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Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-374604


Postoperative infections should be comprehensively controlled in the context of infection control, rather than as activities of individual surgeons. We started a surgical site infection (SSI) surveillance program in 2009 in which prophylactic measures for preventing SSIs were applied. These measures were as follows : 1) screening for nasal carriage of methicillin-resistant <i>Staphylococcus aureus </i>; 2) dental checks and oral screening ; 3) antibiotic prophylaxis in the intra- and postoperative period ; 4) control of glucose levels to ≤160 mg/dl in the immediate postoperative period ; and 5) early removal of surgical drain. After the introduction of prophylactic measures, we reexamined SSI surveillance and added the following prophylactic measures at the beginning of 2011 : 6) data concerning SSI and compliance with prophylactic measures for all surgical and ward staff were published monthly, and the Infection Control Team (ICT) and surgeons performed weekly ward visits to assess SSIs ; 7) recommendations were made for wearing two pairs of gloves and surgical hoods to cover the hair, scalp, ears and neck ; and 8) collaboration with diabetologists was implemented to control glucose levels in diabetics. We compared incidences of SSI in cardiovascular surgery from the periods before (469 cases, Group B) and after (118 cases, Group A) introduction of the additional prophylactic measures. Clinical characteristics of patients in each group did not differ significantly. Operative time was significantly shorter in Group A (400±116 min) than in Group B (434±145 min). Compliance with antibiotic prophylaxis in the intraoperative period improved progressively from 93% in Group B to 99% in Group A. Compliance with control of glucose levels to ≤160 mg/dl on postoperative day 1 improved progressively from 71% in Group B to 81% in Group A. Duration of drain placement was significantly shorter in Group A (2.9±1.8 days) than in Group B (3.6±2.9 days). Incidence of SSI decreased significantly from 6.0% in Group B to 0.8% in Group A. Revision of preventive measures based on the results of surveillance and enhancement of cooperation between the ICT and surgeons could help to decrease the incidence of SSI.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-361878


A 20-year-old male was referred to our hospital to undergo operative treatment due to aortic valve insufficiency which had gradually worsened. The patient's chief complaint was a loss of breath upon effort which had progressively worsened after undergoing aortic valve plasty (AVP) for aortic valve insufficiency with infective endocarditis at another institution. AVP by the cusp extension method had been performed because of the patient's youth and there had been no change in the morbid state, except for the presence of a non-coronary cusp. In addition, the aortic valve insufficiency was controlable and postoperative course was also excellent. The cusp extension method was therefore considered to be an appropriate procedure for this case since it would allow the patient to return it to a state with a more normal heart, since the valve organization after this procedure would be able to reach a maximum level.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-361877


A 69-year-old woman was admitted with fever and dyspnea. We diagnosed the congestive heart failure due to infective endocarditis (IE) with mitral valve regurgitation and stenosis. We immediately started medical therapy in order to control both the heart failure and the infection. However, we had to semi-emergency mitral valve replacement additionally perform a days after the initial hospitalized due to a progression of the heart failure. The operative findings showed an area of vegetation to be incarcerated in the mitral orifice. In cases of IE which are associated with mitral stenosis, we therefore should consider the possibility that vegetation may be present in the mitral orifice and closely follow such patients by echocardiography.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-361792


We presented here 2 cases of rare nonvascular tumor involving the aorta. Case 1: A 69-year-old woman. She presented leg edema and dyspnea on admission. Computed tomography revealed abdominal aortic aneurysm perforating left common iliac vein. Abdominal aortic aneurysm replacement and fistula closure were done on an emergency basis. Immunohistologic examination revealed that malignant mesothelioma invaded the aortic wall. Case 2: A 47-year-old woman presented with dyspnea. Enhanced computed tomography revealed rupture of the descending aortic aneurysm (saccular type). Aortic replacement was done on an emergency basis. One year after the operation, computed tomography revealed a giant mass (160×70mm) surrounding the descending thoracic aorta. On biopsy, malignant schwannoma was found to invade the descending aorta. Sometimes nonvascular tumors form aneurysms. So we should be careful in diagnosis before operation.