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Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-361897


A 53-year-old woman complained of symptoms of congestive heart failure and was admitted to a local hospital. Transthoracic echocardiography showed pericardial effusion and left ventricular aneurysm. The patient was transferred to our hospital for examination for treatment. Coronary angiography demonstrated triple vessels disease. The patient underwent left ventricular reconstruction and coronary bypass grafting. The operative findings showed no adhesion between the aneurysm and the pericardium. The pathological examination after operation indicated a ventricular pseudo-false aneurysm. The differentiation of left ventricular pseudo-false aneurysm from pseudo-aneurysm can be difficult.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-361787


A 13-year-old girl was admitted to our hospital with a history of syncope after exercise. Neither left ventricular (LV) function nor hypertrophy was detected by transthoracic echocardiography. However, 24-h Holter electrocardiogram demonstrated ST segment depression with increasing heartbeat. Exercise <sup>201</sup>Tl myocardial scintigram also demonstrated ischemia of the anterior LV wall. Multi-slice coronary computed tomography (CT) demonstrated hypoplasia of the left main coronary artery. The syncope on exertion was ascribed to myocardial ischemia due to hypoplasia of the left main coronary artery. We performed off-pump coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) (left internal thoracic artery-left descending artery). The postoperative course was uneventful and postoperative stress <sup>201</sup>Tl myocardial scintigram demonstrated the absence of myocardial ischemia. Coronary CT demonstrated good graft patency. To date, there has not been any recurrence of syncope on exertion. We herein report a successful off-pump CABG for a patient with syncope due to hypoplasia of the left main coronary artery. Syncope on exertion due to hypoplasia of the left main coronary artery is very rare. However, certain forms of congenital coronary anomalies are associated with adverse cardiac events, including sudden cardiac death. The diagnosis, therefore, can be important and CABG is indicated, especially when there is repetitive syncope due to myocardial ischemia.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-366518


A 53-year-old man who had angina pectoris and juxtarenal aortic abdominal aneurysm was referred to our department. Because the coronary angiography showed severe triple vessel disease, coronary bypass grafting was performed prior to aneurysmectomy. Contrast enhanced computed tomography revealed a retroaortic left renal vein located behind the posterior wall of the aneurysm. The postoperative course was uneventful. Because of its complicated embryological development, the anatomy of the renal veins shows extensive variability. The incidence of retroaortic left renal vein was 2%. Large lumbar and retroperitoneal veins often joined it to form a complex retroaortic venous system. These veins are particularly vulnerable to injury during circumferential dissection of the proximal parts of the aorta. Unawareness of this anomaly and vigorous attempts at encircling the aorta with clamps can result in laceration of the vein. Subsequent catastrophic hemorrhage may lead to unfavorable results, nephrectomy or death. Therefore, preoperative evaluation by a contrast enhanced CT scan and adequate intraoperative management based on a understanding of the potential anatomical variations are imperative. We recommend crossclamp of the aorta proximally with a vertical clamp to avoid circumferential dissection with possible injury to a retroaortic left renal vein. Injury may necessitate division of the aorta to obtain exposure for venous repair. In addition, this anomaly may be related to aorto-left renal vein fistula syndrome and left renal vein entrapment syndrome.