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Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1028-1032, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936529


Objective@#To analyze the correlation between parental involvement and the formation of good eye use behavior in children,and to provide theoretical basis for more accurate prevention and control of myopia.@*Methods@#A total of 2 726 children and their parents from 3 primary schools were selected from April to May 2021 by clustering sampling method. Children s ocular parameters, eye use behavior, general characteristics of parents, and parental involvement were collected through ocular measurements and questionnaires, respectively.@*Results@#Parental involvement was associated with family economic, parental education level, and parental myopic status( P <0.05). Children s myopia risk was associated with parental involvement: lower myopia risk was associated with frequent parental involvement in behavioral management of child sleep and child outdoor activities( P <0.01). Parents who always/frequently participate in the management of children s eye behavior have an average daily screen time of <2 h ( OR= 1.95 , 95%CI =1.31-2.90), and daily outdoor activity time>2 h ( OR=0.78, 95%CI =0.65-0.93), daily sleep time >8 h ( OR= 0.52 , 95%CI =0.40-0.68), daily continuous reading and writing time <1 h ( OR=1.33, 95%CI =1.30-1.56), reading and writing The distance from the desktop > 30 cm ( OR=0.57, 95%CI =0.34-0.95) had a statistically significant effect ( P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#High parental involvement may help school age children develop good eye habits and reduce the risk of childhood myopia. Parental involvement is higher among those who had myopia themselves, and parental involvement is positively associated with total household income and parental literacy.

Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences. 2013; 29 (3): 762-767
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-127336


Polymorphisms in XPG were considered to contribute to the clinical outcome of patients receiving platinum drug chemotherapy. We investigated the impact of several potential SNPs of XPG on the efficacy of platinum-based chemotherapy in NSCLC patients. A total of 433 patients were consecutively selected between Nov. 2006 and Dec. 2007, and were followed-up up to Nov. 2011. The genotyping of six SNPs [rs2296147, rs751402, rs873601, rs4150375, rs17655 and rs2094258] were genotyped using the Taqman real-time PCR method with a 7900 HT sequence detector system. Patients carrying CT+TT genotype of rs2296147 had a significantly longer median PFS [17.5 months] and OS [26.8 months] than CC genotype. Hazard ratio [HR] for PFS and OS in patients with CT+TT genotype of rs2296147 was respectively 0.73[0.51-0.97] and 0.66[0.48-0.99] when compare CC genotype, respectively. Similarly, patients with rs2094258 AG+GG genotype had a longer median progression time [18.4 months] and overall survival time [27.3 months] when compared with those with AA genotype, and HRs[95% CI] for PFS and OS were 0.44[0.34-0.78] and 0.51[0.39-0.82], respectively. Our study suggests rs2296147 CT+TT and rs2094258 AG+GG genotypes contribute to the better survival of NSCLC. Our study provides significant information on role of prognostic value of XPG SNPs, and detecting of XPG could be used as predictive markers toward individualizing NSCLC treatment strategies

Humans , Female , Male , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/mortality , Lung Neoplasms , Xeroderma Pigmentosum , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Survival Rate , Disease-Free Survival , Biomarkers
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-247179


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To design and construct miRNA expression vector dual-targeting on HIF-1α and survivin genes and to investigate its effects on proliferation of human pancreatic cancer cells.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The specific pre-miRNA single strand DNA oligos for HIF-1 α and survivin genes were designed and synthesized, then via annealing and ligating with pcDNA6.2-GW/EmGFP-miR plasmids in order, two kinds (eight in total) of miRNA expression vectors for HIF-1α and survivin genes were constructed. The vectors, which were most effective to knockdown target genes, were screened with real-time RT-PCR and combined by chaining technology to construct dual-targeting plasmid. The recombined dual-targeting plasmid, mono-targeting plasmids and negative plasmid were transfected into Panc-1 cells, the suppression effect on two genes was identified by real-time RT-PCR, Western blot and MTT assays.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The miRNA expression plasmids anti-H, anti-S and anti-H+S were successfully constructed by identification of sequencing analysis, and they were able to effectively inhibit the target genes expressing. MTT assays showed that the inhibition effect of dual-targeting vector anti-H+S was higher than that of mono-targeting vectors anti-H and anti-S 72 h after transfection (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The effective miRNA expression vector dual-targeting on HIF-1α and survivin genes has been successfully constructed. The inhibition effect on proliferation of pancreatic cancer Panc-1 cells by dual-targeting plasmid was higher than that by mono-target plasmids.</p>

Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Genetic Vectors , Humans , Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit , Genetics , Metabolism , Inhibitor of Apoptosis Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , MicroRNAs , Genetics , Pancreatic Neoplasms , Genetics , Metabolism , Pathology , Plasmids , Genetics , Transfection