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Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-375895


A Task Force team consisting of members from pharmaceutical companies --a central player to develop and implement RMP (Risk Management Plan)-- as well as health care professionals and members from academia was established in JSPE. The Task Force developed guidance for scientific approach to practical and ICH-E2E-compliant Pharmacovigilance Plan (PVP) stated in Japanese Risk Management Plan issued in April 2012 by the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare. The guidance contains the following topics.<br>1.Introduction: JSPE's activities and this task force's objectives for pharmacovigilance activities<br>2.How to select Safety Specification (SS) and describe its characteristics<br>・Selection of SS<br>・Characterization of SS<br>・Association with Research Questions (RQ)<br>3.How to define and describe RQ<br>・What is RQ ?<br>・RQ interpretation in other relevant guidelines<br>・Methodology to develop RQ for PVP with examples<br>・Best approach to integrating PVP for whole aspects of safety concern<br>4.How to optimize PVP for specific RQ<br>・Routine PVP or additional PVP ?<br>・Additional PVP design (RQ and study design, RQ structured with PICO or GPP's research objectives, specific aims, and rationale)<br>・Checklist to help develop PVP<br>5.Epilogue:<br>・What can/should be “Drug use investigation” in the context of ICH-E2E-compliant PVP.<br>・Significance of background incidence rate and needs for comparator group<br>・Infrastructure for the future PVP activities<br>6.Appendix: Checklist to help develop PVP activities in RMP<br>The task force team is hoping that this guidance help develop and conduct SS and PVP in accordance with ICH E2E, as stated in Japanese Risk Management Plan Guideline.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-374840


The Standardized Structured Medical record Information eXchange (SS-MIX) was started in 2006 as the project supported by the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare (MHLW) for promoting the exchange of the standardized medical information. Free soft wares developed in the project allow the storage of medical information to receive HL7 messages for prescription, laboratory test results, diagnoses and patient demographics in the hospital information system (HIS). We encourage the use of the SS-MIX standardized storage for postmarketing surveys and clinical studies. The recommendations consist of the following 7 parts. [1] In surveys and clinical studies, the information of drugs and laboratory test results in the SS-MIX standardized storage can be directly transferred to the electronic questionnaire and the investigators may obtain the information with high accuracy and granularity. [2] The SS-MIX standardized storage works as the backup system for the HIS because it can provide the minimum information essential in patient care even under the disastrous condition like earthquake or unexpected network failure. [3] The SS-MIX standardized storage may be useful to conduct a good pharmacoepidemiology study not only because it provides the information in the storage efficiently but also it can be used to identify “new users” who started the drug after some period of non-use.The “new user” design is often essential to have the unbiased results. [4] When the drug company conducts postmarketing surveys according to the current regulation, the use of the SS-MIX standardized storage will facilitate the fast and efficient collection of data to develop the timely measure to minimize the drug-related risk. With the SS-MIX standardized storage, it is also expected that many types of study design can be employed and the quality of data is improved in the survey. [5] The SS-MIX standardized storage maybe also useful to evaluate the risk minimization action plan by comparing the prescription pattern or incidence of the targeted adverse event between two periods before and after the implementation of the action plan. [6] In planning clinical trials, the SS-MIX standardized storage may be used to estimate the size of eligible patients. The storage may also allow conducting cross-sectional studies to know characteristics of diseases or drug treatment. In addition, cohorts of those who had coronary artery angiography, new users of a drug and those with a rare disease may be readily identified. Using such cohorts, investigators can initiate a case-control study nested within the cohort, pharmacogenomic studies and comparative effectiveness researches. [7] The SS-MIX standardized storage may be used as the formal data source in clinical trials in the future when some conditions are satisfied. For instance, the formal agreement should be reached between industry, government and academia on the use of standards of data structure in Clinical Data Interchange Standards Consortium (CDISC) and on the operation of computerized system validation (CSV) in the clinical trials.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-374838


Those of us in the pharmaceutical industry are in favor of using SS-MIX standardized storage to alleviate the burden on medical professionals. As previously suggested, in addition to the benefits of reducing study periods, supporting a variety of investigative research and safety measures, and obtaining more accurate data on disease states and treatments, actively using this kind of new technology is a societal imperative in an information-driven society. Possible practical uses include (1) general application in drug use surveillance and special drug use surveillance, (2) appropriate sampling surveys, (3) patient monitoring, (4) observational studies with controls, such as those using disease registries, and (5) reviewing the results of safety measures. However, there is the issue of regulatory interpretation and consensus, with debate on information protection, and the issue of social infrastructure. Therefore, industry, government, and academia must continue its active, cooperative discussion to enable true implementation of this technology. (Jpn J Clin Pharmacoepidemiol 2013; 18(1): 57-64)