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Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 763-768, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754711


The Letournel-Judet classification system for acetabular fractures is widely used, but there are still some shortcomings, such as incomplete classification and confusion of classification concepts, which cannot effectively guide the treatment. Professor Hou Zhiyong proposed and elaborated an improved acetabular fracture classification system based on the concept of three columns of acetabulum. However, the credibility and repeatability of the classification still lacked validation from clinical data. In this regard, the author included 463 patients with relatively complete imaging data admitted to Third Hospital of Hebei Medical University and Honghui Hospital affiliated to Xi'an Jiaotong University Medical College in the past five years. Four trauma orthopedists classified the patients according to the modified classification method of acetabular fracture. After two months, the original sequence of imaging data was disrupted and re-classified by the same trauma orthopedists. The consistency of the classification was evaluated by Kappa test and compared with Letournel-Judet classification. The results showed that credibility and repeatability of the modified classification were higher than Letournel-Judet classification, suggesting the feasibility of clinical application.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-480467


Objective To explore the change in anatomical volume during intensity?modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) for different stages of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) and its influence on dose distribution, and to assess the necessity to modify the IMRT plan. Methods Twenty?four patients with newly diagnosed NPC who received IMRT and chemotherapy were enrolled in the study, and were divided into early?intermediate group ( 12 cases ) and locally advanced group ( 12 cases ) according to the 2008 staging system for NPC. Each patient had a repeated CT scan at week 5 of radiotherapy, and target volume and organs at risk ( OAR) were contoured. The dose distribution of the original plan shown on CT was calculated. Changes in target volume, OAR anatomical volume, and dose distribution were analyzed, and paired t?test and Spearman correlation analysis were performed. Results In the early?intermediate group, gross target volume of neck positive lymph nodes (GTVnd) was reduced during radiotherapy (P=0. 059), and gross target volume of nasopharynx ( GTVnx ) , high?risk clinical target volume ( CTV1 ) , and parotid volume were reduced significantly during radiotherapy ( P= 0. 001, 0. 012, 0. 002, and 0. 000, respectively) . In locally advanced group, GTVnx , GTVnd , CTV1 , and parotid volume were significantly reduced during IMRT (P=0. 000, 0. 000, 0. 003, 0. 003, and 0. 000, respectively). Compared with the values before radiotherapy, the parotid dose increased significantly in the two groups during IMRT ( P=0. 044, 0. 026, 0. 033, and 0. 026, respectively;P=0. 024, 0. 016, 0. 030, and 0. 015, respectively) , and the increase in GTVnd dose was observed in the locally advanced group ( P= 0. 029 and 0. 049 ) . Conclusions It is recommended to perform another CT scan for patients with locally advanced NPC at week 5 of radiotherapy and formulate a new IMRT plan to maintain target volume dose and guarantee a safe parotid dose.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-443243


Objective To investigate the prognostic value of maximum diameter in axial plane of primary tumor (MDAPPT) on MRI in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC).Methods From 2005 to 2007,333 patients with newly diagnosed and biopsy-proven NPC without distant metastasis,who underwent MRI scans of the nasopharynx and neck,were included in our study.MDAPPT was measured on MRI.The univariate analysis with the log-rank test and multivariate analysis with the Cox proportional hazards model were used to analyze the relationship between MDAPPT and prognosis.Results The median values of MDAPPT in patients with T1,T2,T3,and T4 NPC were 21.2,30.0,38.0,and 52.3 mm,respectively.For all patients with a MDAPPT of ≤30 mm,> 30-50 mm,and > 50 mm,the 5-year overall survival (OS) rates were 81.3%,70.1%,and 51.5%,respectively (P =0.000) ; the 5-year progression-free survival (PFS) rates were 81.3%,70.0%,and 48.9%,respectively (P =0.000) ;the 5-year distant metastasisfree survival (DMFS) rates were 85.5 %,86.5 %,and 67.2 %,respectively (P =0.000) ; the 5-year local relapse-free survival (LRFS) rates were 97.7%,91.5%,and 83.3%,respectively (P =0.013).The multivariate analysis showed that MDAPPT was a prognostic factor for PFS and DMFS.For the T3-T4 patients with a MDAPPT of ≤50 mm and >50 mm,the 5-year OS rates were 69.4% and 52.2% (P =0.004),the 5-year PFS rates were 68.0% and 49.6% (P =0.001),and the 5-year DMFS rates were 84.0% and 66.8% (P=0.001).In the patients with a MDAPPT ≤30 mm,the 5-year LRFS rates for those with T1,T2,T3,and T4 NPC were 10 0 %,9 5.8 %,9 6.3 %,and 10 0 %,respectively (P =0.6 4 3).Conclusions MDAPPT is a prognostic factor for PFS and DMFS in NPC,and it is an important prognostic factor in patients with T3-T4 NPC.In the NPC patients with a small MDAPPT,local control rate varies little in different T stages.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-434888


Objective To evaluate the prognostic impact of MRI-detected prevertebral space involvement in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) treated with radiotherapy and chemotherapy.Methods A retrospective analysis was performed on the clinical data of 333 patients who had newly diagnosed biopsyproven NPC without distant metastasis from 2005 to 2007.All patients underwent MRI scans of the nasopharynx and neck and were treated with two-and three-dimensional radiotherapy without or without chemotherapy.The Kaplan-Meier method was used to calculate overall survival (OS),distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS),and locoregional relapse-free survival (LRFS),and the log-rank test was used for survival difference analysis;the Cox proportional hazards regression analysis was used to assess the prognostic value of prevertebral space involvement.Results The follow-up rate was 95.2%.Prevertebral space involvement was seen in 139(41.7%) of these patients.The patients with prevertebral space involvement had significantly higher T stage and clinical stage than those without prevertebral space involvement (x2 =90.41,P =0.000;x2 =54.03,P =0.000).The 5-year OS,DMFS,and LRFS for NPC patients with and without prevertebral space involvement were 58.8% vs.77.5% (x2 =11.95,P =0.000),77.8% vs.85.0%(x2=2.56,P=0.110),and 88.3% vs.91.8% (x2=1.51,P=0.220),respectively.After adjusting for N stage,a significant difference was still seen between the two groups with regard to 5-year OS (x2 =9.93,P =0.002).The multivariate analysis showed that prevertebral space involvement was not the independent prognostic factor for OS,DMFS,and LRFS (x2 =0.43,P =0.512 ; x2 =0.08,P =0.783 ; x2 =0.00,P =0.971).Conclusions The frequency of prevertebral space involvement is very high in NPC.The OS for the patients with prevertebral space involvement is significantly lower than those without prevertebral space involvement.But prevertebral space involvement is not the independent prognostic factor in NPC patients.