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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876507

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the correlation of bone age and bone mineral density with age, height and weight of short children. Methods Sixty-four short children who were consulted and treated at the author's hospital from January 2016 to October 2018 were selected as research subjects. The general information including age, sex, height and weight of the children were recorded. The ultrasound bone density test was carried out at the same time. The bone mineral density and bone age were evaluated through plain carpal bone radiograph. The relationship between different bone age and bone mineral density value with age, height and weight was analyzed. Results The actual age of the enrolled children was positively correlated with bone mineral density and bone age (boys r=0.658, 0.919, girls r=0.641, 0.906). The height of the enrolled children was positively correlated with bone mineral density and bone age (boy r=0.561, 0.326, girls r=0.586, 0.349). The weight of the enrolled children was positively correlated with bone mineral density and bone age (boys r=0.340, 0.314, girls r=0.395, 0.282). Conclusion The bone age and bone mineral density of short children were positively correlated with their age, height and weight. In clinical diagnosis and treatment, the use of bone age and bone mineral density as a guide can produce more significant effects, which can be used as scientific indicators for the evaluation and prediction of short children.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-710646

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the efficacy and safety of single bolus high dose (SD group) ATG-Fresenius induction therapy in kidney transplantation vs.multiple low dose (MD group) administration.Methods A multiple center,prospective,randomized and controlled clinical study was performed on 280 de novo renal transplant recipients from 19 centers.Patients were randomized into 2 groups as follows:SD group,a single high dose (7-9 mg/kg) of ATG-F infused as an induction agent before the vessel anastomoses;MD group,2 mg/kg of ATG-F daily administrated in postoperative 4 days.All the patients accepted maintenance immunosuppressive protocol including tacrolimus,mycophenolate and prednisone.Patients were assessed and data were collected at regular schedule clinic visits on the day 1,3,7,14,30,90,180,270 and 365.The primary end point of efficacy was therapeutic failure rate [the number of death,grafts loss and acute rejection (AR)].The event first occurred should be used in the classification of patients.The non-inferiority evaluation of the two treatment regimens was done based on treatment failure rate.The secondary end points of efficacy were the incidence of AR,delayed graft function (DGF),1-year survival rate of patients and grafts,and serum creatinine at each visiting point.The indicators for safety evaluation included hemotologic variation and incidence of adverse events.Results The therapeutic failure rate in SD group was non-inferior to the MD group (17.24% vs.23.08%).AR was the major cause of therapeutic failure and there was similar incidence of AR between SD gronp and MD group (12.07% vs.21.37%).There was no significant difference in the incidence of DGF between SD group and MD group (12.07% vs.6.84%,P =0.1721).The 1-year patient's survival rate and 1-year graft survival rate in SD group and MD group showed no significant difference (96.55% vs.98.29%,P =0.6714;94.83% vs 98.29%,P =0.2750).The serum creatinine level showed no significant differences between two groups at each visit point.There was also no significant difference in total incidence of adverse events between the two groups.In addition,there was also no statistically significant difference in the incidence of concerned and drug-related adverse events between the two groups,including infection,hemotologic abnormality,liver or renal dysfunction,gastrointestinal disorder,etc.After ATG--F administration,peripheral blood lymphocytes in the SD and the MD group immediately decreased but nearly restored to the normal level on the postoperative day 30 and 90 respectively.No severe granulocytopenia,erythropenia or thrombocytopenia occurred in both two groups.Conclusion The efficacy and safety of single high dose of ATG-F induction are non-inferior to multiple low dose ATG-F induction,moreover,single high dose of ATG-F induction is administered more conveniently and economically.

3.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 2281-2287, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-617134

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effects of thymus transplantation(TT)combined with CD4--DLI on T cell reconstitution after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation(allo-HSCT). Methods BALB/c mice were randomly divided into three groups:hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT group),hematopoietic stem cell transplantation combined with thymus transplantation(TT group)and hematopoietic stem cell transplanta-tion combined with thymus transplantation plus CD4+ T cell-depleted lymphocyte infusion(CD4--DLI group). On day-1,the mice were treated with the lethal dose of radiotherapy. On day 0,C57BL/6 mice were used as donor for hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. The mice were sacrificed on 5 days,2 weeks,4 weeks and 3 months after transplantation,respectively. The peripheral blood and spleen cells of mice were collected for determinations of T cell surface antigen,T cell receptor,naive T cells and intracellular cytokines. HE staining was used to assess the development of donor thymus. Results TT and CD4--DLI did not impair each other′s effects on T cell reconstitu-tion. TT combined with CD4--DLI increased the number of T cell reconstruction. CD4--DLI promoted the effect of TT on enlargement naive CD4+and CD8+T cell pool. Combination of TT and CD4--DLI enhanced the cytokine pro-duction of T cells. Conclusion TT combined with CD4--DLI had no side effects on TCR repertoire and thymus. Conclusion TT combined with CD4--DLI can enhance the reconstitution of T cell number and function via thymus dependent and thymus independent mechanism.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-458408

ABSTRACT

OBJECTlVE To investigate the association between CYP3A5 genotypes and the early efficacy of tacrolimus ( Tac) and cyclosporin A ( CsA) in renal transplantation recipients, and provide a basis for individualized treatment. METHODS Seventy-four kidney transplantation recipients were en-rolled in this study between August 2012 and April 2013. Thirty-one patients were treated with the combi-nation of CsA, MMF and methylprednisolone while the rest were treated with Tac, MMF and methylpred-nisolone. The genotype CYP3A5 was detected by sequence specific primer-polymerase chain reaction ( SSP-PCR) before transplantation. The levels of Tac and CsA were detected by ELlSA and chemilumi-nescence, respectively, to monitor the blood concentration/dose of drugs ( c/D) at 2 weeks, 1 month, 2 months, 3 months and 6 months after transplantation. Simultaneously, the concentrations of blood glu-cose, creatinine, urea nitrogen and uric acid were determined with hexokinase method, creatininase method, urease method and uricolase method, respectively. RESULTS Among the 74 recipients, 9.5%carried CYP3A5?1/?1, 48.6%carried CYP3A5?1/?3 and 41.9%carried CYP3A5?3/?3. According to the phenotype of CYP3A5, the patients were divided into CYP3A5 expression group ( including CYP3A5?1/?1 and CYP3A5?1/?3) and non-expression group ( including CYP3A5?3/?3) , which accounted for 58.1%and 41.9%of the cases, respectively. Among the patients taking Tac, the median value of c/D at 2 weeks, 1 month, 2 months, 3 months and 6 months was 25.49, 49.64, 53.72, 51.9 and 44.5 in CYP3A5 expression group, and 65.48,100.84,99.54,123.01 and 133.21 in non-expression group. The c/D ratio of CYP3A5 non-expressers was higher than among CYP3A5 expressers at each time point ( P<0.05) . The initial dose of Tac 0.1 mg·kg-1 was high for CYP3A5 non-expressers, and the kidney function recovered more slowly than among CYP3A5 expressers and kidney damage occurred. However, there was no association between CYP3A5 genotype and the early efficacy of CsA. The levels of blood glucose, creatinine, urea nitrogen and uric acid were not significantly different between CYP3A5 expression and non-expression groups. CONCLUSlON CYP3A5 non-expression recipients whose starting amount of Tac was 0.1 mg·kg-1 have drug overdoses. CYP3A5 genotype is one of the factors affecting the efficacy of Tac. CYP3A5 genotype has no association with the efficacy of CsA in renal transplantation recipients.

5.
Chinese Journal of Pathophysiology ; (12): 1363-1367, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-456633

ABSTRACT

[ABSTRACT]AIM:ToinvestigatetheeffectofimmunosuppressantFK506onserumglucoseinratsandtoex-plore its mechanism .METHODS: Sprague-Dawley rats ( n =12 ) were randomly divided into drug group and normal group.The rats in drug group were intraperitoneally injected with FK 506 at dose of 1 mg· kg-1 · d-1 and the rats in nor-mal group received saline (1 mL· kg-1 · d-1 , ip) for 14 d.The fasting weight and fasting glucose were regularly meas-ured every 2 d.Visceral fat was isolated from the rats at the end of experiment .The mRNA expression of adiponectin , lep-tin, visfatin, resistin, retinol-binding protein 4 ( RBP4) and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors γ( PPAR-γ) was determined by real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR .The protein expression of PPAR-γand adiponectin was measured by Western blotting .RESULTS:Compared with normal group , the concentration of fasting blood glucose in model group was significantly increased from the 10th day (P<0.05).At day 14, the fasting blood glucose of the model group increased from (5.10 ±0.62) mmol/L to (7.73 ±0.73) mmol/L.No significant change of blood glucose in normal group between the 10th day and the 14th day [from (4.66 ±0.32) mmol/L to (5.80 ±0.10) mmol/L] was observed.Compared with normal group , the mRNA expression of PPAR-γ, adiponectin and leptin in the adipose tissue of model group was signifi-cantly decreased ( P <0.01 ) , whereas the expression of visfatin , resistin and RBP4 was significantly increased ( P <0.05).Compared with normal group, the expression of PPAR-γand adiponectin in model group was decreased (P <0.01).CONCLUSION:FK506 may decrease the expression of PPAR-γto change the expression of adipocytokines and induce hyperglycemia in rats .

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-418501

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects and mechanism of Cordyceps sinensis on transplant arteriosclerosis in a rat model Methods Brown Norway aortic allografts were transplanted into Lewis recipient rats,and the recipient rats were randomly divided into four groups:group A,isograft control group,Lewis-Lewis (n =10); group B,allograft control group,BN-Lewis (n =10); groups C and D,allograft experimental groups,BN-Lewis (n =10).Rats were given normal saline via intragastric injection,once every day for 60 days in groups A and group B,and received different doses (1.5 and 3 g·kg-1 ·d 1) of Cordyceps sinensis in groups C and group D respectively.Grafts were harvested on the day 60 after transplantation. Intimal thickness was detected by HE staining.Protein was extracted from the abdominal aortas for Western blotting.Cellular localization was assessed by histology and immunohistochemistry.The serum was analyzed by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Results Transplanted arteries were normal in group A.Transplanted arteries in group A had allograft vasculopathy,and intimal thickness was significantly increased.Transplanted arteries in allograft experimental groups had endometritis changes,and intimal thickness was significantly decreased as compared with that in group B (P < 0.05).Immunohistochemistry and Western blotting revealed that the expression levels of VEGF and PDGF-BB proteins in group A were significantly higher than in group B,and those in groups C and D were significantly reduced as compared with group B (P<0.05).ELISA showed that serum VEGF and PDGF BB concentrations in group B were significantly increased as compared with group A (P<0.05).Serum VEGF and PDGF-BB concentrations were significantly reduced in groups C and D as compared with group B (P<0.05).Conclusion Cordyceps sinensis could significantly inhibit the intimal hyperplasia,and delayed transplant arteriosclerosis caused by chronic rejection,which may be related to the down-regulated expression of VEGF and PDGF-BB.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-418423

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of the polymorphisms of multidrug resistance 1 (MDR1) C3435T and G2677T on Tacrolimus (Tac) individualized treatment and prognosis of grafts in the renal transplantation recipients (RTRs).Methods One hundred and twenty-seven RTRs who treated with Tac regimen and had a stable graft function were enrolled,and were divided into adjuvant treatment group and non-adjuvant treatment group according to whether given adjuvant drugs to raise Tac trough concentrations. MDR1 C3435T and G2677T SNPs were detected by using sequence specific primers PCR.Tac trough concentrations of whole blood were measured by using enzymelabeled immunosorbent assay.Tac concentration-to-dose ratio (C/D) standardized by body weight was compared according to the various genotypes and haplotypes of MDR1 C3435T and G2677TA SNPs.Results Adjuvant treatment group including 36 recipients had a higher frequency of C genotype of C3435T than un-adjuvant treatment group (68.05% vs 48.35%,P < 0.01 ). The frequency of G2677TA polymorphisms was of no significant difference between the two group recipients (P> 0.05).As to non-adjuvant treatment recipients,the mean Tac DD required and C/D were not significantly different among various polymorphisms of MDR1 G2677T/A and C3435T or various haplotypes (P>0.05).During A follow-up period of 4 years,13 recipients suffered graft dysfunction in which 84.6% (11/13) carried 3435C genotype (P>0.05).Conclusion The frequency of MDR1 C3435T polymorphisms in RTRs is high in the recipients given adjuvant treatment to raise Tac concentrations.Recipients with 3435C genotype were prone to graft dysfunction.

8.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 666-670, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-422448

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the molecular mechanism of renal function defects after urinary obstruction and investigate the effect of sirolimus on the expression of γ-ENaC,Na + K + ATPase and AQP2,and its mechanism of renal Water-Electrolyte imbalance following bilateral ureteral obstruction (BUO) in rat kidneys.Methods Forty-eight rats were randomly divided into a sham operation group ( sham group),a BUO group,and a sirolimus treatment after BUO group.Bilateral ureters were exposed and occluded with ligature in the BUO and sirolimus treatment groups.Twenty-four hours later,the obstructed ureters were decompressed by removal of the ligature.The sham animal group underwent identical surgical procedures,but the ureter was simply dissected without removal of the ligature.The sirolimus treatment groups was given sirolimus intragastricly 0.4 ml per day (2 mg/kg · d) from the day before surgery until the rats were scari fled.The sham and BUO groups were given the same volume of intragastric saline.The urine and blood were collected at 4 d,7 d after surgery,and the functional data were observed.The expression of γ-ENaC,Na+K + ATPase and AQP2 were examined by immnohistochemistry and immunoblotting.Results On day four and seven post ureteral obstruction release,urine volume in the BUO group were (85.31 ± 13.15,66.39 ±10.56 ml),significantly higher than that of sham operation (35.36 ± 7.74,33.90 ± 8.03 ml) and sirolimus treatment groups (69.81 ± 10.70 ml,48.57 ± 9.01 ml) (P < 0.05 ).Urine sodium concentrations in the BUO group were (42.17 ± 7.35 mmol/L,43.63 ± 18.39 mmoL/L),significantly lower than that of sham operation ( 170.56 ± 18.39 mmoL/L,172.52 ± 7.35 mmol/L) and sirolimus treatment groups (76.18 ± 13.20 mmol/L,134.28 ± 13.20 mmol/L),P < 0.05.Immunoblotting assay showed that,on day four and seven post rats ureteral obstructions were released,integral optical density of γ-ENaC (2.09 ±0.32,2.27 ±0.35),Na+ K+ATP enzyme (2.41 ±0.48,2.67 ±0.43) and AQP2 (2.17 ±0.45,2.63 ±0.28) in the sirolimus treatment group were significantly higher than those of BUO group ( 1.28 ± 0.21,1.45 ±0.17) (1.99 ±0.28,2.18±0.24) (0.93 ±0.22,1.31 ±0.16),but still lower than the sham group (2.58±0.51,2.60±0.56) (2.89±0.53,2.97 ±0.66) (3.05 ±0.63,3.10±0.67).There were significant differences among all the three groups ( P < 0.05 ).Conclusions The downregulation of γ-ENaC,Na + K + ATPase and AQP2 expression after BUO may contribute to the impaired renal tubular sodium reabsorption,decreased urinary concentration,and postobstructive polyuria.Sirolimus treatment significantly prevents impairment in renal function and also prevents downregulation of y-ENaC,Na + K+ ATPase and AQP2during BUO,demonstrating a marked renoprotective effect of sirolimus treatment in conditions with urinary tract obstruction.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-419879

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a universal stem loop primer (USLP) based real-time PCR method to scan mature miR profile and quantify it's expression.Methods The common universal stem-loop primer pairs were re-designed; 8 random nucleotides were introduced at 3 ' end for reverse transcription of the mature miR,establishing a miR scanning and quantifying system based on SYBR Green Ⅰ PCR (improved USLP method).10-fold gradient diluted standard miRNA-155 cDNA ( 1 ~ 109 copies/μ1) were utilized to evaluate the sensitivity of this method.The specificity was verified by melting curve assay; the precision was assessed by intra-assay coefficient of variation (ICV) of threshold cycle (Ct value) through 20 repeated detections of the standard miR-155 cDNA (2 × 105,2 × 106,2 × 107 copies/μl) ; cost of the primers and time were evaluated,compared with that of the conventional USLP method.Peripheral blood samples were cultured with phytohaemagglutinin (PHA) for0 h,16 h,24 h,48 h and 72 h,and 87 candidate miR that may be associated with human immunity from PubMed data were scanned and quantified from the cultured T cells.Results The sensitivity of the improved USLP method was 103 copies/μl of standard miR-155 cDNA.Melting curve assay showed a single melting peak at 80 ℃,suggesting the excellent PCR specificity of miR-155.Precision of our method quantifying miR-155 was acceptable (ICV < 2.5% ).Compared with the traditional stem loop primers,our method saved 75% cost of primers ( 1 917 bp vs 7 851 bp) and 60% test time of reverse transcription (85 min vs 205 min).By our method,85 of the 87 miR expression in T cells had no significant difference after the PHA stimulation; the expression of miR-150 (72 h) decreased by 10 times and that of miR-155 (48 h) increased 8 times after culture with PHA (Z =-2.032,P =0.042;Z =- 2.023,P =0.043,respectively ).Conclusions The improved USLP method is fast,precise,sensitive,and cost-effective.It could be used for miR profile scanning and quantifying in T cells.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-417395

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effects of mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) on the differentiation and proliferation of Helper T cells 17 (TH 17),so as to reveal its role and the possible mechanism in inducing immunological suppression.Methods Sixteen Balb/c mice of SPF level aged 8 weeks were randomly divided into two groups:MMF group and control group,with 8 mice in each group.In MMF group,the mice received intragastric administration of MMF (40 mg·kg-1· day-1 ),and those in control group received intragastric administration of identical volumetric saline every day.After three weeks,peripheral blood was collected and spleen cells were prepared.Flow cytometry was used to determine the proportions of CD4+ TH 17 and CD4+ CD25+ Tregs,then the ratio of TH 17/Tregs was calculated,and the concentrations of interleukin-1 7 (IL-1 7) and interleukin-23 (IL-23) in serum were measured by ELISA.Results The proportion of CD4+ TH 17 in the peripheral blood and spleen was (1.95 ± 0.08) and (2.42 ± 0.06) in MMF group,and (3.19 ± 0.07)% and (4.21 ± 0.25)% in control group,respectively.There were significant differences between the two groups (P <0.05).Meanwhile,the ratio of TH 17/Tregs in MMF group,both in the peripheral blood and spleen,was significantly decreased as compared with the control group (P<0.05).The concentration of IL-17 in MMF group was lower,but that of IL-23 in MMF group was higher than in the control group (P<0.05).Conclusion MMF could obviously suppress the differentiation and proliferation of CD4+ TH 17 in vivo,reduce the ratio of TH17/Tregs and the IL-17 secretion,thus facilitate the induction of immune tolerance.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-417092

ABSTRACT

Objective To develop the hypothesis ‘saturated or non-saturated cytotoxicity model' and explain the various phenomena of antibody mediated immunoresponses in recipients,including rejection and accommodation.Methods The imitating complement dependent cytotoxicity.The threshold set to identify as saturated or non-saturated cytotoxicity depends on antigen-antibody complex(R)whether or not above lethal number(D)in effective time.Feasibility of the hypothesis was examined through explaining various phenomena mediated by anti-donor antibodies,especially some contradictory phenomena.Results Hyperacute rejection,accelerated rejection and acute rejection could be well explained by saturated cytotoxicity.Accommodation of ABO imcompatible transplantion,de novo antibody induced injury,change of protein profile,and C4d deposition in graft could be well elucidated by the hypothesis.Conclusion The hypothesis saturated or nonsaturated cytotoxicity model' help to interpret and interconnect various phenomena of antibodies mediated immune response,such as rejection and accommodation.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-395772

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the protective effect of hydrodynamics-based injection with plasmids of IL-10, TGF-β1 and TGF-β1 + IL-10 in murine skin transplantation model. Methods Plasmids were constructed by inserting coding sequences of IL-10 and TGF-β1. In F1 mice (Balb/c×C57BL/6, H-2b/d) to Balb/c (H-2d) murine skin transplant model, 20 μg plasmid (blank or IL-10 or TGF-β1 or IL-10 + TGF-β1) was injected to donors by hydrodynamics-based method in first day and every interval 2 days for 6 times. The survival of grafts was observed after 7 days of transplantation. After C56BL/6 spleen cells transfused Balb/c accepted 5 times hydrodynamics-based injection as above,CD4+ CD25+ T regulatory cells of spleen were measured by FACS. Results The survival time of graft in each group was (13.50±1.04)days (blank group), (13.83±1.16)days (IL-10 group), (15.33±1.50) days (TGF-β1 group), and (21.33±3.20) days (IL-10 + TGF-β1 group),respectively (P<0.05). The percentage of CD4+ CD25+ cells was (6. 58±1.86)% (blank group),(10.52±1.13)% (IL-10 group),(14.44±0.42)% (TGF-β1 group),and (14.25±1.24)% (IL-10+TGF-β1 group) respectively (P<0.05). Conclusion Hydrodynamics-based transfection of IL-10 combined with TGF-β1 can synergistically enhance the percentage of CD4+ CD25+ T cells and prolong the graft survival.

13.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 816-819, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-392042

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the factors related to the delayed graft function (DGF). Methods Clinical data of 150 recipients were collected and performed by Cox proportional hazards regression analysis . In addition, the glutathione S-transferase (GST) gene polymorphism of 172 donors and 157 healthy persons was analyzed by multiple PCR and SSP-PCR. Results DGF was observed in 24 patients among 150 recipients. Pretranplantation dialysis mode, PR A levels and recipient gender were uncorrelated with the incidence of DGF(P>0. 05). Urinary volume of the second 24 hours after transplantation was an independent predictor of DGF(RR=1. 002, P = 0. 001). The frequency of donor's null GSTM1 in DGF group was significantly higher than that in non-DGF group(P<0. 05). Conclusions Urinary volume of the second 24 hours after transplantation could be a predictor for DGF. The null GSTM1 in donor might be one of the factors related to the EGF.

14.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 504-507, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-382031

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of rapamycin on renal tissue and function of rats with protein overload nephropathy and to explore the protective mechanism of losartan. Methods Experimental rat models with protein overload nephropathy, induced by intraperiotoneal injection of BSA (2. 0 g/d)into female Wistar rats, were divided into three groups: control group, rapamycin group(injected intraperitoneally with rapamycin) and losartan group(injected intraperitoneally with rapamycin and given orally with losartan). At different time points, the quantity of 24-hour urine protein and renal function were measured, and the morphologic changes of renal tissues were evaluated by HE staining and electron microscope. Results Both at day 7 and day 14, rats received BSA developed intense proteinuria. At day 7, compared with control group, 24-hour proteinuria increased markedly in rapamyein group (P<0.05). Nevertheless,proteinufia was notably alleviated in losartan group (P<0.05). At day 14, 24-hour-urine protein of rapamycin group was also significantly higher than that of the losartan group (P<0.05), but therewas no significant difference between control group and losartan group (P>0.05). Proteinuria and intratubular albumin cast formation were alleviated notably in losartan group. The fusion of focal podocytes in rapamycin group was obvious in comparison with control group. Conclusions Rapamycin can agrravate proteinuria in rats with protein overload nephropathy through changing the barrier of glomerular filtration by damaging podocytes. Furthermore, losartan can alleviate severe proteinuria induced by rapamycin.

15.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 614-618, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-381715

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the association of genetic polymorphisms in glutathione S-transferases T1 (GSTrl), M1 (GSTM1) and P1 (GSTP1) with aristolochic acid nephropathy (AAN) of Chinese people in Wenzhou of China. Methods Fifty-nine patientswith AAN (AAN group) including 29 male and 30 female as well as 157 healthy ethnically matched controls (control group) including 93 male and 64 female were enrolled in this study. The genotypes of GSTT1, GSTMI and GSTP1 were determined by multiple PCR and confronting two-pair primers PCR (CTPP-PCR). Results The genotype frequencies of GSTP1 were in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. Compared with the healthy controls, the frequency of GSTT1 null genotype was significantly higher in the patients with AAN (66.1% vs 48.4%,P<0.05). Risk of A.AN for individuals with GSTT1 null genotype was 1.747 fold of those without GSTIl null genotype (95% CI=0.818-3.731). The frequency of GSTM1 null genotype, GSTP1 variant genotypes and GSTP1 G allele in the patients and in the controls were 40.7%, 28.8%, 16.1% and 47.8%, 31.8%, 17.5%, respectively, which were not significantly different. No significant differences were found in prevalence of GSTM1 and GSTP1 gene distribution between patients and controls. Conclusion GSTrl gene polymorphism appears to be associated with susceptibility to AAN in Southern China.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-543109

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the experiences of combined liver-kidney transplantation (CLKTx).Methods Six patients underwent CLKTx in our center. The primary diseases included chronic glomerulonephritis and post-hepatitis B cirrhosis in 4 patients, hepatitis B virus associated nephritis and primary hepatocellular carcinoma in 1 patient, and polycystic kidney and polycystic liver in 1 patient. Cyclosporine A (or tarcrolimus), mycophenolate mofetil and methylprednisolone were applied to prevent rejection. Four cases of post-hepatitis B cirrhosis received lamivudine. And hepatitis B immunogloblin was given to 4 patients for a short term.Results All 6 liver grafts had good primary function. Five renal grafts had good primary function within one week post-transplantation. One patient with delayed kidney graft function needed supportive hemodialysis. The serum creatinine was declined to normal level 52 days post-operation. Pleural effusion occurred in all 6 patients among which 2 patients needed surgical drainage. Two patients had to be treated for bacterial pneumonia and pneumocystis carinii pneumonia respectively. Three patients needed lipid-lowering therapy at early time post-operation. At the last follow-up, all 6 patients were alive with normal renal graft function and liver graft function. The panel reactive antibody (PRA) of one patient was 23 % before transplantation, and remained at about 8 % post-transplantation. The serum HBsAg and HBV DNA of all 4 post- hepatitis B cirrhosis patients became negative post-transplantation.Conclusion CLTx is a safe procedure for combined hepatic and renal end-stage disease with excellent short-term results.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-539886

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate whether the mortality and death causes of renal transplant recipients have changed from 1985 to 2002 in our center.Methods 145 cases of renal transplant recipients who died during 1985 to 2002 were divided into 3 groups: 1985 to 1990,1991 to 1996,1997 to 2002. The death causes and the mortality on the 1st ,2nd,3rd,4th and 5th year post transplant of each group were reviewed.Results During the three periods,the 1st,2nd,and 3rd year mortality was decreased. Infection as a cause of death fell from 31.8 % to 29.2 % and 26.7 % . Whereas death from liver disease,cancer and cardiovasvular diseases was increased.Conclusions The mortality is decreased. Infection,cardiovascular diseases,liver diseases and cancer were the main causes of death after transplantation from 1985 to 2002. It is important to prevent these diseases and treat them effectively in order to improve the recipients' survival rate.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-561543

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the incidence and clinical characteristics of urinary carcinoma in the patients with aristolochic acid nephropathy(AAN)in uremia stage who received maintenance hemodialysis or renal transplantation.Methods The data of 38 AAN patients who had received renal replacement therapy and treated in the authors' service from Mar.2000 to Dec.2006 were reviewed,and the incidence and clinical pathological features of urinary carcinoma in these 38 AAN patients were summarized,in order to look for correlation between the frequency of hemodialysis and the occurrence of carcinoma.Results 15 of the 38 AAN patients received hemodialysis,and the remaining 23 patients underwent renal transplantation.During the follow-up period,seven patients who received hemodialysis were reported to have developed urinary carcinoma,the incidence was 46.7%(7/15),which was significantly higher than the incidence in patients who had undergone renal transplantation(3/23,13.0%;P0.05).Conclusion The prevalence of urinary carcinoma was much lower in the AAN patients who had undergone successful renal transplantation than in those patients who received only maintenance hemodialysis.Renal transplantation may be of a better treatment for the AAN patients in uremia stage.There was no correlation between the frequency of hemodialysis and the incidence of carcinoma.

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