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Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-362971


Extensive calcification of the mitral annulus presents a formidable technical challenge to surgeons and increases the risk of serious complications such as intractable hemorrhage, atrioventricular disruption, and ventricular rupture during mitral valve surgery. We present a case of aortic and mitral valve replacements for a patient with extensive calcification of an intervalvular fibrous body. A 76-year-old woman was admitted with dyspnea on effort, leg edema and syncope. Transthoracic echocardiography showed severe aortic stenosis, and mitral stenosis with regurgitation, and extensive mitral annular calcification. Decalcification was performed with CUSA and we selected a trans-aortic-valve approach for decalcification of the intervalvular fibrous body. The calcification was left to a certain extent in order to preserve annular strength. Postoperative echocardiography showed no perivalvular leakage from either prostheses. The patient was transferred to a local hospital for further rehabilitation.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-367071


We reviewed 223 cases of isolated coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) during the past 6 years, and used the EuroSCORE to assess the differences in clinical outcomes between off-pump CABG (OPCAB) and on-pump CABG (conventional CABG: CCABG). After March 2000, our first choice has been OPCAB, with CCABG selected only for cases with unstable hemodynamics. The total of 223 isolated CABG cases consisted of 129 OPCAB and 94 CCABG, but after March 2000, 94 OPCAB and 42 CCABG were performed. Mean EusoSCORE was 5.8 for OPCAB and 4.1 for CCABG, and corresponding expected survival rates were 7.20% and 5.04%. The 3 cases of hospital death (mortality, 1.3%) all belonged to the earlier CCABG groups and were not related to cardiac death. After March 2000, no hospital deaths occurred in either group. Midterm results showed 5 deaths, but these were not related to cardiac death, either. There were no significant differences between the 2 groups in terms of hospital complications other than long mechanical ventilation time, which was markedly longer only for the OPCAB groups (<i>p</i><0.01). Mean number of grafts was significantly high for patients in the CCABG groups (OPCAB 2.1 vs. CCABG 2.8; <i>p</i><0.05). We have therefore been using OPCAB for high-risk cases, and midterm results of our CABG patients were satisfactory.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-366560


Four patients, 13 to 53 years old, with congenital venous malformation including Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome underwent surgical treatment followed by sclerotherapy. They developed marked dilatation of varicose veins with spots, and complained of pain, dullness, and bleeding. Two patients also had hypertrophy of the diseased leg. Phlebography and color Doppler ultrasonography were performed in all patients to precisely determine the abnormal vein and incompetent communicating veins which were then resected and/or ligated with minimal skin incision. In two patients, additional ligation of incompetent communicating veins was necessary. One to two weeks after surgical therapy, sclerotherapy was performed with 1-2% polidocanol. Symptoms improved after treatment, even in a patient with claudication before operation. Surgical therapy for congenital venous malformation was feasible and satisfactory, with the aid of meticulous identification of abnormal veins and communicating veins by not only phlebography but color Doppler ultrasonography.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-366118


Patients with an aortic aneurysm have a high incidence of coronary artery disease. Percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) has not established as a safe, effective procedure in patients with an aortic aneurysm. From November 1987 to November 1993, 5 patients underwent PTCA prior to aortic aneurysm repair. Three patients had abdominal aortic aneurysm and 2 had thoracic aortic aneurysm. There were 4 men and 1 woman whose mean age was 68 years (range 63 to 76). In 4 patients primary success of PTCA was achieved. The remaining 1 patient failed PTCA and underwent emergency coronary bypass surgery. Early mortality was 0%. All five were followed up after aneurysm repair for a mean of 28 months (range 12-66 months). There was no myocardial infarction or death. These results indicate that PTCA prior to aneurysm repair is a relatively safe and effective procedure, particularly in elderly patients with an aortic aneurysm.