Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 13 de 13
Filter
Add filters








Year range
1.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887263

ABSTRACT

Non-occlusive mesenteric ischemia (NOMI) after cardiovascular surgery is a disease with a poor prognosis that is difficult to diagnose and treat. We report a case of NOMI diagnosed and treated immediately after open heart surgery. A 77-year-old man was admitted to our hospital due to heart failure. Echocardiography showed the diagnosis of severe aortic stenosis. He underwent surgery for the replacement of the aortic valve. After surgery, the hemodynamics became unstable and lactate continued to rise. Contrast abdominal computed tomography revealed a smaller SMV sign and ischemic area in the intestinal wall. We suspected NOMI, and continuous intravenous administration of prostaglandin was started. Angiography revealed scattered vascular stenosis in the superior and inferior mesenteric arteries, which led to the diagnosis of NOMI, and selective infusion of papaverine hydrochloride was started. Thereafter, hemodynamic improvement was observed and the patient was able to survive. To facilitate early diagnosis and treatment of NOMI, it is important to establish a protocol at the time of onset of illness to ensure smooth treatment.

2.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781945

ABSTRACT

An 82-year-old woman was transferred to our hospital due to an abrupt back pain. She exhibited a cardiac tamponade and her CT angiography revealed Stanford type-A acute aortic dissection without abdominal extension. Emergent surgery for partial arch replacement was performed. After a few days of stable postoperative course, she suffered 38 degrees fever with an elevated inflammatory response and complained of a slight abdominal pain. Her CT scan revealed an intra-abdominal abscess with a small intestine necrosis. Emergent surgery for partial small intestine resection was performed. Her postoperative course was stable and she was discharged to a rehabilitation hospital 52 days after the first operation.

3.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-750840

ABSTRACT

A 50-year-old man was admitted to our hospital due to chest pain. He had a history of chronic pancreatitis associated with a pancreatic pseudocyst. Coronary angiography revealed stenotic lesions in left main trunk and right coronary artery coronary artery bypass grafting (RITA-LAD, LITA-OM, SVG-#4PD) were performed. The postoperative course was uneventful without any complications, and he was discharged on the 9th day after surgery. A week later, fatigue and dyspnea appeared. Echocardiography showed a large mount of pericardial fluid and echo-guided pericardiocentesis was performed. One week after the procedure the pericardial fluid reaccumulated. Pericardial drainage resulted in continuous drainage of pericardial fluid. A 7 French plastic stent was placed in the pancreatic pseudocyst, which decompressed the pancreatic pseudocyst, which led to the disappearance of pericardial effusion accumulation. The possible relation between a recurrent pericardial fluid accumulation and a pancreatic pseudocyst was suspected.

4.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-688747

ABSTRACT

Surgical stress is closely associated with the activity of the thyroid hormone. Although many patients undergoing cardiac surgery revealed markedly low triiodothyronine (T3), few patients showed symptomatic hypothyroidism. This condition is generally recognized as “non thyroidal illness (NTI) ” which is characterized by a low T3 level, despite the normal function of hypothalamus-pituitary-thyroid system. NTI is generally considered as one of the biological defense mechanisms rather than a pathological condition, eliminating the requirement of medical intervention. Even if low T3 is observed in blood biochemical examination after open heart surgery, a cautious interpretation is required. We report an elderly case presenting severe fatigue and mild disorientation accompanied by significantly low thyroid hormone after aortic valve replacement. The morbidity was remarkably improved with medical treatment, suggesting hypothyroidism after cardiac surgery.

5.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-688731

ABSTRACT

Today, syphilitic aortic aneurysm is rarely diagnosed due to widespread use of penicillin for early syphilis. Large aneurysms can be symptomatic by compressing on adjacent organs. We report a case of a huge syphilitic aneurysm of the thoracic aorta complicated with airway obstruction and superior vena cava syndrome. A 62-year-old man presented with acute severe dyspnea and distention of superficial veins. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography revealed an aneurysm of the ascending aorta extending to the transverse arch the diameter of which was 90 mm. The aneurysm compressed the bilateral main bronchi and superior vena cava. We performed an emergency operation because respiratory failure persisted despite the support of a ventilator. Since the aneurysm eroded the sternum, median sternotomy was performed under hypothermic circulatory arrest. Dissecting the aneurysm was complicated due to dense adhesion. Ascending aorta and partial arch replacement with reconstruction of the brachiocephalic trunk was successfully performed with antegrade cerebral perfusion. Postoperative computed tomography demonstrated that compression of the bilateral main bronchi was released. The result of preoperative syphilitic serologic test was strongly positive, and pathological findings of the aneurysm wall specimen was compatible with syphilitic aneurysm. Following treatment with benzyl penicillin for 14 days, the patient was discharged on the 19th postoperative day without specific complications.

6.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-688471

ABSTRACT

Anti-inflammatory therapy is generally considered to be prior to surgery for Takayasu disease to achieve better outcomes. We report two Takayasu arteritis patients with thoracic aneurysm. Case 1 was a 19-year-old woman who presented acute trachyphonia for one month. CT revealed aortic arch aneurysm of which maximal diameter was 64 mm with partial cystic protrusion. We performed urgent total arch replacement before anti-inflammation therapy was induced. Postoperative course was uneventful and the patient discharged on steroid therapy. Case 2 was a 35-year-old woman who complained chest pain for two weeks. CT revealed a Valsalva aneurysm with maximal diameter 54 mm and the aortic wall of the arch including its branches was surrounded by thick low density area. As the FDG-PET confirmed inflammatory arteritis, initial steroid therapy was planned. However, one day before admission, the patient presented acute aortic dissection and did not respond to any resuscitation. We conclude that the right time of surgery or the initial induction of anti-inflammatory therapy for anuerysmal dilation by Takayasu arteritis is to be determined based not only on the inflammation level but also on aneurysmal size and the patient's severity of complaints.

7.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-363067

ABSTRACT

A 47-year-old man was referred to our hospital with acute congestive heart failure. Echocardiography and computed tomography revealed a left atrial tumor obstructing blood flow. An emergency operation was performed to relieve the obstruction. The tumor deeply invaded the posterior wall of the left atrium. We did not completely resect the tumor. The patient was discharged 10 days after surgery without complications. The tumor was diagnosed as pleomorphic rhabdomyosarcoma histopathologically. Adjuvant chemotherapy (cyclophosphamide, vincristine, adriamycin and dacarbazine) was started 23 days after surgery. Although partial remission was achieved, the tumor started to grow after chemotherapy was discontinued because of severe adverse effects. The patient died 11 months after surgery. In this patient, even though complete resection was not done, emergency palliative surgery was effective to treat acute heart failure and to establish a pathologic diagnosis of the tumor. We report this rare case and discuss the therapeutic strategy for primary cardiac sarcomas.

8.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-362016

ABSTRACT

Clinical outcomes of CABG for elderly patients have dramatically changed during the last decade. Data from the clinical registries revealed the decrease of in-hospital mortality rate of CABG for elderly patients. Several large-scale comparative studies reported the advantage of CABG to improve long-term outcomes in elderly patients compared with PCI or medical therapy. These findings suggested the need to reconsider our approach to treat ischemic heart disease in the elderly. Hence, this study tries to overview the recent studies investigating the clinical outcomes of CABG for elderly patients.

9.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-361890

ABSTRACT

A 76-years-old woman was admitted with a left ventricular tumor that was accidentally found by a transthoracic echocardiogram. The tumor was located in the papillary muscle near the apex, had an irregular surface, and was well mobile. The urgent operation was planned because the tumor might have caused of embolism. A cardiopulmonary bypass was established with distal ascending aortic cannulation and bicaval venous cannulations. The resection of the tumor was performed by a transaortic approach. Pathological examination confirmed the tumor as primary papillary fibroelastoma. During the operation, a thoracoscope was used to assist the resection of the tumor. It was useful for a good visualization in the left ventricle. In this case report we describe a rare case of primary papillary fibroelastoma in the left ventricle and a technique of resection using a transaortic approach with an assistance of a thoracoscope.

10.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-366827

ABSTRACT

This study was designed to evaluate the optimal surgical treatment strategy for abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) coexisting with coronary artery disease (CAD). Twenty-six patients (21 men and 5 women with a mean age of 72.6±3.7 years old) who required surgical treatment of both conditions were examined. Eleven patients underwent a one-stage operation. Four of them had on-pump CABG and 7, including 3 high-risk-patients, underwent off-pump CABG. There were no operative mortalities, but 3 patients had severe morbidity (respiratory failure, acute renal failure, pneumonia). Fifteen patients underwent a two-stage operation. None of them had rupture of the AAA during the interval between the two operations, but 2 patients with large AAA (more than 6cm in diameter) required emergency operation due to impending rupture of the AAA. There was no operative mortality, but one patient suffered acute renal failure. One-stage operation for low-risk patients seems to be a safe and reasonable strategy. One-stage operation for high-risk patients should be performed cautiously, and off-pump CABG is especially useful in such patients.

11.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-366793

ABSTRACT

A 34-year-old woman who was suffering from aortitis syndrome with annuloaortic ectasia (AAE) and severe aortic regurgitation (AR) from 18 years of age was admitted for an aortic root replacement. She has been on 5mg predonine daily. Aortography, CT and echocardiography examinations revealed dilated aortic annulus (D=30mm) and valsalva sinuses (D=43mm) and overstretched aortic valve leaflets. The ascending aorta was aneurysmal (D=50mm). Because of the patient's strong desire to have children, a Freestyle bioprosthesis was chosen for replacement. A collagen impregnated tube graft was interposed between the Freestyle and the proximal end of the transverse aorta. In order to reconstruct the coronary arteries, the Cabrol technique was utilized because of severe inflammatory adhesion of the aortic root. The patient had an uneventful postoperative course. This case shows that an aortic root replacement with Freestyle bioprosthesis offers a great benefit to those patients who are not suitable to receive postoperative anti-coagulation therapy to enable future pregnancy and child delivery.

12.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-366720

ABSTRACT

This study was designed to evaluate the perioperative outcome of dialysis patients undergoing cardiac surgery, who were managed with our perioperative dialysis program. Between April 1994 and August 1999, 11 patients (7 men and 4 women with a mean age of 57.3±10.3 (36-73)) with hemodialysis (HD, <i>n</i>=8) and peritoneal dialysis (PD, <i>n</i>=3) underwent cardiac surgery. The duration of dialysis was 5.6±4.3 years. Operation included mitral valve replacement (<i>n</i>=1) and isolated coronary artery bypass grafting (<i>n</i>=10). Patients with HD had single hemodialysis on the day before operation. Patients with PD were maintained on PD in the usual manner until the day before surgery. Intraoperative hemofiltration during extra-corporeal circulation and normokalemic non-depolarizing cardioplegic solution were used in all patients to avoid post-operative hyperkalemia. All HD patients had dialysis on the first post-operative day (POD 1), and then every other day. PD patients had PD soon after arriving at the ICU. Levels of serum creatinine, urea nitrogen, acid-base balance were successfully controlled within acceptable ranges. No patients required emergency HD or any post-operative managements for hyperkalemia in the ICU. Six of 8 HD patients required an increase in vasopressor because of a tendency toward hypotension and 4 of 8 patients suffered from atrial fibrillation during the initial HD on POD 1. Eight of 11 patients could be extubated on the first POD. No hospital death occurred. The use of normokalemic cardioplegic solution was useful to avoid post-operative hyperkalemia. Our perioperative dialysis programme successfully managed the perioperative clinical course of dialysed patients undergoing cardiac surgery.

13.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-366328

ABSTRACT

Eight patients with multiple aortic aneurysms of both the thoracic and abdominal aortae treated surgically from 1991 to 1995 were evaluated clinically. The patients consisted of six men and two women, with an average age of 65.6 years ranging from 50 to 73. The incidence of multiple aortic aneurysms was about 10% of all cases of aortic aneurysms. The entire aorta should be examined in all patients with aortic aneurysms. Among the five patients who underwent a two-staged operation, the thoracic operation preceded the abdominal one in one case, and the abdominal operation preceded the other in four cases. No aneurysm rupture occurred in the two-staged cases. In conclusion we should first replace the aneurysm with the higher risk of rupture. However, when such a judgement is difficult, it is improtant to consider the possibility of a rupture of the second aneurysm or a brain infarction caused by a thrombosis moving from the abdominal aneurysm. The order of operation should be decided according to the location and the size of the thoracic aneurysm.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL