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1.
Kampo Medicine ; : 897-905, 2010.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-376153

ABSTRACT

Introduction : We evaluated the efficacy of keishito and maobushisaishinto with reference to keikyososooshinbuto, for patients feeling cold, by means of multiple regression analysis.<br>Case reports : We reported a patient with an upset stomach whose severe coldness was improved as the stomach condition was cured by adding keishito to maobushisaishinto. Moreover, the combination of keishito and maobushisaishinto was effective for a patient feeling cold, with appetite loss, general fatigue and stiffness of the joints (case 1), a patient feeling cold, with chill, general fatigue, heavy feeling in the stomach, and prone to catch colds (case 2), and a patient feeling extremely cold, with general fatigue and menstrual pain (case 3).<br>Subjects and Methods : In this study, the subjects were 43 patients who reported feeling cold. They were treated with keishito and maobushisaishinto according to their Sho for more than one month. The relationships between the improvement of cold sensation and 52 other factors, such as symptoms noted at their first medical examination, were evaluated by means of multi-dimensional cross-sectional analysis. <BR>Results : The factors of chilly or unpleasant wind and coldness of the whole body were significant. <BR>Discussion : The factors of coldness in the whole body with chill, and headache without diarrhea were important for improvement of cold feeling with keishito and maobushisaishinto.

2.
Kampo Medicine ; : 147-153, 2010.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-361710

ABSTRACT

Introduction : We evaluated the efficacy of daisaikoto for patients with generalized fatigability or easy fatigability by multiple regression analysis.Subject and Methods : The subjects were fifty-three patients with generalized fatigability or easy fatigability, consisting of 6 males and 47 females, mean age 38 y/o (range 23-72), who were treated with daisaikoto according to Sho for more than one month. The relationships between the improvement of generalized fatigability or easy fatigability and 46 factors, including age, sex, height, body weight, hypertension and other symptoms noted at the first medical examination, were examined by multi-dimensional cross-sectional analysis.Results : The factors of sweating, hot flushes, sensation of something stuck in the throat, and feeling of fullness in the chest were significant. Improvement of objective tenderness on the sides of the abdomen and sweating formed the best subset of explanatory variables.Discussions : The sensation of something stuck in the throat and feeling of fullness of the chest often occur under Ki stagnation. The improvement rather than the existence of objective tenderness on the sides of the abdomen is assumed to be more important factor.

3.
Kampo Medicine ; : 707-713, 2008.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-379640

ABSTRACT

We evaluated the efficacy of chotosan for headache patients via multiple regression analysis. The subjects were 46 patients with headache (31 migraine, 14 tension-type, and1combination headache), consisting of 1 3males and 33 females, mean age 48 years (range 19-77 years), who were treated with chotosan according to their Sho (symptoms) for more than1month. The relationships between the improvement of headache and 38 factors, including age, sex, height, body weight, hypertension and other symptoms noted upon first medical examination, were examined through multi-dimensional cross-sectional analysis. Morning headache, dizziness, insomnia, body weight, tinnitus and vasodilatation of sublingual veins were significant factors. Morning headache is traditionally an indication for the use of chotosan, and our results support its efficacy for this purpose. Three factors, i.e. morning headache, vasodilatation of sublingual veins and stiff shoulder, were the best subset of explanatory variables. Stiff shoulder is a key symptom for the application of chotosan, while stiffness in the back is a key symptom for the application of yokukansan.


Subject(s)
Headache
4.
Kampo Medicine ; : 265-271, 2008.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-379612

ABSTRACT

We evaluated the efficacy of yokukansan-based prescriptions for patients with headache. Forty-five patients with headache (34 migraine, 6 tension-type, and 5 combined headaches), or 6 males and 39 females, mean age 38 (25 to 68) years were treated with yokukansan-based prescriptions according to their Sho diagnosis, for 1 to 24 months. Relationships between headache improvement, and 31 factors including age, sex, height, body weight and other symptoms at first examination, were qualified with multi-dimensional analysis. Factors such as painful eye sensation, back stiffness, eyestrain and irritability were significant indicators of headache improvement. Three of these factors (painful eye sensation, back stiffness and irritability) were the best subset of explanatory variables. Yokukansan-based prescriptions seemed to be effective for “liver-related” headache, and were thought to be useful to relieve a triggering or worsening of headache factors. And to our knowledge, this is the first paper to propose the importance of examinations of the back, when considering yokukansan-based prescriptions.


Subject(s)
Headache , Back , Prescriptions
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-285007

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVES</b>The reliability of surveys on smoking habits based on questionnaires was investigated, using the urinary cotinine content as an objective index.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The subjects tested were 2,849 office workers of middle age, who responded to questions concerning their smoking status, and also their urinary cotinine was measured by the HPLC method.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The boundary value between smokers and non-smokers, determined by the histogram independent of the questionnaire, was 63.1 and 79.4 ng/mg of creatinine for males and females, respectively. The rate of misclassification of the non-smokers and former smokers as smokers was 1.3% for males and 1.8% for females, whereas that of current smokers as non-smokers was 6.3% and 2.1%. We also assessed the effect of smoke inhalation on the urinary cotinine value, and found a significant difference for males in the cotinine value by the presence of inhalation and also its depth.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The rate of misclassification in this study was considered to be comparatively low. Several studies have also assessed the reliability of the questionnaire on smoking habits, and found different misclassification rates, indicating the dependence on the race and number of subjects tested. To our knowledge, there were only a few surveys on smoking among large groups, particularly in Japan, such as this one, therefore the results obtained in this study are meaningful.</p>

6.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-361581

ABSTRACT

Objectives: The reliability of surveys on smoking habits based on questionnaires was investigated, using the urinary cotinine content as an objective index. Methods: The subjects tested were 2,849 office workers of middle age, who responded to questions concerning their smoking status, and also their urinary cotinine was measured by the HPLC method. Results: The boundary value between smokers and non-smokers, determined by the histogram independent of the questionnaire, was 63.1 and 79.4 ng/mg of creatinine for males and females, respectively. The rate of misclassification of the non-smokers and former smokers as smokers was 1.3% for males and 1.8% for females, whereas that of current smokers as non-smokers was 6.3% and 2.1%. We also assessed the effect of smoke inhalation on the urinary cotinine value, and found a significant difference for males in the cotinine value by the presence of inhalation and also its depth. Conclusions: The rate of misclassification in this study was considered to be comparatively low. Several studies have also assessed the reliability of the questionnaire on smoking habits, and found different misclassification rates, indicating the dependence on the race and number of subjects tested. To our knowledge, there were only a few surveys on smoking among large groups, particularly in Japan, such as this one, therefore the results obtained in this study are meaningful.


Subject(s)
Smoking , Cotinine , Index , Urine
7.
Medical Education ; : 181-186, 1997.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-369568

ABSTRACT

To provide material for a panel discussion entitled “The Image of the Female Physician Desired in the 21st Century” at the 28th Congress of the Japan Society for Medical Education, a survey was conducted on the present circumstances of female physicians practicing in Japan. The questionnaires were sent by mail to all 27, 779 female physicians residing in Japan who could be contacted. The rate of response was 29.5%. The results showed that more than 94% of female physicians currently work at institutions for medical services and that only 3.1% engage in works of basic medical research or work as public health administrators. The results also showed the necessity of providing better systems for the support of family life of female doctors to maintain their activities as precious human resources of society.

8.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-376744

ABSTRACT

The present study was performed to investigate the effect of long distance walking upon physical functions for healthy male subjects. The first experiment was carried out in 1977, the second, in 1978, and the third, in 1979 in each autum season. At the first experiment, subjects began walking upon having breakfast, then ate and drank noting during first 30km, and took some foods during another 26km. Twelve hours and fifty minutes of time was spent for 56km walking including 15, 60, and 30 minutes rest periods in between. In the second experiment, subjects ate nothing after dinner of the previous evening and 35km walking took 6 hours during which some rest periods were taken for blood sampling. The third was 80km walking for two days. Subjects walked 40km in 8 hours in the first day and on the following day they walked 40km in ten hours and twenty minutes. They took foods and rest freely.<BR>From the view points of the changes in blood and urinary recordings obtained from those three experiments, the influences of long distance walking on the body indicate as follows ;<BR>1) In case of long distance walking while nothing to eat and drink, the rate of serum saturated fatty acids composition decreased and unsaturated fatty acids increased.<BR>2) In a fasting state, blood glucose gradually decreased, LDH activity increased and blood lactate, GOT and GPT activity presented no significant changes on long distance walking.<BR>3) It was shown that the longer distance to walk, the lesser tendency in blood triglyceride even though subjects take a carbohydrate rich diet while walking.<BR>4) In fasting state, less than 35km walking without foods, the stress to the body seemed not to be critical.<BR>5) More than 40km walking in a day, even though taking meals, would result a significantly severe stress for body.<BR>6) As long as usual meals are taken, 80km walking for two days continuously, 40km in each day, would not result in such a physical stress over the following days.

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