Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 25
Filter
Add filters








Type of study
Year range
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873747

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the epidemiological profiles of echinococcosis cases reported in non-endemic areas of China in the National Notifiable Disease Report System from 2004 to 2016, so as to provide insights into the development of effective surveillance and response measures. Methods The data pertaining to the echinococcosis cases reported in the National Notifiable Disease Report System in 22 non-endemic provinces of China from 2004 to 2016 were collected, and the epidemiological profiles of the reported echinococcosis cases were descriptively analyzed. Results A total of 462 echinococcosis cases were reported in the 22 non-endemic provinces of China from 2004 to 2016, and the number of reported cases increased with time (χ2 = 4.516, P = 0.034). During the 13-year period from 2004 to 2016, the highest number of echinococcosis cases was reported in central and eastern China (56.49%), followed by in northern and northeastern China (30.30%), and the highest number of echinococcosis cases was reported in Henan Province (99 cases). Among the 462 echinococcosis cases reported, there were 234 men and 228 women, and the mean age was (41.42 ± 16.03) years (range, 4 to 86 years), with the highest number of echinococcosis cases reported at ages of 20 to 50 years (63.20%). The highest proportion of occupations was farmers and herdsmen (36.15%), and the greatest source was from echinococcosis-endemic provinces (50.43%); in addition, 97.40% of the echinococcosis cases were reported by hospitals. Conclusions Echinococcosis cases were reported in all 22 non-endemic provinces of China in the National Notifiable Disease Report System from 2004 to 2016, and the number of reported cases appeared an overall tendency for sporadicity and local increase with time. Screening of echinococcosis is recommended among famers and herdsmen at ages of 20 to 50 years from endemic regions by medical institutions in non-endemic regions for timely identification and treatment of echinococcosis cases.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882029

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effectiveness of a new health education pathway for echinococcosis control among primary school students in regions highly prevalent for echinococcosis in China. Methods Six primary schools were randomly selected from echinococcosis hyper-endemic regions, with 13 classes assigned to the intervention group and 9 to the control group, and all students in these 21 classes were recruited as the study subjects. Echinococcosis health education was performed through the pathway of assessing the current status-strengthening the building of teaching resources-focusing on practices in the intervention group, while routine health education was given in the control group. A questionnaire survey was performed to assess the score of echinococcosis control knowledge (including theoretical knowledge score and mean daily practical capability score) before and after the health education interventions to evaluate the effectiveness of this new health education pathway for echinococcosis control. Results The mean score of echinococcosis control knowledge was 68.86 ± 18.70 points at baseline, with the mean theoretical knowledge score of 40.97 ± 10.75 points, and the mean daily practical capability score of 27.89 ± 12.50 points. Clustering analysis showed three types of populations, including “unsatisfactory”, “learn and apply creatively”, and “rote learning”, which accounted for 24.62% (240/975), 45.74% (446/975) and 29.64% (289/975), respectively. The mean score of echinococcosis control knowledge was 81.08 ± 18.15 points in the intervention group during the final assessment, with the mean theoretical knowledge score of 43.65 ± 9.40 points, and the mean daily practical capability score of 37.43 ± 12.22 points, and both were significantly higher relative to baseline (t = −4.201 and −15.202, both P values < 0.01). The mean score of echinococcosis control knowledge was comparable between at baseline (70.55 ± 19.46 points) and final assessment (71.74 ± 19.37 points) in the control group (t = −0.87, P > 0.05). Conclusions The awareness of echinococcosis control knowledge is fair among primary school students in echinococcosis hyper-endemic regions; however, the capability of combining theoretical learning and practices requires to be improved. The health education mode based on the pathway of assessing the current status-strengthening the building of teaching resources-focusing on practices seems to remarkably improve the understanding of echinococcosis control knowledge among primary school students in echinococcosis hyper-endemic regions.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879609

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To establish a screening model for females of reproductive age carrying Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) variants based on a current community health examination platform.@*METHODS@#A total of 61 870 participants were recruited between October 2017 and October 2019. Serum creatine kinase (CK) was measured with a Roche Cobasc 701/702 using an enzymatic rate method. Genetic testing was offered to those with a CK level of ≥ 200 U/L. For carriers of DMD variants, genetic counseling and follow up were provided.@*RESULTS@#For the 61 870 females participating in the program, 1078 were found with raised serum CK (≥ 200 U/L), of which 618 (57.33%) accepted CK re-measurement after at least a two-week interval. One hundred and twenty cases were found with sustained serum CK elevation, of which 6 were confirmed to be definite DMD carriers regardless of family history. Genetic testing was provided to 33 females with a family history for DMD, and 13 were determined as definite carriers. An affected fetus was detected by prenatal diagnosis. After genetic counseling, the parents had opted induced abortion.@*CONCLUSION@#Large-scale DMD carrier screening through a three-step approach based on the current community health examination platform is both feasible and cost effective.


Subject(s)
Female , Genetic Carrier Screening , Genetic Counseling , Genetic Testing , Humans , Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne/genetics , Pregnancy , Prenatal Diagnosis
4.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 43-59, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-757976

ABSTRACT

Regeneration, relying mainly on resident adult stem cells, is widespread. However, the mechanism by which stem cells initiate proliferation during this process in vivo is unclear. Using planarian as a model, we screened 46 transcripts showing potential function in the regulation of local stem cell proliferation following 48 h regeneration. By analyzing the regeneration defects and the mitotic activity of animals under administration of RNA interference (RNAi), we identified factor for initiating regeneration 1 (Fir1) required for local proliferation. Our findings reveal that Fir1, enriched in neoblasts, promotes planarian regeneration in any tissue-missing context. Further, we demonstrate that DIS3 like 3'-5' exoribonuclease 2 (Dis3l2) is required for Fir1 phenotype. Besides, RNAi knockdown of Fir1 causes a decrease of neoblast wound response genes following amputation. These findings suggest that Fir1 recognizes regenerative signals and promotes DIS3L2 proteins to trigger neoblast proliferation following amputation and provide a mechanism critical for stem cell response to injury.

5.
Journal of China Medical University ; (12): 220-224,229, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744829

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the usefulness of three-dimensional reconstruction in the preoperative evaluation of the texture of pituitary tumors. Methods Seventy patients with pituitary tumors admitted to our hospital between January 2015 and July 2018 were enrolled in the study. All patients underwent enhanced MRI scanning before surgery. They were classified into the soft group, medium group, and tough group according to the tumor texture. The patient's clinical data, MRI images, and surgery conditions were collected.The Mimics software was used to reconstruct the three-dimensional models of pituitary adenomas. The volume and surface area of different tumor signal groups were calculated and analyzed. In addition, the relationships between tumor size, tumor resection, and postoperative complications were analyzed. Results The three-dimensionally reconstructed model of the pituitary adenoma had a clear outline and was consistent with the tumor area in the MRI images. The calculated average threshold accurately segmented the images. Grouped by the classification of texture, the differences of the proportions of each part were statistically significant (P < 0.01). According to the ordinal polytomous logistics regression analysis, the proportion of the volume of the higher part positively correlated with the tumor texture (P <0.05), and the ratio of the surface area of the medium part to the overall surface area positively correlated with the tumor texture (P < 0.05).Conclusion The use of Mimics software for 3 D reconstruction of preoperative MRI images can accurately predict the tumor texture in pituitary tumors and can provide a basis for the choice of surgical methods.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818835

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the professional theory, prevention and control practice, experimental diagnosis and other technical skills of parasitic diseases among technicians of all levels of disease control and prevention institutions, so as to provide the evidence for strengthening the capacity building of Chinese professional personnel. Methods According to the method of recommendation at all levels, the subjects from disease control and prevention institutions at province, prefecture or county levels were chosen to assess the theory of parasitic diseases and test operation skills by using the method of answering the questions together with on-site operations in China. A database was built consisting of subjects’ basic information and assessment scores. By using the method of hierarchical classification, the scores by gender, age, professional title, institutions and places of participants were analyzed. Results A total of 124 professions in prevention and treatment of parasitic diseases in 31 provinces (cities and regions) were evaluated in China. The average total score of all the subjects was 125.0 ± 35.2, with a passing rate of 54.8%. The average scores of male subjects and female subjects were 120.8 ± 34.2 and 126.6 ± 35.4 respectively; the average scores of the subjects aged under 30 years, between 30 and 40 years, and above 40 years were 125.6 ± 33.6, 124.9 ± 35.8, and 119.3 ± 45.9 respectively; the average scores of persons with junior, intermediate and senior professional titles were 119.8 ± 35.8, 136.0 ± 32.5 and 127.1 ± 40.9 respectively. The average theoretical assessment score of all the subjects was 67.4 ± 15.6, with a passing rate of 68.5%. The average practical skill assessment score of all the subjects was 57.6 ± 21.8, with a passing rate of 46.0%. The average detection rates of Plasmodium falciparum, P. vivax, P. ovale and P. malariae in endemic and non-endemic areas were 64.1%, 72.8%, 57.0%, 58.3% and 35.9%, 46.9%, 33.3%, 43.8%, respectively. The detection ability of professionals in endemic areas was significantly higher than that in non-endemic areas (χ2 = 767.10, 462.12, 134.97 and 360.80, respectively, all P < 0.01). The total detection rate of schistosome eggs was 48.7%, and the detection rates of schistosome eggs were 67.4% and 36.8% in endemic and non-endemic areas, respectively. The detection ability of professionals in endemic areas was significantly higher than that in non-endemic areas (χ2 = 817.74, P < 0.01). The detection rates of Ascaris lumbricoides, Trichuris trichiura, and Enterobius vermicularis were 85.7%, 78.6%, 91.7%, and 61.8%, 23.5% and 74.4% in the technicians in southern region and northern region of China, showing significant differences (χ2 = 622.58, 301.70 and 588.71, respectively, all P < 0.01). Conclusions The overall results of the subjects are good, but the technical operation capability of them is relatively low. Therefore, the specific training based on daily work needs should be enhanced. In addition, we should attach importance to talent cultivation and technical reserve, and strengthen the construction of the team, so as to meet the needs of the prevention and control of parasitic diseases.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818713

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the professional theory, prevention and control practice, experimental diagnosis and other technical skills of parasitic diseases among technicians of all levels of disease control and prevention institutions, so as to provide the evidence for strengthening the capacity building of Chinese professional personnel. Methods According to the method of recommendation at all levels, the subjects from disease control and prevention institutions at province, prefecture or county levels were chosen to assess the theory of parasitic diseases and test operation skills by using the method of answering the questions together with on-site operations in China. A database was built consisting of subjects’ basic information and assessment scores. By using the method of hierarchical classification, the scores by gender, age, professional title, institutions and places of participants were analyzed. Results A total of 124 professions in prevention and treatment of parasitic diseases in 31 provinces (cities and regions) were evaluated in China. The average total score of all the subjects was 125.0 ± 35.2, with a passing rate of 54.8%. The average scores of male subjects and female subjects were 120.8 ± 34.2 and 126.6 ± 35.4 respectively; the average scores of the subjects aged under 30 years, between 30 and 40 years, and above 40 years were 125.6 ± 33.6, 124.9 ± 35.8, and 119.3 ± 45.9 respectively; the average scores of persons with junior, intermediate and senior professional titles were 119.8 ± 35.8, 136.0 ± 32.5 and 127.1 ± 40.9 respectively. The average theoretical assessment score of all the subjects was 67.4 ± 15.6, with a passing rate of 68.5%. The average practical skill assessment score of all the subjects was 57.6 ± 21.8, with a passing rate of 46.0%. The average detection rates of Plasmodium falciparum, P. vivax, P. ovale and P. malariae in endemic and non-endemic areas were 64.1%, 72.8%, 57.0%, 58.3% and 35.9%, 46.9%, 33.3%, 43.8%, respectively. The detection ability of professionals in endemic areas was significantly higher than that in non-endemic areas (χ2 = 767.10, 462.12, 134.97 and 360.80, respectively, all P < 0.01). The total detection rate of schistosome eggs was 48.7%, and the detection rates of schistosome eggs were 67.4% and 36.8% in endemic and non-endemic areas, respectively. The detection ability of professionals in endemic areas was significantly higher than that in non-endemic areas (χ2 = 817.74, P < 0.01). The detection rates of Ascaris lumbricoides, Trichuris trichiura, and Enterobius vermicularis were 85.7%, 78.6%, 91.7%, and 61.8%, 23.5% and 74.4% in the technicians in southern region and northern region of China, showing significant differences (χ2 = 622.58, 301.70 and 588.71, respectively, all P < 0.01). Conclusions The overall results of the subjects are good, but the technical operation capability of them is relatively low. Therefore, the specific training based on daily work needs should be enhanced. In addition, we should attach importance to talent cultivation and technical reserve, and strengthen the construction of the team, so as to meet the needs of the prevention and control of parasitic diseases.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-704250

ABSTRACT

Objectives To understand the risk factors of cystic echinococcosis in Tibetan population,so as to provide the reference for development of prevention and control strategies.Methods Four cystic echinococcosis highly-prevalent townships were selected from Naqu County of Tibet and Shiqu County of Sichuan Province,which had similar environmental and altitude conditions,from August to September,2017.Applying the 1:1 case-control study,a household survey was conducted to investi-gate the risk factors of echinococcosis in humans. Results A total of 378 residents were investigated,of which the numbers of cases and non-cases were both 189.The univariate analysis showed that the years of keeping dogs(OR=1.032,P<0.05),the number of keeping dogs(OR=1.260,P<0.05),the way of raising dogs(OR=1.434,P<0.05),feeding with raw viscera (OR=1.531,P<0.05),and there being stray dogs around(OR=1.946,P<0.05)were the risk factors of echinococcosis.As a result of the multivariate logistic regression analysis,only three risk factors,feeding with raw viscera,there being stray dogs around,and drinking water resource,were included in the regression model.Conclusion Feeding with raw viscera,there be-ing stray dogs around,and drinking water resource are the risk factors of echinococcosis in humans.

9.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 601-603, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691835

ABSTRACT

Objective To contrastively study the effects of NERC-300 high frequency welding device and ultrasonic scalpel in rat partial hepatectomy.Methods Forty-eight rats were divided into the experimental group and control group(n=24).The experimental group applied NERC-300 high frequency welding instrument for conducting partial hepatectomy,while the control group used ultrasonic scalpel.The survival rate,operation time,bleeding volume,working temperature,extent of hepatic thermal damage and change of liver function on 1,3,7 d were compared between the two groups.Results The liver function recovery on 3 d in the experimental group was superior to the control group (P<0.05).The intra-operative working temperature in the experimental group was lower than that in the control group(P<0.05).The thermal damage range in the experimental group was lower than that in the control group(P<0.05).The survival rate,operation time,bleeding volume and liver function change on 1,7 d had no statistical differences between the two groups(P>0.05).Conclusion NERC-300 high frequency welding device is safe and effective for partial hepatectomy in rat.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690450

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the differences in dielectric properties (relative permittivity and conductivity) between the mucosal surface and serosal surface of malignant colorectal tissues, adjacent tissues at 1 cm and 3 cm from the tumor focus and normal colorectal tissues.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The dielectric properties of the mucosal and serosal surface of malignant colorectal tissues, adjacent tissues (1 cm and 3 cm) and normal colorectal tissues from 39 patients with colorectal cancer were measured with an open-ended coaxial probe within the frequency range of 50 MHz-3 GHz, and the corresponding dielectric properties were analyzed respectively; statistical tests of the data were used to analyze the dielectric properties at 6 specific frequency points.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The dielectric properties were significantly higher in the malignant mucosa surface than in the adjacent tissues and normal colorectal tissues at the 6 specific frequency points (P<0.01). The dielectric properties decreased progressively in adjacent tissues at 1 cm and 3 cm and normal mucosa surface. The mucosal and serosal surface of malignant tissues showed significant differences in dielectric properties at 64 MHz, 128 MHz, 298 MHz, 433 MHz, and 915 MHz (P<0.01) but not at 2450 MHz (P>0.01), but such differences were not observed in normal tissues (P>0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The dielectric properties of the mucosal surface of the mucosal decrease in the order of malignant colorectal tissue, adjacent tissues at 1 cm and 3 cm from the tumor foci and normal colorectal tissues. The dielectric properties are higher in the mucosal surface than in the serosal surface in the malignant tissue, but comparable in normal colorectal tissues.</p>

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-618903

ABSTRACT

Objective To report the integrated progress of the hydatid disease information management system,and to pro-vide the reference for further system improvements by analysis of results on simulation test feedback. Methods The work of in-stitutional code matching by collecting fundamental and integrated information of the system in epidemic areas of hydatid disease was carried out,and professional control agencies were selected to carry out the simulation test. Results The results of agen-cies code matching at stage indicated the average completion rate was 94.30% on administrative agencies,69.94% on registered professional agencies and 56.40% on professional institutions matching related to hydatid disease prevention and control imple-ments in seven provinces(autonomous regions)and Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps. Meanwhile,the response rate of open-ended proposals was 93.33% on fifteen feedbacks,and the statistics showed 21.43% believed the system was low fluen-cy,64.29% considered the system was inconvenience for data inputs and 42.86% considered it would be improved on system sta-tistics functions,of which 27.78% were provincial users,22.22% were the city users and 50.00% were the county users. Con-clusion The hydatid disease prevention information management system meets the fundamental needs of the majority agencies in hyperendemic areas of echinococcosis,it needs to develop the further test with more agencies joining after the work of the in-stitutional code matching completion and the system service improvement in the next stage.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-735830

ABSTRACT

Objective To improve the design plan and get a piezoelectric actuator with displacement magnification structure,so as to reduce power consumption of the existing incus-stimulating piezoelectric actuator for middle ear implant.Methods Based on anatomical structure of human ear,the piezoelectric actuator with displacement magnification structure,and the one only composed of piezoelectric stack were designed,respectively,then the corresponding coupled mechanical models of the middle ear with the piezoelectric actuator were established.By comparing the calculation results from the two types of coupled mechanical models,the hearing compensation property and power consumption of the actuator before and after the implantation with the displacement magnification structure were analyzed.Results After adding the displacement magnification structure,the sound pressure level (SPL) at 1 kHz frequency was increased from 100 dB to 113 dB when the piezoelectric actuator was stimulated by 10.5 V effective voltages.In addition,for the piezoelectric stack,its power consumption at the frequency of 1,2 and 4 kHz were 6.42,1.56 and 0.28 mW,respectively;after introducing the displacement magnification structure,the power consumption at the above-mentioned 3 frequencies decreased to 0.39,0.09 and 0.01 mW,respectively.Conclusions Piezoelectric actuator with displacement magnification structure in this study can improve hearing compensation ability of the incus-stimulating middle ear implant,and effectively reduce the power consumption.The research findings will help to further improve the structure design of middle ear implant,thus achieving better hearing compensation effect.

13.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E021-E026, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-803805

ABSTRACT

Objective To design an improvement plan of piezoelectric actuator with displacement magnification structure, so as to reduce power consumption of the existing incus-stimulating piezoelectric actuator for middle ear implant. Methods First, based on anatomical structure of human ear, the piezoelectric actuator with displacement magnification structure and the one just composed of piezoelectric stack were designed, respectively, and the corresponding coupled mechanical models of the middle ear and the piezoelectric actuator were established. By comparing the calculation results from the two types of coupling mechanical models, the hearing compensation property and power consumption of the actuator before and after the implantation of displacement magnification structure were analyzed. Results After adding the displacement magnification structure, the sound pressure level (SPL) at 1 kHz frequency was increased from 100 dB to 113 dB, when the piezoelectric actuator was stimulated by 10.5 V effective voltage. In addition, when the actuator was stimulated by the piezoelectric stack, its power consumption at the frequency of 1, 2 and 4 kHz were 6.42, 1.56 and 0.28 mW, respectviely; after introducing the displacement magnification structure, power consumption at the above-mentioned 3 frequencies decreased to 0.39, 0.09 and 0.01 mW, resepectively. Conclusions Piezoelectric actuator with displacement magnification structure in this study can improve hearing compensation ability of the incus-stimulating middle ear implant and effectively reducing the power consumption. The research findings will help to further improve the structure design of middle ear implant, thus achieving better hearing compensation effect.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-737298

ABSTRACT

Objective To improve the design plan and get a piezoelectric actuator with displacement magnification structure,so as to reduce power consumption of the existing incus-stimulating piezoelectric actuator for middle ear implant.Methods Based on anatomical structure of human ear,the piezoelectric actuator with displacement magnification structure,and the one only composed of piezoelectric stack were designed,respectively,then the corresponding coupled mechanical models of the middle ear with the piezoelectric actuator were established.By comparing the calculation results from the two types of coupled mechanical models,the hearing compensation property and power consumption of the actuator before and after the implantation with the displacement magnification structure were analyzed.Results After adding the displacement magnification structure,the sound pressure level (SPL) at 1 kHz frequency was increased from 100 dB to 113 dB when the piezoelectric actuator was stimulated by 10.5 V effective voltages.In addition,for the piezoelectric stack,its power consumption at the frequency of 1,2 and 4 kHz were 6.42,1.56 and 0.28 mW,respectively;after introducing the displacement magnification structure,the power consumption at the above-mentioned 3 frequencies decreased to 0.39,0.09 and 0.01 mW,respectively.Conclusions Piezoelectric actuator with displacement magnification structure in this study can improve hearing compensation ability of the incus-stimulating middle ear implant,and effectively reduce the power consumption.The research findings will help to further improve the structure design of middle ear implant,thus achieving better hearing compensation effect.

15.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 1161-1164, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-613351

ABSTRACT

Neurological complications of viral hepatitis mainly include hepatic encephalopathy,hepatic myelopathy,peripheral neuropathy,meningoencephalitis,and epilepsy.Hepatic encephalopathy is a common complication with mature diagnosis and treatment methods,and the other complications are relatively uncommon and lack treatment methods.This article introduces the classification,clinical manifestation,and treatment of each complication,in order to find the optimal therapies for neurological complications of viral hepatitis.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-515104

ABSTRACT

Objective To improve the design plan and get a piezoelectric actuator with displacement magnification structure,so as to reduce power consumption of the existing incus-stimulating piezoelectric actuator for middle ear implant.Methods Based on anatomical structure of human ear,the piezoelectric actuator with displacement magnification structure,and the one only composed of piezoelectric stack were designed,respectively,then the corresponding coupled mechanical models of the middle ear with the piezoelectric actuator were established.By comparing the calculation results from the two types of coupled mechanical models,the hearing compensation property and power consumption of the actuator before and after the implantation with the displacement magnification structure were analyzed.Results After adding the displacement magnification structure,the sound pressure level (SPL) at 1 kHz frequency was increased from 100 dB to 113 dB when the piezoelectric actuator was stimulated by 10.5 V effective voltages.In addition,for the piezoelectric stack,its power consumption at the frequency of 1,2 and 4 kHz were 6.42,1.56 and 0.28 mW,respectively;after introducing the displacement magnification structure,the power consumption at the above-mentioned 3 frequencies decreased to 0.39,0.09 and 0.01 mW,respectively.Conclusions Piezoelectric actuator with displacement magnification structure in this study can improve hearing compensation ability of the incus-stimulating middle ear implant,and effectively reduce the power consumption.The research findings will help to further improve the structure design of middle ear implant,thus achieving better hearing compensation effect.

17.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 3376-3379, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-503213

ABSTRACT

Objective To confirm whether the open-ended coaxial line is effective in detection of the differences in dielectric properties between colorectal cancer tissues and surrounding normal tissues and evaluation of the depth of tumor invasion. Methods The open-ended coaxial line system at frequencies ranging from 50 to 500 MHz in 98 freshly excised colorectal cancerous specimens obtained from the operating theatre of Zhujiang Hospital, was used to detect both the relative permittivity and conductivity on the serosal surface of the carcinoma nidus, the mucosa of the carcinoma nidus, and the mucosa of the surgical resection margin. Pathological examinations were conducted on each specimen after surgery. Results The values for relative permittivity and conductivity of the colorectal cancerous mucosa were significantly higher than those of the normal mucosa (P < 0.01). For the tumor which had invaded or penetrated the serosa (stage ≥ T3), the dielectric properties of both the cancerous serosa and mucosa were higher than the one restricted to muscularis propria or less intestine wall (stage < T3) over the measured frequency range, and there existed statistical differences at the common frequencies of 213 MHz and 426 MHz. Conclusion The open-ended coaxial line system may result in fast and effective diagnostic differentiation between cancerous and normal colorectal tissues as well as reasonable assessment of the tumor infiltration depth.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-491056

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the feasibility of high-frequency electric welding systemin cholecyste-ctomy when compared with ultrasound scalpel , Ligasure and traditional scalpel. Methods Ninety-six rabbits were enrolled in the study and divided into high-frequency electric welding system group , ultrasound scalpel group , Ligasure group and traditional scalpel group. The working temperature was recorded. Eight rabbits of each group were killed to observe the occlusion at 1st, 4th, 7th day postoperatively. Tissues were collected for observation under HE staining. Results High-frequency electric welding system group excelled in operative time , bleeding, working temperature, granulation tissue and inflammatory reaction. No significant difference was found in preope-rative and postoperative liver function test. Conclusion High-frequency electric welding system in cholecyste-ctomy has similar effect as ultrasound scalpel and Ligasure.

19.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 88-91, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-488416

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the clinical efficacy,adverse reactions,and management effect of postoperative intravenous analgesia for patients with postoperative intravenous analgesia with digital information technology and electronic analgesia pump system.Methods Totally 100 patients with postoperative intravenous analgesia (PCIA) were selected from April 2015 to September 2015 with postoperative intravenous analgesia and randomly divided into Wireless analgesic pump system Group (A group) and electronic analgesia pump group (group B),n =50 each group.Pain score (NRS),sedation score (OAA/S),comfort score (BCS),the total number of times and the number of effective press were pressed in patients were observed and compared between two groups after postoperative analgesia 1 hour (T0),4 hour (T1),10 hour (T2),16 hour (T3),and 24 hour (T4).Patients with early adverse reactions,patients and ward medical staff satisfaction,pain pump failure found in the medical staff and effective treatment of adverse events were also observed and compared in two groups.Results There were no significant difference of patients with NRS,OAA/S and BCS in two groups (P > 0.05).Adverse reactions after postoperative analgesia,total number of times and the number of effective press had also no significant difference in two groups (P > 0.05).Two groups of patients with air blockage,incomplete analgesia rate of adverse events was not significantly different (P > 0.05).Medical workers in time [(1.0 ± 0.5) min vs (3.0 ± 2.1) min,P < 0.05],effective processing time [(4.0-± 2.1) min vs (8.0 ± 5.1) min,P < 0.05] in group A was significantly shorter than group B.The patient satisfaction in group A was significantly higher than group B(12.0 ± 4.2 vs 9.0 ± 3.1,P < 0.05).The satisfaction degree of medical staff in group A was also significantly higher than group B(13.0 ±3.1 vs 10.0 ±2.1,P <0.05).Conclusions The digital information technology of wireless analgesic pump is applied to postoperative analgesia for medical workers to standardize management,improve the work efficiency,and increase the satisfaction of patients and medical staffs.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-448104

ABSTRACT

Objective To correlate between the IQQA(R)-Liver system in planning liver resection and the actual operation performed by surgeons.Methods The data on 65 patients were retrospectively studied.Their preoperative enhanced CT images were analyzed by the IQQA(R)-Liver system to determine the operative plan (Group Q) including the operative technique,the major vessels which required to be transected and the virtual liver resection volume.The above results and the corresponding data collected from the actual operation (Group S) were statistically analyzed to find out whether there was any correlation between them,thus determining the clinical significance of the IQQA(R)-Liver system in preoperative evaluation.Results Group Q and Group S had good correlation in the operative techniques (O) and in the major vessels that required to be transected (A) (uO =0.835,uA =0.893) with no statistical difference between the 2 groups (PO =0.494,PA =0.331).The virtual liver resection volume was 633.96 ± 512.06 (78.30 ~2 559.38)cm3.Conclusion Preoperative evaluation by the IQQA(R)-Liver system had significance in planning partial hepatectomy.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL