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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991169


Glioblastoma(GBM)is a lethal cancer with limited therapeutic options.Dendritic cell(DC)-based cancer vaccines provide a promising approach for GBM treatment.Clinical studies suggest that other immu-notherapeutic agents may be combined with DC vaccines to further enhance antitumor activity.Here,we report a GBM case with combination immunotherapy consisting of DC vaccines,anti-programmed death-1(anti-PD-1)and poly I:C as well as the chemotherapeutic agent cyclophosphamide that was integrated with standard chemoradiation therapy,and the patient remained disease-free for 69 months.The patient received DC vaccines loaded with multiple forms of tumor antigens,including mRNA-tumor associated antigens(TAA),mRNA-neoantigens,and hypochlorous acid(HOCl)-oxidized tumor lysates.Furthermore,mRNA-TAAAs were modified with a novel TriVac technology that fuses TAAs with a destabilization domain and inserts TAAs into full-length lysosomal associated membrane protein-1 to enhance major histo-compatibility complex(MHC)class Ⅰ and Ⅱ antigen presentation.The treatment consisted of 42 DC cancer vaccine infusions,26 anti-PD-1 antibody nivolumab administrations and 126 poly I:C injections for DC infusions.The patient also received 28 doses of cyclophosphamide for depletion of regulatory T cells.No immunotherapy-related adverse events were observed during the treatment.Robust antitumor CD4+and CD8+T-cell responses were detected.The patient remains free of disease progression.This is the first case report on the combination of the above three agents to treat glioblastoma patients.Our results suggest that integrated combination immunotherapy is safe and feasible for long-term treatment in this patient.A large-scale trial to validate these findings is warranted.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-282249


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate Chinese herbs with the effect on significantly improving the cognitive function and retention of patients with Alzheimer's disease.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>AD mouse models were established by injecting poly-beta-AP25-35 into the cerebral ventricle of mice. The curative effects of traditional Chinese herbs Dangguishaoyaosan, Chaihujialonggumulitang and two herbs (CHP I and CHP II) developed by the authors on improving the memory and cognitive function of AD mouse models were studied by the detection of behavioral and histochemical tests, with piracetam serving as control.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>CHP II has profound curative effects on improving the memory and cognitive function of AD-like animal model.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The present study indicates that it has a satisfactory prospect to seek new drugs from Chinese herbs to treat AD.</p>

Animals , Male , Mice , Acorus , Chemistry , Alzheimer Disease , Psychology , Brain , Pathology , Cognition , Drug Combinations , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Lycium , Chemistry , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Random Allocation , Retention, Psychology
Microbiology ; (12)1992.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-685871


The process of U(VI) biosorption by freshwater algae Chlorella pyrenoidosa and its absorption mechanism, absorption thermodynamics and absorption kinetics were investigated in this paper. The effects of pH, contact time, initial U(VI) concentration and temperature on biosorption were studied respectively. Research result showed that the absorption effect of U(VI) by Chlorella pyrenoidosa was affected by pH value of solution to a great extent, the absorption reached its balance within 5 min with optimal pH value 6 and max absorption quantity 2.7 mg/g. On the other hand, the absorption quantity of U(VI) by Chlorella pyrenoidosa was positively correlated with the initial concentration of U(VI); and the absorption quantity did not fluctuate remarkably when temperature was varied at the range of 20℃ to 30℃. Research result also showed that the process of U(VI) absorption was congruent with the second order kinetic model, and the correlation coefficient was high reaching to 0.99. It was suggested that the U(VI) biosorption by Chlorella pyrenoidosa was a complicated process consisting of many simultaneous reactions and could be described by Languir model quite well.