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Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936676


The patient was an 81-year-old male. During treatment of a refractory subcutaneous abscess, he was diagnosed with an infection of an infrarenal aortic aneurysm caused by unknown bacteria. Antibiotic administration was initiated, but the infection persisted and there was no improvement of the aortic infection focus or aneurysm morphology. In order to control the infection and avoid rupture of the aortic aneurysm, excision of the infectious abdominal aortic aneurysm, omental plombage, and debridement of the surrounding infected tissue were performed. According to histopathological examination of the extracted sample, findings were consistent with an infection of the aortic aneurysm. Although administration of antibiotics continued, the infection continued to worsen during the postoperative course and an enlarged subcutaneous abscess and miliary tuberculosis were indicated by computed tomography. Therefore, an acid-fast bacteria culture test of the subcutaneous abscess, sputum, and urine and Tuberculous (Tb)-real time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) tests were carried out. According to Tb-PCR test of the subcutaneous abscess, mycobacterium tuberculosis was detected. In the re-evaluation of the extracted sample, granulomatous inflammation with spindle-shaped cell fenestration around the necrotic tissue and the appearance of epithelial cells and multinucleated giant cells were observed. Findings were consistent with a tubercular infection of the aortic aneurysm. Anti-tuberculosis treatment was initiated, and significant improvement of the inflammation and subcutaneous pus in the right chest were observed. On Day 39 after surgery, the patient was discharged from the hospital and walked home with no help. We experienced a successful case of tubercular infection of an infrarenal aortic aneurysm requiring surgery. Infection was controlled and rupture of the aortic aneurysm was avoided with surgical treatment and antituberculosis therapy. (Surgical treatment by excision of infectious abdominal aortic aneurysm, omental plombage, and debridement of the surrounding infected tissue, and antituberculosis therapy were carried out.)

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-379311


<p>An 84-year-old woman with severe aortic stenosis (AS) and coronary artery disease (CAD) was admitted repeatedly with syncope and heart failure. Due to her comorbidities, concomitant transapical transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) and off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCAB) were performed. She did well postoperatively. CAD is often found concurrently in patients presenting with severe symptomatic AS. Concomitant TAVR and OPCAB is considered as a less invasive and more feasible treatment option in high-risk patients.</p>

Asian Spine Journal ; : 314-318, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-10338


We describe the use of a C1 laminar screw in combination with a C2 laminar screw as a salvage technique to treat two patients, one with persistent first intersegmental artery and the other with vertebral artery occlusion after cervical spine fracture. The combined use of C1 and C2 laminar screws allows for good fixation of the atlantoaxial joint with a lower risk of vertebral artery injury; therefore, it can be an alternative surgical procedure for patients with congenital or traumatic anomalous vertebral artery.

Arteries , Atlanto-Axial Joint , Humans , Spine , Vertebral Artery
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-375247


A 58-year-old man who complained of dyspnea on effort was given a diagnosis of decompensated congestive heart failure. Echocardiography revealed severe aortic regurgitation and cardiomegaly. We decided to perform aortic valve replacement with a mechanical valve, however his past history made us suspicious of allergy to metal. From his previous patient records, we determined he was allergic to many metals : gold, iron, platinum, cobalt, chrome, bronze, and zinc. Newly performed skin patch tests showed positive reactions to aluminum, tin, palladium, indium, iridium and stainless steel. We selected a CarboMedics mechanical valve made of nickel-titanium alloy. Aortic valve replacement with a 27-mm CarboMedics mechanical valve was performed by median sternotomy. At sternum closure, we used polyester non-absorbable suture thread, instead of surgical steel wire, because it contains stainless steel. His postoperative progress was good and he was discharged on the 10th postoperative day. One year after surgery he is doing well without any allergic symptoms.