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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933926

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the prenatal ultrasonographic features and prognosis of fetal umbilical-portal-systemic venous shunt (UPSVS).Methods:This retrospective study retrieved the records of 14 fetuses with UPSVS from Chongqing Health Center for Women and Children from January 2018 to September 2020, to describe their ultrasonographic features, concomitant malformations, chromosomal examination results, and follow-up.Results:All the 14 cases were classified into three types: Type Ⅰ ( n=2), the umbilical vein directly connected to the systemic venous detouring around the liver; Type Ⅱ ( n=2), the umbilical vein connected to the distal inferior vena cava instead of the left atrium after entering the liver through the ductus venosus; and Type Ⅲa ( n=10), those with an intrahepatic shunt, between the intrahepatic portal venous system and the hepatic vein. Of the 14 fetuses, 11 had normal chromosome test results, including four had serum screening of Down syndrome in the first trimester, four had non-invasive prenatal testing, and three had prenatal genetic diagnosis. Six cases were complicated by other system malformations. Fetal growth restriction and heart failure were found in four cases each. Four pregnancies were terminated due to other anomalies and the other 10 ended in live births with good prognosis for the fetuses. Conclusions:Special attention should be paid to the fetal umbilical- portal-venous system when there are unexplained fetal growth restriction, fetal heart failure, or abnormal blood vessels in the abdominal section of the fetus. UPSVS has typically ultrasonographic features, which can prenatally determine the shunt type and the integrity of the intrahepatic portal venous system. A full assessment of the intrauterine fetal condition and other malformations are of great value in prognostic counseling.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931451

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the establishment and effect of short-term training path for prenatal ultrasound diagnosticians in primary hospitals.Methods:A total of 105 trainees from in total 5 batches of the "prenatal ultrasound screening training base" in Chongqing were selected as the research objects, and a combination of multiple teaching methods was used to carry out specialized training for primary prenatal ultrasound screening doctors before and after training. Theoretical examinations and practical operation assessments were performed, and after training, remote image quality control and continuous improvement methods were established for trainees to assess training effectiveness. SPSS 21.0 was used for t test, Wilcoxon test and chi-square test. Results:After training, the results of the theoretical examinations and practical operation examinations of the trainees were higher than those before the training ( P<0.05), and after the completion of the training, the number of trainees who returned to their original units to carry out prenatal ultrasound examination, the average number of prenatal ultrasound examinations per month and the number of referrals to higher prenatal diagnosis centers of each trainee increased significantly ( P<0.05). Conclusion:The establishment of short-term training path for prenatal ultrasound diagnosis can effectively improve the professional theoretical knowledge and practical operation level of prenatal ultrasound doctors in primary hospitals, and greatly solve the problem of technical promotion under the shortage of grassroots hospitals.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884323

ABSTRACT

Objective:To assess the urethral mobility of normal parous women in China and explore the impacts of related risk factors on it using translabial ultrasound.Methods:Females who met the inclusion criteria in 37 tertiary hospitals from February 2017 to August 2018 were included. All women underwent standardized translabial ultrasound examination and the urethral rotation angle (URA), bladder neck position at maximum Valsalva maneuver (BNP-V) and bladder neck descent (BND) were measured. Questionnaires were used to collect basic information including age, height, weight, body mass index (BMI), past medical history, maternity history, and urinary incontinence related history. Mann-Whitney U test and multiple linear regression analysis were adopted to explore the influences of age, BMI, delivery mode and parity on normal parous women′s urethral mobility. Then, the study subjects were divided into different groups and the corresponding values of URA, BNP-V and BND were compared. Results:Compared with parous women with normal BMI and no history of vaginal delivery, those who were overweight and/or had a history of vaginal delivery were more likely to gain greater URA and BND ( P<0.05). The URA and BND were not significantly different between women with different times of cesarean sections ( P>0.05); while for women with a history of vaginal delivery, these two parameters increased with the increase of the number of transvaginal deliveries ( P<0.05). Conclusions:BMI and vaginal delivery are important risk factors for the urethral mobility of normal parous women. The urethral mobility increases with the increase of BMI and the number of vaginal deliveries.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868099

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the prenatal ultrasonic characteristics and hemodynamic changes of umbilical artery (UA) thrombosis in fetus, and to improve the accuracy of prenatal ultrasound diagnosis.Methods:The prenatal sonographic features and hemodynamic index of 5 cases with umbilical artery thrombosis(UAT) in Chongqing Health Center for Women and Children from January 2018 to April 2020 were analyzed and summarized retrospectively.Results:The absence of blood flow in one of the two UA was found in the third trimester of pregnancy while two UA were displayed in previous ultrasound scans and the blood flow of the UA on the right side of the bladder disappeared in 5 cases. The umbilical cord cross section showed three cavities in 5 cases. The long axis section of the umbilical cord showed hyperecho in one UA with no blood flow in 4 cases, and no exact hyperecho in the UA only showed no blood flow in 1 case. The UA systolic/diastolic velocity ratio(S/D)<2.0 and UA pulsatility index (PI)<5 th were observed in 5 cases. The middle cerebral artery (MCA) PI<5 th in 4 cases and 10 th<MCA-PI<25 th in 1 case were observed. There was no abnormal cerebroplacental ratio (CPR) in 5 cases. One fetus died in utero as the pregnant woman refused to be hospitalized. The remaining 4 neonates had good outcomes. UAT was defined in 5 cases after delivery, 1 case with hypercoiled (over coiled) umbilical cord and another case with hypocoiled (under coiled) was found. There were no abnormalities in gross imagings of placenta in 5 cases. Pathological examination was performed in 4 cases, focal infarcts and calcifications were found in placental tissue, among which, subchorionic fibrin deposition and inflammatory cell infiltration were observed in 2 cases. Conclusions:UAT has characteristic prenatal sonographic features.In this study, S/D and PI measured in unobstructed UA has little effect on the assessment of fetal intrauterine condition during the formation of UAT, while MCA-PI has important clinical significance for the assessment of fetal intrauterine condition.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865828

ABSTRACT

Human fetal heart is the difficulty in ultrasound standardized resident training, which involves embryogenesis, anatomy, fetal circulation characteristics, the mechanism of cardiac malformation and the points of ultrasonic diagnosis. This study investigated the application of missed and misdiagnosed case analysis in fetal heart teaching in ultrasound standardized resident training. The teacher selected the missed and misdiagnosed cases according to the teaching purpose, the students subsequently discussed, analyzed and reported the causes of missed and misdiagnosed cases, then the teacher combed and explained the key knowledge and extended knowledge points. According to the questionnaire survey, the students agreed that the analysis of missed and misdiagnosed cases can mobilize the enthusiasm of learning, help to understand the knowledge, and guide the future clinical work.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800047

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the feasibility of prenatal ultrasound quantitative measurement of the angles between trachea and bilateral bronchi as a new diagnostic tool for fetuses with heterotaxy syndrome.@*Methods@#The angles between trachea and bilateral bronchi were measured at 18-34+6 gestational weeks for 200 fetuses with normal ultrasound findings (normal group) and 41 fetuses with heterotaxy syndrome [35 right atrial isomerisms (right group) and six left atrial isomerisms (left group)] diagnosed by ultrasound and confirmed after abortion or induction (case group) in Chongqing Health Center for Women and Children from October 2015 to December 2018. Scatter plots of left/right bronchus angle (α/β) ratios were drawn. Differences in bilateral bronchus angles between the three groups were statistically analyzed using one-way analysis of variance and paired t-test.@*Results@#In the normal group, scatter plots showed the α/β ratios were relatively constant at 0.8-1.0 with larger β than α (t=-33.14, P<0.05), indicating that the right bronchus always went more steeply than the left one. In the case group, the α/β ratios were around 1.0. In the right group, the α value increased and was close to the β value [(153.90±5.43)° vs (156.02±5.59)°, t=-2.56, P>0.05] and presented as bilateral right bronchial angle; in the left group, the β value decreased and was close to the α value [(147.38±3.16)° vs (148.82±5.56)°, t=-1.18, P>0.05] and presented as bilateral left bronchial angle. There were significant differences in the α and β values among the normal group, the right and left groups (all P<0.05), and the bronchial angles of the right group were both greater than those of the left group (all P<0.05).@*Conclusions@#Prenatal ultrasound measurement of the angles between trachea and bilateral bronchi can be used as an indirect indicator for the diagnosis of heterotaxy syndrome.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824788

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the feasibility of prenatal ultrasound quantitative measurement of the angles between trachea and bilateral bronchi as a new diagnostic tool for fetuses with heterotaxy syndrome.Methods The angles between trachea and bilateral bronchi were measured at 18-34+6 gestational weeks for 200 fetuses with normal ultrasound findings (normal group) and 41 fetuses with heterotaxy syndrome [35 right atrial isomerisms (right group) and six left atrial isomerisms (left group)] diagnosed by ultrasound and confirmed after abortion or induction (case group) in Chongqing Health Center for Women and Children from October 2015 to December 2018.Scatter plots of left/right bronchus angle (α / β) ratios were drawn.Differences in bilateral bronchus angles between the three groups were statistically analyzed using one-way analysis of variance and paired t-test.Results In the normal group,scatter plots showed the α/β ratios were relatively constant at 0.8-1.0 with larger β than α (t=-33.14,P<0.05),indicating that the right bronchus always went more steeply than the left one.In the case group,the α/β ratios were around 1.0.In the right group,the α value increased and was close to the β value [(153.90±5.43) ° vs (156.02±5.59) °,t=-2.56,P>0.05] and presented as bilateral right bronchial angle;in the left group,the β value decreased and was close to the α value [(147.38±3.16)° vs (148.82±5.56) °,t=-1.18,P>0.05] and presented as bilateral left bronchial angle.There were significant differences in the α and β values among the normal group,the right and left groups (all P<0.05),and the bronchial angles of the right group were both greater than those of the left group (all P<0.05).Conclusions Prenatal ultrasound measurement of the angles between trachea and bilateral bronchi can be used as an indirect indicator for the diagnosis of heterotaxy syndrome.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-616716

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the application value of DFY-Ⅱ ultrasound imaging analysis software in evaluation of fetal lung maturity in different pregnancy.Methods Totally 315 cases of healthy single pregnancies (24-41 weeks) were collected.The sonographic views of fetal right side sagittal plane were obtained.The echo intensity of fetal lung and liver were analyzed and the ratio was canculated with DFY-Ⅱ ultrasound imaging analysis software.Results The ratio of echo intensity from fetal lung and liver had positive correlation with gestational weeks (r=0.94,P<0.05),the linear regression equation was Y=0.60+0.07X (r2 =0.883).Conclusion The ratio of echo intensity by fetal lung and liver analyzed with DFY-Ⅱ ultrasound imaging analysis software can be an effective method to evaluate fetal lung maturity.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-607099

ABSTRACT

Ovarian pregnancy is a rare ectopic pregnancy.In recent years,the development and popularization of assisted reproductive technology increase the incidence of ovarian pregnancy.This article focused on the ultrasound features of ovarian pregnancy following in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer (IVF-ET) by comparing those of pregnant corpus luteum and tubal pregnancy,and analyzed the advantages of transabdominal ultrasonography (TAS) and transvaginal ultrasonography (TVS) in the diagnosis.

10.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 4935-4937, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691709

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the diagnostic value of transvaginal three-dimensional ultrasound in intrauterine adhesion.Methods The data in 75 patients with intrauterine adhesion confirmed by hysteroscopy surgery and conducting transvaginal twodimensional and three-dimensional ultrasound examination in this hospital from November 2014 to November 2016 were retrospectively analyzed.Results The diagnostic accuracy rate of the three-dimensional transvaginal ultrasound for diagnosing intrauterine adhesion reached 87.7 %,which of two-dimensional ultrasound reached 69.2 %;the accuracy rates of transvaginal two-dimensional ultrasound for detecting mild,middle and severe intrauterine adhesion were 56.7%,76.9% and 88.9% respectively,while which of transvaginal three-dimensional ultrasound were 76.7 %,96.2 % and 100.0 % respectively;the accuracy rates of transvaginal two-dimensional ultrasound for detecting peripheral,central and mixed intrauterine adhesion were 66.7%,76.7% and 54.5% respectively,while which of transvaginal three-dimensional ultrasound were 83.3%,88.7% and 100.0% respectively;the accuracy rate of three-dimensional transvaginal ultrasound was significantly superior to that of transvaginal two-dimensional ultrasound,the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05).Conclusion Compared with transvaginal two-dimensional ultrasound,transvaginal three-dimensional ultrasound is more accuracy in diagnosing intrauterine adhesion and can provide more information for clinical doctors.

11.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 3947-3949, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-482036

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the value of color doppler ultrasound in infants with hypothyroidism between 0 to 3 years old before and after treatment .Methods The normal infants ,whose thyroids were examined by two‐dimensional ultrasound and were used by color doppler ultrasound ,were used as control group .The clinically diagnosed infants with transient hyperthyroidism or permanent hyperthyroidism were used as experimental group .The thyroids were examined by multiple ultrasonography before and after the treatment respectively in different periods .The measured values of thyroids were compared each other .Results In in‐fants with transient hyperthyroidism ,the major ultrasonographic findings were atrophy of thyroids before the treatment .Most of these thyroids enlarged ,and a small part of them recovered after the treatment .In infants with permanent hyperthyroidism ,the pri‐mary finding was thyroid agenesis ,and followed by atrophied before the treatment .The thyroid agenesis exist in most cases and few cases recover with normal values after the treatment .Conclusion Color doppler ultrasound can indirectly reflect the thyroid devel‐opment situation in infants .Combined with the advantages of non traumatic and high repeatability ,it can be used as an important auxiliary examination method for clinical diagnosis of hypothyroidism in infants .

12.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 3520-3522, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-479629

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical value of fetal syetem ultrasound union real-time three-dimensional ultrasound to diagnose the abnormalities of fetal palms and feet in medium-term pregnancy.Methods The results of fetal syetem ultrasound u-nion real-time three-dimensional ultrasound in 23 675 cases during dmedium-term pregnancy in our department from January 2009 to November 2013 were retrospectively analyzed,including 47 350 palms and feet.Results If using the fetal syetem ultrasound u-nion real-time three-dimensional ultrasound to examine fetal palms and feet more than three times,the display rate of palms and feet was 100.0%,while the first-time display rate of finger and toes was 81.2%,second-time display rate was 97.2% and the third-time and more display rate more thatn 99.8%.136 cases hand-foot deformity were diagnosed,including 37 cases of hand gesture abnor-malities,6 cases of finger abnormalities,93 cases of food abnormalities,and the main abnormality was strephexopodia.Of all the 136 cases,there were 2 cases also with Trisomy 18,4 cases with Trisomy 21.Conclusion Malformations of fetal palms and feet can be detected by fetal system ultrasound combined with real-time three-dimensional ultrasonography during the second trimester,which is important indicators of prenatal screening for chromosomal abnormalities.

13.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 2180-2182, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-467116

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the values of echocardiographic parameters for predicting the spontaneous closure of the ductus arteriosus in preterm infants .Methods A retrospective study of 110 preterm infants from October 2013 to October 2014 in our hospital was done .Examination was done at 1 ,3 ,7 d with echocardiography for those infants .Diameter of left atrium(LA) ,aotic root(AO) and arterial canal‐related parameters (the smallest width of ductal color Doppler flow jet and the maximum velocity at the ductus) at first .Preterm infants in this study were divided into two groups .The early patent ductus arterisus group included ones whoes ductus didn′t closed spontaneous in 7 d ,and the control group included ones whoes ductus closed spontaneous in 7 d ,and then the echocardiographic parameters between the two groups were compared .Results (1)The rates of ductus arteriosus sponta‐neous closure in preterm infants at 3 ,7 d were 70 .9% (78/110) ,78 .2% (86/110) ,respectivly .(2)When compared with the control group ,The rate of LA/AO in patent ductus arterisus group were higher than that of the control group(P<0 .01);The smallest width of ductal color Doppler flow jet in patent ductus arterisus group were bigger than that of the control group(P<0 .01);The maximum velocity at the ductus in patent ductus arterisus group were lower than that of the control group(P<0 .05) .(3)The best critical points of the LA/AO ,the smallest width of ductal color Doppler flow jet and the maximum velocity at the ductus of the spontaneous ductus arteriosus closure in preterm infants were 1 .32 mm ,2 .56 mm and 185 .5 cm/s ,respectivly .Conclusion Echo‐cardiography plays a significant role in prediction of the spontaneous closure of the ductus arteriosus in preterm infants .

14.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 2426-2427,2431, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-599444

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the value of transvaginal color doppler ultrasound(TVS) in the differential diagnosis of endom-etrial hyperplasia(EH) and endometrial cancer(EC) .Methods The clinical data concerning TVS in 48 patients with EH and 37 pa-tients with EC were reviewed retrospectively ,then we compared the ultrasonic diagnosis with the pathological diagnosis to observe the preoperative diagnostic accuracy of ultrasonic diagnosis .Results In 48 patients with EH ,the inspection results of 44 cases were accordant with the pathological diagnosis .The rest of 4 cases were misdiagnosed by TVS as EC before operation ,and the accurate rate is 91 .67% (44/48);In 37 patients with EC ,the checking results of 34 cases were consistent with the pathological diagnosis . The rest of 3 cases were misdiagnosed by TVS as endometrial atypical hyperplasia ,and the accurate rate is 91 .89% (34/37) .Con-clusion TVS has diagnostic significance in the differential diagnosis of EH and EC .

15.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 4022-4024, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-459571

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical significance of ultrasonography in the diagnosis of simple polyhydramnios . Methods 186 singleton pregnancies cases of inpatient and outpatient diagnosed with simple polyhydramnios were divided into three groups with a two-dimensional semi-quantitative method ,separate amniotic fluid index (AFI)> 20cm (A group) ,separate maxi-mum amnionic fluid volume(AFV)>8 cm(B group) ,AFI≥20 cm and AFV≥8 cm(C group) ,and the changes were dynamically monitored .Results Occurrence rates of persistent polyhydramnios and fetal malformations in C group was higher than in the other two groups ,and the difference showed no statistical significance(P0 .05);Among the 84 .4% of simple polyhydramnios ,no fetal malfor-mation was found .Conclusion Ultrasound diagnosis of simple polyhydramnios shows clinical value in assessment of fetal malfor-mation ,fetal outcome ,perinatal morbidity and prognosis ,and is good for prenatal counseling and treatment .

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