Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 12 de 12
Filter
Add filters








Year range
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876704

ABSTRACT

Objective To create a model based on meteorological data to predict the regions at risk of schistosomiasis during the flood season, so as to provide insights into the surveillance and forecast of schistosomiasis. Methods An interactive schistosomiasis forecast system was created using the open-access R software. The schistosomiasis risk index was used as a basic parameter, and the species distribution model of Oncomelania hupensis snails was generated according to the cumulative rainfall and temperature to predict the probability of O. hupensis snail distribution, so as to identify the regions at risk of schistosomiasis transmission during the flood season. Results The framework of the web page was built using the Shiny package in the R program, and an interactive and visualization system was successfully created to predict the distribution of O. hupensis snails, containing O. hupensis snail surveillance site database, meteorological and environmental data. In this system, the snail distribution area may be displayed and the regions at risk of schistosomiasis transmission may be predicted using the species distribution model. This predictive system may rapidly generate the schistosomiasis transmission risk map, which is simple and easy to perform. In addition, the regions at risk of schistosomiasis transmission were predicted to be concentrated in the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River during the flood period. Conclusions A schistosomiasis forecast system is successfully created, which is accurate and rapid to utilize meteorological data to predict the regions at risk of schistosomiasis transmission during the flood period.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873747

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the epidemiological profiles of echinococcosis cases reported in non-endemic areas of China in the National Notifiable Disease Report System from 2004 to 2016, so as to provide insights into the development of effective surveillance and response measures. Methods The data pertaining to the echinococcosis cases reported in the National Notifiable Disease Report System in 22 non-endemic provinces of China from 2004 to 2016 were collected, and the epidemiological profiles of the reported echinococcosis cases were descriptively analyzed. Results A total of 462 echinococcosis cases were reported in the 22 non-endemic provinces of China from 2004 to 2016, and the number of reported cases increased with time (χ2 = 4.516, P = 0.034). During the 13-year period from 2004 to 2016, the highest number of echinococcosis cases was reported in central and eastern China (56.49%), followed by in northern and northeastern China (30.30%), and the highest number of echinococcosis cases was reported in Henan Province (99 cases). Among the 462 echinococcosis cases reported, there were 234 men and 228 women, and the mean age was (41.42 ± 16.03) years (range, 4 to 86 years), with the highest number of echinococcosis cases reported at ages of 20 to 50 years (63.20%). The highest proportion of occupations was farmers and herdsmen (36.15%), and the greatest source was from echinococcosis-endemic provinces (50.43%); in addition, 97.40% of the echinococcosis cases were reported by hospitals. Conclusions Echinococcosis cases were reported in all 22 non-endemic provinces of China in the National Notifiable Disease Report System from 2004 to 2016, and the number of reported cases appeared an overall tendency for sporadicity and local increase with time. Screening of echinococcosis is recommended among famers and herdsmen at ages of 20 to 50 years from endemic regions by medical institutions in non-endemic regions for timely identification and treatment of echinococcosis cases.

3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 211-221, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780112

ABSTRACT

The quality definition of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is a hot area in modern research of TCM. In recent years, the characteristics of one herb with multiple effects have been widely accepted and studied. The typical opposite-effect of herbs is considered as a special part of one herb with multiple effects, and was summarized in this paper. Sanqi was used as an example of opposite-effect herbs for developing the strategies and approaches on the Q-markers. The traditional opposite-effect should be studied by modern pharmacological research methods. The correlation of the chemical components with the opposite effects should be established in order to verify the material basis and evaluate the mechanism including targets and pathways. The unique characteristics of chemical components should be analyzed and defined. Finally, the Q-markers of the opposite effect herb will be confirmed. This paper provides a useful reference for the precise quality control of herbal opposite-effects.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-815897

ABSTRACT

Babesiosis is an emerging parasitic disease, distributed globally in Europe, Asia, Africa, North and South America, and Australia, and the United States is still the country with the largest number of babesiosis cases reported. Babesiosis in China is mainly distributed in the northeast, followed by the southwest and other regions. As a new vector-borne infectious disease, babesiosis poses a serious threat to human health, and its research foundation is relatively weak, so it requires more attention and recognition. The research hot spots on babesiosis are screening of diagnostic antigens, and the mechanisms of Babesia and the hosts, co-infections between Babesia and other pathogens. The epidemic distribution, screening of diagnostic antigens, host immune response mechanism and co-infection of babesiosis in our country and abroad are reviewed in this paper.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-852231

ABSTRACT

To explore the rules of medication for diabetes and diabetic complications based on analysis on 755 traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) prescriptions. The information in 755 papers published from 1995 to 2016 was got including 755 herbal prescriptions, 367 herbs, 33 330 effective cases. Based on the above information, usage frequency of single herb, efficiency and the rules of formulating prescription for different types of diabetes were analyzed and compared using Microsoft Excel 2010 and Clementine 12.0 software. In the treatment of diabetes and its complications, the top four diabetes symptoms are about diabetes, diabetic neurological complications, diabetic nephropathy and diabetic cardiovascular complications, and accounting for 31.62%, 29.82%, 8.87%, and 6.47% of the total number of effective cases. Further analysis of the top four illnesses found that single herb commonly used in the treatment of diabetes was Astragali Radix, Dioscoreae Rhizoma, Rehmanniae Radix, Trichosanthis Radix, Ophiopogonis Radix, etc. The commonly used drugs categories were tonic herbs, heat-clearing herbs and blood activating herbs; The single medicine commonly used in the treatment of diabetic neurological complications was Astragali Radix, Angelicae Sinensis Radix, Chuanxiong Rhizoma, Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae et Rhizoma, Cinnamomi Ramulus, etc. The commonly used drugs categories were tonic herbs, blood activating herbs and heat-clearing herbs; The single herb commonly used in the treatment of diabetic nephropathy was Astragali Radix, Dioscoreae Rhizoma, Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix, Poria, Fructus Corni, etc., the commonly used drugs categories were tonic herbs, blood activating herbs and damp-clearing herbs. The single herb commonly used in the treatment of diabetic cardiovascular complications was Astragali Radix, Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix, Angelicae Sinensis Radix, Carthami Flos, Chuanxiong Rhizoma, etc., the commonly used drugs categories were blood activating herbs, tonic herbs and heat-clearing herbs. The rules of medication of TCM for diabetes, diabetic neurological complications, diabetic nephropathy and diabetic cardiovascular complications showed similar characteristics, tonic herbs were used the most frequently, supplemented by blood activating herbs, heat-clearing herbs and damp-clearing herbs. However, the principle of formula is a little different for different types of diabetes and diabetic complications, specifically. The prescriptions for diabetes and diabetic neurological complications consist of tonic herbs as the principal, supplemented by blood activating herbs and heat-clearing herbs; The prescriptions for diabetic nephropathy are composed of tonic herbs as the principal, supplemented by blood activating herbs and damp-clearing herbs, as well as tonic herbs and blood activating herbs were equal components in the prescriptions for diabetic cardiovascular complications, supplemented by heat-clearing herbs.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698646

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: A tooth can be led to lose viability, split easily and miss immune defensive response by pulpitis and pulp necrosis. Determining how to achieve dental pulp regeneration has become a research focus in dentistry. The physicochemical properties and biocompatibility of scaffold materials are crucial for proliferation and differentiation of stem cells. OBJECTIVE: To study whether a gelatin scaffold can induce dental pulp stem cells to differentiate into fibroblasts.METHODS: Gelatin scaffolds at different concentrations were prepared by electrospinning method. The surface morphology and physical properties of gelatin scaffolds were tested by using scanning electron microscope and tensile tests. The human dental pulp stem cells (hDPSCs) were seeded on the scaffolds and the cell proliferation and fibrogenic differentiation were tested using MTT and RT-PCR. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: The fiber diameter of the 7.5% gelatin scaffold was (2.02±0.36) μm, and it was increased to (3.15±0.52) μm after cross-linking. In the 15% gelatin scaffold, fiber bonding was detected and strengthened until the emergence of flat structures after cross-linking. Both 7.5% and 15% gelatin scaffolds could promote the adhesion and growth of hDPSCs. On day 7, the cell number on the 7.5% gelatin scaffold was significantly higher than that on the 15% gelatin scaffold (P < 0.05). The levels of Collagen I, α-SMA, Periostin and Fibronectin were also higher in the 7.5% gelatin scaffold than in the 15% gelatin scaffold (P < 0.05). In conclusion, 7.5% gelatin scaffold is more beneficial to the proliferation and fibrogenic differentiation of hDPSCs.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-704261

ABSTRACT

A taeniasis/cysticercosis information management system was designed to achieve the dynamic monitoring of the epidemic situation of taeniasis/cysticercosis and improve the intelligence level of disease information management.The system in-cludes three layer structures(application layer,technical core layer,and data storage layer)and designs a datum transmission and remote communication system of traffic information tube in Browser/Server architecture.The system is believed to promote disease datum collection.Additionally,the system may provide the standardized data for convenience of datum analysis.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-815819

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To assess the risk of secondary transmission induced by imported malaria in Jiangxi Province,so as to provide the evidence for adjustment of malaria surveillance strategies in the key groups and areas. Methods The Delphi method was used to establish the secondary transmission risk indicator system and the weight of each index was obtained. The data of malaria prevalence,vector distribution and intervention capacity were collected in 100 counties of Jiangxi Province from 2012 to 2015. The transmission potential index(TPI),intervention capacity index(ICI),and malaria risk index(MRI)were calculated for each county. The risk map was drawn with GIS software. Results The top ten counties with highly potential risk indicators were Linchuan District(2.131),Xinzhou District(1.609),Jiujiang County(1.404),Zhanggong District(1.365), Fengcheng City(1.225),Qingshanhu District(1.184),Yudu County(1.171),Dingnan County(1.018),Xunyang District(1.015)and Zhushan District(1.006). The high risk areas were mainly distributed in the regions of the capitals of their prefectures and in counties with more floating population. Conclusions There are the risk of the secondary transmission induced by imported malaria in Jiangxi Province. The high risk of the secondary transmission is shown in the areas with more floating population and weaker intervention capacity.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-493723

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of the imported malaria cases in 20 counties at the bor?der region of Yunnan Province from 2012 to 2014,so as to provide the evidence?based proof for adjusting the strategies in the elimination stage. Methods The malaria epidemic data of the 20 border counties in Yunnan Province from 2012 to 2014 were collected and analyzed by using Microsoft Excel 2010. Results From 2012 to 2014,a total of 1 558 malaria cases were report?ed in the 20 border counties in Yunnan Province,among which,1 336 were imported cases,accounting for 85.75%(1 336/1 558),and 222 were indigenous cases,accounting for 14.25%(222/1 558). The number of the imported cases in the above years took up 80.00%(544/680),89.10%(425/477)and 91.52%(367/401)of the total reported cases in the whole year,re?spectively. Among all the 1 336 imported cases,1 045(78.22%)were infected with Plasmodium vivax,284(21.26%)were in?fected with P. falciparum,3 were infected with P. malariae,3 were mixed infection and 1 was an unclassified case;2 patients died. And 95.58%of the cases were mainly infected in Myanmar(1 277 cases). Young and middle?aged adult of 20-40 years who worked overseas were the predominant(802 cases,60.03%)and most of the cases occurred from April to June of the year (679 cases,50.82%). Those cases mainly distributed in Tengchong(459 cases),Ruili(366 cases),Yingjiang(191 cases)and Mangshi(78 cases). Conclusions The epidemic situation of imported malaria is serious in the border region of Yunnan Prov?ince. Therefore,the surveillance system of malaria control needs to be well planned and managed to ensure timely case detection and prompt response at the elimination and post?elimination stage.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-506543

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the risk assessment model of Cryptosporidium laboratory,so as to provide the basis for laboratory personnel engaging in the operation of Cryptosporidium. Methods Firstly,the risk factors of Cryptosporidium infec?tion in laboratory were determined by the literature and Delphi,and then the weights of risk factors were determined by fuzzy an?alytic hierarchy process. A risk assessment model for laboratory biosafety of Cryptosporidium was established. Results Com?pared to the indexes,based on the risk assessment model,stool sample processing was the two steps in the laboratory with high risk of infection and high risk factors,with the combination weights of risk possibility and hazard rating were 0.111 and 0.107, respectively. Conclusion The risk assessment model established is feasible. It can be used to make some suggestions for the re?lated laboratory staff.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-605928

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the tempo?spatial patterns of schistosomiasis in Jiangling County,Hubei Province,so as to identify the risk areas and provide the scientific evidence in following intervention plans for marshland epidemic areas in the stage of transmission control. Methods The schistosomiasis epidemiological data in Jiangling County from 2009 to 2013 to?gether with the related geographical information were collected and analyzed. The tempo?spatial distribution patterns were ana?lyzed by the spatial autocorrelation analysis and spatial clustering analysis. Results The human infection rate was decreased from 2.15%in 2009 to 0.63%in 2013,which was the historically low level. The results of tempo?spatial analysis showed that there were spatial clustering effects in human schistosomiasis infection for each of the years. The values of spatial autocorrelation index Moran’s I were statistically significant. Eighteen and thirty?five clusters were detected by using SatScan and FlexScan soft?ware,respectively. Conclusions From 2009 to 2013,the schistosomiasis endemic situation in Jiangling County presented a decline trend and reached the historical low level. The identified spatial clustering areas should be targeted as the prioritized ar?eas for schistosomiasis control.

12.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1195-1198, 2009.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-292742

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Mesenteric artery thrombosis is prone to occur at specific arterial regions with different fluid flow patterns, yet mechanistic links between blood flow and vascular function remain unclear. This study aimd to investigate the role of blood flow in regulation of vascular function and gene expression in rats.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Isometric tension was recorded in wire myograph to examine vascular function of specific regions (trunk parts and proximal parts from the origin) with different blood flow in superior mesenteric artery (SMA). Endothelial nitric oxide syntheses (eNOS), phosphorylated-eNOS (p-eNOS), serine-threonine kinase Akt and phosphorylated-Akt (p-Akt) protein expressions in SMA were examined by Western blotting. Significance was analyzed using a Student's t test or analysis of variance (ANOVA) followed by a Dunnett's multiple-comparison post hoc test.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with trunks, proximal parts exhibited severely impaired relaxant responses to acetylcholine (Ach) (1 nmol/L to 10 micromol/L) (P < 0.01). p-eNOS and p-Akt protein levels were significantly reduced in proximal parts of SMA (0.37 +/- 0.03, 0.42 +/- 0.03 respectively) versus trunk parts (0.82 +/- 0.03, 0.72 +/- 0.03 respectively, both P < 0.05) while total eNOS and Akt expressions remain comparable in both regions by Western blotting analysis (0.70 +/- 0.03 vs 0.82 +/- 0.03; 0.70 +/- 0.03 vs 0.77 +/- 0.03 respectively, both P > 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Critical components that drive the vascular function and influence the localization of mesenteric artery thrombosis are flow-responsive elements within the vascular endothelium.</p>


Subject(s)
Acetylcholine , Pharmacology , Animals , Gene Expression Regulation , Male , Mesenteric Artery, Superior , Metabolism , Physiology , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type III , Metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt , Metabolism , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Shear Strength , Vasodilation , Vasodilator Agents , Pharmacology
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL