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1.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 245-250, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709513

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the prognostic factors of renal cell carcinoma and to establish a prognostic model for patients with non-metastasis renal cell carcinoma (RCC) after operation.Methods We retrospectively reviewed the clinical data of patients with RCC who underwent radical or partial nephrectomy from January 2008 to December 2012,including 392 males (67.6%) and 188 females (32.4%),with an average age of 56 years(range 24-86 years).The average diameter of tumor was 4.8 cm (range 1.5-17.5 cm).The pathological slides of tumor tissue were reviewed by pathologist,and the tissue microarray (TMA) were constructed.The immunohistochemical staining of TMA were carried out.All patients were followed up the prognosis information of the overall survival (OS),cancer specific survival (CSS) and progression free survival (PFS).Based on these data,univariate and multivariate analysis and survival analysis were performed.Independent prognostic factors related to different follow-up endpoints of patients were screened out.A Nomogram prognostic model for RCC was established and verified.Internal validation were performed by boots value analysis.Results Among 580 cases,160 cases (27.6%) accepted nephron sparing surgery and 420 cases (72.4%) radical nephrectomy,included 514 cases (88.6%) of laparoscopic surgery and 66 cases (11.4%) of open surgery.There were 468 cases of clear cell carcinoma (80.7%),56 cases of papillary carcinoma (9.7%),32 cases of chromophobe cell carcinoma (5.5%),24 patients with other subtypes of cancer cells (4.1%).In pathological staging,stage Ⅰ,Ⅱ,Ⅲ,Ⅳ were 442 cases (76.2%),88 cases (15.2%),48 cases (8.3%),2 cases (0.3%),respectively.There were 424 cases (73.1%) with high expression of CA9,and 156 cases (26.9%) with low expression.The median followup was 66 (4-82) months,and 41 cases (7.1%) were lost of follow-up.For 3 and 5 years,OS,CSS and PFS were 83.4%,88.2%,72.4% and 69.6%,73.0%,55.8% respectively.Multivariate analysis showed that tumor pathological subtypes,tumor stage,tumor diameter and positive expression of carbonic anhydrase 9 (CA9) were independent prognostic factors associated with the survival of RCC patients.The Nomogram prognostic model was established by the above four factors.The established Nomogram prognostic model for RCC patients was verified by Harrell's consistency index,and the c-index of OS,CSS and PFS of RCC patients were 0.72 (95% CI 0.69-0.75),0.77 (95% CI 0.74-0.81),0.79 (95% CI 0.76-0.83),respectively.Conclusions Tumor pathological subtypes,staging,tumor diameter and CA9 are independent risk factors for patients with non metastatic renal cell carcinoma.The established Nomogram prognostic model certified by internal validation should be tested by large samples and multicenter studies need tested.

2.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 461-465,506, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-597850

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the influence of anti-angiogenesis therapy on proliferation and apoptosis of fibroblasts derived from keloids. Methods Thirty pieces of keloids from a patient were implanted into subcutaneous tissue of the nude mice, 24 pieces of which survived were divided into three groups which were treated with perilesional injection of vascular endothelial growth factor( VEGF) (0.4 mg/0.2 mL) , Endostar(0.125 g/0.2 mL) and physiological saline (0.2 mL)on the 21 d, 23 d, 25 d, 27 d after implantation. Sample were collected on the 10th day after perilesional injection, the proliferating fibroblasts in keloid tissue were immunohistochemically detected by proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) expression. The apoptotic cell was detected by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP-nick end labeling (TUNEL) staining. Results IHC staining indicated that PCNA expression of fibroblasts was significantly increased in keloid tissue after VEGF injection, PCNA expression of fibroblasts was significantly reduced in keloid tissue after Endostar injection,TUNEL assay revealed lower apoptotic cells expression in the keloid tissue after VEGF injection and higher in the Endostar group than control group. The rate of proliferative index (PI) , apoptotic index(AI) and AI/PI of fibroblasts in keloid after VEGF (PI:41.13 ±2.29,AI:5.75 ±1.28,AI/PI: 0.14 ± 0.04)or Endostar injection (PI:27.25 ±2.61,AI:11.00±1.31,AI/PI:0.41 ±0.09)and control group (PI: 34.75 ±3.62,AI:7. 88 ± 1.64,AI/PI:0. 23 ±0.07) showed statistical differences. Conclusion Anti-angiogenesis therapy is shown to induce keloid regression through suppression of keloid fibroblast proliferation,induction of apoptosis, which may be a new approach for the treatment of keloids.

3.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 189-93, 2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-449622

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To explore the method of primary culture for endometriotic cells and to find out the differences in morphological manifestations among endometriotic cells and eutopic endometrial cells sampled from patients with endometriosis and endometriosis-free women. METHODS: Endometriotic and eutopic endometrial cells were cultured by modified method of primary culture. The endometriotic cell types were observed and differentiated under optical and electron microscopes. RESULTS: The success rates for culture of eutopic endometrial cells from endometriosis-free women and patients with endometriosis were 91.67% and 93.75% respectively. The success rate for culture of endometriotic cells was 75.00%. The size of endometriotic glandular cells was similar to those of eutopic endometrial glandular cells from endometriosis-free women and patients with endometriosis. The chromatin was manifold and the nucleus was augmented in the endometriotic glandular cells. The endometriotic stromal cells were smaller than the eutopic endometrial stromal cells from endometriosis-free women and patients with endometriosis. Many tiny villi and protuberances on plasma membrane could be seen in the endometriotic stromal cells. CONCLUSION: The success rate for culture of endometriotic cells can be elevated through improving the method of primary culture. The ultrastructures of endometriotic glandular and stromal cells are obviously different from those of eutopic endometrial glandular and stromal cells from endometriosis-free women and patients with endometriosis.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-555759

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the way to separate and culture eutopic and ectopic endometrial glandular cells and their stromal cells,providing an in vitro cell model of endometriosis for study of its mechanism. Methods:Digestion,filtration and sedimentation were used to isolate and culture the eutopic and ectopic endometrial glandular cells and their stromal cells. The estrogen level was imatated to study the way of promoting cell growth. Morphological characters of eutopic and ectopic endometrial cells were examined using optical microscope. Results:The success rate of separation and culture of normal control endometrial glandular cells and its stromal cells was 91.7%(11/12);of eutopic endometrial glandular cells and its stromal cells of endometriosis was 93.8%(15/16);of etopic endometrial glandular cells and its stromal cells of endometriosis was 75.0%(12/16) . Conclusion:The cultured eutopic and ectopic endometrial cells is more like human body feature than the endometriosis model of animals. So the isolation and culture of eutopic and ectopic endometrial glandular cells and their stromal cells may serve as an in vitro experimental model.

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