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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971137

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the diagnostic efficacy of seven glomerular filtration rate (GFR) evaluation formulas Schwartz2009, Schwartz1976, Counahan-Barratt, Filler, CKD-EPIscysc, Cockrofi-Gault, CKD-EPIScysC-Scr in high concentration of methotrexate (HDMTX) chemotherapy dose adjusted cut-off point (GFR ≤85 ml/min) in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).@*METHODS@#One hundred and twenty-four children with ALL were included in the study. GFR determined by renal dynamic imaging (sGFR) was used as the standard to evaluate the accuracy, consistency of eGFR calculated by seven formulas and sGFR, and the diagnostic efficacy of each formula when the sGFR ≤85 ml/min boundary.@*RESULTS@#All of the accuracy of eGFR estimated by Schwartz2009 were greater than 70% in the 0-3, >4 and ≤6, >6 and ≤9, >9 and ≤16 years old group and male group, and the consistency exceeded the professional threshold. When the sensitivity of the ROC curve sGFR ≤85 ml/min was 100% of CKD-EPIscysc in the 0-3, >3 and ≤4 years old group, Filler in the >3 and ≤4 years old group, and Cockrofi-Gault in the >6 and ≤9 years old group, the specificity was 73.02%, 78.95%, 78.95%, 69.32%, respectively, and the AUC under the ROC curve was the largest (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Schwartz2009 formula predicts the highest accuracy of eGFR in the 7 glomerular filtration rate. CKD-EPIscysc, Filler, and Cockrofi-Gault formulas have more guiding signi-ficance for the adjustment of HDMTX chemotherapy in pre-adolescence in children with ALL when sGFR ≤85 ml/min.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Humans , Male , Child , Child, Preschool , Glomerular Filtration Rate , Methotrexate , Creatinine , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/drug therapy , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/diagnosis
2.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 1230-1236, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012398

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the potential pathogenesis of clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) based on the HIF-1α/ACLY signaling pathway, as well as to provide new ideas for the treatment of ccRCC. Methods: Seventy-eight ccRCC cases diagnosed at the First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, Suzhou, China were collected. The VHL mutation was examined using exon sequencing. The expression of HIF-1α/ACLY in VHL-mutated ccRCC was evaluated using immunohistochemical staining and further validated in VHL-mutated ccRCC cell lines (786-O, A498, UM-RC-2, SNU-333, and Caki-2) using Western blot. The mRNA and protein levels of ACLY were detected using real-time quantitative PCR and Western blot after overexpression or interference with HIF-1α in ccRCC cell lines. HeLa cells were treated with CoCl2 and hypoxia (1%O2) to activate HIF-1α and then subject to the detection of the ACLY mRNA and protein levels. The potential molecular mechanism of HIF-1α-induced ACLY activation was explored through JASPAR database combined with chromatin immunoprecipitation assay (ChIP) and luciferase reporter gene assay. The effect of HIF-1α/ACLY regulation axis on lipid accumulation was detected using BODIPY staining and other cell biological techniques. The expression of ACLY was compared between patients with ccRCC and those with benign lesions, and the feasibility of ACLY as a prognostic indicator for ccRCC was explored through survival analysis. Results: Exon sequencing revealed that 55 (70.5%) of the 78 ccRCC patients harbored a VHL inactivation mutation, and HIF-1α expression was associated with ACLY protein levels. The protein levels of ACLY and HIF-1α in ccRCC cell lines carrying VHL mutation were also correlated to various degrees. Overexpression of HIF-1α in A498 cells increased the mRNA and protein levels of ACLY, and knockdown of HIF-1α in Caki-2 cells inhibited the mRNA and protein levels of ACLY (P<0.001 for all). CoCl2 and hypoxia treatment significantly increased the mRNA and protein levels of ACLY by activating HIF-1α (P<0.001 for all). The quantification of transcriptional activity of luciferase reporter gene and ChIP-qPCR results suggested that HIF-1α could directly bind to ACLY promoter region to transcriptionally activate ACLY expression and increase ACLY protein level (P<0.001 for all). The results of BODIPY staining suggested that the content of free fatty acids in cell lines was associated with the levels of HIF-1α and ACLY. The depletion of HIF-1α could effectively reduce the accumulation of lipid in cells, while the overexpression of ACLY could reverse this process. At the same time, cell function experiments showed that the proliferation rate of ccRCC cells with HIF-1α knockdown was significantly decreased, and overexpression of ACLY could restore proliferation of these tumor cells (P<0.001). Survival analysis further showed that compared with the ccRCC patients with low ACLY expression, the ccRCC patients with high ACLY expression had a poorer prognosis and a shorter median survival (P<0.001). Conclusions: VHL mutation-mediated HIF-1α overexpression in ccRCC promotes lipid synthesis and tumor progression by activating ACLY. Targeting the HIF-1α/ACLY signaling axis may provide a theoretical basis for the clinical diagnosis and treatment of ccRCC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/pathology , Kidney Neoplasms/pathology , HeLa Cells , Von Hippel-Lindau Tumor Suppressor Protein/genetics , Mutation , Signal Transduction , Luciferases/therapeutic use , Hypoxia/genetics , RNA, Messenger , Lipids/therapeutic use , Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit/genetics , Cell Line, Tumor , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic
3.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 1126-1131, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012376

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological features of perivascular epithelioid cell tumor (PEComa) of the lung. Methods: Eight PEComa cases of the lung diagnosed at the First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, Suzhou, China from July 2008 to December 2021 were collected and subject to immunohistochemical staining, fluorescence in situ hybridization and next generation sequencing. The relevant literature was reviewed and the clinicopathological features were analyzed. Results: There were 5 males and 3 females, aged from 18 to 70 years (mean 39 years). There were 3 cases of the right upper lung, 3 cases of the left lower lung, 1 case of the left upper lung and 1 case of the right middle lung. Seven cases were solitary and 1 case was multifocal (4 lesions). Seven cases were benign while one was malignant. The tumors were all located in the peripheral part of the lung, with a maximum diameter of 0.2-4.0 cm. Grossly, they were oval and well circumscribed. Microscopically, the tumor cells were oval, short spindle-shaped, arranged in solid nests, acinar or hemangiopericytoma-like patterns, with clear or eosinophilic cytoplasm. The stroma was rich in blood vessels with hyalinization. Coagulated necrosis and high-grade nuclei were seen in the malignant case, and calcification was seen in 2 cases. Immunohistochemically, the tumor cells were positive for Melan A (8/8), HMB45 (7/8), CD34 (6/8), TFE3 (4/7), and SMA (3/8). All cases were negative for CKpan and S-100. TFE3 (Xp11.2) gene fusion was examined using the TFE3 break-apart fluorescence in situ hybridization in 5 cases, in which only the malignant case was positive. The next generation sequencing revealed the SFPQ-TFE3 [t(X;1)(p11.2;p34)] fusion. Follow-up of the patients ranged from 12 to 173 months while one patient was lost to the follow-up. The malignant case had tumor metastasis to the brain 4 years after the operation and then received radiotherapy. Other 6 cases had no recurrence and metastasis, and all the 7 patients survived. Conclusions: Most of the PEComas of the lung are benign. When there are malignant morphological features such as necrosis, high-grade nuclei or SFPQ-TFE3 gene fusion, close follow-up seems necessary.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Perivascular Epithelioid Cell Neoplasms/pathology , Lung/pathology , Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Leucine Zipper Transcription Factors/genetics , Necrosis , Biomarkers, Tumor/analysis
4.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 542-547, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920722

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To explore the effects of acteoside on hypoxia/reoxygena tion(H/R)-induced cardiomyocyte damage by regulating Rho family GTPase 3(Rnd3)/nuclear factor κB(NF-κB)pathway. METHODS The H 9c2 cardiomyocyte were divided into control group (no administration ,no modeling ),H/R group (only modeling ),H/R+AS-L group ,H/R+AS-M group , H/R+AS-H group (10,30,90 μmol/L acteoside for above 3 groups firstly ,and then modeling ),H/R+pcDNA group [transfecting pcDNA (empty vector ) firstly,and then modeling] ,H/R + pcDNA-Rnd 3 group [overexpression of Rnd 3 by transfecting pcDNA-Rnd3(Rnd3 overexpression vector )firstly,and then modeling] ,H/R+AS-H+si-NC group [transfecting si-NC (negative control)firstly,and then giving 90 μmol/L acteoside and modeling],H/R+AS-H+si-Rnd3 group [inhibiting overexpression of Rnd 3 by transfecting si-Rnd 3 (Rnd3 small interfering RNA ) firstly,and then giving 90 μ mol/L acteoside and modeling]. After corresponding treatment ,the apoptotic rate ,release of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH),malondialdehyde(MDA)level,the activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD),the level of tumor necrosis factor α(TNF-α),interleukin 1β(IL-1β)and interleukin- 6(IL-6), mRNA and protein expression of Rnd 3 and NF-κB subunit p65(NF-κB p65),the expression of aspartate proteolytic enzyme 3 (Cleaved Caspase- 3)protein and Cleaved Caspase- 9 protein were detected. RESULTS Different concentrations of acteoside could reduce the apoptotic rate of H/R-induced H 9c2 cardiomyocyte,the protein expressions of Cleaved Caspase- 3 and Cleaved Caspase-9,mRNA and protein expressions of NF-κB p65,the levels of LDH release and MDA ,TNF-α,IL-1β and IL-6,while increase the activity of SOD and mRNA and protein expressions of Rnd 3(P<0.05),in a dose-dependent manner. Overexpression of Rnd 3 could decrease the apoptotic rate of H 9c2 cardiomyocyte,protein expressions of NF-κB p65,Cleaved Caspase- 3 and Cleaved Caspase- 9, the levels of LDH release , MDA, TNF-α,IL-1β and IL-6,while increase the protein expression of Rnd 3 and the activity of SOD (P<0.05). The inhibition overexpression of Rnd 3 could weaken the inhibitory effects of acteoside on H/R-induced apoptosis of H 9c2 cardiomyocyte, oxidative stress and inflammatory reaction (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS Acteoside could regulate Rnd 3/NF-κ B pathway by promoting the expression of Rnd 3 and inhibiting the expression of NF-κB p65,inhibit cardiomyocyte apoptosis ,oxidative stress and inflammation reaction so as to relieve the H/R-induced cardiomyocyte damage.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934174

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the application of self-designed wound measuring grid in the measurement of wound and the design of perforator flap.Methods:From February 2018 to February 2020, 31 cases of soft tissue defects of limbs were repaired by free transfer of perforator flap. During the operation, the self-designed membrane with measurement grid was used to measure the wound surface. The flaps were designed and harvested according to the accurate measurement of the wound. The flaps were reviewed at hospital clinic during follow-up.Results:All patients entered 3-15 months of follow-up with an average of 8 months. All 31 flaps survived, of which 2 flaps encountered vascular crisis and were rescued after surgical exploration. There was no infection of flaps and all flaps had stage I healing. The flaps were satisfactory in appearance with the sensation recovery to S 2 in 21 cases and S 3 in 10 cases. Only linear scars were left on the donor sites. Conclusion:The membrane with a measurement grid can accurately measure a wound, and help the design of the flap according to the measured size and profile of the wound. It can reduce the operation time and the risk as well as to improve the operation efficiency. The clinical application is satisfactory. Large scale and multi-centre studies are required to further prove the benefit of the measurement grid.

6.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 677-691, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929119

ABSTRACT

Since the establishment of the biomarker-based A-T-N (Amyloid/Tau/Neurodegeneration) framework in Alzheimer's disease (AD), the diagnosis of AD has become more precise, and cerebrospinal fluid tests and positron emission tomography examinations based on this framework have become widely accepted. However, the A-T-N framework does not encompass the whole spectrum of AD pathologies, and problems with invasiveness and high cost limit the application of the above diagnostic methods aimed at the central nervous system. Therefore, we suggest the addition of an "X" to the A-T-N framework and a focus on peripheral biomarkers in the diagnosis of AD. In this review, we retrospectively describe the recent progress in biomarkers based on the A-T-N-X framework, analyze the problems, and present our perspectives on the diagnosis of AD.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936342

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To identify the miRNAs targeting vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene and their effect on parathyroid hormone (PTH) secretion in secondary hyperparathyroidism.@*METHODS@#Primary parathyroid cells with secondary hyperparathyroidism were isolated by collagenase digestion and cultured. The miRNAs targeting VDR were screened by bioinformatics methods and full transcriptome sequencing, and dual-luciferase reporter assay was used to verify the targeting relationship between VDR and the screened miRNA. The effects of overexpression or inhibition of the candidate miRNA on VDR mRNA and protein expressions and PTH secretion were evaluated using qRT-PCR and Western blotting. The expression levels of the candidate miRNAs and VDR mRNA in clinical specimens of parathyroid tissues were verified by qRT-PCR, and the expression of VDR protein was detected by immunohistochemistry.@*RESULTS@#We successfully isolated primary parathyroid cells. Dual-luciferase reporter assay verified the targeting relationship of hsa-miR-149-5p, hsa-miR-221-5p, hsa-miR-222-3p, hsa-miR-29a-5p, hsa-miR-301a-5p, hsa-miR-873-5p, hsa-miR-93-3p with VDR, and among them, the overexpression of hsa-miR-149-5p and hsa-miR-301a-5p significantly increased PTH secretion in the parathyroid cells. In patients with secondary hyperparathyroidism, hsa-miR-149-5p was highly expressed in the parathyroid tissues (P=0.046), where the expressions of VDR mRNA (P=0.0267) and protein were both decreased.@*CONCLUSION@#The two miRNAs, hsa-miR-149-5p and hsa-miR-301a-5p, may promote the secretion of PTH in patients with secondary hyperparathyroidism by down-regulating the expression of VDR gene.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hyperparathyroidism, Secondary/genetics , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Parathyroid Hormone , RNA, Messenger , Receptors, Calcitriol/genetics
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936307

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To establish an cell model of hyperparathyroidism by isolation, in vitro culture, and identification of parathyroid cells from patients with secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT).@*METHODS@#The parathyroid gland tissues obtained from 10 patients with SHPT were dissociated by collagenase digestion for primary culture of the parathyroid cells. Morphological changes and growth characteristics of the cells were assessed by microscopic imaging and cell counting. The mRNA and protein expression levels of parathyroid hormone (PTH), calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR), and glial cells missing 2 (GCM2) in the primary and passaged cells were determined by immunofluorescence, qRT-PCR, and Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#Primary cultures of parathyroid cells were successfully obtained. The cells exhibited a high expression of PTH shown by immunofluorescence assay and had a population doubling time of approximately 71.61 h. PTH secretion in the second-passage (P2) cells was significantly lower than that in the primary (P0) and first-passage (P1) cells (P < 0.001). Despite a significant downregulation of CaSR mRNA (P=0.017) and protein (P=0.006) in P1 cells as compared with P0 cells, no significant differences were found in mRNA and protein expressions of PTH or GCM2 between the two cell generations.@*CONCLUSION@#Primary cultures of parathyroid cells isolated from SHPT patients by collagenase digestion show similar biological properties to the cells in vivo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hyperparathyroidism, Secondary/metabolism , Parathyroid Glands/metabolism , Parathyroid Hormone , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Receptors, Calcium-Sensing/metabolism
9.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1017-1022, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014057

ABSTRACT

Aim To study the role of diosmetin ( Dio) in liver ischemia/reperfusion and its possible mecha-nism.Methods Thirty-two mice were randomly di¬vided into sham group, I/R group, low-dose Dio group and high-dose Dio group, with 8 mice in each group.The I/R group received liver I/R surgery, and the sham group performed sham surgery.The low- and high-dose Dio groups received intraperitoneal injection of 10 mg • kg ~1 and 40 mg • kg ~1 Dio at 30 min before liver I/R, respectively.Blood and liver samples were collected at 24 h after reperfusion.ELISA was used to detect the levels of interleukin ( IL)-ip, 1L-6, lactic dehydrogenase ( LDH ) and aspartate transaminase ( AST) in serum.Hie levels of malondialdehyde ( MDA ) , reactive oxygen species ( ROS) , reduced glutathione (GSH) and total bilirubin (TBIL) in liver homogenate were measured.HE staining was used to observe liver injury.Immunohistochemical staining was used to observe the expression of IL-ip in liver tis¬sues.Western blot was used to detect the expression of cleaved-c a spa se-3 , p-NF-kb p65 and p-p38 proteins in liver tissues.Results Compared with sham group, the degree of liver injury in I/R group significantly in¬creased , and the levels of 1L-1 (3, 1L-6, LDH and AST in serum, MDA, ROS and cleaved-caspase-3, p-NF- kb p65 and p-p38 proteins in liver tissues markedly in¬creased ; however, the levels of GSH and TB1L signifi¬cantly decreased, and the differences in the above in¬dexes were statistically significant.Compared with I/R group, the above indexes in low- and high-dose Dio groups were significantly improved, and the effect of high-dose group was better than that of low-dose group.Conclusions Dio pretreatment can reduce liver I/R injury, which may be related to the reduction of oxida¬tive stress and inflammation-related pathways induced by liver I/R.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004033

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To establish a dry fluorescent luminescence method for the detection of antibodies to hepatitis C virus (HCV) and evaluate its clinical application. 【Methods】 Anti-HCV antibody was detected by double-antigen sandwich dry fluorescent luminescence method established using multi-epitope chimeric antigen. The established method was used to detect national reference samples(positive 20, negative 20), and a total of 349 clinical samples, including 108 HCV patients, 36 patients with other diseases and 205 healthy individuals, which were tested in parallel with enzyme-linked immunoassay (ELISA) to evaluate the performance of the established method. 【Results】 The concordance rate of positive and negative(each 20) reference samples were both 100% (20/20), and the CV of precision reference sample was 9.16%, which met the requirements of national reference samples. In clinical performance evaluation, the AUC value was 0.984, and the sensitivity and specificity of the dry fluorescent luminescence method were 96.30% (104/108) and 96.27% (233/241). The overall concordance rate between dry fluorescent luminescence method and ELISA was 97.71% (341/349) (Kappa=0.952). 【Conclusion】 The dry fluorescence luminescence method of HCV antibody is simple and rapid, with high sensitivity and high specificity, and can be used in clinical application.

11.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 831-835, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910924

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between renal function and the total cerebral small vessel disease(CSVD)score in elderly patients with a mild stroke.Methods:Patients with a mild stroke(National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score≤3)and aged 60 years and above hospitalized in our hospital from March to December 2019 were consecutively enrolled.Total CSVD scores were evaluated based on enlarged perivascular spaces, cerebral microbleeds, white matter hyperintensities of presumed vascular origin and lacunes of presumed vascular origin.The estimated glomerular filtration rate(eGFR)was derived by using the formula of chronic kidney disease epidemiology collaboration based on serum creatinine(CKD-EPI Scr). The relationship between eGFR and the total CSVD score was analyzed. Results:Of the 152 patients enrolled, 35, 38, 39, 28 and 12 had total CSVD scores of 0, 1, 2, 3 and 4, respectively.The age of patients increased and eGFR decreased with the increase of total CSVD scores(CSVD from 0 to 4, [(67.43±6.59), (68.42±6.83), (72.18±7.94), (76.46±7.75) vs.(79.92±6.17)years old, F=12.018, P<0.001]; [(92.94±12.45)ml·min -1·1.73m -2, (90.52±8.62)ml·min -1·1.73m -2, (89.45±8.48)ml·min -1·1.73m -2 and(83.90±7.19)ml·min -1·1.73m -2vs.(79.16±7.77)ml·min -1·1.73m -2, F=7.210, P<0.001]. Spearman correlation analysis showed that eGFR was negatively correlated with the total CSVD score( r=-0.399, P<0.001). After adjusting for risk factors including age, gender and hypertension, multivariate ordinary regression analysis showed that decreased eGFR was an independent risk factor for the total CSVD score( OR=0.957, 95% CI: 0.924-0.990, P=0.012). Conclusions:In elderly patients with a mild stroke, eGFR is an independent risk factor for the total CSVD score, which shows an increased burden as eGFR decreases.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886884

ABSTRACT

Objective To provide reference for clinical pharmacists to participate in rational drug use through case study. Methods Clinical pharmacists participated in the optimization of treatment plan and performed pharmaceutical care for the patients according to their own characteristics, drug interactions, compatibility contraindications and adverse drug reactions. Results Clinical pharmacists provided pharmaceutical care for the patients with cerebrovascular diseases, Parkinson's disease, encephalitis and other diseases in the Department of Neurology by using pharmaceutical expertise, retrieved evidence-based support from literature and participating in the formulation of treatment plans. Those achieved individualized drug treatment, improve patient compliance, reduced the occurrence of unreasonable usage and dosage, inappropriate drug combination and improper drug selection, the treatment of adverse drug reactions, drug safety, and rational drug use. Conclusion Clinical pharmacists need to use their sound professional ability and good communication skills to help doctors make individualized drug delivery plans to ensure the safety, effectiveness and economy of drug treatment.

13.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 64-70, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885392

ABSTRACT

With the aging of population, cerebral small vessel disease has attracted more and more attention. A growing body of literature has confirmed that retinal vascular changes can be used as a potential marker for the prediction of cerebral small vessel disease. The retina is recognized as a window into cerebrovascular and systemic vascular conditions. Combining traditional fundus photograph and fundus fluorescein angiography with optical coherence tomography angiography, the retinal vascular system of patients with cerebral small vessel disease can be comprehensively analyzed. This paper summarizes and analyzes the application of retinal angiography technology in different image types of cerebral small vessel disease and makes a review, in order to provide reference for the early diagnosis and prevention of cerebral small vessel disease.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904764

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the current situation of off-label drug use for tic disorder in a tertiary maternity and child hospital, so as to promote clinical safe and rational drug use. Methods Through the hospital information system, the pediatric outpatient prescriptions diagnosed with tic disorder from July 2019 to August 2020 were selected, and the prescriptions of off-label use was evaluated according to the 2020 off-label drug management regulations. Results A total 1251 pediatric prescriptions diagnosed with tic disorder were collected. The incidence of off-label drug use was 29.58%. The main types of off-label were over-indications and over-age. The main varieties of off-label drug use were risperidone tablets (47.84%) and aripiprazole tablets (43.74%). Conclusion The off-label use of drug for tic disorder in pediatric outpatient department of our hospital is relatively common,and it is necessary to standardize the management of off-label drug use to ensure rational drug use.

15.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 707-2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904554

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the status of job satisfaction of human organ donation coordinators in Fujian province during the normalization period of novel coronavirus pneumonia (COVID-19) epidemic prevention and control and put forward corresponding suggestions. Methods The job satisfaction of human organ donation coordinators in Fujian province was investigated by online questionnaires. The correlation analysis of all dimensions of the overall job satisfaction of human organ donation coordinators was carried out, and the influencing factors of the overall job satisfaction were analyzed. Results The overall job satisfaction of human organ donation coordinators was (2.9±0.8), which was a relatively low score. The job promotion satisfaction was (4.7±1.3), (2.0±1.4) for the job pay and benefits satisfaction, and (2.0±1.3) for the job communication satisfaction. The job pay and benefits satisfaction was positively correlated with job communication satisfaction (r=0.653, P < 0.05). Multiple factors differed in job satisFfaction. The overall job satisfaction of human organ donation coordinators was associated with gender, nature of job, working years, average monthly income, age, educational background and nature of post. Conclusions The job satisfaction of human organ donation coordinators is relatively low in Fujian province during the normalization period of COVID-19 epidemic prevention and control. Flexible and diverse methods should be employed from the government and hospital levels to further improve security policies for human organ donation coordinators.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877563

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of acupuncture on vascular endothelial function in patients of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) with impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) and normal glucose tolerance (NGT).@*METHODS@#A total of 140 patients with PCOS were divided into an IGT group (70 cases, 11 dropped off) and a NGT group (70 cases, 9 cases dropped off). The patients in the two groups were treated with full-cycle acupuncture at Zhongwan (CV 12), Guanyuan (CV 4), Qihai (CV 6), Tianshu (ST 25), etc. once every other day, 3 times a week, for 3 months. Before and after treatment, TCM symptom score, insulin resistance index [including fasting plasma glucose (FPG), 2-hour blood glucose (2hPG), fasting serum insulin (FINS), homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR)] and vascular endothelial related factors [including asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMD), endothelin-1 (ET-1), malondialdehyde (MDA), nitric oxide (NO)] were compared between the two groups; in addition, the obese subgroup and non-obese subgroup of the two groups were further compared.@*RESULTS@#Compared before treatment, the TCM symptom scores, ADMD, ET-1 and MDA after treatment were decreased (@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture could improve vascular endothelial function in PCOS patients, IGT patients have better efficacy than NGT patients, and obese patients have better efficacy than non-obese patients.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Acupuncture Therapy , Blood Glucose , Glucose , Glucose Intolerance/therapy , Insulin , Insulin Resistance , Polycystic Ovary Syndrome/therapy
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862488

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish an assay method for monohydroxy carbamazepine, the active metabolite of oxcarbazepine, in human plasma. Methods Ornidazole was used as the internal standard. Plasma samples were processed with methanol and analyzed by HPLC. The column was ZORBAX Eclipse XDB-C18(150 mm×4.6 mm, 5 μm) with the mobile phase of water-acetonitrile (80∶20, V/V) at a flow rate of 1.0 ml/min. Dual wavelength detection is applied. The detection wavelength of monohydroxy carbamazepine was set at 192 nm and ornidazole at 318 nm. Results There was an excellent liner relationship for monohydroxy carbamazepine from 2 to 50 μg/ml(r= 0.998 6). The limit of quantification was 2 μg/ml with the range of accuracy between 95.57% and 100.59%. The RSD of intra-day and inter-day precisions were less than 15%. The average extraction recovery rate of MHC and internal standard were in the range of 89.62% to 98.76%. The RSD of stability was less than 6%. Conclusion This method is specific, sensitive, and easy to operate. It is suitable for the clinical assay of monohydroxy carbamazepine in human plasma.

18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881062

ABSTRACT

Triptolide (TP), an active component of Tripterygium wilfordiiHook. f. (TWHF), has been widely used for centuries as a traditional Chinese medicine. However, the clinical application of TP has been restricted due to multitarget toxicity, such as hepatotoxicity. In this study, 28 days of oral TP administration (100, 200, or 400 μg·kg

19.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 1970-1974, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829159

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the effect of intraoperative Viatorr stent implantation for shunting of blood flow in the left or right branch of the portal vein on the clinical outcome of patients with cirrhotic portal hypertension undergoing transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS). MethodsA retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 120 patients with cirrhotic portal hypertension who underwent TIPS in The General Hospital of Western Theater Command from March 2016 to December 2019, and according to the target position of portal vein puncture determined by intraoperative angiography, the patients were divided into left branch group and right branch group. The two groups were compared in terms of the incidence rates of postoperative recurrence and bleeding, stent dysfunction, and hepatic encephalopathy (HE) and survival. The t-test was used for comparison of continuous data between two groups, and the chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical data between two groups. The Kaplan-Meier curve was used to calculate rebleeding rate, stent patency rate, incidence rate of HE, and survival rate. ResultsThe surgical success rate was 100% for all 120 patients, with a short-term hemostasis rate of 100%. Among the 120 patients, 52 underwent shunting of the left branch of the portal vein and 68 underwent shunting of the right branch. There was a significant reduction in portal venous pressure after surgery (9.98±2.84 mm Hg vs 24.72±5.11 mm Hg, t=37.76, P<0.01). The cumulative rebleeding rates at 12 and 24 months after surgery were 3.2% and 11.0%, respectively, and the cumulative incidence rates of HE at 3, 6, 12, and 24 months after surgery were 10.8%, 13.6%, 21.2%, and 24.5%, respectively. Among the 29 patients who experienced HE, 23 had grade Ⅰ-Ⅱ HE and 6 had grade Ⅲ HE. The cumulative incidence rates of stent dysfunction at 12 and 24 months after surgery were 7.1% and 21.4%, respectively. The cumulative survival rates at 12 and 24 months after surgery were 92.0% and 86.5%, respectively. As for comparison of the left branch group and the right branch group, there were no significant differences in postoperative stent patency rate, rebleeding rate, incidence rate of HE, and survival rate(all P<0.05). ConclusionTIPS is a safe and effective method for the treatment of cirrhotic portal hypertension, and intraoperative Viatorr stent implantation, no matter for establishing the shunt of the left or right branch of the portal vein, will not affect the clinical outcome of patients.

20.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 904-907, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-819195

ABSTRACT

Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) is a minimally invasive technique for the treatment of portal hypertension in liver cirrhosis. With the gradual maturity of TIPS technique and the continuous improvement of stent materials, the indications for TIPS are gradually expanded, the incidence rate of complications gradually decreases, and the treatment outcome is getting better and better. The impact of TIPS on the main organs of patients has attracted more and more attention in recent years, and this article reviews the effect of TIPS on the liver and the heart.

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