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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870548

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical characteristics and outcomes of pediatric kidney transplantations at a single center and discuss the related clinical issues.Methods:From January 1990 to October 2019, clinical data were analyzed retrospectively for 244 pediatric renal transplants. The youngest recipient was aged 1.8 years and the median age of pediatric recipients was 12.2 years. The major disease was primary or hereditary glomerulonephritis ( n=160, 69.0%), congenital anomalies of kidney and urinary tract (CAKUT), cystic renopathy and other hereditary nephropathies ( n=55, 23.7%). The donor sources included traditional deceased donor ( n=42, 17.2%), living-related donor ( n=19, 7.8%) and organ donation ( n=183, 75.0%). The median age of donors was 2 years (0-51) and the median weight 12.0(2.7-72.0) kg. From January 2013 to October 2019, 170 cases), the major induction immunosuppression regimen was anti-thymocyte globulin (ATG) ( n=110, 64.7%) or basiliximab ( n=58, 34.1%). The maintenance regimen was tacrolimus + mycophenolic acid (MPA) + glucocorticosteroids. Finally the outcomes and the complications were analyzed. Results:The survival rates of 244 kidney allograft recipients were 98.1%, 94.5% and 93.4% and the graft survival rates 92.6%, 84.2% and 82.0% at 1/3/5 years respectively. Ten recipients died of accident ( n=2, 20.0%), pneumonia after transplantation ( n=2, 20.0%) and intracranial hemorrhage ( n=2, 20.0%). Thirty-three recipients lost their allografts mainly due to intravascular thrombosis in graft ( n=5, 14.3%), acute rejection ( n=5, 14.3%) and death ( n=9, 25.7%). Besides, among 109 deceased donor allograft recipients, the postoperative outcomes were delayed graft function recovery (DGF) ( n=27, 24.8%), arterial thrombosis ( n=6, 5.5%), venous thrombosis ( n=1, 0.9%), graft perirenal hematoma ( n=6, 5.5%), raft artery stenosis ( n=10, 9.2%) and graft ureteral fistula ( n=1, 0.9%). The incidence of acute rejection was 17.5% and 23.2% at 1/3 year respectively. The recurrent rate of primary disease was 6.9%, including primary FSGS ( n=3, 42.9%) and IgA nephropathy ( n=2, 28.6%). At 1/3 year post-operation, the incidence of pulmonary infection was 16.9% and 22.4% and the incidence of urinary tract infection 26.9% and 31.7%. Excluding recipients with graft failure, the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) at 1/2/3 year postoperatively was (80.3±25.2), (81.4±27.8) and (71.8±27.6) ml/(min·1.73 m 2)respectively. Conclusions:The outcomes of pediatric renal transplantations are excellent at our center. Future efforts shall be devoted to optimizing the strategies of donor kidney selection and strengthening preoperative evaluations, perioperative and postoperative managements for improving the long-term outcomes of pediatric renal transplantations.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-791840

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the strategies of desensitization treatment for ABO incompatible (ABOi) related living-donor kidney transplantation .Methods A retrospective analysis was performed for 14 recipients undergoing ABOi related living kidney transplantation from July 2015 to December 2018 .The clinical outcomes and expenditures of desensitization treatment before and after optimizing desensitization were compared .Results After desensitization treatment , 14 recipients successfully underwent ABOi-kidney transplantation . Within 2 weeks post-transplantation , blood group antibody rebounded to 1:64 in only 1 recipient .Within 1 week post-transplantation ,the serum creatinine levels decreased to 85-165 μmol/L in 14 recipients .Thirteen patients stabilized after 1 week while another patient had an elevated level of serum creatinine at Day 12 post-operation and renal allograft function recovered after treatment . Two cases of rejection were diagnosed by clinical manifestations and 1 case was confirmed by pathological biopsy . Five cases of programmed renal allograft biopsy indicated critical or suspected acute T-lymphocytic rejection within 1 year .Thirteen cases (92 .6% ) demonstrated varying degrees of peritubular capillary deposition of C 4d .One case developed BK viral uropathy within 1 year and four patients of pulmonary infections requiring hospitalization were cured after treatment . During an early stage , the incidence of postoperative infection was 57 .14% and declined to 14 .29% after optimized desensitization .The expenditure of early desensitization treatment was (27004 .86 ± 10719 .85) yuan and (10612 .29 ± 8143 .05) yuan after optimization .And the expenditure of optimized desensitization was significantly lowered (P<0 .05) . During follow-ups ,renal allograft function of 14 recipients remained decent .And the survival rate of recipient/allograft was 100% up to the statistical cut-off point .Conclusions Both desensitization strategies may achieve the goal of desensitization for ABOi kidney transplantation and the outcomes are excellent .The expenditure of desensitization treatment is significantly lowered after optimization .

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755926

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the efficacy and safety of mizoribine (MZR) in initial immunosuppression in living-related renal transplant recipients.Methods From October 2015 to October 2017,twenty-two patients undergoing initial living-related renal transplantation received MZR (3-4 mg/kg/d) plus tacrolimus and corticosteroid.During a follow-up period of 12 months,patient/graft survival,incidence of acute rejection and adverse events were observed.Results There was no onset of graft loss and death and acute rejection rate was 22.7%.Renal allograft function remained stable.The incidence rate of cytomegaloviral infection was 4.5% and no CMV disease occurred.The incidence of BKV viruria was 36.4% and the infection rate was 18.2%.Digestive symptoms occurred (n =3,13.6%).The major side effect of hyperuricemia could be controlled without reduction or withdrawal of MZR.Conclusions Excellent graft survival can be achieved when using MZR as initial immunosuppression in living-donor renal transplant recipients,yet the incidence of acute rejection remains high.Further study is required for determining the effect of MZR in the prevention of BK viral infection during renal transplantation.

4.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 67-2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780409

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the survival and influencing factors of patients with recurrent and de novo nephritis of the renal allograft. Methods Clinical data of 95 patients undergoing pathological puncture (biopsy) of the renal allograft were retrospectively analyzed. According to the biopsy results, all recipients were assigned into the recurrent group (n=28), de novo group(n=33) and non-nephritis group (n=34). The 1-, 3- and 5-year survival was statistically analyzed and the survival rates were calculated in three groups. Kaplan-Meier survival curve was adopted to analyze the 5-year survival. Clinical data of patients with recurrent and de novo nephritis were analyzed by univariate analysis. Logistic regression analysis was utilized to analyze the influencing factors of clinical prognosis of patients with recurrent and de novo nephritis. Results The 1-year survival rate did not significantly differ among three groups (all P > 0.05). The 3-year survival rates in the de novo group and non-nephritis group were 97% and 100%, significantly higher than 86% in the recurrent group (both P < 0.05). The 5-year survival rates in the de novo group and non-nephritis group were 82% and 91%, considerably higher than 61% in the recurrent group (both P < 0.05). Logistic regression analysis demonstrated that the survival rate of patients with recurrent renal nephritis was significantly correlated with the times of renal transplantation, cold ischemia time (≥12 h), immunosuppressive regime, recovery time of postoperative serum creatinine (Scr) (≥14 d), complications at postoperative 1 month (acute renal tubular necrosis, ultra-acute rejection and acute rejection) and type of nephritis (IgA nephropathy, focal segmental glomerular sclerosis and hemolytic-uremic syndrome) (all P < 0.05). In patients with de novo nephritis, the survival rate was significantly associated with cold ischemia time (≥12 h), immunosuppressive regime, recovery time of postoperative Scr (≥14 d) and complications at postoperative 1 month (acute renal tubular necrosis, ultra-acute rejection and acute rejection) (all P < 0.05). Conclusions The survival rate of patients with recurrent renal nephritis is lower than those in their counterparts with de novo nephritis and without nephritis. Cold ischemia time, immunosuppressive regime, recovery time of postoperative Scr and complications at postoperative 1 month are pivotal influencing factors of the clinical prognosis of patients with recurrent and de novo nephritis of the renal allograft.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-710708

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical outcome of renal transplantation and analyze the risk factors influencing the kidney allograft survival after transplantation.Methods The clinical data of 524 cases of renal transplantation between January 2007 and December 2015 were retrospectively analyzed.Serum creatinine was determined,and glomerular filtration rate(GFR) was estimated.The 1-,2-and 3-year patient and graft survival after transplantation was calculated.Adverse events were recorded.Results The median follow-up time was 17.2 months.The 1-,2-and 3-year graft survival rate after transplantation was 97%,95.8% and 95.3%,respectively.The 1-,2-and 3-year patient survival rate after transplantation was 97.8%,97% and 97%,respectively.The eGFR was (67.6 ± 24.1),(68.9±24.2) and (72.7 ± 26.2) ml·min-1 ·1.73 m-2 at 1st,2nd and 3rd year after transplantation.The incidence of delayed graft function(DGF) was 20.6% (108/524).Multivariate analysis revealed donor type (P =0.005) and the terminal creatinine (P<0.001) were the independent risk factors of DGF.Elder recipients (P =0.004),recipients with diabetes(P =0.031),preoperative positivity of panel reactive antibody(PRA) (P =0.023),and donor with hypertension (P =0.046) were risk factors influencing the kidney allograft survival.Conclusion Kidney transplantation showed good outcomes at 3rd year after transplantation.The recipient age,recipient's history of diabetes,preoperative PRA and donor's history of hypertension are independent risk factors for renal graft survival.

6.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 856-858, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709612

ABSTRACT

Objective To introduce the advantages,incision designing methods and surgical procedures of spigelius' line incision in retroperitoneal laparoscopic living donor nephrectomy.Methods Among the 114 donors,39 were obtained by spigeliu'line incision (13 males and 26 females),with an average age of 35 years,35 left kidneys and 4 right kidneys.Gibson incision was performed in 75 patients (28 males and 47 females),with an average age of 31 years,73 left kidneys and 2 right kidneys.The clinical data of 114 donors undergoing retroperitoneal laparoscopic living donor nephrectomy from September 2012 to July 2017 were analyzed retrospectively.The operation was performed by laparoscopic surgery to separate the ureter,renal vessels and perirenal fat.Finally,the renal vessels were removed and the kidneys were removed with hand-assistant.75 cases were taken out of the kidney through the inguinal parallel incision (Gibson incision),while the other 39 cases used the spigelius' line incision (Through the linea pararectalis,the anterior sheath is cut opened at the margin of the rectus sheath (spigelius' line) and the lateral peritoneum is pushed into the midline between the arcuate line and the inferior abdominal vessels to expose the retroperitoneal space).The intraoperative data were collected.Results All the operations were not converted to open surgery.The incision length of the spigelius' line incision group was (6.8 ± 0.6) cm,and the incision length of the Gibson incision group was (7.0 ± 0.4) cm,P =0.02.The blood loss of the operation of the spigelius' line incision group was (59.2 ± 33.4) ml,while the Gibson incision group was (80.7 ± 32.8) ml,P =0.002.The warm ischemia time of the spigelius'line incision group was (2.8 ± 1.1) min,while the Gibson incision group was (3.1 ± 1.7) min,P =0.31.The operation time of the spigelius' line incision group was (160.8 ± 30.7) min,while the Gibson incision group was (162.5 ± 28.1) min,P =0.77.There was no significant difference between the two groups in the warm ischemia time and the operation time.No incisional hernia was found in these two groups.Conclusions Compared with Gibson incision,the spigelius' line incision is safe.It can completely avoid to cut the abdominal muscles,and effectively avoid the abdominal nerves injury.Without damaging the integrity of the peritoneum,it can avoid abdominal organ injury.

7.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 433-437, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-731652

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the necessity of anti-human leukocyte antigen (HLA)antibody monitoring and graft biopsy on early diagnosis of antibody-mediated rejection (AMR). Methods Fifty-one recipients with de novo donor specific antibody (dnDSA)were screened and chosen. Donor specific antibody (DSA)and its ability to bind with C1 q were evaluated. Pathological biopsy of the kidney graft was performed. The recipients diagnosed with AMR were divided into the unstable and stable kidney function groups. Type of DSA,binding ability of the complement and Banff score were statistically compared between two groups. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis of the kidney graft in the recipients from non-rejection, unstable and stable kidney function groups was performed. Results Type of HLA antibody,mean fluorescent intensity (MFI)of DSA,C1 q binding ability and C4d deposition in peritubular capillary did not significantly differ between the unstable and stable groups (all P>0. 05 ). Histomorphologically,the Banff score of microvasculitis,endarteritis,renal tubule-interstitial nephritis,transplantation glomerulopathy and renal tubular atrophy-stroma fibrosis did not significantly differ between two groups (all P>0. 05 ). In the unstable group,the accumulated survival rate of the kidney graft was significantly lower compared with that in the stable group,which was significantly lower than that of their counterparts who were ineligible for pathological diagnosis (P=0. 002). Conclusions It is necessary to perform regular anti-HLA antibody monitoring and pathological puncture examination after renal transplantation,which contributes to early detection and diagnosis of AMR.

8.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 679-682, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-423857

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the influence of donor GFR on the early renal function in recipients undergoing living donor transplantation.Methods A total of 172 living donor transplant recipients in our kidney transplantation center from 2006 to 2011 were enrolled into this study.Among them,166 were genetically related (96.5%),while 6 were genetically unrelated (spouses in 5 and other in 1).The predonation GFR was measured by isotope clearance (99mTC-DTPA with few exceptions).The range of donor GFR was 62 to 148 ml/min.The recipients were classified into two groups according to donor graft GFR level (GFR≤45 ml/min,n=76; GFR>45 ml/min,n =96).The predonation dialysis,cold and warm ischemia time,antibody induction,immunosuppressive regimens and HLA mismatch were not significantly different between two groups.Results There were no significant differences in the incidence of postoperative acute rejection and delay graft function (DGF).The postoperative Scr of GFR>45 ml/min group in 1 week,1 month,3 months and 1 year was lower compared with the GFR ≤45 ml/min group,and only the difference of Scr in 1 week was significantly different (P<0.05).A repeated-measure ANOVA revealed no significant differences were found in Scr variation of two groups during the first year after transplantation.Conclusions Predonation GFR of the donor has effect on the Scr of postoperative Ⅰ week of recipients,not on the Scr within a year.Recipients with graft GFR>45 ml/min have lower Scr levels.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-422489

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the characteristics of tuberculosis (TB) in renal-transplant recipients from our hospital, and summarize the corresponding experiences in diagnosis and management.Methods A retrospective study was performed on 61 documented post-transplant TB cases out of the 2842 patients who received kidney transplantation in the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University between Jan.1991 and Dec.2010.Results TB in the post-renal-transplant population in our hospital displayed the following characteristics:(1) High incidence (2.1% ).54.1% recipients were diagnosed within the first year post-transplant; (2) Lung was the most common site (77.0 %).There was high prevalence (60.7 %) of extra-pulmonary TB (lymphatic TB,23.0 %; pleuritis,13.1 %; graft,11.5%); (3) Fever (83.6 %),cough (55.7 %),sputum (41.0 %) were the most common clinical manifestations.There were also emaciation (3.3 %) and enlargement of lymph nodes (18.0 %); (4) Chest X-ray and CT were of great value during TB diagnosis while purified protein derivative of tuberculin (PPD) skin test had little diagnostic value with a negative result in 56 cases (91.8 %) ; (5) Liver function damage ( 16.4 %),kidney function injury (39.3 %) and peripheral nerve toxicity (3.3 %) were the main adverse reactions of anti-tuberculosis chemotherapy,also the major cause of anti-TB failure; (6) Pre-transplant TB (17 cases) increased the probability of TB recurrence (4 cases,23.5 %) post-transplantation; (7) The post-transplant TB patients were accompanied with cellular immune deficiency,resulting in overlapping infection of bacteria,viruses and fungi (19.7 %); (8) 1- and 3-year patient/graft survival rate of patients with post-transplant TB was 85.2 %/78.7 % and 85.2 %/75.4 % respectively. The accumulative mortality rate reached to 14.8%,while overlapping infection was the major cause of death (66.7 %).Conclusion Chinese renal transplant recipients still face a high risk of TB because of their immunecompromised state and epidemiological prevalence of the disease. For the high mortality rate and associated serious complications,rapid diagnosis and effective anti-TB chemotherapy are of great value for TB population.

10.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 427-431, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-383580

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the characteristics of BK virus (BKV) infection in renal transplant recipients. Methods A total of 243 renal recipients from our clinic within 48 months after transplantation were enrolled as the trial group and 82 healthy people as the control group. Urine and peripheral blood samples of these two groups were harvested for urinary sediment BKV cytology by Decoy cell counting and BKV DNA by real-time PCR. Results The positive rates of urinary Decoy cell, BKV viruria and viremia were 35.4%, 36.6% and 16.9% in trial group, and 4.9%, 20.7% and 2.9% in control group, respectively. In trial group, the medians of urinary Decoy cell, urinary BKV and peripheral blood BKV were 6/10 HPF, 1.00×104 copy/ml and 6.87×103 copy/ml respectively, while in control group, they were 2/10 HPF, 1.10×104 copy/ml and 2.24×1(3 copy/ml. Compared with the healthy people, the positive rates and the levels of BKV DNA in urine and peripheral blood of recipients were significantly higher. The amount of urinary Decoy cells was positively correlated to urinary BKV load (r=0.636, P<0.01). Conclusions BKV replication is easier to happen in renal recipients as compared to healthy people. Counting of urinary Decoy cells is convenient, useful and sensitive to evaluate BK viruria and viremia in renaltransplant recipients. BKV DNA detection in urine and peripheral blood can be used to screen the evidence of BK reaction in order to prevent irreversible graft damage by BKV.[ Key words ] Kidney transplantation; BK virus; Kidney diseases; Decoy cells

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-386391

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the pathological type and characteristics of renal allograft in kidney transplantation recipients,and to analyze the relevant clinical conditions and prognosis of renal function.Methods 230 patients received renal allograft biopsy after renal transplantation.The pathological type and characteristics of renal allograft specimens were observed,and the serum creatinine (SCr) in the recipients with different pathological types were analyzed.The function of renal allograft in the recipients was followed-up after one year,and their prognosis was evaluated.Results In 10 cases of protocol biopsy,normal renal tissues were found in 9 cases,IgA nephropathy occurred at the 3rd month after transplantation.In 220 cases having impaired renal function,there were 33 cases of borderline change,45 cases of acute rejection (AR),24 cases of chronic rejection (CR),26 cases of chronic allograft nephrapathy (CAN),and 39 cases of posttransplantation glomerulonephritis (PTGN).Except for above 167 cases,lesions of 28 cases showed multiple pathology types.Furthermore,there were 8 cases of calcineurin inhibitor nephrotoxicity (CNI-NT),7 cases of BK virus nephropathy (BKVN),and 5 cases of acute tubular necrosis (ATN).Five cases could not be diagnosed for little tissue.In the recipients with pathological diagnosis of borderline change,AR,CR,CAN and nephritis,SCr levels were (171 ± 17),(259 ± 25),(343 ± 33),(406 ± 67) and (207 ± 26) respectively.There was significant difference in SCr levels of recipients among the above 5 groups (P<0.01).One year after biopsy,137 recipients (80.2%) were followed up.The dysfunction rate of renal allograft was 3.1%,18.2%,22.2 %,33.3% and 13.5% respectively.The △SCr was (-47 ± 20.7),(-37.3± 36.9),(25.5 ± 24.3),(13.5 ± 27.7) and (25.2 ± 17.1) μmol/L respectively.Conclusion Complex and diverse pathological changes were showed in renal allograft.Accurate diagnoses come from renal biopsy and clinical analysis may help clinicians select appropriate treatment programs to promote long-term graft survival.

12.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 666-668, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-392751

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the characteristics of extra-pulmonary tuberculosis in renal transplant recipients,and discuss its diagnosis and management. Methods From Jan.1991 to Apr.2007,37 cases of post-operational tuberculosis were identified out of the 2333 renal transplantations done in our center.Among them there were 19 cases with extra-pulmonary foci(51%),which involved allograft kidney in 5 cases,meninges in 4 cases,pleura in 4 cases,lymph node in 3 cases,soft issue in 2 cases,larynx,liver,vertebra and intestine in 1 case each.In 3 cases,there were 2 extrapulmonary sites involved at the same time.Most of the cases happened within one year post-transplant (53%).The most common clinical manifestation was fever. Results After anti-tuberculosis therapy,14 cases were cured and 5 were irresponsible and died.Eight cases (42%) experienced acute rejection and 4 cases(21%)had abnormal liver function during the treatment. Conclusions Extra-pulmonary tuberculosis had a high incidence and high mortality in post-renal-transplant population.Therefore,attention should be given to its differential diagnosis in clinical practice.Balancing anti-tuberculosis and anti-rejection therapy is important for this specific population.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-381390

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the risk factors of invasive fungal infection after kidney transplantation and to evaluate their effect on prognosis. Methods Data of 2573 patients of kidney transplantation in our center from Jan 1994 to May 2008 were analyzed retrospectively. Patients were divided into case group and control group according to fungal infection after operation. Differences of age, preoperative conditions, complications after operation, drainage time, application of broad-spectrum antibiotics, and use of anti-rejection drugs were compared between these two groups to identify the risk factors of postoperative fungal infection. The impact of risk factor amount on the incidence and mortality of invasive fungal infection, as well as on the mortality of patients and graft loss rate was analyzed. Results Compared with control group, the number of aged patients elevated significantly, as well as the incidence of delayed graft function (DGF), acute rejection, CMV infection, liver function impairment, delayed incision healing, and myelosuppression went up significantly in case group. The incidence of long drainage time (>1 week), using broad-spectrum antibiotics (>1 week) and anti-rejection drugs was also increased in case group (P<0.01) . Multivariate Logistic regression showed that aging (≥60 years), DGF, delayed incision healing, myelosurppression, and using broad-spectrum antibiotics (>1 week) were independent risk factors for invasive fungal infection. With the risk factor number increasing, the incidence and mortality increased significantly (X2=91.2 and 18.1 ,respectively, P<0.01), the graft loss rate also increased significantly (X2=93.0, P<0.01). Conclusion Evaluaton of risk factors and prevention of fungal infection after kidney transplantation are very important for improving the prognosis.

14.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 52-56, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-397939

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the risk factors affecting BK virus(BKV)infection after kidney transplantation.Methods Taking 90 renal recipients as objectives,urine and peripheral blood (PB)samples of which were taken for the BKV cytologieal test of urinary sediment and real-time PCR tests for BKV DNA of both urine and PB at 1,3,6,9 and 12 months after transplantation.Part of the renal-recipients had been received the graft biopsy.According to BKV DNA in urine,90 recipients were divided into two groups:BKV infected group and non-BKV infected group.Potential variables were compared between the two groups and analyzed by Logistic regression model multivariate analysis to assess and rank the BKV infection related factors.Results The positive rates of urine decoy cell,BKV viruria and viremia in 90 renal recipients were 42.2%(38/90),45.6%(41/90)and 22.2%(20/90),respectively.The proportion of the recipients who used FK506+MMF protocol in the BKV infected group was 68.3%(28/41),which was higher than that of the non-BKV infected group 40.8%(20/49,P<0.01).Using FK506+MMF protocol was the independent risk factor impacting on BKV infection in renal recipients(X2=6.579,P=0.01,OR=3.123).Five cases of BK virus associated nephropathy(BKVAN)were diagnosed.Conclusion Using FK506+MMF can increase the possibility of BKV infection and then result in BKVAN in renal transplant recipients,intensively BKV monitoring is necessary for these recipients.

15.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 57-60, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-397807

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the influence of donating kidney of marginal donors on the early prognosis of living-related kidney transplant recipients.Methods Sixty-six cases of living-re-lated kidney transplant patients between February 2004 and September 2007 were divided into the marginal donors group(28 cases)and non-marginal donors group(38 cases).Serum creatinine before and after surgery,creatinine clearance after surgery and perioperation complications were compared respectivelv between the 2 groups.Results The serum creatinine levels in the marginal donors group and non-marginal donors group were 154,131,127μmol/L and 132,117,118 ttmol/L on 7th day,1st month and 3rd month after transplantation respectively,and there were no significant differences between the 2 groups(P>0.05).The serum creatinine level in parent-child donating kidney of the 2 groups Was 160,131,126μmol/L and 132,129,126μtmol/L on 7th day,1st month and 3rd month after transplantation respectively,and there were no significant differences too(P>0.05).There was no difference in the rate of perioperation complications and creatinine clearance after kidney transplantation between the 2 groups.Conclusions The early prognosis of marginal donors'recipients is ideal.The marginal donors could be selected as the living-related kidney transplant donors,especially between parent and child,as long as they are evaluated according to stricter criteria.But the long-term prognosis of the recipients should be further observed.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-407027

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Donor antigen presenting cells immigrated into the recipient can induce the immunological tolerance of recipient T cells to donor, leading to a final acceptance to grafts, lnterleukin-10 (IL-10) modification maintains dendritic cells at a desirable differentiating state, which is an effective method to promote the protection to kidney in the simultaneous liver-kidney transplantation.OBJECTIVE: To observe the immigration of IL-10-modified dendritic cells in rats subjected to simultaneous liver-kidney transplantation and to investigate the mechanism of action.DESIGN, TIME AND SETTING: A randomized, controlled, animal experiment was performed in the Medical College of Sun Yat-sen University between June 2004 and February 2006.MATERIALS: Male DA donor rats (n=60) and Lewis recipient rats (n=60), both were adult and of clean grade, were included.Sixty Lewis rats were randomly and evenly divided into 3 groups: IL-10-modified cell group, simple cell group, and model control group.METHODS: Donor rat liver and kidney were harvested by simultaneous liver-kidney transplantation. Recipient rats in each group were subjected to orthotopic liver and left kidney transplantation to establish models of immunological rejection. Under sterile condition, donor rat femur and tibia were harvested. Dnlbecco's modified eagle's medium (DMEM) was used to wash out the bone marrow. After removal of red cells, dendritic cells were isolated and cultured by adherent method. After modified with 20 μg/L IL-10 for 72 hours, dendritic cells were intravenously transfused into rat bodies in the IL-10-modified group, 2×10(7) cells/rat, In the simple cell group, rats were treated with donor dendritic cells without modification with IL-10. Rats in the model control group received no any interventions.MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: [1]Dynamic changes of vital sign, urine volume, liver and renal function in recipient tissues;[2] Pathohistological detection results;[3]Distribution of donor dendritic cells in the recipient rats by in situ hybridization.RESULTS: In the simple cell and model control groups, urinary volume was reduced to 0 mL 5-6 days after transplantation. In addition, both groups presented with severe acute rejection. In the IL-10-modified cell group, urinary volume maintained at 6-12mL within 2 weeks after transplantation. The acute rejection of liver and kidney transplantation was obviously inhibited, surviving for(20.0±2.6) days on average, which was significantly longer than that in the simple cell group and model control group. A probability value of less than 0.05 in the Log Rank test was considered statistically significant. There were many Y chromosome-labeled dendritic cells immigrated into the mesenteric lymph node in the recipient rats.CONCLUSION: IL-10-modified dendritic cells play an immunoprotective effect on the liver and kidney transplanted simultaneously. Donor immature dendritic cells immigrated into recipient tissue could reduce acute rejections and prolong the survival time of liver and kidney grafts and recipients.

17.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 315-318, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-383763

ABSTRACT

Objectives To investigate the influence of cytomegalovirus infection after kidney transplantation on the recipients and the associated risk factors of cytomegalovirus infection .Methods Data of 892 kidney transplantation recipients from January 2000 to December 2004 in our department were analyzed retrospectively . All the recipients were divided into case group (with cytomegalovirus infection) and control group (without cytomegalovirus infection) . Log-Rank test was used to compare the 1-, 3-, 5-year survival of patients and grafts between two groups . The incidence of complications, the difference of regiment of immunosuppressant and anti-CMV drugs were compared as well . The independent risk factors of cytomegalovirus infection were assessed by Logistic regression analysis . Results One-, 3-, 5-year survival rates of patients in case group were 81 .3%, 72 .8% and 54 .8% respectively, while the patients in control group were 96 .4%,91 .4% and 79 .9% respectively, the prior was significantly lower than the latter (Log-Rank value=49 .62, P<0 .01) . One-, 3-, 5-year survival rates of grafts in case group were 71 .0%, 66 .2% and 46 .1%, while the grafts in control group were 91 .5%, 86 .6% and 74 .5% respectively, the prior was significantly lower than the latter as well (Log-Rank value=44 .87, P<0 .01) . The incidence of acute rejection in case group was 24 .9%, while it was 13 .9% in control group, with significant difference between two groups (x2=14 .49, P<0 .01 ) . Logistic regression showed that acute rejection,mycophenolate mofetil dose more than 2 g, and usage of ATG/ALG or OKT3 were the independent risk factors of cytomegalovirus infection (OR=1 .464, 3 .097 and 2 .837, P<0 .05 ) . Ganciclovir was the protective factor of cytomegalovirus infection (OR =0 .234, P <0 .01) . Conclusions Cytomegalovirus infection decreases the long-term survival of recipients and grafts in kidney transplantation . Acute rejection, high dose of mycophenolate mofetil, and ATG/ALG or OKT3 are the independent risk factors of cytomegalovirus infection . Prophylactic usage of ganciclovir after kidney transplantation can effectively reduce cytomegalovirus infection .

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-526617

ABSTRACT

6.2 mmol/L) who underwent renal transplantation accepted pravastatin therapy 10 mg once evening for 8 weeks. Total cholesterol(TC),low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C),high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C),triglyceride(TG),endothelin(ET) and nitrous oxide(NO) were measured before and after pravastatin therapy. The endothelium-dependent relaxing function was measured before and post pravastatin therapy by high-resolution ultrasound. Thirty people with normal blood cholesterol accepted same examination as control. Results The level of ET in renal transplantation group was significantly higher than that of control group,and the level of NO in renal transplantation group was significantly lower than that of control group. After 8 week′s therapy,the level of NO rose significantly,and the level of ET,TC,LDL-C,TG decreased significantly. The level of HDL-C increased but there was no significant difference between two groups. Flow-mediated vasodilations were improved after pravastatin therapy,while the level in transplantation group was lower than that of control group. Conclusion Pravastatin is effective in treatment of dyslipidemia after renal transplantation,which can improve the endothelium-dependent vasodilation.

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