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1.
Cell Journal [Yakhteh]. 2019; 20 (4): 505-512
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-199619

ABSTRACT

Objective: Non-obstructive azoospermia is mostly irreversible. Efforts to cure this type of infertility have led to the application of stem cells in the reproduction field. In the present study, testicular cell-mediated differentiation of male germ-like cells from bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells [BM-MSCs] in an in vitro indirect co-culture system is investigated


Materials and Methods: In this experimental study, mouse BM-MSCs were isolated and cultured up to passage three. Identification of the cells was evaluated using specific surface markers by flow-cytometry technique. Four experimental groups were investigated: control, treatment with retinoic acid [RA], indirect co-culture with testicular cells, and combination of RA and indirect co-culture with testicular cells. Finally, following differentiation, the quantitative expression of germ cell-specific markers including Dazl, Piwil2 and Stra8 were evaluated by real-time polymerase chain reaction [PCR]


Results: Molecular analysis revealed a significant increase in Dazl expression in the indirect co-culture with testicular cells group in comparison to the control group. Quantitative expression level of Piwil2 was not significantly changed in comparison to the control group. Stra8 expression was significantly higher in RA group in comparison to other groups


Conclusion: Indirect co-culture of BM-MSCs in the presence of testicular cells leads to expression of male germ cell-specific gene, Dazl, in the induced cells. Combination of co-culture with testicular cells and RA did not show any positive effect on the specific gene expressions

2.
Cell Journal [Yakhteh]. 2018; 20 (2): 138-149
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-198723

ABSTRACT

Objective: This study evaluated the effects of exogenous testosterone molecule-1 [CADM1] pathological defect during early and chronic periods of spinal cord injury [SCI]


Materials and Methods: In this experimental study, testosterone was administered immediately or after one week of SCI induction. Along with quantification of CADM1 gene expression and its immunoreactivity, we evaluated sperm parameters and serum testosterone level post-SCI


Results: Different grades of abnormalities in sperm parameters and testis architecture were observed along with significant reductions in the level of CADM1 expression and its immunoreactivity in the seminiferous tubules of both acute and chronic SCI groups. Exogenous testosterone, by compensating the serum testosterone level. reduced the percentage of apoptotic and both short head and abnormal sperm froms in the caudal epididymis. Importantly, the beneficial effects of immediate administration of testosterone were prominent. Increases in the level of CADM1 transcription and its immunoreactivity in the testis of SCI mice treated with testosterone were accompanied by improvement of sperm motility as well as testicular Johnsen's and Miller's criteria


Conclusion: Since immediate testosterone treatment improved the immunoreactivity and transcription level of CADM1, the observed beneficial effect of exogenouse testosterone can be attributed to its effect on CADM1 dynamics

4.
Middle East Journal of Digestive Diseases. 2016; 8 (1): 44-50
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-177597

ABSTRACT

Background: Colorectal cancer [CRC] is the second most common malignancy in the world. However, its mortality rate can be reduced if diagnosed early. P33ING1b is a tumor suppressor protein, which plays a role in growth control and apoptosis. Suppression of p33ING1b is associated with the loss of cellular growth control. However, p33 ING1b expression in CRC and its correlations with clinicopathological factors have been less studied. The aim of this study was to examine p33ING1b expression in patients with CRC and evaluate its potential correlations with clinicopathological factors


Methods: P33ING1b protein expression was examined in 70 cases of CRC tissue samples and their corresponding neighboring normal tissues by immunhistochemistry. Moreover, p33ING1b expression in CRC and its correlations with clinicopathological variables including patients' sex and age, tumor type, location, stage, and differentiation grade were examined


Results: P33ING1b expression was significantly lower in tumor samples compared with the normal adjacent samples [p<0.002]


Conclusion: Low expression of P33ING1b in patients with colorectal cancer, may be an important molecular event in the pathogenesis of colorectal cancer. Our data suggest that reduced expression of p33ING1b may be contribute to tumor genesis and accompanied by the loss of cellular growth control. In fact cell growth is out of control in lower expression of P33 and dysfunctional program cell death. P33 expression might explain the etiology of CRC for reducing the expression of tumor suppressor proteins


Subject(s)
Humans , Tumor Suppressor Proteins , Retrospective Studies , Gene Expression
5.
Cell Journal [Yakhteh]. 2016; 18 (3): 446-457
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-183780

ABSTRACT

Objective: epididymo-orchitis [EO] potentially results in reduced fertility in up to 60% of affected patients. The anti-inflammatory effects of Korean red ginseng [KRG] and its ability to act as an immunoenhancer in parallel with the beneficial effects of this ancient herbal medicine on the reproductive systems of animals and humans led us to evaluate its protective effects against acute EO


Materials and Methods: this animal experimental study was conducted in the Department of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences [ZUMS], Zanjan, Iran during 2013-2015. We divided 50 Wistar rats into five following groups [n=10 per group]: i. Control-intact animals, ii. Vehicle-phosphate buffered saline [PBS] injection into the vas deferens, iii. KRG-an intraperitoneal [IP] injection of KRG, iv. EO-an injection of uropathogenic Escherichia coli [UPEC] strain M39 into the vas deferens, and v. EO/ KRG-injections of both UPEC strain M39 and KRG. The treatment lasted seven days. We then evaluated sperm parameters, number of germ cell layers, Johnson's criteria, germ cell apoptosis, body weight and relative sex organs weight


Results: acute EO increased the relative weight of prostate and seminal vesicles [P

Conclusion: consequently, KRG ameliorated the devastating effects of EO on the sperm retrieved from either epididymis or testicle in rats

6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-56133

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is known to cause many systemic complications as well as male infertility. Astaxanthin (ASTX) is a powerful antioxidant that is involved in a variety of biologically active processes, including those with anti-diabetes effects. The present study investigates the effect of ASTX on the spermatozoa function in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats. METHODS: We divided 30 adult rats into three groups (10 rats per group), with a control group that received corn oil mixed with chow. DM was induced by intra-peritoneal injection of STZ. Eight weeks after the STZ injection, half of the diabetic animals were used as diabetic controls, and the rest were treated with ASTX for 56 days. Then the parameters and chromatin integrity of the epididymal sperm were analyzed using chromomycin A3, toluidine blue (TB), and acridine orange (AO) staining. RESULTS: The count, viability, and motility of the epididymal sperm were decreased significantly in the STZ group in comparison with the control group (count and viability, p<0.001; motility, p<0.001;0.01). ASTX increased normal morphology and viable spermatozoa compared to the STZ group (morphology, p=0.001; viability, p<0.001;0.05). The percentage of abnormal chromatins in TB and AO staining was higher in the STZ group compared to the control group (p<0.001;0.001). The mean percentage of TB and AO positive spermatozoa in STZ rats was significantly lower in the STZ+ASTX group (TB, p=0.001; AO, p<0.001;0.05). CONCLUSION: This study observed that in vivo ASTX treatment partially attenuates some detrimental effect of diabetes. Conversely, ASTX improved sperm viability, normal morphology, and DNA integrity.


Subject(s)
Acridine Orange , Adult , Animals , Chromatin , Chromomycin A3 , Corn Oil , Diabetes Mellitus , Dietary Supplements , DNA , Humans , Infertility, Male , Male , Rats , Spermatozoa , Streptozocin , Tolonium Chloride
7.
Anatomy & Cell Biology ; : 21-33, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-127242

ABSTRACT

Feature outcome of hippocampus and extra-hippocampal cortices was evaluated in melatonin treated lithium-pilocarpine epileptic rats during early and chronic phases of temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). After status epilepticus (SE) induction, 5 and 20 mg/kg melatonin were administered for 14 days or 60 days. All animals were killed 60 days post SE induction and the histological features of the rosrto-caudal axis of the dorsal hippocampus, piriform and entorhinal cortices were evaluated utilizing Nissl, Timm, and synapsin I immunoflorescent staining. Melatonin (20 mg/kg) effect on CA1 and CA3 neurons showed a region-specific pattern along the rostro-caudal axis of the dorsal hippocampus. The number of counted granular cells by melatonin (20 mg/kg) treatment increased along the rostro-caudal axis of the dorsal hippocampus in comparison to the untreated epileptic group. The density of Timm granules in the inner molecular layer of the dentate gyrus decreased significantly in all melatonin treated groups in comparison to the untreated epileptic animals. The increased density of synapsin I immunoreactivity in the outer molecular layer of the dentate gyrus of untreated epileptic rats showed a profound decrease following melatonin treatment. There was no neuronal protection in the piriform and entorhinal cortices whatever the melatonin treatment. Long-term melatonin administration as a co-adjuvant probably could reduce the post-lesion histological consequences of TLE in a region-specific pattern along the rostro-caudal axis of the dorsal hippocampus.


Subject(s)
Animals , Axis, Cervical Vertebra , Axons , Dentate Gyrus , Entorhinal Cortex , Epilepsy, Temporal Lobe , Hippocampus , Melatonin , Neurons , Rats , Status Epilepticus , Synapsins , Temporal Lobe
8.
Cell Journal [Yakhteh]. 2015; 17 (2): 322-331
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-166913

ABSTRACT

In today's world, 2.45-GHz radio-frequency radiation [RFR] from industrial, scientific, medical, military and domestic applications is the main part of indoor-outdoor electromagnetic field exposure. Long-term effects of 2.45-GHz Wi-Fi radiation on male reproductive system was not known completely. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the major cause of male infertility during short- and long-term exposure of Wi-Fi radiation. This is an animal experimental study, which was conducted in the Department of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Zanjan, IRAN, from June to August 2014. Three-month-old male Wistar rats [n=27] were exposed to the 2.45 GHz radiation in a chamber with two Wi-Fi antennas on opposite walls. Animals were divided into the three following groups: I. control group [n=9] including healthy animals without any exposure to the antenna, II. 1-hour group [n=9] exposed to the 2.45 GHz Wi-Fi radiation for 1 hour per day during two months and III.7-hour group [n=9] exposed to the 2.45 GHz Wi-Fi radiation for 7 hours per day during 2 months. Sperm parameters, caspase-3 concentrations, histomorphometric changes of testis in addition to the apoptotic indexes were evaluated in the exposed and control animals. Both 1-hour and 7-hour groups showed a decrease in sperm parameters in a time dependent pattern. In parallel, the number of apoptosis-positive cells and caspase-3 activity increased in the seminiferous tubules of exposed rats. The seminal vesicle weight reduced significantly in both1-hour or 7-hour groups in comparison to the control group. Regarding to the progressive privilege of 2.45 GHz wireless networks in our environment, we concluded that there should be a major concern regarding the time-dependent exposure of whole-body to the higher frequencies of Wi-Fi networks existing in the vicinity of our living places

9.
IJRM-International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine. 2015; 13 (12): 779-786
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-174916

ABSTRACT

Background: Most studies on anabolic-androgenic steroids abuse have been done in adult rats, but few data are available to immature


Objective: This study was conducted to assay the effect of Nandrolone Decanoate [ND] on the testis and testosterone concentration in male immature rats compare with mature ones in short and long time


Materials and Methods: 40 mature rats were divided into 4 groups: group A [short term] and group B [long-term] received 10 mg/kg/day ND interaperitoneally for 35 and 70 days, respectively. Group C [control] without any treatment, and group D [vehicle] received dimethyl sulfoxide [DMSO] solution in two periods 35 and 70 days. 40 immature rats were divided into 4 groups same as mature ones. After surgery body weight, testis size, histomorphometry of testis, and serum testosterone level were evaluated


Results: Our results showed that ND decreased the number of Leydig cells in group B [39.9 +/- 919], group A [43.4 +/- 120], and long term [40.6 +/- 299] immature rats, which could result in a reduction of testosterone concentration significantly in all experimental groups except short term mature group. Number of sertoli cells, testis size, and diameter of seminiferous tubules decreased in the long-term immature group. Eventually, the number of sperm was decreased in mature and immature groups, but a severe depletion of sperm was occurred in both mature and immature in long time in comparison to the control group [p< 0.05]


Conclusion: This time course study showed that supraphysiological dose of ND may negatively affect the number of Leydig cells, sperm cell, and testosterone concentration of immature rats in the same matter of mature rats. However, the number of sertoli cell, testis size, and seminferous diameter were decreased only in the long immature rats

10.
Yakhteh Medical Journal. 2011; 13 (1): 25-30
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-129893

ABSTRACT

The aim of the present study was to investigate the neuroprotective effects of Melissa officinalis, a major antioxidant plant, against neuron toxicity in hippocampal primary culture induced by 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine [MDMA] or ecstasy, one of the most abused drugs, which causes neurotoxicity. 3-[4,5-dimethyl2 thiazoyl]2,5-diphenyketrazolium bromide [MTT] assay was used to assess mitochondrial activity, reflecting cell survival. Caspase-3 activity assay and Hoechst / propiedium iodide [PI] staining were done to show apoptotic cell death. A high dose of ecstasy caused profound mitochondrial dysfunction, around 40% less than the control value, and increased apoptotic neuronal death to around 35% more than the control value in hippocampal neuronal culture. Co-treatment with Melissa officinalis significantly reversed these damages to around 15% and 20% respectively of the MDMA alone group, and provided protection against MDMA-induced mitochondrial dysfunction and apoptosis in neurons. Melissa officinalis has revealed neuroprotective effects against apoptosis induced by MDMA in the primary neurons of hippocampal culture, which could be due to its free radical scavenging properties and monoamine oxidase [MAO] inhibitory effects


Subject(s)
Animals, Laboratory , Female , Neuroprotective Agents , N-Methyl-3,4-methylenedioxyamphetamine/toxicity , Plant Extracts , Rats, Wistar
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