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1.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-379315

ABSTRACT

<p>A 50-year-old man with an extensive thoracic aortic aneurysm underwent staged surgery which consisted of preceding total aortic arch replacement with the frozen elephant trunk technique using J Graft Open Stent Graft<sup>®</sup>, followed by open thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm repair. During the second operation, the descending aorta was cross clamped along with the preexisting stent graft, and Dacron graft was anastomosed directly to the stent graft using a running 4-0 monofilament suture. The anastomosis site was then covered with a short piece of Dacron graft identical with the stent graft in size to secure hemostasis. We herein discuss our approach in this complex case, focusing on prevention of inadvertent events such as deformation of the preexisting stent graft and unexpected bleeding.</p>

2.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-361914

ABSTRACT

A 44-year-old woman with dyspnea on effort was admitted. Aortic stenosis and mitral stenosis and pulmonary hypertension were diagnosed. She underwent surgical treatment for her aortic valve and mitral valve by enlarging the aortic and mitral valve ring and replacing them by modified coupling valve methods. The postoperative course was uneventful and she was discharged on the 21st postoperative day.

3.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-361780

ABSTRACT

Long-term hemodialysis remains a major risk factor for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). In our institution, a surgical strategy for these high risk patients is the complete coronary revascularization with off-pump CABG (OPCAB) using an arterial graft. However in cases of advanced functional disorder, we choose hybrid strategy or reduction strategy, namely the target of surgical intervention is just the key vessel. Aggressive usage of continuous hemodiafiltration (CHDF) to control water and electrolytic balance intra- and post-operatively is an alternative. This study aimed to elucidate whether our strategy is appropriate for hemodialysis patients. We enrolled 608 consecutive patients who underwent CABG between August 1999 and December 2006. Among them, 25 (4.1%) had received regular hemodialysis. As a control group, 100 patients were selected randomly among 583 patients excluding 25 hemodialysis patients. All patients had at least one major complication, and 13 had several major complications. The number of preoperative complications in hemodialysis patients is significantly higher than that of control group. Mean patient age was 66.3±8.7 years. The mean number of diseased vessels was 2.32±0.7, and that of anastomosis per patient was 2.4±1.2. All patients completed the procedure without cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) as a result. Complete revascularization was performed in 22 (88%). The causes of non-completion were a hybrid strategy with PCI in one patient in the early period and a reduction strategy in 2 on account of social indications. Perioperative mortality was 0%, while the major complication was extended pleural effusion in 3 patients and slowly progressive sternal osteomyelitis in one. Mid-term results showed 2 cardiac deaths. The surgical outcome was equivalent in the hemodialysis group and the control group, though each preoperative state was not equal. Our strategy for patients undergoing chronic hemodialysis attained excellent perioperative and mid-term outcomes. We consider OPCAB produced better outcomes. CHDF is an important tool for use in surgical intervention in these patients.

4.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-367230

ABSTRACT

A 64-year-old man who underwent aortic valve replacement with a 25mm Bjork-Shiley valve in 1993 began to have severe anemia and required repeated transfusions by November 2003. Doppler echocardiography showed only mild aortic regurgitation, but revealed turbulent flow around the mechanical valve. Autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA) was diagnosed and he was treated with prednisolone (PSL) starting May 2004. Because of unremitting hemolysis requiring multiple transfusions and the occurrence of renal dysfunction, he underwent rereplacement of the aortic valve with a 25-mm Freestyle valve. His hemolysis and general condition immediately improved. This case suggests the possibility that mild regurgitant jet and turbulent jet stress can cause severe hemolysis when AIHA develops.

5.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-367144

ABSTRACT

A 56-year-old man was admitted with fever of unknown origin and congestive heart failure. Blood cultures grew <i>Streptococcus gordonii</i>. An echocardiographic examination showed vegetation attached to the bicuspid aortic valve and severe aortic regurgitation. Despite the aggressive therapy, an emergency operation had to be performed because it was otherwise impossible to control heart failure. Vegetation was attached to the aortic valve leaflets. There was no noticeable lesion on the aortic annulus, but a myocardial abscess was noted in the left atrial wall. Aortic valve replacement was performed after the myocardial abscess was drained. It was assumed that the myocardial abscess was due to the septic state from Infective endocarditis because it was recognized at a distant zone from the active valvular infection.

6.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-367119

ABSTRACT

Fatal intestinal necrosis developed following off-pump CABG and implantation of a bifurcated vascular prosthesis in a 70-year-old man with unstable angina pectoris and abdominal aortic aneurysm. A CT scan with three-dimensional reconstruction (3D-CT), showed no narrowing or obstruction of the SMA. The patient was scheduled to undergo an extensive resection of the intestine on the 23rd postoperative day. The pathological diagnosis was nonocclusive mesenteric ischemia (NOMI). He died of multiple organ failure on the 38th postoperative day. Early diagnosis of NOMI is essential to lower mortality and postoperative morbidity. Invasive angiography is the gold standard in diagnosis. 3D-CT, a non-invasive method, is an increasingly useful technique, which may allow identification of vascular anatomy and pathology with sufficient detail for diagnosis. Several other causes of acute abdomen, other than mesenteric ischemia, can be ruled out. Therefore, 3D-CT might be useful in screening for NOMI.

7.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-367101

ABSTRACT

A 62-year-old man suddenly felt severe back pain. An enhanced computed tomography (CT) demonstrated an acute Stanford type B dissection and the true lumen was severely compressed by the false lumen. We started conservative therapy because there was no sign of organ ischemia. A 23 days from onset, he developed bilateral limb ischemia and renal failure because the compression of the true lumen increased. After bilateral axillo-femoral bypass the organ ischemia disappeared. Four months later, CT showed the dilatation of the true lumen and occlusion of the bilateral grafts. In spite of graft occlusion, there was no sign of organ ischemia.

8.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-367072

ABSTRACT

We report 4 cases of delayed hypersensitivity reaction to Vancomycin (VCM) after cardiac surgery. Case 1: A patient developed sepsis and mediastinitis after aortic valve replacement (AVR) for aortic valve insufficiency. Case 2: A patient developed mediastinitis after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) for effort angina pectoris. Case 3: A patient developed pneumonia after AVR for aortic valve infective endocarditis. Case 4: A patient developed sepsis after CABG for acute myocardial infarction. All of them received VCM intravenously and their infections improved. However, sudden high fever, skin rush and eosinophilia occurred 12 or 13 days after the initiation of therapy. These symptoms resolved after halting VCM administration. We need to take examine eosinophils when considering further administration of VCM.

9.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-367051

ABSTRACT

A 44-year-old man underwent implantation of a DDD pacemaker for third degree heart block at age 20. The cutaneous pocket for the pulse generator was situated in the left pectoral region. He visited our hospital because of skin ulcer over the pacemaker without any other complaint such as fever or pain. The patient received a new DDD pacemaker system in the right pectoral region and old pacing leads were translocated under the pectoral muscle. However, right pectoral skin ulcer appeared 1 month later. Patch tests revealed a positive reaction to silicon. Wrapping of the pacemaker with a polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) sheet proved to be effective.

10.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-366605

ABSTRACT

This study was designed to assess the correlation of brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels with cardiac function and to determine the usefulness of BNP as a prognostic marker in patients undergoing cardiac valvular surgery. We measured plasma levels of BNP in 53 patients who had undergone aortic valve replacement (AVR) or aortic and mitral valve replacement (DVR) more than 1 year earlier. These cases were divided into the aortic stenosis (AS) group and an aortic regurgitation (AR) group. Fifty-two patients were in NYHA class I, and 43 (82.7%) of them had plasma levels of BNP above the normal range. There were significant correlations between the plasma levels of BNP and ejection fraction (EF) in both the AS and AR groups (<i>r</i>=-0.460, <i>p</i><0.05; <i>r</i>=-0.529, <i>p</i><0.01). In the AR group, BNP showed significant correlations with LVMI and LVDd (<i>r</i>=-0.469, <i>p</i><0.05; <i>r</i>=0.680, <i>p</i><0.0001), whereas, in the AS group, BNP showed no significant correlation with these factors. The most remarkable finding was the development of heart failure in 3 patients whose plasma levels of BNP were over 80pg/ml, despite remaining in NYHA I during follow-up. We concluded that plasma levels of BNP in a late phase after AVR or DVR can be an excellent biochemical marker for predicting of heart failure and overall prognosis.

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