Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 3 de 3
Filter
Add filters








Language
Year range
1.
IBJ-Iranian Biomedical Journal. 2017; 21 (1): 16-23
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-185663

ABSTRACT

Backgrund: Imprinted genes are a unique subset of few genes, which have been differentially methylated region [DMR] in a parental origin-dependent manner during gametogenesis, and these genes are highly protected during pre-implantation epigenetic reprogramming. Several studies have shown that the particular vulnerability of imprinting genes during suboptimal pre- and peri-conception micro-environments often is occurred by assisted reproduction techniques [ART]. This study investigated the methylation status of H19/IGF2 DMR at high-quality expanding/expanded human blastocysts donated by healthy individuals to evaluate the risks linked to ART


Method: Methylation levels of H19/IGF2 DMR were analyzed by bisulfite conversion and sequencing at 18 CpG sites [CpGs] located in this region


Result: The overall percentage of methylated CpGs and the proportion of hyper-methylated clones of H19/IGF2 DMR in analyzed blastocysts were 37.85 +/- 4.87% and 43.75 +/- 5.1%, respectively. For validation of our technique, the corresponding methylation levels of peripheral human lymphocytes were defined [49.52 +/- 1.86% and 50%, respectively]


Conclusion: Considering the absence of in vivoproduced human embryos, it is not possible to conclude that the methylation found in H19/IGF2 DMR is actually normal or abnormal. Regarding the possible risks associated with ART, the procedures should be optimized in order to at least reduce some of the epigenetic risks


Subject(s)
Animals, Laboratory , Female , Humans , Male , Blastocyst , Genomic Imprinting , In Vitro Techniques , CpG Islands , Epigenesis, Genetic , Reproductive Techniques, Assisted , Iran
2.
IJFS-International Journal of Fertility and Sterility. 2017; 11 (2): 93-98
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-186835

ABSTRACT

Background: A unique feature of embryo metabolism is production of reactive oxygen species [ROS]. It is well established that during in vitro culture, ROS levels increase over normal ranges observed for embryos developed in vivo. This study evaluates and compares the stepwise pattern of ROS production during in vitro development of reconstructed goat embryos produced by zona-free method of somatic cell nuclear transfer [SCNT]. Furthermore, the pattern of ROS production of SCNT embryos were compared with zona free embryos derived from in vitro fertilization [IVF]


Materials and Methods: In this experimental study, zona-free oocytes, SCNT and IVF embryos at different stages of in vitro development [2, 4, 8, 16-cells, morula, and blastocyst] were used for assessment of ROS production using 2, 7-dichloro dihydroflourescein diacetate [DCHFDA] probe and the result were presented as fold increase or decrease relative zona free oocytes


Results: The relative level of ROS compared to metaphase-II [MII] oocytes insignificantly decrease during early stages post embryo reconstitution and regained its value by 8-cell and morula stage and, significantly increase compared to MII oocytes by blastocyst stage


Conclusion: The pattern of ROS change in SCNT embryos is similar to zona free IVF derived embryos, except it decrease from two cell stage and regain its value at morula stage. The sudden rise in ROS at blastocyst stage, further emphasizes the special need of IVF and SCNT derived embryos during this stage of development

3.
IJFS-International Journal of Fertility and Sterility. 2016; 10 (3): 310-319
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-184673

ABSTRACT

Background: Little is understood about the regulation of gene expression during early goat embryo development. This study investigated the expression profile of 19 genes, known to be critical for early embryo development in mouse and human, at five different stages of goat in vitro embryo development [oocyte, 8-16 cell, morula, day-7 blastocyst, and day 14 blastocyst]


Materials and Methods: In this experimental study, stage-specific profiling using real time-quantitative polymerase chain reaction [RT-qPCR] revealed robust and dynamic patterns of stage-specific gene activity that fall into four major clusters depending on their respective mRNA profiles


Results: The gradual pattern of reduction in the maternally stored transcripts without renewal thereafter [cluster-1: Lifr1, Bmpr1, Alk4, Id3, Ctnnb, Akt, Oct4, Rex1, Erk1, Smad1 and 5] implies that their protein products are essential during early cleavages when the goat embryo is silent and reliant to the maternal legacy of mRNA. The potential importance of transcription augment at day-3 [cluster-2: Fzd, c-Myc, Cdc25a, Sox2] or day-14 [cluster-3: Fgfr4, Nanog] suggests that they are nascent embryonic mRNAs which intimately involved in the overriding of MET or regulation of blastocyst formation, respectively. The observation of two expression peaks at both day-3 and day-14 [cluster-4: Gata4, Cdx2] would imply their potential importance during these two critical stages of pre-and peri-implantation development


Conclusion: Evolutionary comparison revealed that the selected subset of genes has been rewired in goat and human/goat similarity is greater than the mouse/goat or bovine/goat similarities. The developed profiles provide a resource for comprehensive understanding of goat preimplantation development and pluripotent stem cell engineering as well

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL