C, apoB/apoA-1 versus apoB, non-HDL-C/HDL-C versus non-HDL-C, or apoB/apoA-1 versus non-HDL-C/HDL-C was observed. Similar patterns were found in patients with acute coronary syndrome. In contrast, no association was observed between any concordance/discordance category and the risk of MI in patients with chronic coronary syndrome.@*CONCLUSIONS@#ApoB and non-HDL-C better predict MI in statin-treated CAD patients than LDL-C, especially in patients with acute coronary syndrome. ApoB/apoA-1 and non-HDL-C/HDL-C show no superiority to apoB and non-HDL-C for predicting MI.

3.
Journal of Geriatric Cardiology ; (12): 621-663, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010195

ABSTRACT

Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) is the leading cause of death among urban and rural residents in China, and elevated low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) is a risk factor for ASCVD. Considering the increasing burden of ASCVD, lipid management is of the utmost importance. In recent years, research on blood lipids has made breakthroughs around the world, hence a revision of China guidelines for lipid management is imperative, especially since the target lipid levels in the general population vary in respect to the risk of ASCVD. The level of LDL-C, which can be regarded as appropriate in a population without frisk factors, can be considered abnormal in people at high risk of developing ASCVD. As a result, the "Guidelines for the prevention and treatment of dyslipidemia" were adapted into the "China Guidelines for Lipid Management" (henceforth referred to as the new guidelines) by an Experts' committee after careful deliberation. The new guidelines still recommend LDL-C as the primary target for lipid control, with CVD risk stratification to determine its target value. These guidelines recommend that moderate intensity statin therapy in adjunct with a heart-healthy lifestyle, be used as an initial line of treatment, followed by cholesterol absorption inhibitors or/and proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) inhibitors, as necessary. The new guidelines provide guidance for lipid management across various age groups, from children to the elderly. The aim of these guidelines is to comprehensively improve the management of lipids and promote the prevention and treatment of ASCVD by guiding clinical practice.

4.
Journal of Geriatric Cardiology ; (12): 577-585, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010185

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To develop and validate a user-friendly risk score for older mitral regurgitation (MR) patients, referred to as the Elder-MR score.@*METHODS@#The China Senile Valvular Heart Disease (China-DVD) Cohort Study functioned as the development cohort, while the China Valvular Heart Disease (China-VHD) Study was employed for external validation. We included patients aged 60 years and above receiving medical treatment for moderate or severe MR (2274 patients in the development cohort and 1929 patients in the validation cohort). Candidate predictors were chosen using Cox's proportional hazards model and stepwise selection with Akaike's information criterion.@*RESULTS@#Eight predictors were identified: age ≥ 75 years, body mass index < 20 kg/m2, NYHA class III/IV, secondary MR, anemia, estimated glomerular filtration rate < 60 mL/min per 1.73 m2, albumin < 35 g/L, and left ventricular ejection fraction < 60%. The model displayed satisfactory performance in predicting one-year mortality in both the development cohort (C-statistic = 0.73, 95% CI: 0.69-0.77, Brier score = 0.06) and the validation cohort (C-statistic = 0.73, 95% CI: 0.68-0.78, Brier score = 0.06). The Elder-MR score ranges from 0 to 15 points. At a one-year follow-up, each point increase in the Elder-MR score represents a 1.27-fold risk of death (HR = 1.27, 95% CI: 1.21-1.34, P < 0.001) in the development cohort and a 1.24-fold risk of death (HR = 1.24, 95% CI: 1.17-1.30, P < 0.001) in the validation cohort. Compared to EuroSCORE II, the Elder-MR score demonstrated superior predictive accuracy for one-year mortality in the validation cohort (C-statistic = 0.71 vs. 0.70, net reclassification improvement = 0.320, P < 0.01; integrated discrimination improvement = 0.029, P < 0.01).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The Elder-MR score may serve as an effective risk stratification tool to assist clinical decision-making in older MR patients.

5.
Journal of Geriatric Cardiology ; (12): 586-595, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010183

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the optimal duration of dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) requiring complex percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).@*METHODS@#A total of 2403 patients with DM who underwent complex PCI from January to December 2013 were consecutively enrolled in this observational cohort study and divided according to DAPT duration into a standard group (11-13 months, n = 689) and two prolonged groups (13-24 months, n = 1133; > 24 months, n = 581).@*RESULTS@#Baseline characteristics, angiographic findings, and complexity of PCI were comparable regardless of DAPT duration. The incidence of major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular event was lower when DAPT was 13-24 months than when it was 11-13 months or > 24 months (4.6% vs. 8.1% vs. 6.0%, P = 0.008), as was the incidence of all-cause death (1.9% vs. 4.6% vs. 2.2%, P = 0.002) and cardiac death (1.0% vs. 3.0% vs. 1.2%, P = 0.002). After adjustment for confounders, DAPT for 13-24 months was associated with a lower risk of major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular event [hazard ratio (HR) = 0.544, 95% CI: 0.373-0.795] and all-cause death (HR = 0.605, 95% CI: 0.387-0.944). DAPT for > 24 months was associated with a lower risk of all-cause death (HR = 0.681, 95% CI: 0.493-0.942) and cardiac death (HR = 0.620, 95% CI: 0.403-0.952). The risk of major bleeding was not increased by prolonging DAPT to 13-24 months (HR = 1.356, 95% CI: 0.766-2.401) or > 24 months (HR = 0.967, 95% CI: 0.682-1.371).@*CONCLUSIONS@#For patients with DM undergoing complex PCI, prolonging DAPT might improve the long-term prognosis by reducing the risk of adverse ischemic events without increasing the bleeding risk.

6.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 450-457, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935169

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore and compare the effect of standard or prolonged dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) on the long-term prognosis of elderly patients with coronary heart disease complicated with diabetes mellitus after drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation. Methods: Consecutive patients with diabetes mellitus, ≥65 years old, underwent DES implantation, and had no adverse events within 1 year after operation underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) from January to December 2013 in Fuwai Hospital were enrolled in this prospective cohort study. These patients were divided into three groups according to DAPT duration: standard DAPT duration group (11 ≤ DAPT duration≤ 13 months) and prolonged DAPT duration group (13<DAPT duration≤ 24 months; DAPT duration>24 months). All the patients were followed up at 1, 6 months, 1, 2 and 5 years in order to collect the incidence of major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCE), and type 2 to 5 bleeding events defined by the Federation of Bleeding Academic Research (BARC). MACCE were consisted of all cause death, myocardial infarction, target vessel revascularization or stroke. The incidence of clinical adverse events were compared among 3 different DAPT duration groups, and Cox regression model were used to analyze the effect of different DAPT duration on 5-year long-term prognosis. Results: A total of 1 562 patients were enrolled, aged (70.8±4.5) years, with 398 female (25.5%). There were 467 cases in standard DAPT duration group, 684 cases in 13<DAPT duration≤ 24 months group and 411 cases in DAPT duration>24 months group. The patients in standard DAPT duration group and the prolonged DAPT duration groups accounted for 29.9% (467/1 562) and 70.1% (1 095/1 562), respectively. The 5-year follow-up results showed that the incidence of all-cause death in 13<DAPT duration≤ 24 months group (4.8%(33/684) vs. 8.6%(40/467),P=0.011) and DAPT duration>24 month group(4.1%(17/411) vs. 8.6%(40/467),P=0.008) were significantly lower than in standard DAPT group. The incidence of myocardial infarction in 13<DAPT duration≤ 24 months group was lower than in standard DAPT duration group (1.9%(13/684) vs. 5.1%(24/467),P=0.002). The incidence of MACCE in 13<DAPT duration≤ 24 months group was the lowest (standard DAPT duration group, 13<DAPT duration≤ 24 months group and DAPT duration>24 month group were 19.3% (90/467), 12.3% (84/684), 20.2% (83/411), respectively, P<0.001). There was no significant difference in the incidence of stroke and bleeding events among the three groups (all P>0.05). Multivariate Cox analysis showed that compared with the standard DAPT group, prolonged DAPT to 13-24 months was negatively correlated with MACCE (HR=0.601, 95%CI 0.446-0.811, P=0.001), all-cause death (HR=0.568, 95%CI 0.357-0.903, P=0.017) and myocardial infarction (HR=0.353, 95%CI 0.179-0.695, P=0.003). DAPT>24 months was negatively correlated with all-cause death (HR=0.687, 95%CI 0.516-0.913, P=0.010) and positively correlated with revascularization (HR=1.404, 95%CI 1.116-1.765, P=0.004). There was no correlation between prolonged DAPT and bleeding events. Conclusions: For elderly patients with coronary heart disease complicated with diabetes mellitus underwent DES implantation, and had no MACCE and bleeding events within 1 year after operation, appropriately prolonging of the DAPT duration is related to the reduction of the risk of cardiovascular adverse events. Patients may benefit the most from the DAPT between 13 to 24 months. In addition, prolonging DAPT duration does not increase the incidence of bleeding events in this patient cohort.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Coronary Artery Disease/surgery , Diabetes Mellitus , Drug Therapy, Combination , Drug-Eluting Stents/adverse effects , Hemorrhage , Myocardial Infarction/epidemiology , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Prognosis , Prospective Studies , Stroke , Treatment Outcome
7.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 783-789, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941353

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effect of platelet reactivity and other clinical factors on the postoperative 1-year adverse clinical events in patients who underwent selective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) anticoagulated with bivalirudin. Methods: This is a multicenter, retrospective and observational study, enrolling 632 patients at high risk of bleeding adjudicated by operators who underwent selective PCI anticoagulated with bivalirudin and had preoperative thrombelastography (TEG) test results in Fuwai Hospital, Northern Theater General Hospital and Xinxiang Central Hospital between January 2017 and August 2018. Platelet reactivity was tested by TEG and adenosine-induced maximal amplitude (MAADP) was recorded. According to MAADP patients were divided into three groups: low on-treatment platelet reactivity (LTPR) group (MAADP<31 mm, n=229), normal on-treatment platelet reactivity (NTPR) group (31 mm≤MAADP≤47 mm, n=207) and high on-treatment platelet reactivity (HTPR) group (MAADP>47 mm, n=196). The endpoints consisted of major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCE) and bleeding events. The definition of MACCE was the composite of all-cause mortality, myocardial infarction, intrastent thrombosis, stroke and revascularization. Bleeding events were defined by bleeding academic research consortium (BARC) type 2, 3 and 5 bleeding. Using multivariate Cox regression to analyze the factors of MACCE and bleeding events in patients underwent selective PCI anticoagulated with bivalirudin. Results: A total of 632 patients were finally enrolled in the study with age of (68.3±10.0) years and there were 423 (66.9%) males. All of 632 patients finished one-year follow-up, and 48 (7.6%) patients occurred MACCE and 11 (1.7%) patients occurred bleeding events. There was not statistically significant difference in the incidence of MACCE (8.3% (19/229) vs. 6.3% (13/207) vs.8.2% (16/196), P=0.68) and bleeding events (1.8% (4/229) vs. 2.9% (6/207) vs. 0.5% (1/196), P=0.17) in LTPR, NTPR and HTPR group. Multivariate Cox regression showed that HTPR was not the independent factor of MACCE (HR=1.25, 95%CI 0.67-2.30, P=0.49), and the history of peripheral vessel disease was the independent risk factor of MACCE (HR=2.47, 95%CI 1.19-5.11, P=0.02). LTPR was not the independent factor of bleeding events (HR=1.35, 95%CI 0.39-4.66, P=0.64), and the independent factors of bleeding events were history of peripheral vessel disease (HR=3.95, 95%CI 1.03-15.22, P=0.05) and hemoglobin (HR=0.96, 95%CI 0.93-0.99, P=0.01). Conclusions: In patients undergoing selective PCI anticoagulated with bivalirudin, there is no significant association between platelet reactivity and postoperative 1-year MACCE or bleeding events. History of peripheral vessel disease is an independent risk factor of MACCE, and history of peripheral vessel disease and decreased hemoglobin are independent risk factors of bleeding events.

8.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 128-135, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941248

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the 4-year clinical outcomes of patients following Firesorb bioresorbable scaffold (BRS) implantation. Methods: The study reported the 4-year follow-up results of the FUTURE I study. FUTURE I was a prospective, single-center, open-label, first-in-man study which evaluated the feasibility, preliminary safety, and efficacy of Firesorb stent in the treatment of coronary artery stenosis. A total of 45 patients with single de novo lesions in native coronary arteries ,who hospitalized in Fuwai Hospital from January to March 2016 were enrolled. After successfully stent implantation these patients were randomized in a 2∶1 ratio into cohort 1 (n=30) or cohort 2 (n=15). The patients in cohort 1 underwent angiographic, IVUS or OCT examination at 6 months and 2 years; and cohort 2 underwent angiographic, IVUS or OCT at 1 and 3 years. All patients underwent clinical follow-up at 1, 6 months and 1 year and annually thereafter up to 5 years. The primary endpoint was target lesion failure (TLF, including cardiac death, target vessel myocardial infarction, and ischemia-driven target lesion revascularization). Secondary endpoints included patient-oriented composite endpoint (PoCE, defined as composite of all death, all miocardial infarction, or any revascularization). Results: A total of 45 patients were enrolled and implanted with Firesorb BRS, including 35 males (77.8%), and the age was (54.4±9.3) years. At 4 years, 10 patients in cohort 1 were reexamined by coronary angiography and OCT examination. Among them, 2 patients' stents were completely degraded and absorbed. Compared with the OCT images of the other 8 patients in cohort 2 at 3 years, the degree of stent degradation was increased, and no stent adherence was found. The 4-year clinical follow-up rate was 100%. In 4-year clinical following up, 2 patients suffered PoCE (4.4%): 1 patient underwent non-target vessel revascularization the day after index procedure and target vessel revascularization (Non-target lesion revascularization) at 2-year imaging follow-up; the other patient underwent target lesion revascularization during imaging follow-up at 4 years but not due to ischemic driven. There was no scaffold thrombosis or TLF events through 4 years. Conclusions: Four years after the implantation, complete degradation and absorption of the Firsorb stent are evidenced in some patients. Firesorb stent is feasible and effective in the treatment of patients with non-complex coronary lesions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Absorbable Implants , Cardiovascular Agents , Coronary Artery Disease/surgery , Drug-Eluting Stents , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Prospective Studies , Sirolimus , Treatment Outcome
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828996

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze factors associated with unplanned revascularization (UR) risk in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).@*Methods@#A total of 10,640 cases with CAD who underwent PCI were analyzed. Multivariate COX regressions and competing risk regressions were applied.@*Results@#The patients who underwent UR following PCI in 30 days, 1, and 2 years accounted for 0.3%, 6.5%, and 8.7%, respectively. After multivariate adjustment, the number of target lesions [hazard ratio ( ) = 2.320; 95% confidence interval ( ): 1.643-3.277; < 0.001], time of procedure ( = 1.006; 95% : 1.001-1.010; = 0.014), body mass index ( = 1.104; 95% : 1.006-1.210; = 0.036), incomplete revascularization (ICR) ( = 2.476; 95% : 1.030-5.952; = 0.043), and age ( 1.037; 95% : 1.000-1.075; = 0.048) were determined as independent risk factors of 30-day UR. Factors, including low-molecular-weight heparin or fondaparinux ( = 0.618; 95% : 0.531-0.719; < 0.001), second-generation durable polymer drug-eluting stent ( 0.713; 95% : 0.624-0.814; < 0.001), left anterior descending artery involvement ( = 0.654; 95% : 0.530-0.807; < 0.001), and age ( = 0.992; 95% : 0.985-0.998; = 0.014), were independently associated with decreased two-year UR risk. While, Synergy Between Percutaneous Coronary Intervention with Taxus and Cardiac Surgery score ( = 1.024; 95% : 1.014-1.033; < 0.001) and ICR ( = 1.549; 95% : 1.290-1.860; < 0.001) were negatively associated with two-year UR risk.@*Conclusion@#Specific factors were positively or negatively associated with short- and medium-long-term UR following PCI.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , China , Coronary Artery Disease , General Surgery , Myocardial Revascularization , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome
10.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2674-2681, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877875

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The mechanism and characteristics of early and late drug-eluting stent in-stent restenosis (DES-ISR) have not been fully clarified. Whether there are different outcomes among those patients being irrespective of their repeated treatments remain a knowledge gap.@*METHODS@#A total of 250 patients who underwent initial stent implantation in our hospital, and then were readmitted to receive treatment for the reason of recurrent significant DES-ISR in 2016 were involved. The patients were categorized as early ISR (<12 months; E-ISR; n = 32) and late ISR (≥12 months; L-ISR; n = 218). Associations between patient characteristics and clinical performance, as well as clinical outcomes after a repeated percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) were evaluated. Primary composite endpoint of major adverse cardiac events (MACEs) included cardiac death, non-fatal myocardial infarction (MI), or target lesion revascularization (TLR).@*RESULTS@#Most baseline characteristics are similar in both groups, except for the period of ISR, initial pre-procedure thrombolysis in myocardial infarction, and some serum biochemical indicators. The incidence of MACE (37.5% vs. 5.5%; P < 0.001) and TLR (37.5% vs. 5.0%; P < 0.001) is higher in the E-ISR group. After multivariate analysis, E-ISR (odds ratio [OR], 13.267; [95% CI 4.984-35.311]; P < 0.001) and left ventricular systolic dysfunction (odds ratio [OR], 6.317; [95% CI 1.145-34.843]; P = 0.034) are the independent predictors for MACE among DES-ISR patients in the mid-term follow-up of 12 months.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Early ISR and left ventricular systolic dysfunction are associated with MACE during the mid-term follow-up period for DES-ISR patients. The results may benefit the risk stratification and secondary prevention for DES-ISR patients in clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Humans , Coronary Angiography , Coronary Restenosis , Drug-Eluting Stents/adverse effects , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention/adverse effects , Prognosis , Treatment Outcome
11.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 655-660, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941154

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the related factors of premature acute myocardial infarction(AMI), and to compare the the long-term outcomes in patients with and without premature AMI after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Methods: This study was a prospective cohort study.From January 2013 to December 2013, 10 724 consecutive patients with coronary heart disease undergoing PCI in Fuwai Hospital were enrolled. Among them 1 920 patients with the diagnosis of AMI were divided into two groups: premature AMI (man≤50 years old, woman≤60 years old) and non-premature AMI. The baseline characteristics were collected, and multivariate logistic regression was uesed to analysis the related factors of premature AMI. The clinical outcomes, including the major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events(MACCE) which was the composite of cardiac death, myocardial infarction, revascularization, stroke and stent thrombosis, as well as bleeding events, during hospitalization, at 2 years and 5 years follow-up were analyzed. Results: A total of 1 920 AMI patiens were included(age was (56.5±11.3) years old),with 1 612(84.0%) males. There were statistically significant differences between the two groups in gender, body mass index, blood lipid, complications, inflammatory markers, etc (all P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed body mass index(OR=1.06, 95%CI 1.01-1.10, P<0.01), triglyceride(OR=1.47, 95%CI 1.14-1.90, P<0.01), serum uric acid level(OR=1.02, 95%CI 1.01-1.04, P<0.01), high density lipoprotein cholesterol level(OR=0.33, 95%CI 0.14-0.78, P=0.01) and history of hypertension(OR=0.72, 95%CI 0.56-0.93, P=0.01) were independent related factors of premature AMI. The incidence of all-cause death and cardiac death were lower during hospitalization, at 2 years and 5 years follow-up in the premature AMI group than in non-premature AMI group(all P<0.05). In the premature AMI group, the incidence of MACCE and stroke was lower, with more bleeding events in 5 years follow-up(all P<0.05). Conclusions: Metabolic abnormalities, including high BMI, high triglyceride level and high serum uric acid, low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol level are the related factor of premature AMI. The incidence of ischemic events in patients with premature AMI is lower, while the incidence of bleeding events is higher than non-premature AMI patients.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Coronary Artery Disease , Myocardial Infarction , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome , Uric Acid
12.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 123-129, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941071

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the association between plasma high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) levels and the severity of coronary artery disease, and to evaluate the impact of HDL-C levels on long-term outcomes in patients underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Methods: A total of 10 458 consecutive patients underwent PCI from January 2013 to December 2013 at Fuwai hospital were enrolled in this study. Patients were divided into three groups according to HDL-C tertiles: low HDL-C group (HDL-C≤0.89 mmol/L, n=3 525), median HDL-C group (HDL-C>0.89-1.11 mmol/L, n=3 570) and high HDL-C group (HDL-C>1.11 mmol/L, n=3 363). SYNTAX score was used to evaluate the severity of coronary artery disease, linear regression was used to analyze the relationship of HDL-C and SYNTAX score. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was used to compare the outcomes among the three groups. Multivariate Cox regression was used to define the potential associations of HDL-C and outcomes. Results: The HDL-C level was (1.03±0.28) mmol/L and the SYNTAX score was 11.7±8.1. Patients were older, proportion of female, stable angina pectoris, successful PCI and left ventricular eject fraction value were higher, while incidence of diabetes mellitus was lower, hyperlipidemia, old myocardial infraction, smoking history and left main and three vessels disease were lower in high HDL-C group (all P<0.05). Patients in high HDL-C group also had the lowest SYNTAX score (12.2±8.4 vs. 11.7±8.1 vs. 11.2±7.8, P<0.001). Both univariate and multivariate linear regression analysis showed that HDL-C was negatively associated with SYNTAX score, e.g. Univariate analysis: β=-0.046, P<0.001; Multivariate analysis: β=-0.058, P=0.001. And 10 400 (99.4%) patients completed 2-year follow up. At 2-year follow-up, there were no difference in all-cause death, cardiac death, myocardial infarction, revascularization, stroke, major adverse cardiovascular and cerebral events (MACCE) and stent thrombosis among three groups (P for trend>0.05), while patient in high HDL-C group experienced the highest BARC type 2 bleeding events (P for trend=0.018). Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that HDL-C level was not an independent risk factor of 2-year adverse ischemia events (P>0.05) and 2-year bleeding events (P>0.05). Conclusion: In patients underwent PCI, plasma HDL-C level is negatively associated with SYNTAX score, but not an independent risk factor of ischemic and bleeding events post PCI.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Coronary Artery Disease/surgery , Myocardial Infarction , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome
13.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 914-921, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772176

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#It is currently unclear if fibrinogen is a risk factor for adverse events in patients receiving percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) or merely serves as a marker of pre-existing comorbidities and other causal factors. We therefore investigated the association between fibrinogen levels and 2-year all-cause mortality, and compared the additional predictive value of adding fibrinogen to a basic model including traditional risk factors in patients receiving contemporary PCI.@*METHODS@#A total of 6293 patients undergoing PCI with measured baseline fibrinogen levels were enrolled from January to December 2013 in Fuwai Hospital. Patients were divided into three groups according to tertiles of baseline fibrinogen levels: low fibrinogen, <2.98 g/L; medium fibrinogen, 2.98 to 3.58 g/L; and high fibrinogen, ≥3.58 g/L. Independent predictors of 2-year clinical outcomes were determined by multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression modeling. The increased discriminative value of fibrinogen for predicting all-cause mortality was assessed using the C-statistic and integrated discrimination improvement (IDI).@*RESULTS@#The 2-year all-cause mortality rate was 1.2%. It was significantly higher in the high fibrinogen compared with the low and medium fibrinogen groups according to Kaplan-Meier analyses (1.7% vs. 0.9% and 1.7% vs. 1.0%, respectively; log-rank, P = 0.022). Fibrinogen was significantly associated with all-cause mortality according to multivariate Cox regression (hazard ratio 1.339, 95% confidence interval: 1.109-1.763, P = 0.005), together with traditional risk factors including age, sex, diabetes mellitus, left ventricular ejection fraction, creatinine clearance, and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol. The area under the curve for all-cause mortality in the basic model including traditional risk factors was 0.776, and this value increased to 0.787 when fibrinogen was added to the model (IDI = 0.003, Z = 0.140, P = 0.889).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Fibrinogen is associated with 2-year all-cause mortality in patients receiving PCI, but provides no additional information over a model including traditional risk factors.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Acute Coronary Syndrome , Blood , Therapeutics , Fasting , Blood , Fibrinogen , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Multivariate Analysis , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Proportional Hazards Models , Risk Factors
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773398

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Identification of new risk factors is needed to improve prediction of adverse outcomes in patients with three-vessel disease (TVD). The present study aimed to evaluate the prognostic values of serum chloride and sodium levels in patients with TVD.@*METHODS@#We used data from a prospective cohort of consecutive patients with angiographically confirmed TVD. The primary endpoint was all-cause death. Cox proportional hazard regression was used to analyze the relationship of serum chloride and sodium levels with long-term outcomes of TVD patients.@*RESULTS@#A total of 8,318 participants with available serum chloride and sodium data were included in this analysis. At baseline, patients in the low tertiles group of serum chloride level (⪕ 102.0 mmol/L) or serum sodium level (⪕ 139.0 mmol/L) had more severe disease conditions. During a median follow-up of 7.5-year, both low serum chloride level and low serum sodium level were found to be associated with an increased risk for mortality in univariate analysis. However, when both parameters were incorporated into a multivariate model, only low serum sodium level remained to be an independent predictor of all-cause death (hazard ratio: 1.16, 95% confidence interval: 1.01-1.34, P = 0.041). Modest but significant improvement of discrimination was observed after incorporating serum sodium level into the Synergy between percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with Taxus and Cardiac Surgery score.@*CONCLUSION@#Serum sodium level is more strongly associated with long-term outcomes of TVD patients compared with serum chloride level. Low serum sodium level is an independent risk factor for mortality, but only provides modest prognostic information beyond an established risk model.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , China , Epidemiology , Chlorides , Blood , Coronary Artery Disease , Blood , Diagnosis , Mortality , Prognosis , Prospective Studies , Sodium , Blood
15.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1390-1396, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-688104

ABSTRACT

<p><b>Background</b>Residual SYNTAX score (rSS) and its derived indexes including SYNTAX revascularization index (SRI) and clinical rSS had been developed to quantify and describe the extent of incomplete revascularization. This study was conducted to explore the utility of the three scores among real-world patients after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).</p><p><b>Methods</b>From January 2013 to December 2013, patients underwent PCI treatment at Fuwai Hospital were included. The primary endpoints were all-cause death and major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events. The secondary endpoints were myocardial infarction, revascularization, stroke, and stent thrombosis. Kaplan-Meier methodology was used to determine the outcomes. Cox multivariable regression was to test the associations between scores and all-cause mortality.</p><p><b>Results</b>A total of 10,344 patients were finally analyzed in this study. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis indicated that greater residual coronary lesions quantified by rSS and its derived indexes were associated with increased risk of adverse cardiovascular events. However, after multivariate analysis, only clinical rSS was an independent predictor of 2-year all-cause death (hazard ratio: 1.02, 95% confidence interval: 1.01-1.03, P < 0.01). By receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis, clinical rSS had superior predictability of 2-year all-cause death than rSS and SRI (area under ROC curve [AUC]: 0.59 vs. 0.56 vs. 0.56, all P < 0.01), whereas rSS was superior in predicting repeat revascularization than clinical rSS and SRI (AUC: 0.62 vs. 0.61 vs. 0.61; all P < 0.01). When comparing the predictive capability of rSS ≥8 with SRI <70%, their predictabilities were not significantly different.</p><p><b>Conclusions</b>This study indicates that all three indexes (rSS, clinical rSS, and SRI) are able to risk-stratify patients and predict 2-year outcomes after PCI. However, their prognostic capabilities are different.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Coronary Artery Disease , General Surgery , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Myocardial Infarction , General Surgery , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Methods , Proportional Hazards Models , Risk Assessment , Treatment Outcome
16.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1406-1411, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687016

ABSTRACT

<p><b>Background</b>The Patterns of Non-Adherence to Anti-Platelet Regimens in Stented Patients (PARIS) bleeding score is a novel score for predicting the out-of-hospital bleeding risk after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). However, whether this score has the same value in non-European and American populations is unclear. This study aimed to assess the PARIS bleeding score's predictive value of bleeding in patients after PCI in the Chinese population.</p><p><b>Methods</b>We performed a prospective, observational study of 10,724 patients who underwent PCI from January to December 2013, in Fuwai Hospital, China. We defined the primary end point as major bleeding (MB) according to Bleeding Academic Research Consortium definition criteria including Type 2, 3, or 5. The predictive value of the PARIS bleeding score was assessed with the area under the receiver operating characteristic (AUROC) curve.</p><p><b>Results</b>Of 9782 patients, 245 (2.50%) MB events occurred during the 2 years of follow-up. The PARIS bleeding score was significantly higher in the MB group than that of non-MB group (4.00 [3.00, 5.00] vs. 3.00 [2.00, 5.00], Z = 3.71, P < 0.001). According to risk stratification of the PARIS bleeding score, the bleeding risk in the intermediate- and high-risk groups was 1.50 times (hazard ratio [HR]: 1.50; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.160-1.950; P = 0.002) and 2.27 times higher (HR: 2.27; 95% CI: 1.320-3.900; P = 0.003) than that in the low-risk group. The PARIS bleeding score showed a moderate predictive value for MB in the overall population (AUROC: 0.568, 95% CI: 0.532-0.605; P < 0.001) and acute coronary syndrome (ACS) subgroup (AUROC: 0.578, 95% CI: 0.530-0.626; P = 0.001) and tended to be predictive in the non-ACS subgroup (AUROC: 0.556, 95% CI: 0.501-0.611; P = 0.054).</p><p><b>Conclusion</b>The PARIS bleeding score shows good clinical value for risk stratification and has a significant, but relatively limited, prognostic value for out-of-hospital bleeding in the Chinese population after PCI.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Acute Coronary Syndrome , Pathology , General Surgery , Blood Platelets , Physiology , China , Hemorrhage , Diagnosis , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Methods , Prognosis , Prospective Studies
17.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1-9, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-324693

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Patients with premature triple-vessel disease (PTVD) have a higher risk of recurrent coronary events and repeat revascularization; however, the long-term outcome of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), and medical therapy (MT) alone for PTVD patients is controversial. The aim of this study is to evaluate the long-term outcome of PTVD patients among these three treatment strategies, to find out the most appropriate treatment methods for these patients.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>One thousand seven hundred and ninety-two patients with PTVD (age: men ≤50 years and women ≤60 years) were enrolled between 2004 and 2011. The primary end point was all-cause death. The secondary end points were cardiac death, myocardial infarction, stroke, or repeat revascularization.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>PCI, CABG, and MT alone were performed in 933 (52.1%), 459 (25.6%), and 400 (22.3%) patients. Both PCI and CABG were associated with lower all-cause death (4.6% vs. 4.1% vs. 15.5%, respectively, P < 0.01) and cardiac death (2.8% vs. 2.0% vs. 9.8%, respectively, P < 0.01) versus MT alone. The rate of repeat revascularization in the CABG group was significantly lower than those in the PCI and MT groups. After adjusting for baseline factors, PCI and CABG were still associated with similar lower risk of all-cause death and cardiac death versus MT alone (all-cause death: hazard ratio [HR]: 0.35, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.23-0.53, P < 0.01 and HR: 0.35, 95% CI: 0.18-0.70, P = 0.003, respectively, and cardiac death: HR: 0.32, 95% CI: 0.19-0.54, P < 0.01 and HR: 0.36, 95% CI: 0.14-0.93, P = 0.03, respectively).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>PCI and CABG provided equal long-term benefits for all-cause death and cardiac death for PTVD patients. Patients undergoing MT alone had the worst long-term clinical outcomes.</p><p><b>TRIAL REGISTRATION</b>ClinicalTrials.gov; Identifier: NCT02634086. https://www.clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/record/NCT02634086?term=NCT02634086&rank=1.</p>

18.
Chinese Circulation Journal ; (12): 1053-1058, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703924

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To investigate the characteristics of coronary lesions and evaluate the prognosis post-percutaneous coronary intervention(PCI)in smokers with coronary heart disease. Methods: The data were derived from PANDA III, which was a perspective, multi-center, "all-comer", randomized controlled trial. Between Dec. 2013 and Aug. 2014, 2 348 patients from 46 centers were enrolled. Mean age was (61.2 ±10.6) years old, 1 658 patients (70.6%) were male. All the patients underwent PCI and biodegradable polymer drug eluting stents were implanted as indicated. Patients were divided into non-smoking group, quitter group and smoking-group based on the basis of smoking status at baseline. Primary endpoint was major adverse cardiac events (MACE), including all-cause mortality, myocardial infarction and repeated revascularization. Secondary endpoint were stent thrombosis and target lesion failure (TLF), including cardiac death, target vessel myocardial infarction and ischemia driven target lesion revascularization. Results: Smokers and quitters were more often males. Compared with non-smoking group and quitter group, patients in smoking group were significantly younger (P<0.0001), proportion of hypertension (P=0.0002), diabetes mellitus (P=0.0052) and previous PCI history (P<0.0001) was significantly lower. The incidence of acute myocardial infarction in the smoking group was as high as 41.3% (363/879), which was significantly higher than that of the quitter group and non-smoking group (P<0.0001). A total of 1 130 (96.7%), 286 (95.3%) and 846 (96.2%) patients in the non-smoking group, quitter group and smoking-group completed the 2-year follow-up, respectively. The results of 2-years follow-up showed that MACE rate of non-smoking group, quitter group and smoking-group was 11.23%, 13.64% and 12.21%(P=0.54), respectively. Multivariable cox regression analysis indicated that smoking status was not an independent predictor for all-cause mortality and TLF.

19.
Chinese Circulation Journal ; (12): 539-544, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703892

ABSTRACT

Objectives:To evaluate the impact of diabetes mellitus on prognosis of coronary artery disease patients after implantation of the novel biodegradable polymer drug eluting stents. Methods:PANDA Ⅲ was a perspective, multi-center, "all-comer", randomized controlled trial. Between Dec. 2013 and Sep. 2014, 2 348 patients from 46 centers were enrolled. All the patients underwent percutaneous coronary intervention, among them 1 174 patients implanted with BuMA stent and 1 174 patients implanted with Excel stent. Mean age was 61.2 ±10.6, 1 658 patients (70.6%) were male, 570 (24.2%) patients presented with diabetes mellitus (DM) and 1 778 (75.7%) without DM. Patients were divided into DM and non-DM groups. Primary endpoint was target lesion failure (TLF), including cardiac death, target vessel myocardial infarction and ischemia driven target lesion revascularization. Secondary endpoints included stent thrombosis and major adverse cardiac events (MACE), defined as a composite of death, myocardial infarction and any revascularization. Results:A total of 558 (97.9%) and 1 704 (95.8%) patients completed 2-year follow-up in DM and non-DM groups. Incidence of TLF in the DM and non-DM group was 8.24% vs. 6.81%, P=0.25, and cardiac death rate was significantly higher in the DM group compared with non-DM group:2.87% vs. 1.12%, P=0.004. Incidence of MACE was similar between two group:13.98% vs. 11.38, P=0.10. Myocardial infarction and any revascularization events were numericallyhigher in the DM group compared with non-DM group, but without statistical significance:5.73% vs. 5.11%, P=0.56; 6.45% vs. 5.46%, P=0.38, respectively. Incidence of all-cause death was significantly higher in the DM group compared with non-DM group:4.30% vs. 2.46%, P=0.03. The results were similar after propensity match analysis. Multivariable analysis showed that DM and baseline SYNTAX score were independent factors for 2-year cardiac death. Conclusions:Two-year incidence of TLF is similar in coronary artery disease patients with or without DM post implantation of biodegradable polymer drug eluting stent or Excel stent, however, the rate of death especially cardiac death is significantly higher in the DM group than in the non-DM group.

20.
Chinese Circulation Journal ; (12): 446-451, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703878

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To investigate the prevalence of ideal cardiovascular health behaviors and factors, and its association with socioeconomic status (SES) in enterprise employees. Methods: The cluster sampling method was adopted to recruit 27 607 employees aged 18 to 60 years from 45 enterprises across China. The ideal cardiovascular health metrics including behaviors and factors, which were defined according to the AHA criteria, were obtained, and SES was measured by education and occupational class. Multilevel logistic regression models were used to analyze the association between SES and ideal cardiovascular health metrics. Results: Overall, the prevalence of ideal cardiovascular health behavior (smoking, body mass index, salt intake, physical activity) was 51.3%, 67.9%, 14.0%, 31.2%, respectively; prevalence of the ideal cardiovascular factors (fasting blood glucose, total cholesterol, blood pressure) was 72.9%, 81.6%, 27.3%,respectively in this cohort. Among the employees, only 0.6% population met all 7 cardiovascular health metrics. After adjusting the individual and workplace factors, employees with high school (OR=1.18, 95%CI: 1.08-1.29) and college or above education (OR=1.52, 95%CI: 1.37-1.69) were more likely to have ideal cardiovascular health status compared with those with less education; white-collar workers were more likely to have ideal cardiovascular health status compared with blue-collar workers (OR=1.18; 95%CI: 1.08-1.29). Conclusions: The prevalence of ideal cardiovascular health behaviors and factors is low, and is positively associated with SES, suggesting the importance of promoting the cardiovascular health behavior, monitoring/controlling the related cardiovascular factors and reducing the socioeconomic inequalities among Chinese enterprise employees.

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