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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907025

ABSTRACT

In recent years, along with the unremitting efforts of clinical practitioners and the innovation of science and technology, minimally invasive technique has developed rapidly, and robot assisted surgical system has been invented. As a minimally invasive and precise technique, robot assisted surgical system can also be used by remote operation, which is the important development direction of surgical technique in modern era. Robot assisted surgical system has been applied extensively in the field of kidney transplantation, which is one of the research hot spots in this field. At present, da Vinci surgical system is more commonly adopted. In this article, the development history and current status of robot assisted surgical system in the field of kidney transplantation were introduced. The main advantages and disadvantages were summarized and the technical key points were discussed. The evaluation scheme and prospect of robot assisted kidney transplantation were predicted, which may promote the application of robot assisted surgical system in kidney transplantation and provide reference for improving clinical prognosis of kidney transplant recipients.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928029

ABSTRACT

This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of Suhuang Zhike Capsules in treating chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The Chinese and English databases were searched(from the establishment to July 2021) for randomized controlled trials(RCTs) on the treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease with Suhuang Zhike Capsules, yielding 130 articles and finally 12 eligible RCTs. The 12 RCTs enrolled a total of 1 159 patients(579 in experimental group, 580 in control group), with 728 males(62.8%) and 431 females(37.2%). Meta-analysis showed that the conventional western medicine combined with Suhuang Zhike Capsules increased clinical efficacy(OR=4.31, 95%CI[2.88, 6.46], Z=7.08, P<0.000 01), forced expiratory volume in one second(FEV1)(SMD=0.88, 95%CI[0.60, 1.16], Z=6.24, P<0.000 01), forced vital capacity(FVC)(SMD=0.96, 95%CI[0.38, 1.55], Z=3.22, P=0.001), forced vital capacity rate of one second(FEV1/FVC%)(SMD=0.85, 95%CI[0.51, 1.19], Z=4.92, P<0.000 01), and maximum voluntary ventilation(MVV)(SMD=0.61, 95%CI[0.39, 0.83], Z=5.40, P<0.000 01) compared with the conventional western medicine alone. The differences in residual volume/total lung capacity(RV/TLC)(SMD=-0.93, 95%CI[-3.38, 1.53], Z=0.74, P=0.46) and adverse reactions(OR=1.39, 95%CI[0.76, 2.56], Z=1.07, P=0.28) are insignificant. The study showed that the conventional western medicine combined with Suhuang Zhike Capsules could improve clinical efficacy and lung functions in the treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. In addition, the combination had been verified to be safe. However, in view of the uneven method quality, small sample size, and inconsistent outcome indicators of the included studies, higher-quality, multi-center, and large-sample RCTs are needed for further verification.


Subject(s)
Capsules , Female , Forced Expiratory Volume , Humans , Lung , Male , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/drug therapy , Respiratory Function Tests
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905819

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the association between serum trace elements and dyslipidemia in Pudong New Area. Methods:A community-based cross-sectional study was carried out. A stratified, cluster sampling approach was used for sampling. In total 1 814 community residents aged above 35 years old were recruited in Pudong New Area, Shanghai. A face-to-face investigation was conducted and blood samples were collected. Serum levels of 16 trace elements, including boron, vanadium, chromium, manganese, iron, cobalt, nickel, copper, zinc, arsenic, selenium, strontium, molybdenum, tin, antimony, and barium were measured by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). The relationship between serum trace elements and dyslipidemia was analyzed with single and multiple Logistic regression models. Results:Prevalence of dyslipidemia is higher among participants of more than 45 years old with high BMI, hypertension or diabetes.Serum iron leveled the highest, followed by copper, zinc, selenium, strontium, boron and other trace elements. After adjusting for potential confounders, the odds ratios of dyslipidemia associated with the highest quartile of trace elements concentrations were 1.41 (95%CI: 1.12-1.78), 0.77 (95%CI: 0.61-0.96), 1.65 (95%CI: 1.31-2.09), 1.27 (95%CI: 1.02-1.58), and 1.32 (95%CI: 1.06-1.66) for chromium, cobalt, zinc, arsenic, and tin, respectively, compared with that associated with the other three quartiles. Conclusion:Some serum trace elements are potentially associated with dyslipidemia in community residents.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905803

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the association between sleep quality and the risk of acute exacerbation in mild and moderate chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients in Pudong New Area of Shanghai. Methods:This was a prospective study involving eligible mild and moderate COPD patients from 10 communities randomly selected in Pudong New District of Shanghai. A structured questionnaire was used to collect demographic characteristics, clinical information and information on acute exacerbation. Sleep quality was assessed using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) in Chinese. Multiple negative binomial regression was used to estimate the association between sleep quality and risk of exacerbation. Results:Altogether 212 mild/moderate COPD patients participated and completed the entire survey, of whom the majority (95.8%) were mild COPD patients, 110 persons female and over half (54.2%) over 65 years old. 32.9% of the patients had poorer sleep quality at baseline. 18.9% of the patients reported exacerbation over the past year during follow-ups. Multiple negative binomial regression suggested that increased PSQI was related to higher risk of exacerbation (RRad=1.12, 95%CI:1.02-1.24), and patients with poorer sleep efficiency had a higher risk of exacerbation (RRad=1.66, 95%CI:1.17-5.43). Conclusion:Poorer sleep quality is associated with a higher risk of exacerbation in community mild/moderate COPD patients, especially in those with problem of sleep efficiency. More attention to sleep disorders is warranted in community management or self-management of patients with COPD.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911660

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the safety and efficacy of retrograde machine perfusion of kidneys from deceased donors.Methods:From January 1, 2020 to July 1, 24 renal transplant recipients underwent organ donation.All grafts were preserved by Kidney Transporter machines(LifePort). Through a random number table, they were divided into two groups of retrograde perfusion(RP group, 12 cases)and anterograde perfusion group(AP group, 12cases). The incidence of delayed recovery of kidney/graft function was compared between two groups.Results:During a follow-up period of 1 month, kidney resistance remained stable in RP group during perfusion.No primary non-function occurred in neither groups.No inter-group difference existed in the incidence of delayed graft function (3 in RP and 2 in AP, P=0.62). At all timepoints within 30 days, both groups had comparable values of urine output, serum creatinine, estimated glomerular filtration rate, cystatin c and blood urea nitrogen.RP group with a resistance index of <0.4 had numerically better kidney function than those with a resistance index of ≥0.4. Conclusions:This novel technique may be an effective and safe alternative for kidney preservation.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911650

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the safety of pregnancy after kidney transplantation and summarize the optimal timing of pregnancy and the experience in the management during pregnancy and peripartum.Methods:A total of 25 kidney transplant recipients were pregnant during March 2013 to February 2020. A matched cohort of 75 general pregnant women wasincluded as control.Results:Twenty-five women successfully delivered healthy babies in the transplant group. The mean age at kidney transplantationwas (25.6 ±3.2) years old, and the mean interval between transplantation and conception was (54.0±23.1) months. 92% (23 / 25) of recipients had cesarean surgery and all infants were singletons.During pregnancy, the incidence of preeclampsia was significantly higher in the transplant group(20.0%VS. 1.3%, P=0.001)compared with matched control. Compared with pre-pregnancy, the serum creatinine levels of the recipients decreased in the second trimester( P<0.001)and increased in the third trimester( P=0.019), which was similar with the control group. In the third trimester, 40%(10/25)of recipients in the transplant group had proteinuria, which decreased to negative(5/10) or 1+ (4/10) within 6 months after delivery. No rejection occurred in all patients during pregnancy and 6 months after delivery. A higher dose of tacrolimus was needed to maintain the normal trough level after pregnancy, which returned to routine dose postpartum. Conclusions:Although the risk of pregnancy was higher in kidney transplant recipients than that in non-transplant women, the overall risk was acceptable. Strict screening of patients preparing for pregnancy, adjustment of immunosuppressive drugs, and multi-disciplinary collaboration are important for safe pregnancy and delivery.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910553

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the volume resolution of prostate motion target by four-dimensional (4D) ultrasound.Methods:The prostate ultrasound model was selected, and the group comparison study was conducted using 4D ultrasound to outline the prostate target under different motion amplitudes (A) and motion period (T). The simulated A value was set as 0.5 mm, 1 mm, 2 mm, 3 mm, 4 mm, and 5 mm, respectively. The T value was set as 1 s, 2 s, 3 s, and 4 s, respectively. The volume of the target of the model prostate was calculated, and the static ultrasound image of the target was used as the control group to analyze the difference between two groups.Results:When the model was still, the size of the target of ultrasound was consistent with that of CT scan ( P>0.05). When the A values were 0.5 mm and 1 mm, there was no statistical difference between the volume in period 1-4 s and the volume in the target at rest (all P>0.05). When the A values were 2 mm and 3 mm, and the T values were 1 s, 2 s and 3 s there was statistical difference between the volume of target and that of of static ultrasonic target (all P<0.05). When the A value was 2 mm and the T value was 4 s, there was no statistical difference between the target volume and the static target volume ( P=0.710). The range within the group was 6.7 cm 3, and the standard deviation was 1.15 cm 3. When the A value was 3 mm and the T value was 4 s, the volume repeatability of the target was poor, and the range within the group was 14.4 cm 3; when the A values were 4 mm and 5 mm, and the T values were 1-4 s, the range within the group was 3.27-17.63 cm 3 and 6.51-21.02 cm 3, respectively. The volume repeatability of the target under each period was extremely poor, which could not meet the clinical requirements. Conclusion:4D ultrasound can provide reliable reference data for patients′ target delineation within 1-4 s of motion cycle and within 1 mm of motion amplitude, which exerts on effect upon the original position of probe.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910345

ABSTRACT

Objective:To develop a 3D visualization technology-assisted patient positioning system for radiotherapy and compare it with traditional patient positioning method for breast and pelvic radiotherapy.Methods:A total of 40 patients receiving radiotherapy in Changzhou No.2 People′s Hospital from June 2020 to April 2021 were selected for this study, including 20 patients with breast cancer and 20 patients with pelvic cancer.3D visualization reconstruction was carried out using the CT data of the patients for positioning. Then the 3D visualization models were integrated with the real treatment environment and were then shifted to the isocentral positions of accelerators through interactive operations. Based on this, the patients were actually positioned. Every week, all of the patients were firstly treated with traditional positioning, followed by 3D visualization-guided positioning. As a result, 240 times of positioning data of all patients were collected in three weeks. They were compared with the data of cone-beam CT(CBCT)-guided positioning, which served as the gold standard.Results:The absolute positioning errors of 3D visualization-guided positioning along x, y and z axes were (1.92±1.23), (2.04±1.16), and (1.77±1.37)mm, respectively for patients with breast cancer and were (2.07±1.08), (1.33±0.88), and (1.99±1.25)mm, respectively for patients with pelvic cancer. Compared with traditional positioning method , the accuracy of 3D visualization-guided positioning along x、 y, and z axes was increased by 38.83%, 52.40% and 33%, respectively for patients with breast cancer and was improved by 36.84%, 54.04% and 52.58% for patients with pelvic cancer, with all differences being statistically significant along y and z axes ( t=2.956-5.734, P< 0.05). Meanwhile, the error distribution of the two positioning method was statistically significant along in y axis for patients with breast cancer( χ2=7.481, P<0.05) and was statistically significant along each axis for patients with pelvic cancer( χ2=5.900, 6.415, 7.200, P<0.05). Conclusions:The positioning method guided by 3D visualization technology can effectively improve the positioning accuracy of patients with breast cancer and patients with pelvic cancer and is of value in potential clinical application.

9.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 527-531, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888446

ABSTRACT

We aimed to explore the associations between the age at which children undergo surgery for hypospadias and a range of social and clinical factors in a single center. Our aim was to promote the early surgical treatment of children with hypospadias. For a 6-year period, social and clinical data were collected from all children undergoing surgery to repair hypospadias in Children's Hospital of Chongqing Medical University (Chongqing, China), located in southwest of China. We analyzed the correlations between age at surgery and a range of social and clinical factors. A total of 1611 eligible cases were recruited, with a mean age of 54.3 months and a median age of 42 months: 234 cases (14.5%) were classified into a "timely operation" group, 419 (26.0%) cases into a "subtimely operation" group, and 958 (59.5%) cases into a "delayed operation" group. According to multivariate regression analyses, the higher the regional economic level, the closer the urethral opening to the perineum, and the higher the educational level of the guardians was, the younger the children were when they underwent the initial surgery for hypospadias; this was also the case for families without other children. Our subgroup analysis showed that the primary educational level of the guardians was a risk factor for subtimely surgery in their children (odds ratio [OR] = 1.52, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.08-2.15, P < 0.05). A lower regional economic level (OR = 1.87, 95% CI: 1.26-2.78, P < 0.01), a lower educational level of the guardians (OR = 3.84, 95% CI: 2.31-6.41, P < 0.01), and an anterior-segment urethral opening (OR

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882736

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the diagnostic value of serum procalcitonin (PCT) level combined with Quantitative Computed Tomography (QCT) in elderly women with painful osteoporosis and its correlation with disease severity.Method:This study is a prospective study. From Jan. 2019 to Apr. 2020, 596 elderly women who underwent physical examination in our hospital were selected as the research subjects. All of them underwent dual-energy X-ray, PCT examination, and QCT examination serum. The diagnostic value of PCT and QCT in elderly women with painful osteoporosis was analyzed; Pearson correlation was used to analyze the correlation between the bone mineral density of lumbar vertebral 1, 2 vertebra, PCT and the severity of painful osteoporosis.Result:Among 596 elderly women, painful osteoporosis patients accounted for 50.84% (303/596) , bone mass reduction accounted for 21.98% (131/596) , and normal bone mass accounted for 27.18% (162/596) . Compared with the results of the diagnosis of painful osteoporosis by DAX, the diagnostic coincidence rates of PCT, QCT, QCT+PCT were 81.88% (488/596) , 93.62% (558/596) , and 97.31% (580/596) . QCT examination, QCT+PCT diagnosis coincidence rate is higher than PCT examination ( χ2=43.650, 83.187, P<0.05) ; QCT+PCT diagnosis coincidence rate is higher than QCT examination ( χ2=9.388, P=0.002) . The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value of QCT+PCT in the diagnosis of abnormal bone mass are higher than those of PCT ( P<0.05) ; the specificity and negative predictive value of QCT+PCT in diagnosing abnormal bone mass are higher than QCT Check ( P<0.05) . The bone density detected by QCT in the osteopenia group and the painful osteoporosis group was lower than that in the normal bone mass group, and the serum PCT level was higher than that in the normal bone mass group, the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05) ; the painful osteoporosis group was in QCT detection of bone. The density was lower than that of the osteopenia group, and the serum PCT level was higher than that of the osteopenia group, the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05) . The severity of painful osteoporosis was negatively correlated with bone mineral density detected by QCT ( r=-0.54, P<0.05) , and positively correlated with serum PCT ( r=0.59, P<0.05) . Conclusion:QCT vertebral bone mineral density determination combined with serum PCT detection has high accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity in the diagnosis of painful osteoporosis, and is closely related to the severity of painful osteoporosis, and can be used for clinical evaluation of the condition of painful osteoporosis patients.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882717

ABSTRACT

Objective:To find out predictors of the testicular ischemia caused by incarcerated inguinal hernia and evaluate the ischemic injury of the testis more accurately, which can indicate testicle exploration in time or prevent unnecessary testicle exploration.Methods:Pediatric patients (median: 9 months) undergoing operation of unilateral incarcerated inguinal hernia and ipsilateral testicular exploration from 1 Jul. 2013 to 30 Jun. 2019 were retrospectively investigated. Age at surgery, incarcerate duration, degree of intestinal and testicular injury, times of manual reduction and preoperative ultrasound data were collected. Statistical analysis was performed by SAS 9.4 (Copyright ? 2016 SAS Institute Inc.Cary, NC, USA) .Results:460 patients (median: 9 months) , of which 57 (12.39%) (median: 1.4 months, interquartile range 0.8-10.7 months) had severe testicular injury, and their average incarceration time was (23.9±9.3) h. Univariate logistic regression revealed that increased times of manual reduction, ultrasound scores, incarcerate duration and degree of intestinal injury were positively correlated with the degree of testicular ischemia, while age at surgery was negatively correlated with the degree of testicular ischemia ( P<0.05) . A model for calculating the probability of severe testicular ischemia injury was established: P= through multivariate analysis with backward stepwise logistic regression and 10-fold cross-validation was used for preliminary verification of the model. Conclusion:This study provides a relative reliable model to predict the risk of irreversible testicular ischemia due to incarcerated inguinal hernia using readily available clinical characteristics in young pediatrics with testicular ischemia.

12.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 69-72, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881972

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of workplace social capital on health productivity of enterprise employees. METHODS: A total of 3 240 employees from different industries in Pudong New District, Shanghai City were selected as the research subjects using the stratified random sampling method. Workplace Social Capital Scale and Work Productivity and Activity Impairment Questionnaire: General Health were used to investigate the current status of workplace social capital and health productivity. RESULTS: The average workplace social capital score of employees was 3.9±0.6, and the detection rate of those with low workplace social capital was 37.3%(1 207/3 240). The detection rate of health productivity loss was 40.2%(1 303/3 240). The results of multiple linear regression analysis showed that the risk of health productivity loss increased in those employees with low workplace social capital(P<0.01) after excluding the influence of confounding factors such as gender, age, length of service, marital status, education level, job requirements, personal monthly income, type of enterprise, excessive drinking and irregular exercise. The odds ratio and 95% confidence interval was 1.427(1.225-1.662). CONCLUSION: Low social capital of employees in workplace can lead to impaired health productivity. Workplace health management can be carried out from the perspective of improving social capital of employees to improve their health productivity.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787759

ABSTRACT

To develop the environment scale of unintentional injury in the home for children aged 0-6 years living in urban area of China, and test its validity and reliability. The content of the environment scale was established through the literature review, expert consultation and pilot study. A total of 1 104 children aged 0-6 years in urban area of Changsha were enrolled in this study by using a multi-stage stratified cluster random sampling method. The questionnaire was used to collect the basic information of children, the incidence of unintentional injury and the status of home environment. The reliability of the scale was tested by using Cronbach's α coefficient and split-half reliability coefficient. The content validity and construct validity were tested by using Pearson correlation analysis and factor analysis. All children were divided into two groups according to the incidence of unintentional injury in the home and the discrimination validity of the scale was tested by using -test. The scale had 54 items in 6 dimensions. The number of eligible questionnaires was 1 074, including 554 (51.6%) from boys and 519 (48.3%) from children under 3 years old. The incidence rate of unintentional injury and in-home injury was 18.34% (197 children) and 10.71% (115 children). The internal consistency reliability (Cronbach's α) coefficient for the scale was 0.87 and the split-efficacy reliability coefficient was 0.82, both meeting the standard of reliability above 0.70. The Pearson correlation coefficient between each dimension and the whole scale ranged from 0.53 to 0.84 (all values <0.001). The common factor cumulative variance contribution rate of the scale was 58.34%. There were 54 items with factor loadings greater than 0.30. The root mean square error of approximation, comparative fit index and goodness-of-fit index were 0.07, 0.61 and 0.71, respectively. The score of scale in children with injury was significantly higher than that in children without injury (0.022). The validity and reliability of the environment scale for unintentional injury in the home for children aged 0-6 years old in the urban area of China are good.

15.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-834464

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The characteristics of patients with metachronous breast and ovarian malignancies and the pathogenic role of BRCA1/2 mutations remain poorly understood. We investigated these issues through a review of hospital records and nationwide Taiwanese registry data, followed by BRCA1/2 mutation analysis in hospital-based cases. @*Methods@#We retrospectively retrieved consecutive clinical records of Taiwanese patients who presented with these malignancies to our hospital between 2001 and 2017. We also collected information from the Data Science Center of the Taiwan Cancer Registry (TCR) between 2007 and 2015. Next-generation sequencing and multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification were used to identify BRCA1/2 mutations and large genomic rearrangements, respectively. When BRCA1/2 mutations were identified in index cases, pedigrees were reconstructed and genetic testing was offered to family members. @*Results@#A total of 12,769 patients with breast cancer and 1,537 with ovarian cancer were retrieved from our hospital records. Of them, 28 had metachronous breast and ovarian malignancies. We also identified 113 cases from the TCR dataset. Eighteen hospital-based cases underwent BRCA1/2 sequencing and germline pathogenic mutations were detected in 7 patients (38.9%, 5 in BRCA1 and 2 in BRCA2). All BRCA1/2 mutation carriers had ovarian high-grade serous carcinomas. Of the 12 patients who were alive at the time of analysis, 5 were BRCA1/2 mutation carriers. All of them had family members with BRCA1/2-associated malignancies. @*Conclusions@#Our results provide pilot evidence that BRCA1/2 mutations are common in Taiwanese patients with metachronous breast and ovarian malignancies, supporting the clinical utility of genetic counseling.

16.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-834438

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#An Asian Gynecologic Oncology Group phase III randomized trial was conducted to determine whether maintenance chemotherapy could improve progression-free survival (PFS) in stages III/IV ovarian cancer. @*Methods@#Between 2007 and 2014, 45 newly-diagnosed ovarian cancer patients were enrolled after complete remission and randomized (1:1) to arm A (4-weekly carboplatin area under the curve 4 and pegylated liposomal doxorubicin [PLD] 30 mg/m2, n=24) for 6 cycles or arm B (observation, n=21). The primary end-point was PFS. A post hoc translational study was conducted to deep sequence BRCA/homologous recombination deficiency (HRD) genes, because BRCA/HRD mutations (BRCA/HRDm) are known to be associated with better prognosis. @*Results@#Enrollment was slow, accrual was closed when 7+ years had passed. With a medianfollow-up of 88.9 months, the median PFS was significantly better in arm A (55.5 months) than arm B (9.2 months) (hazard ratio [HR]=0.40; 95% confidence interval [CI]=0.19–0.87; p=0.020), yet the median overall survival was not significantly different in arm A (not reached) than arm B (95.1 months) (p=0.148). Overall grade 3/4 adverse events were more frequent in arm A than arm B (60.9% vs 0.0%) (p<0.001). Quality of life was generally not significantly different. Distribution of BRCA1/2m or BRCA/HRDm was not significantly biased between the two arms. Wild-type BRCAon-HRD subgroup seemed to fare better with maintenance therapy (HR=0.35; 95% CI=0.11–1.18; p=0.091). @*Conclusions@#Despite limitations in small sample size, it suggests that maintenance carboplatin-PLD chemotherapy could improve PFS in advanced ovarian cancer.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870587

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the patient profiles and therapeutic efficacies of ABO-incompatible living-related kidney transplantations at 19 domestic transplant centers and provide rationales for clinical application of ABOi-KT.Methods:Clinical cases of ABO-incompatible/compatible kidney transplantation (ABOi-KT/ABOc-KT) from December 2006 to December 2009 were collected. Then, statistical analyses were conducted from the aspects of tissue matching, perioperative managements, complications and survival rates of renal allograft or recipients.Results:Clinical data of 342 ABOi-KT and 779 ABOc-KT indicated that (1) no inter-group differences existed in age, body mass index (BMI), donor-recipient relationship or waiting time of pre-operative dialysis; (2) ABO blood type: blood type O recipients had the longest waiting list and transplantations from blood type A to blood type O accounted for the largest proportion; (3) HLA matching: no statistical significance existed in mismatch rate or positive rate of PRA I/II between two types of surgery; (4) CD20 should be properly used on the basis of different phrases; (5) hemorrhage was a common complication during an early postoperative period and microthrombosis appeared later; (6) no difference existed in postoperative incidence of complications or survival rate of renal allograft and recipients at 1/3/5/10 years between ABOi-KT and ABOc-KT. The acute rejection rate and serum creatinine levels of ABOi-KT recipients were comparable to those of ABOc-KT recipients within 1 year.Conclusions:ABOi-KT is both safe and effective so that it may be applied at all transplant centers as needed.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870583

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the efficacy and safety of pretreating with oral immunosuppressants alone for ABO-incompatible (ABOi) renal transplant recipients with an initial isoagglutinin titer <1: 8.Methods:From September 2014 to October 2019, 16 cases of ABOi renal transplantation pretreated with oral immunosuppressants alone and 32 cases of ABO-compatible (ABOc) renal transplantation were recruited for comparing the inter-group incidence of graft function, acute rejection, infection and recipient and allograft survival.Results:The 16 ABOi renal transplantations were AB-to-A(n=4), AB-to-B(n=3), A-to-B(n=1), B-to-A(n=4), A-to-O(n=2) and B-to-O(n=2). The initial isoagglutinin titer (IgM & IgG) and that on the date of transplantation were both ≤1∶8. The median follow-up period was 495(90-1696) days. One patient in ABOi group underwent allograft nephrectomy due to hyperacute rejection. The graft survival rates were 93.75%(15/16) and 100%(32/32) in ABOi and ABOc groups respectively. No recipient died. No significant inter-group difference existed in postoperative renal function after 6 months (serum creatinine μmol/L: 114.30±28.13 vs. 106.08±23.80, P=0.38; eGFR ml/min/1.73 m 2: 64.93±19.60 vs. 82.34±22.58, P=0.13). In ABOi group, there were 3 episodes of postoperative infection, 2 episodes of acute rejection within 2 weeks (including 1 episode of hyperacute rejection) and 1 episode of acute rejection after 2 weeks; 5 episodes of postoperative infection, no acute rejection within 2 weeks and 5 episodes of acute rejection after 2 weeks in ABOc group. No significant inter-group difference existed in the incidence of infection or rejection ( P>0.05). Conclusions:Using oral immunosuppressant alone is both safe and feasible for ABOi renal transplantation recipients with an initial isoagglutinin titer ≤1∶8. It may greatly simplify the pretreatment scheme for those with a low initial isoagglutinin titer and lower the incidence of complications.

19.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 851-855, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869761

ABSTRACT

Objective:To discuss the diagnosis and treatment of ectopic ureter company with the bladder neck and urethral maldevelopment in children.Methods:The clinical data of the 6 patients admitted to Children’s Hospital affiliated to Chongqing Medical University from September 1993 to April 2019 diagnosed as ectopic ureter company with the bladder neck and urethral maldevelopment were retrospectively reviewed. The 6 children were girls and the median age was 7 years old , ranged from 2 to 15 years old. All children had ectopic ureter, including 3 in left-sided, 1 in right-sided, and 2 in bilateral-sided. Five children presented the intermittent dribbling incontinence and one child presented the continuously incontinence without normal voiding. Through ultrasound, IVP, MRI, cystoscopy and retrograde urography, seven ureters were found ectopic position, including bladder neck in 4 cases, two ureters inserted in the vagina in 2 cases. There were two cases with duplex kidney and 4 cases with renal dysplasia. Preoperative cystoscopy revealed wide and short urethra in 1 case, wide bladder neck combined with wide and short urethra in 4 cases. The surgery type included nephrectomy in cases 1-3, bilateral ureter reimplantation in case 4 who had the bilateral ectopic ureter , bilateral ureter reimplantation and bladder neck reconstruction at the same time in case 5. Nephrectomy associated with bladder neck and urethral reconstruction in case 6.Results:Five patients were followed-up and one patient was lost to follow-up after the first operation. Mean follow-up was 41.2 months (ranging 2 to 84 months). Four patients with bladder neck and maldevelopment that were not solved intraoperatively got reoperations due to incontinence without remission. Case 1, who underwent urethral reconstruction and extension, and urinary incontinence was partially relieved. Case 2 was found to have wide bladder neck deformity, and then retrospectively got bladder neck reconstruction and urethrovaginal fistula repair in 3 years and 5 years later. The urinary incontinence was completely relieved. The ureteral stump of case 3 was resected 2 years after operation due to recurrent urinary tract infection, and then got twice bladder neck and urethral reconstruction in 3 years and 6 years later of nephrectomy. His incontinence was partially relieved. The case 4 got bladder neck and urethral reconstruction in one year after bilateral ureter reimplantation, and incontinence was partially relieved too. Among the two patients underwent combined surgery, the case 5, who got bilateral ureteral bladder replantation combined with bladder neck reconstruction, were lost to follow-up after surgery. The case 6 got dysplasia nephrectomy combined with bladder neck reconstruction and urethroplasty were completely relieved of urinary incontinence.Conclusions:Bladder neck and urethra maldevelopment is one of the main causes of urinary incontinence after surgery in children with ectopic ureter. The diagnosis mainly relies on cystoscopy. The treatment mainly relies on surgery. Bladder neck and urethral reconstruction is expected to be available. If the operative conditions permit, synchronous surgical treatment of ectopic ureter and bladder neck and urethral maldevelopment will get a better prognosis than staging surgery.

20.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 607-613, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869007

ABSTRACT

Globally, more than 2 million bone grafts are performed every year for bone defects in orthopedics, neurosurgery, and dental procedures. Current treatment options include the use of grafts of human, animal or synthetic origin. In this case, autograft is the current gold standard. However, its quantity is limited, a second wound(donor site) needs to be created, and the risk of infection, pain, and morbidity increases. In recent years, the rise of tissue engineering and 3D bioprinting has provided a new idea for treating bone defects in patients. 3D bioprinting is a branch of the applications of "additive manufacturing" in biological tissue engineering. It can precisely control cells, personalize macro and micro structures as needed, and can be used in bone regeneration applications. The establishment of osteoblast scaffolds is the basis of 3D bioprinting, and hydrogels suitable for the growth of bone and cartilage are the basis of scaffold research. For this reason, domestic and foreign scholars have developed and researcheda variety of hydrogel scaffolds, and they have found that mixed hydrogels with multiple biological materials have more advantages than single-material hydrogels. For example, hydroxyapatite, alginate or hyaluronic acid is used as the main component to mix several or more bioprinting materials, and 3D printed bone scaffold formed after combining the required cells can promote bone growth and differentiation better than traditional scaffolds. As the printed structure becomes thicker, the diffusion of nutrients and oxygen becomes more and more difficult. This is especially true in the reconstruction of bone tissue and it is necessary to create an interconnected and effective vascular network. Therefore, the formation of blood vessels in the stent is indispensable. This article mainly reviews the step-by-step research progress of bone printing scaffold materials and vascular network formation in 3D bioprinting.

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