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1.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-367265

ABSTRACT

A 44-year-old man with a history of remittent fever for 6 months was given a diagnosis of inf ective endocarditis of the aortic valve related to a congenital ventricular septal defect (VSD), although no bacterial growth was obtained by blood culture. After one week of antibiotic treatment, aortic valve replacement (AVR) and patch closure of the VSD were performed after debridement of infected tissue and vegetations involving the aortic root, pulmonary and tricuspid valves, and myocardium surrounding the VSD. Antibiotic treatment was continued postoper-atively, but elevation of C-reactive protein (CRP) persisted. Blood culture disclosed Candida albicans in the blood 3 months after AVR. Fungal prosthetic valve endocarditis (PVE) was suspected, therefore, aortic root replacement with a Free Style bioprosthesis and VSD re-closure were performed followed by continued systemic antifungal treatment. Five months after reoperation, the patient was readmitted with a high fever. A pseudoaneurysm of the left common iliac artery and complete obstruction of the external iliac artery were shown by contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT). The aneurysm was resected without revascular-ization. This case presentation concludes that long-term whole body study with contrast-enhanced CT might be necessary even though complete eradication of the infected foci of the heart has been established.

2.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-366985

ABSTRACT

The extremely rare occurrence of a case of spontaneous rupture of the aortic arch is reported. The patient was a 55-year-old woman who underwent a medical examination at a hospital following a sudden onset of chest pain. After a diagnosis of having cardiac tamponade was established, she was transferred to our hospital. She was in a state of shock with systolic blood pressure recorded at 70mmHg. Computerized tomographic findings indicated cardiac tamponade and hematoma around the ascending aortic arch but no aortic dissection. She was diagnosed as having a ruptured aortic arch and an emergency operation was performed. Apertures were observed on the anterior arch and were closed by a suture under halted circulation. Transesophageal echography was used to correctly identify the aperture on the rupture during the operation. Pathologic findings also indicated only extramural hematoma on the ascending aortic arch without the dissection. The patient's postoperative progress was satisfactory, and she was discharged after spending 16 days in the hospital. Spontaneous rupture of the thoracic aorta is extremely rare; it cannot be accurately diagnosed and leads to poor prognosis. Even in a case without trauma and aortic aneurysm, this disease should be diagnosed through rapid and detailed examination using computed tomography, and aggressive surgical treatment should be performed.

3.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-366819

ABSTRACT

A 67-year-old woman had left lateral chest pain. CT scan and digital subtraction angiography revealed coarctation of the abdominal aorta just distal from the renal artery and a fusiform aneurysm of the descending thoracic aorta with a maximum diameter of 60mm. The meandering mesenteric artery was significantly dilated as a collateral vessel from the superior mesenteric artery to the inferior mesenteric artery. Aortitis syndrome was suspected from the angiographic findings although inflammatory changes in laboratory data were not observed. She underwent aneurysmectomy followed by prosthetic graft replacement of the descending thoracic aorta under femoro-femoral bypass and an extraanatomical bypass grafting from the replaced graft to the abdominal aorta proximal to the aortic bifurcation via the retroperitoneal space. She was discharged on the 42nd day after operation without any complications and in the past year has returned to her usual daily life without any anastomotic site trouble.

4.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-366792

ABSTRACT

A 72-year-old man suffering from congestive heart failure, swelling of the lower limbs and hematuria was transferred from another hospital with a diagnosis of large aneurysms of the abdominal aorta and the left common iliac artery. Iliac arteriovenous fistula (AVF) was definitively diagnosed preoperatively by contrast-enhanced CT and angiogaphy. At operation, an infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm of 8cm and left iliac arterial aneurysm of 12cm were identified. After proximal and distal aortic clamping, the aneurysm was entered and an AVF orifice of 1cm communicating with the left common iliac vein was disclosed at the right posterior wall of the left common iliac artery. Venous blood reflux was controlled by inserting an occlusive balloon catheter to the fistula and intraoperative shed blood was aspirated and returned by an autotransfusion system. The AVF was closed from inside the iliac aneurysm by three interrupted 3-0 monofilament mattress sutures with pledgets. The aneurysms were resected and replaced with a bifurcated Dacron prosthetic graft. The patient had an uncomplicated postoperative recovery; the lower limb edema subsided and heart failure improved rapidly. Preoperative identification of the location of the AVF is mandatory to make surgery safe. Moreover, easy availability or routine use of the devices for controlling undue blood loss such as an autotransfusion system and an occlusive balloon catheter are other important supplementary means to obtain good results of surgical treatment.

5.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-366783

ABSTRACT

Combined monitoring of rSO<sub>2</sub> and SSEP is routinely performed during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), but it is not sensitive enough to detect focal lesions of the brain. Thus, we assessed whether simultaneous measurement of S-100β is able to enhance diagnostic sensitivity or not. Between September 1999 and February 2000, serial measurement of plasma levels of S-100β and SSEP and rSO<sub>2</sub> monitoring during CPB were simultaneously performed in 26 consecutive patients (19 men and 7 women). Ages ranged from 46 to 85 (mean 67±10 years). Neurological complications developed in 5 (19.2%). Among those patients, hemiplegia developed in 2, and dementia, temporary convulsion, and deep coma in 1 each. Three of them showed abnormally low rSO<sub>2</sub> levels during surgery, but no patient showed abnormal change in SSEP waves after surgery. There was no significant difference in S-100β level 1h after CPB between patients associated with or without neurological complications (1.98±0.48 vs. 1.89±1.65), however, its level 24h after CPB remained significantly higher in patients with neurological complications (1.01±1.14 vs. 0.22±0.24). S-100β level 24h after CPB appears to improve diagnostic sensitivity for detecting such focal brain damage lesions as those in which SSEP or rSO<sub>2</sub> are not efficient enough to make a diagnosis. However, further study is required to evaluate how fast it can differentiate patients with and without brain damage.

6.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-366458

ABSTRACT

Prosthetic grafts have been employed in a limited number of pediatric patients with peripheral vascular lesions. We treated an iatrogenic obstruction of bilateral external iliac arteries in a child. The patient was a six-year-old girl whose chief complaints were intermittent claudication, and lower limb pain when exposed to cold. She had a history of coarctation complex for which she had undergone repeated catheterizations by puncture of both femoral arteries in her infancy. At the age of four, two-stage operation was performed: resection of the coarctation and end-to-end anastomosis, and direct closure of ventricular septal defect. Angiography performed through the brachial artery demonstrated obstruction of the bilateral external iliac arteries. Both right and left femoral artery were visualized through the collateral artery from the ipsilateral internal iliac artery. Because she became afflicted with lower limb ischemia a revascularization procedure was indicated. A 6mm expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE) bypass graft was implanted bilaterally between the internal iliac artery and the common femoral artery with end-to-side anastomosis. Ischemic symptoms disappeared postoperatively and MR-angiogram performed nine days after surgery also showed the patency of the graft. It is a great concern, however, that the length of the graft may become relatively shorter with the growth of the patient. It is also anticipated that the lower limbs may suffer relatively insufficient blood flow in the future.

7.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-366237

ABSTRACT

The earlier the diagnosis of acute type A aortic dissection is made, the more frequent the complications of aortic root destruction and/or a compromised coronary artery are encountered. Only aortography is diagnostic in these lesions, however, recently this modality tends to be avoided in order to try to improve the survival rate of the patients by obtaining diagnosis by noninvasive modalities. Therefore, contrast-enhanced CT scans in 49 patients with aortic dissection were analyzed in order to detect the slightest signs suggesting aortic root lesions. In 4 of the 6 cases in which intimal flap was detected in the aortic root by CT and in 2 of the 14 cases with an aortic root more than 35mm in diameter, aortic root reconstruction and/or concomitant CABG were neccessary for the repair of the destroyed aortic root. The aortic root diameter was more than 40mm in 8 of 9 patients with aortic root destruction, with a mean value of 45.6±3.6mm (<i>p</i><0.01). In summary, detection of a septum in the aortic root and/or an aortic root dilated more than 40mm on CT were important signs suggesting the dissection extending to the aortic sinus combined with aortic root destruction. In such cases aortic root reconstruction and/or concomitant CABG may be necessary.

8.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-366143

ABSTRACT

A 16-year-old girl with aortitis syndrome under treatment with a low dose of prednisolone was admitted because of severe headache and intermittent claudication. Angiography revealed diffuse stenosis of the thoracoabdominal aorta and the bilateral renal arteries. Extra-anatomical bypass grafting from the ascending to the abdominal aorta was first made with a 14mm woven Dacron graft through a midline sternolaparotomy. Bilateral renal arteries were difficult to dissect due to periarterial adhesion. Bypass grafting for the left renal artery could be performed with a 5mm external velour wrap-knit Dacron graft (Sauvage, Bionit); however, the right renal artery was so thin that bypass was made with a 4mm EPTFE graft which was demonstrated to be occluded by follow-up angiography 3 years after surgery. The postoperative course has been uneventful and she has been free from symptoms up to now. The good long-term function of the bypass graft from the ascending aorta holds promise for diffuse coarctation of the thoracoabdominal aorta due to aortitis syndrome.

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