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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870587

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the patient profiles and therapeutic efficacies of ABO-incompatible living-related kidney transplantations at 19 domestic transplant centers and provide rationales for clinical application of ABOi-KT.Methods:Clinical cases of ABO-incompatible/compatible kidney transplantation (ABOi-KT/ABOc-KT) from December 2006 to December 2009 were collected. Then, statistical analyses were conducted from the aspects of tissue matching, perioperative managements, complications and survival rates of renal allograft or recipients.Results:Clinical data of 342 ABOi-KT and 779 ABOc-KT indicated that (1) no inter-group differences existed in age, body mass index (BMI), donor-recipient relationship or waiting time of pre-operative dialysis; (2) ABO blood type: blood type O recipients had the longest waiting list and transplantations from blood type A to blood type O accounted for the largest proportion; (3) HLA matching: no statistical significance existed in mismatch rate or positive rate of PRA I/II between two types of surgery; (4) CD20 should be properly used on the basis of different phrases; (5) hemorrhage was a common complication during an early postoperative period and microthrombosis appeared later; (6) no difference existed in postoperative incidence of complications or survival rate of renal allograft and recipients at 1/3/5/10 years between ABOi-KT and ABOc-KT. The acute rejection rate and serum creatinine levels of ABOi-KT recipients were comparable to those of ABOc-KT recipients within 1 year.Conclusions:ABOi-KT is both safe and effective so that it may be applied at all transplant centers as needed.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755934

ABSTRACT

Objective To summarize the experience of one case of anastomotic leakage after simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplantation (SPK ) with enteric drainage .Methods One case of type 2 diabetes mellitus complicated with end-stage nephropathy undergoing SPK was retrospectively analyzed .Iliac venous systemic circulation was employed for pancreatic venous reflux ,transplanted pancreas exocrine via enteric drainage and side-to-side anastomosis between donor pancreaticoduodenum and recipient jejunum . Pancreatoduodenal anastomotic leakage occurred at 12 days post-operation .During re-operation ,Roux-en-Y anastomosis was established between donor pancreaticoduodenum and recipient jejunum .And the relevant domestic and foreign literatures were searched .Results The follow-up time was 3 month after a second operation .Recipient pancreas and kidney transplantation survived well . There was no onset of enteric leakage .The incidence of anastomotic leakage varies greatly between different transplantation centers both at home and abroad .The incidence ranged from 3 .6% to 11 .3% .And the risk of pancreatic loss was as high as 54 .6% .Conclusions As a severe postoperative complication ,anastomotic fistula after SPK may cuase abdominal infection . Even after reparing enteric fistula , the risk of leakage remains high . Roux-en-Y anastomosis is other therapeutic option .

3.
China Journal of Endoscopy ; (12): 66-70, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-618522

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical effects of different urinary diversion regimens after minimally invasive resection of bladder cancer. Methods 127 patients with muscular infiltrating bladder cancer from January 2010 to June 2015 were enrolled in this study. According to the patients' condition, they were divided into orthotopic ileal cystectomy group (58 cases), Bricker bladder surgery group (33 cases), ureteral skin ostomy group (36 cases), then compare the clinical data, postoperative complications and quality of life of the three groups. Results There was no significant difference in the ratio of sex, the distribution of age and tumor staging among the three groups. The operation time and postoperative hospital stay in orthotopic ileal cystectomy group were longer than those in the other two groups. The operation time and postoperative hospital stay of the Bricker bladder surgery group were longer than that in ureteral skin ostomy group, the difference was statistically significant; the bleeding in orthotopic ileal cystectomy group was more than the other two groups, and in Bricker bladder surgery group was more than ureteral skin ostomy group, the difference was statistically significant. There was no significant difference in the recovery time of intestinal function among the three groups. The recovery time of intestinal function in ureteral skin ostomy group was shorter than that in the other two groups, the difference was statistically significant. There was no significant difference in the incidence of short-term complications of the three groups of patients. The incidence of long-term complications of orthotopic ileal cystectomy group was significantly higher than the other two groups, the difference was statistically significant. The social function scores, and overall health score of orthotopic ileal cystectomy group were higher than the other two groups, the difference was statistically significance. Conclusion Without external device, closer to the characteristics of physiological urination, orthotopic ileal cystectomy holds higher postoperative quality of life, and higher incidence of long-term complications. With advantages of quick recovery and less complications, ureteral skin ostomy is best for patients who can not stand for long time surgery. It should choose the appropriate surgical approach for patients according to individuals' conditions.

4.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 340-344, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-731605

ABSTRACT

Objective To summarize the diagnosis and treatment experience of mucor infection in renal grafts.Methods Clinical data of two patients with mucor infection in renal grafts from the same kidney donor that finally caused renal graft and renal artery rupture were retrospectively studied,and the relevant domestic and foreign literatures were reviewed. Results and conclusions Mucor infection after renal transplantation has no specific manifestation,thus it lacks of means of early diagnosis and is easy to cause misdiagnosis and missed diagnosis.Mucor infection is easy to cause vascular rupture and the prognosis is poor.Early diagnosis, thorough debridement, timely selection of effective antifungal agent, withdrawal of immunosuppressant and correction of coagulation disorders under the monitor of thrombelastogram may improve the survival rate of such patients.

5.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 318-321, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-401014

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the clinical outcomes and evaluate the safety of living related live donors in kidney transplantation.Methods One hundre and thirty-two cases of living related donors were studied retrospectively for psychological and physiological parameters. The parameters including life quality, urinalysis, serum biochemistry tests, glomerular filtration rate (GFR) and endogenous creatinine clearance rate (CCr) were analyzed.Results There was no significant difference between living related donors and normal people in the aspect of life quality. In living related donors,SCr was (78.33±15.94)μmol/L before operation and was (108.49±19.88)μmol/L at 7 days postoperation, P<0.05. SCr was (112.47±20. 38)μmol/L at 6 months post-operation. There was no significant difference in SCr levels between 7 days and 6 months post-operation (P=0. 109). CCr was (95.80±20.92)ml/min in pre-operation and was (57.36±14. 92)ml/min at 7 days post-operation,P<0.05. CCr was (65. 49±8. 25) ml/min at 6 months post-operation. There was no significant difference in CCr between 7 days and 6 months post-operation.The pre-operative total GFR was(74.08±18.51)ml/min. Of which, the right kidney GFR was (38.43±10.33)ml/min. The residual right kidney GFR was (56. 49±13. 01 ) ml/min 6 months after operation, which decreased 17. 59 ml/min (23.8%) compared with pre-operative total GFR (P<0.05) and increased 18. 06 ml/min (47.0%) compared to the pre-operative right kidney GFR. Surgical complications included 1 case of splenectomy, 1 case of descending colon rupture and 5 cases of wound fat liquefactions.Conclusion Pre-operatively systemic psychological and physiological evaluation on living related donors, detailed consent consultation, standardized operating techniques, careful perioperative management and strict follow-up can improve the safety of living related donors.

6.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 314-317, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-400845

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze clinical outcomes of the spouse donor kidney transplantation for evaluating the security.Methods Sixty-three cases of living-renal transplantation were divided into two groups, spouse donor group (12 cases) and the other related donor group (53 cases). Twelve cases of spouse-donor(SD)renal transplantation were summarized, that were compared with the nospouse transplantation cases of the other living-related renal transplantation in the same period, which were similar in basic conditions and in immunosuppressant scheme. The observational parameters included average hospitalization time, rate of acute renal necrosis, acute rejection incidence within 1 year, serum creatinine at 7 d, 30 d and 1 year after transplantation.Results The recipient age of the 2 groups was (39±3)years and (37±3)years(P=0.05), dialysis time was (4.7±3.2)months and (4.4±2.9)months(P=0.78), the average hospitalization time was (20.9±8.3)d and (23.0±7.8)d(P=0.41). There was no significant difference between the spouse donor group and the no spouse related donor group. The acute rejection incidence within 1 year was 33.3%(4/12) in spouse group and 3. 9%(2/51) in the other related group, there was significant difference between the 2 groups(P<0.05). The rate of acute renal necrosis was 16.7%(2/12) in spouse group and 3.9%(2/15)in no spouse related group, there was no significant different between the 2 groups(P>0.05).SCr was (206.47±47.22)μmol/L and (163. 75±25.91)μmol/L in spouse group at post-operation 7 d and 30 d, and was (142.79±89.42)μmol/L and (119. 99±15.03)μmol/L in no spouse group. There was significant difference between the groups(P=0.02, P=0.00). One year after operation, SCr was (133. 40±6. 11)μmol/L in spouse group and (121. 00±34.12)μmol/L in no spouse group,there was no significant difference between the 2 groups (P=0.25).Conclusions Preoperative comprehensive assessment of the spouse donors and recipients renal transplantation is the guarantee for the success.Short-term outcomes of spouse donor renal transplantation is ideal, but rate of acute rejection within 1 year is higher than that of the other living-relative donor kidney transplantation, which dose not influence the long-time survival of spouse recipients.

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