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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009139

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the needle puncture safety and clinical efficacy of manual reduction combined with external fixation of ankle frame in the treatment of trimalleolar fracture under the guidance of Chinese Osteosynthesis (CO) theory.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 118 patients with trimalleolar fractures admitted from December 2010 to December 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. Fifty-three patients were treated with manual reduction combined with external fixation of ankle frame(observation group). Sixty-five patients were treated with open reduction and internal fixation with plate and screws(control group). The operation time, hospitalization days, non-weight-bearing time of the affected limb, clinical healing time of fracture, incidence of complications, visual analogue scale (VAS) before and 1 month after operation, and American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society(AOFAS) score of ankle joint before and 1 year after operation were compared between the two groups.@*RESULTS@#Patients in both groups were followed up for more than 1 year. All patients were followed up, and the duration ranged from 14 to 70 months, with an average of(35.28±14.66) months. There were statistically significant in operation time, hospitalization days, non-load-bearing time of affected limbs, clinical healing time of fractures and VAS score one month after operation between the two groups. One month after operation, the VAS score of the observation group was lower than that of the control group(t=3.343, P=0.001). The operation time of the observation group was significantly shorter than that of the control group(t=9.091, P=0.000). The hospitalization days in the observation group were significantly less than those in the control group(t=5.034, P=0.000). The non-load-bearing time of the affected limb in the observation group was significantly shorter than that in the control group(t=11.960, P=0.000). The clinical healing time of fracture in the observation group was significantly shorter than that in the control group(t=4.007, P=0.000). There was no significant difference in AOFAS score between the two groups one year after operation(t=0.417, P=0.678). In the observation group, there were 2 cases of pinhole infection and 3 cases of loss of reduction less than 2 mm. There were 3 cases of surgical incision infection in the control group. There was no significant difference in the incidence of complications between the two groups(χ2=0.446, P=0.504).@*CONCLUSION@#Manual reduction combined with external fixation is safe and effective in the treatment of trimalleolar fracture under the guidance of CO theory, and the function of ankle joint recovers well after operation. This therapy has good clinical value.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ankle Fractures/surgery , Ankle Joint/surgery , East Asian People , External Fixators , Lower Extremity , Retrospective Studies , Manipulation, Orthopedic/methods , Fracture Fixation/methods , Open Fracture Reduction/methods , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-250691

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study soft tissue changes observed through musculoskeletal ultrasound (MSUS) in the treatment of knee osteoarthritis with needle-knife, so as to provide MSUS basis for needle-knife in the treatment of knee osteoarthritis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Forty patients with knee osteoarthritis treated in the Third Affiliated Hospital of Beijing University of Chinese Medicine from December 2011 to December 2012 were selected according to inclusion and exclusion criteria. All the patients were treated with needle-knife release method. The VAS scores and knee joint circumference were recorded before treatment and 2 weeks after treatment. The changes of knee joint hydrops articuli and joint synovial thickness were measured through MSUS.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The knee pain index was 6.850 +/- 1.417 before treatment and 2.790 +/- 1.299 after treatment;the index after treatment was lower than that of before treatment. The knee joint circumference was 407.320 +/- 45.151 mm before treatment and 391.240 +/- 41.129 mm after treatment; the knee joint circumference decreased after treatment. The amount of hydrops articuli observed by musculoskeletal ultrasound showed that 47 knees were cured, 19 knees improved and 2 knees failed. The synovial membrane thickness: 43 knees cured, 17 knees improved and 8 knees failed.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The hydrops articuli and synovial thickness of knee joint of patients with knee osteoarthritis observed under the MSUS is consistent with the main symptoms and signs, which suggests that MSUS observation on soft tissue changes before and after needle knife in the treatment of knee osteoarthritis with high reliability.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Knee Joint , Diagnostic Imaging , Pathology , Needles , Osteoarthritis, Knee , Diagnostic Imaging , Pathology , General Surgery , Pain , Synovial Membrane , Pathology , Treatment Outcome , Ultrasonography
3.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 164-167, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-238935

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the failure mechanisms of revision hip arthroplasties and evaluate the effects of surgical technique, prosthesis design and patient-related risk factors on different failure mechanisms.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A review of all revision hip arthroplasties from November 1995 to June 2008 identified 30 patients who underwent 30 revisions with 18 males and 12 females. The overall mean age for primary arthroplasties was 49 years (range 25-68 years) and 53 years (range 27-72 years) for index revision arthroplasties and the average interval between these two operations was 43.8 months (0-156 months). The failure mechanisms of index revision arthroplasties and primary arthroplasties were assessed and compared. Direct comparisons were made of data for the different age categories in terms of time to failures and reasons for failures.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Regarding revision or prosthesis removal as the end point of the study, the reasons for 30 revision arthroplasties were aseptic loosening in 22 hips (73.3%), infection in 4 hips (13.3%), periprosthetic fracture in 3 hips and instability in 1 hip (3.3%). The overall mean age for last arthroplasties or prosthesis removal was 58 years (range 38-77 years) with an average interval of 78.8 months (range 1-216 months) from previous revision arthroplasties. The mean time to failure for patients above 60 years of age was significantly shorter than patients below 60 years of age (P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The majority of failure mechanisms of revision hip arthroplasties are ineffective fixation of revisional implants and recurrence of local infection, which reveals the limitations to joint reconstruction philosophy and surgical technique.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Follow-Up Studies , Periprosthetic Fractures , Prosthesis Failure , Reoperation , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Surgical Wound Infection , Treatment Failure
4.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 168-171, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-238934

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To summarize the detailed failure mechanisms of revision hip arthroplasties and related risk factors.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From November 1988 to July 2008 revision of total hip arthroplasties was performed in 327 patients. The medical history, clinical and imaging material and operation records were investigated.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Regarding revision as the end point of the study, the reasons for 327 revision arthroplasties were aseptic loosening in 226 hips (69.1%), infection in 52 hips (15.9%), periprosthetic fracture in 22 hips (6.7%), instability in 17 hips (5.2%), stem fracture in 5 hips (1.5%) and liner dissociation in 5 hips (1.5%).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The main failure mechanisms of primary hip arthroplasties are aseptic loosening and infection of implants, which could be attributed to improper selection of operation indications and implants and limitations to surgical philosophy and technique.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Periprosthetic Fractures , Prosthesis Failure , Reoperation , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Surgical Wound Infection , Treatment Failure
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