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Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-375638


A 28-year-old man visited the emergency department of our hospital with a chief complaint of palpitation and chest pain. The patient had undergone 4 operations at other hospitals for tetralogy of Fallot (TOF), left pulmonary atresia, an aberrant right coronary artery, and a right aortic arch. As a result of thorough investigations, we suspected that the cause of the patient's symptoms was an excess of the right ventricular pressure over the left ventricular pressure, which was caused by right ventricular compression resulted from an abnormal mass on the anterior surface of the right ventricle, and by pulmonary stenosis (PS) associated with right ventricular outflow tract stenosis (RVOTS). Excision of the mass, right ventricular outflow restoration (RVOTR), and pulmonary valve replacement (PVR) were indicated. The mass on the anterior surface of the right ventricular was found to have been caused by retention of serous fluid in the interstice formed by a folded expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE) pericardial sheet. An ePTFE pericardial sheet, which is used to supplement the pericardium, has been reported to have advantages with respect to prevention of adhesion, denaturation of pericardial substitutes, and inflammatory thickening and adhesion of the epicardium, compared with other materials used as pericardial substitutes. However, epicardial thickening has been noted with the use of ePTFE pericardial sheets, and hence, its use is currently avoided in many cases. This case presents an extremely rare pathology in which the inflammatory reaction of the epicardium caused by an ePTFE pericardial sheet is suspected to have caused serous components to become tightly encapsulated in the interstice formed by the folded patch ; no definite cause was identified. Thus far, no other such case has been reported, and ePTFE pericardial sheets should be used with caution.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-374420


A 79-year-old woman had undergone mitral valve replacement (Omnicarbon (OC) valve : 31 mm) due to rheumatic mitral stenosis with regurgitation and tricuspid annuloplasty at the age of 54. The patient developed anemia and congestive heart failure with pleural effusion and an elevated LDH level in 25 years late up without any valve-related cardiac event. Echocardiography revealed perivalvular leakage near the anterolateral commissure. The patient received re-mitral valve replacement (CEP valve : 25 mm) and a tricuspid valve ring annuloplasty (MC<sup>3</sup> Tricuspid ring : 28 mm). The annulus was covered with marked calcification and fibrosis with a partial deficit at the anterior part of antero-lateral commissure. Despite the thorough pathological examination, we could not clarify the etiology of sudden onset of hemolysis.The patient was discharged uneventfully on the 28th day after operation. In general, the OC valve can work without serious complications for a long time. We report a rare case of perivalvular leakage 25 years after mitral valve replacement with hemolysis and congestive heart failure.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-362928


Lambl's excrescences are the fibrous structures which are attached to the heart valve, and usually the presence of Lambl's excrescences alone is not an indication of operation. The operative indications of isolated Lambl's excrescence is still controversial, because some reports indicated cross relationship between Lambl's excrescences and cerebral embolism. Based on these facts, we discussed our 3 cases of Lambl's excrescences. Two of the cases had been complicated with severe mitral regurgitation and Lambl's excrescences were resected at the time of mitral valve plasty. In another case, Lambl's excrescence was found with echocardiography during chronic heart failure therapy. This patient had a past history of cerebral infarction, but no relationship of cerebral infarction was suggested. In this case, cardiac surgery was not required, so we followed isolated Lambl's excrescence without resection in this case. One operated case, which had infective endocarditis was suspected by echocardiography, had slighted inflammatory reaction but blood culture was negative. Diagnosis of Lambl's excrescence was made by histopathological examination. One report suggested that the cause of the cerebral infarction is not Lambl's excrescence itself but the thrombi around Lambl's excrescence. However, we hesitate to operate on isolated Lambl's excrescence. Based on some reports, it is useful to resect Lambl's excrescence when a concurrent cardiac operation is carried out to avoid cerebral embolic events.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-366348


A 60-year-old man who had undergone aortic arch replacement 9 years prerviously was admitted complaining of motor and sensory disturbance of bilateral lower extremities. Bilateral femoral arteries were not palpable and he showed acute panperitonitis just after admission. Enhanced CT and arteriography revealed that the lower half of the body was severely ischemic due to the compression of the graft by a pseudoaneurysm of the proximal anastomotic portion of the aortic arch, and therefore performed an urgent operation. Recognizing acute bowel necrosis of the inferior mesenteric artery (IMA) area on laparotomy, Hartmann's operation was performed. After that, a right axillo-bifemoral bypass was also made in order to improve the perfusion of the lower half of the body. Though acute renal failure occurred because of DIC and myonephropathic metabolic syndrome (MNMS) postoperatively, the intensive therapy was eventually effective and he recovered.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-366067


We report a 57-year-old male who suffered from ascending aortic aneurysmal dilatation complicated with acute localized dissection. He had received aortic valve replacement with a prosthesis for severe aortic regurgitation resulting from valve degeneration and annular dilatation 4 years previously at which time the maximal ascending aortic diameter had been 45mm so that a procedure for the aorta itself was not done. On the present occasion an aortogram showed a maximal aortic diameter of 90mm and localized dissection from above the right coronary ostium to near the connection to the brachiocephalic artery. A successful composite valve-graft replacement of the ascending aorta (Bentall procedure with Piehler's modification) was carried out on a semi-emergency basis. This experience with this case implies that certain intervention for associated moderate aortic dilatation should be considered when an aortic valve replacement is performed.