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1.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 226-228, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884167

ABSTRACT

In order to explore the treatment of Her-2 positive breast cancer patients who failed in multi-line treatments, we retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of a patient with refractory Her-2 positive breast cancer.The patient was initially diagnosed as Her-2 positive advanced breast cancer.After six line treatment in the outer hospital, the patient′s condition was basically in a progressive state.The breast tumor was broken and purulent, the lung metastasis increased, and the patient′s quality of life was poor.The patient was admitted to Department of Breast Surgery of Affiliated Suqian Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University, after MDT discussion, we gave pyrrolotinib combined with capecitabine treatment, the chest wound healed gradually, the lung metastasis gradually reduced, and the quality of life was better.A retrospective analysis of this case showed that pyrrolidine combined with capecitabine may bring hope to Her-2 positive breast cancer patients who failed to receive multi-line therapies, especially those who failed to target therapy.

2.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 524-527, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-706722

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the application of paclitaxel or docetaxel combined with cisplatin (TP) with cyclophosphamide,pirirubicin and fluorouracil (FAC) in the primary tumor molecular typing Luminal A,axillary lymph node metastasis three negative breast cancer. Methods From January 2012 to January 2014, the clinical data of forty-nine patients with were selected. All patients were divided into two groups by balance randomization method, TP group and FAC group. Twenty-five patients were treated with TP regimen and 24 patients were treated with FAC regimen. The clinical efficacy was evaluated after six cycles of chemotherapy. Chemotherapy effects,adverse reactions and survival rates of two groups were compared. Results All patients were given intravenous chemotherapy according to the plan and were evaluated for clinical efficacy. The response rate (RR) was 64. 0% in TP group,including 4 cases of complete remission (CR),12 cases of partial remission (PR),7 cases of stable disease(SD) and 2 cases of progressive disease(PD). The adverse reactions were gastrointestinal reactions and granulocytopenia. The median progression-free survival ( PFS) and overall survival ( OS) were respectively 12. 4 months and 34. 1 months. In FAC group,the response rate ( RR) was 33. 3%,including 2 cases of CR,6 cases of PR,11 cases of SD and 5 cases of PD. The adverse reactions were gastrointestinal reactions,granulocytopenia and premature atrial contraction. The median PFS and OS were 7. 2 months and 20. 7 months respectively. The effective rate of TP group was higher than that of FAC group (χ2=4. 608,P=0. 032),and the progression-free survival time and total survival time were longer than those of FAC group (χ2 =8. 317, 8. 563, P=0. 004, 0. 003 ) . Conclusion Compared to FAC regimen, TP regimen could improve the survival rate of patients better with breast cancer of Primary tumor Luminal A and Axillary Lymph Node Metastasis Triple negative type, and adverse reactions were tolerated, it may be an optimized chemotherapy.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-695454

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the efficacy and safety of gefitinib plus capecitabine in treatment of recurrent and metastatic triple negative breast cancer.Methods From Jan.2011 to Jun.,41 patients who have recurrent and metastatic triple negative breast cancer after treated by adjuvant chemotherapy were enrolled in this study They were divided into two groups according to their wishes.The 24 cases in the experimental group were treated with gefitinib plus capecitabine.The 17 cases in the control group were treated with capecitabine.The two groups were followed up for 12 months.They were treated until the disease progression or the toxicity could not be tolerated.Results The objective response rate (ORR) in the experimental group and the control group was 70.83%(17/24) vs 35.29%(6/17).The disease control rate (DCR) in the two groups was 91.67% (22/24) vs 64.71% (11/17).The difference between the two groups was statistically significant (P<0.05).The incidence rate of adverse drug reactions in the two groups was similar (P>0.05),and the reactions were tolerable.Conclusion Gefitinib plus capecitabine is an effective and safe treatment for recurrent and metastatic triple negative breast cancer with tolerable adverse reactions,and some patients were able to survive for more than 12 months.

4.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 778-781, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-607752

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the expression of HR and Her?2 in breast cancer primary tumor and axillary lymph node metastasis. Methods Four hundred and twenty?eight female patients with unilateral breast cancer combined with axillary lymph node metastasis treated in the Affiliated Suqian Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University from January 2011 to January 2016 were selected in this study. Immunohistochemistry was used to detect the expression of ER,PR,Her?2 and Ki67 in primary tumor and axillary lymph node metastasis. Results The positive rates of ER expression were 75. 9% ( 325/428 ) and 70. 3% ( 301/428 ) respectively in primary tumor and axillary lymph node metastasis. The positive rates of PR expression were 61. 4% ( 263/428) and 56. 1% ( 240/428 ) respectively in primary tumor and axillary lymph node metastasis. The rates of Her?2 overexpression were 20. 1% ( 86/428) in primary tumor and the positive rate of Her?2 in axillary lymph node metastasis was 22. 7%( 97/428 ) . The positive rates of Ki67 expression were 45. 6%( 195/428 ) and 39. 7%(170/428) respectively in primary tumor and axillary lymph node metastasis. The expression of ER,PR,Her?2 and Ki67 in primary and axillary lymph node metastasis showed no statistical significance ( P>0. 05 ) . The molecular typing of primary tumor and axillary lymph node metastasis were not consistent in 31 patients ( 31/428,7. 24%) ,including 14 cases of primary tumor Luminal A,9 cases of Her?2 overexpression in axillary lymph node metastasis and 5 cases of triple negative breast cancer. Primary tumor Luminal B was detected in 10 cases, while 6 cases of Her?2 overexpression in axillary lymph node metastasis and 4 cases of triple negative breast cancer. Primary tumor Her?2 was overexpressed in 4 cases,while 1 case of Luminal A,3 cases of Luminal B in axillary lymph node metastasis. There were 3 cases of primary tumor triple negative breast cancer,while 2 cases of Luminal B in axillary lymph node metastasis and 1 case of Her?2 overexpression. Conclusion The expressions of ER, PR, Her?2 and Ki67 in primary tumor and axillary lymph node metastasis of some breast cancer were different. Immunohistochemistry for primary tumor and axillary lymph node metastasis of stage II?III breast cancer patients should be routinely carried out. Based on molecular typing of primary tumor and axillary lymph node metastasis,individualized treatment plan can be developed,so that patients will benefit from it.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-500106

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the method and clinical value of preservation of intercostobrachial nerve( ICBN) by fat dissolving meth-od during breast cancer operation. Methods The clinical data of 50 cases withⅠ~Ⅲa stage breast cancer from January 2013 to June 2013 were analyzed. Fifty patients were randomly divided into two groups,there were 26 patients in preservation group,whose ICBN were preserved by fat dissolving method during axillary lymph nodes dissection,and 24 patients in resection group,whose ICBN were not preserved by routine method during axillary lymph nodes dissection. Comparison of operation times,bleeding volume,the number of axillary lymph nodes dissection and upper arm sensory function of patients after operation between both groups was done. Results The mean time of operation was (102. 3 ± 15. 6) min in preservation group and(95. 6 ± 12. 4) min in resection group,while the number of axillary lymph nodes dissection was (19. 5 ± 8. 8 ) in preservation group and ( 19. 2 ± 9. 5 ) in resection group, with no significant difference between both groups (P>0. 05). Bleeding volume was (51. 2 ± 11. 5)mL in preservation group and (98. 5 ± 13. 4)mL in resection group,with significant differ-ences(P<0. 05). After postoperative one month,we observed upper arm sensory function of patients. It showed that 3 cases of sensory numb-ness or pain occurred in preservation group (11. 5%),20 cases of sensory abnormality occurred in resection group (83. 3%),mainly as sen-sory loss,numbness,pain or burning sensation,there was significant difference between both groups (P<0. 05). All patients were followed up half a year,patients with sensory abnormality in preservation group recovered,and recovery in resection group was not obvious,it still showed sensory abnormality in varying degrees. During the follow-up,no local recurrence or distant metastasis was found in both groups. Conclusion Preserving intercostobrachial nerve by fat dissolving method in breast cancer operation is based on conventional operation and made a few of improvements. It is simple and feasible. During the operation,we find that the axillary neurovascular is clearer,preservation of ICBN is easier. It does not affect the axillary lymph node dissection and operation time,while it can reduce incidence of postoperative sensory abnormality and improve the quality of life of patients,therefore it is worthy of clinical application.

6.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 1039-1042, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-234048

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>Compare the characteristics of magnetic resonance imaging(MRI)liver T2*, cardiac T2* and serum ferritin on the assessment of iron overload.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of sixty-nine patients from November 2011 to June 2014 were enrolled in this study. Their cardiac and liver iron concentration levels were measured through MRI examination, with other clinical data were collected to perform statistical analysis.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The correlation between liver T2* and adjusted serum ferritin(ASF) was statistically significant(P=0.003). However, no significant correlation was found between cardiac T2* and liver T2*, ASF, respectively. According to the statistical analysis of the 69 cases, it is found that the number of iron overload cases diagnosed by liver T2* was 62 and 20 cases were severe iron overload (32.26%); the number of iron overload cases diagnosed by ASF was 47 and 14 cases were severe iron overload(29.79%), while the number of iron overload cases diagnosed by cardiac T2* was only 25 and no severe iron overload cases.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Since SF was affected by other factors, it cannot reflect the level of iron overload in human body objectively. Now, liver T2* has become the gold standard for assessment of iron overload because of its good reliability and repeatability. However, cardiac T2* cannot correctly be used as assessment for iron overload, and it is only a method of evaluating the level of cardiac iron deposition.</p>


Subject(s)
Ferritins , Blood , Hematologic Diseases , Diagnosis , Humans , Iron Overload , Diagnosis , Liver , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Myocardium , Reproducibility of Results
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-622005

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the reasons and prevention of the hoarse voice after continuity-intact recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN)operation without damage of RLN under naked eyes.Methods Data of 1871 patients undergoing thyroid surgery from Jan.2001 to Jan.2011 were retrospectly analyzed.919 patients had their RLN exposed,among whom 757 patients had bilateral RLN exposed.952 patients didn't have their RLN exposed in the surgery.Results A total of 1676 RLNs were exposed by the routine method and minimally invasive method.All the nerves were confirmed no damage and continuity intact under naked eyes.Hoarse voice occurred to 19patients after surgery,with the percentage of 2.12% (19/897).The rate of hoarse voice in the non-exposed group was 5.46% (52/952).The difference of horse voice between the RLN exposed group and non-exposed group had statistical significance(P < 0.05).Conclusions RLN without damage under naked eyes and continuity intact doesn't mean no damage of electroneurophysiology.The rate of RLN damage in the exposed group was less than that in the non-exposed group.The major causes of hoarse voice may include misoperation,heat conduction and postoperative scar adhesion.The key to avoid RLN damage is prevention.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-413708

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of endocrine therapy in breast cancer patients whose estrogen receptor (ER) and progesterone receptor(PR) was preoperatively negative and turned positive after neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Methods The clinical experimental study was carried out in 97 cases of breast cancer which were divided into endocrine treatment group and control group. The follow-up time ranged from 15 to 60 months. Results In endocrine treatment group, 3 and 5-year disease-free survival were respectively 74.5% (38/51), 60.7% (31/51), and 3 and 5-year overall survival were respectively 80%(41/51), 74. 5% (38/51). In control group, 3 and 5-year disease-free survival were respectively 54.2% (26/46), 41.7%(20/46), and 3 and 5-year overall survival were 60.9%(28/46),50%(23/46),respectively. The corresponding values were significantly higher in endocrine treatment group than in control group(P<0.05).Conclusions Remedy endocrine therapy improves the disease-free and overall survival rate in breast cancer patients with the expression of ER and PR turning positive after initial neoadjuvant chemotherapy.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-622100

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effects of preoperative neoadjuvant endocrine therapy on expression and significance of ER, PR, C-erbB-2 in pestmenopause breast cancer patients over 60 years old. Methods 36 patients were treated with endrocrine therapy by oral tamoxifen for 60 ~ 90 days, and the expression of ER, PR and C-erbB-2 was examined before and after the endrocrine therapy. Results In 36 patients the negative expres-sion rate of ER, PR was 16.78% and 11.11% respectively before the endrocrine therapy, compared to 50% and 33.33% after the endrocrine therapy. There was significant difference(P<0.05). The expression of C-erbB-2 was 13.8% and 16.67% before and after the endrocrine therapy, and there was no significant difference between the two figures. Conclusions The neoadjuvant endocrine therapy by tamoxifen alone can down-regulate the ex-pression of ER, PR, and can inhibit tumor growth. Some patients may get partially relieved.

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