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Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-367141


A 54-year-old man with unstable angina and Wolff-Parkinson-White (WPW) syndrome was admitted. Coronary angiography showed 90% stenosis of the left main trunk and 75% stenosis of the obtuse marginal branch. Coronary artery bypass grafting under cardioplegic arrest was done emergently. The left internal mammary artery graft was anastmosed to the left anterior descending artery, and a saphenous vein graft was used as a sequential bypass graft to the high lateral branch and obtuse marginal branch. Immediately after weaning from cardiopulmonary bypass, paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (PSVT) requiring electrical cardioversion was occurred, and catheter ablation was performed on the first postoperative day. There are controversus concerning the strategies of surgical treatment for unstable angina concomitant with WPW syndrome. Coronary bypass operation may trigger PSVT in patients with WPW syndrome. The optimal timing of perioperative catheter ablation needs further discussion.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-365889


Cerebral protection during surgical procedure of aortic arch aneurysm is one of the most important factor which limits the time of surgical repair of the aortic arch and arch branches. We introduced the selective cerebral perfusion system by gravity with cold blood for repair of aortic arch aneurysm from 1988. This study was undertaken to determine whether this new selective cold blood cerebral perfusion system is usefull for repair of aortic arch aneurysm. From July 1988 to May 1991, twenty-three patients with aortic arch aneurysms were repaired using the selective cerebral perfusion system with cold blood. Both carotid arteries were selectively perfused with oxygenated cold blood (16°C) via the reservoir combined with heat-exchanger fixed 1.5 meter high from the head of the patient. Surgical repair was performed under moderate core hypothermia (20-25°C) avoiding prolonged cardiopulmonary bypass to rewarm the patient. Cerebral perfusion pressure was 45 mmHg (mean) and perfusion flow via the carotid arteries was 400ml/min. Mean selective cerebral perfusion time was 60min and mean cardiopulmonary bypass time was 193min. Emergency operations were performed in seven of 23 patients because of ruptured aortic arch aneurysms. There was no intraoperative death. Three of 23 patients (13%) died due to postoperative complication. Nineteen of 20 survivors discharged from the hospital and are good clinical condition. One patient needs the care for rehabilitation in the hospital due to cerebral infarction. Although our experience is limited, successful cerebral protection and avoidance of prolonged cardiopulmonary bypass were achieved. Selective low pressure cerebral perfusion with cold blood may be a useful method for repair of aortic arch aneurysm.