Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 6 de 6
Add filters

Year range
Kampo Medicine ; : 43-47, 2021.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924615


Painful orthopedic diseases are sometimes aggravated because of weather changes ; this is referred to as meteorological pain. We report two cases of great occipital neuralgia (GON) due to traffic accident in patients whose pain was aggravated by weather changes. Case 1 involved a 41-year-old woman who developed lumbago and cervical pain following a traffic accident. Two months after the accident, she had irregular occipital pain. Three months after the accident, a great typhoon occurred, and she suffered from severe occipital pain since that morning. She was diagnosed with GON as meteorological pain and was administered goreisan ; her occipital pain then improved. Case 2 involved a 31-year-old woman who developed cervical pain following a traffic accident. Three months after the accident, she experienced severe occipital pain due to weather changes. She was diagnosed with GON as meteorological pain and was administered goreisan ; her occipital pain then improved. Goreisan is dramatically effective for GON as meteorological pain caused by cervical sprain.

Kampo Medicine ; : 39-42, 2021.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924614


Crowned dens syndrome (CDS) is a pseudogout of the cervical vertebra, which shows calcification around the dens of the axis. We report a case of CDS that was successfully treated with daiobotampito and shimotsuto. An 83-year-old woman visited our clinic because of neck pain. She was diagnosed with CDS and was initially administered daiobotampito and eppikajutsuto. Her neck pain improved slightly, but recurred. She was then administered daiobotampito and shimotsuto, after which her neck pain disappeared. We considered that daiobotampito and shimotsuto were effective for this prolonged illness based on persistent stasis and blood deficiency according to her treatment course and laboratory findings.

Kampo Medicine ; : 34-38, 2021.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924613


In daily medical examinations of orthopedic surgery, treatment for chronic pain is sometimes needed. We report a case of chronic pain developed after an open fracture 15 years ago and successfully treated with sokeikakketsuto. A 35­-year-­old man unfortunately sustained an open fracture in his right lower leg in a traffic accident at his age of 20 years. He underwent 12­-13 surgeries for osteosynthesis, post-­operative focal infection, and leg extension. Subsequently, he developed periodic pain in his right ankle joint. He consulted our clinic because of the severe pain; although non-­steroidal anti-­inflammatory drugs were ineffective, sokeikakketsuto was dramatically effective. To treat chronic pain after an old fracture, sokeikakketsuto may be considered as a choice of treatment.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-378174


  Although axillary lymph node dissection (ALND) is conventionally indicated for metastasis in the sentinel lymph node (SLN), the omission of ALND is being discussed more often in recent years. However, because of the lack of specific guidelines, it is unclear which cases should be treated without ALND. In this study, we performed one-step nucleic acid amplification of the SLN with metastasis to determine the total tumor load (TTL), that is, the number of cytokeratin (CK) 19 mRNA copies. After ultrasonography (US) of ALN, the ultrasonographic findings were combined with TTL to rate SLN metastasis. In the rating, a total score was obtained by assigning 1 point each for (a) TTL of ≥15000 copies/μL, (b) US findings of a long-to-short LN diameter ratio of ≤2, and (c) US findings of no echogenic hilus. We then investigated the association between the total score and metastasis in the non-SLN. Results showed that while 87.5% (5/6) of patients with positive non-SLN scored ≥2 points, only 3.1% (1/34) of patients with negative non-SLN did so, suggesting that a total copy number of CK19 mRNA, US findings of a long-to-short LN diameter ratio, and the presence/absence of echogenic hilus are important predictors for non-SLN metastasis. This novel scoring system is expected to help determine which patients need ALND or what postoperative therapy is necessary.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-377040


  The patient is a women in her 60s. After medical examinations, she was told that the result of fecal occult blood reaction testing was positive. Moreover, colonoscopy found type 2 cancer in her sigmoid colon. The patient underwent sigmoidectomy. The 3D dissection of lymph node and colorectal side-to-end anastomosis were performed. Pathologically, the case was diagnosed as moderately differentiated adenocarcinoma (stage II). Adjuvant chemotherapy was not given. During follow-up observation, the tumor marker levels were elevated above normal. A work-up revealed a recurrence of the cancer on the abdominal wall. The lesion was surgically removed with a margin of about 2 cm from the tumor secured. Pathological diagnosis of this recurrent case was not inconsistent with the previous diagnosis of sigmoid colon cancer. As the relapse was thought to be due to the implantation of cancer cells in the abdominal wall, we need to follow the surgical procedure with scrupulous care and exercise the utmost precaution to protect incision wound on the abdominal wall.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-373739


Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for diagnostic evaluation of the breast was performed in 61 patients who visted the Breast Clinic of our hospital and were suspected to have malignant tumors by physical examination and mammography between January and December 1999. In 58 patients undergoing histological diagnostic tests (8 with benignancy and 50 with breast cancer), we compared the imaging characteristics and the time-signal intensity curves acquired by dynamic imaging between benign and malignant lesions, and evaluated the usefulness of analyzing enhancement patterns on contrast MRI. Contrast MRI revealed strong tumor enhancement in all patients; the mean time required for the signal intensity to reach a peak was about 7 min in patients with benign tumors and about 2 min in those with breast cancer. Peripheral ring enhancement was observed in 40 of the 50 patients with breast cancer (80.0%), while such enhancement was not noted in any of the patients with benign tumors.<BR>Although diagnosis of breast disease by imaging has primarily relied on mammography and ultrasonography, the pattern of contrast enhancement on dynamic MRI also appears to be useful for determining the treatment method of breast tumors.