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Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-966089


We report a case of redo mitral valve replacement (MVR) for a Björk-Shiley Delrin valve implanted 47 years previously. A 71-year-old man initially underwent MVR for mitral regurgitation at our hospital at the age of 16 years. Following the operation, follow-up examinations were performed at the outpatient clinic and annual transthoracic echocardiogram findings showed only mild mitral regurgitation, with no adverse events noted. However, a transthoracic echocardiogram examination performed 45 years after the operation revealed mild to moderate mitral regurgitation, while dyspnea with exertion was also noted at that time. As part of a more detailed examination, transesophageal echocardiogram results showed moderate transvalvular leakage. Redo MVR was subsequently performed under the diagnosis of prosthetic valve dysfunction. Analysis of the explanted prosthetic valve revealed wear of the Delrin disk, and widening of the gap between the disk and strut, which were presumed to be the cause of transvalvular leakage. A half century has passed since introduction of the Björk-Shiley valve and the present is a rare case of valve malfunction. Presented here are related details, along with a review of existing literature and results of Björk-Shiley valve use at our hospital.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887105


We present a case of redo aortic valve replacement (AVR) in a 71-year-old man with a Lillehei-Kaster valve implanted 42 years prior. The patient initially underwent AVR and open mitral commissurotomy procedures for aortic regurgitation complicated with mitral stenosis in 1978 at the age of 29. Thereafter, he was followed at our outpatient clinic and treated without anticoagulant therapy for the initial two decades of the postoperative period. During the long-term follow-up, the mean pressure gradient remained between 40 and 60 mmHg and there were no adverse events noted before occurrence of heart failure triggered by tachycardia and pneumonia. Following improvement of heart failure, redo AVR was performed. There was no structural damage, thrombosis, or Lillehei-Kaster valve opening restrictions, though severe pannus growth on the left ventricle side was observed, which was thought to be the cause of the increased pressure gradient. This is the first known report of redo AVR after many years in a patient who underwent Lillehei-Kaster valve implantation. Furthermore, no other study has noted findings regarding pressure gradient change during the long-term follow-up period in such cases.