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1.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 88(1): 36-45, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364585

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction The treatment of papillary thyroid microcarcinoma remains controversial. Central lymph node metastasis is common in papillary thyroid microcarcinoma and it is an important consideration in treatment strategy selection. Objective The aim of this study was to investigate clinicopathologic risk factors and thyroid nodule sonographic characteristics for central lymph node metastasis in papillary thyroid microcarcinoma. Methods We retrospectively reviewed the data of 599 papillary thyroid microcarcinoma patients who underwent surgery from 2005 to 2017 at a single institution. Univariate and multivariate analyses were used to identify the clinicopathologic factors and preoperative sonographic features of central lymph node metastasis. A receiver-operating characteristic, ROC curve analysis, was performed to identify the efficacy of ultrasonographic features in predicting central lymph node metastasis. A nomogram based on the risk factors was established to predict central lymph node metastasis. Results The incidence of central lymph node metastasis was 22.4%. The univariate and multivariate analyses suggested that gender, age, multifocality, extrathyroidal invasion, and lateral lymph node metastasis were independent risk factors for central lymph node metastasis. The univariate and multivariate analyses revealed that nodular shape, margin, and calcification were independently associated with central lymph node metastasis. The ROC curve analysis revealed that the combination of shape, margin and calcification had excellent accuracy in predicting central lymph node metastasis. The nomogram was developed based on the identified risk factors for predicting central lymph node metastasis, and the calibration plot analysis indicated the good performance and clinical utility of the nomogram. Conclusions Central lymph node metastasis is associated with male gender, younger age (<5 years), extrathyroidal invasion, multifocality and lateral lymph node metastasis in papillary thyroid microcarcinoma patients. The ultrasongraphic features, such as irregular shape, ill-defined margin and calcification, may improve the efficacy of predicting central lymph node metastasis. Surgeons and radiologists should pay close attention to the patients who have these risk factors. The nomogram may help guide surgical decision making in papillary thyroid microcarcinoma.


Resumo Introdução O tratamento do microcarcinoma papilífero de tireoide permanece controverso. A metástase em linfonodos centrais é comum e é uma consideração importante na seleção da estratégia de tratamento. Objetivo Investigar os fatores de risco clínico-patológicos e as características ultrassonográficas de nódulos tireoidianos para metástase em linfonodos centrais em microcarcinoma papilífero de tireoide. Método Foram analisados retrospectivamente os dados de 599 pacientes com microcarcinoma papilífero de tireoide submetidos à cirurgia de 2005 a 2017 em uma única instituição. Análises univariadas e multivariadas foram usadas para identificar os fatores clínico-patológicos e as características ultrassonográficas pré-operatórias das metástases em linfonodos centrais. Uma análise de curva ROC (receiver-operating characteristic) foi feita para identificar a eficácia das características ultrassonográficas na previsão dessas metástases. Um nomograma baseado nos fatores de risco foi estabelecido para prever a metástase em linfonodos centrais. Resultados A incidência de metástase em linfonodos centrais foi de 22,4%. As análises univariadas e multivariadas sugeriram que sexo, idade, multifocalidade, invasão extratireoidiana e metástase em linfonodos laterais eram fatores de risco independentes para a metástase em linfonodos centrais. As análises univariadas e multivariadas revelaram que o formato nodular, a margem e a calcificação estavam independentemente associadas à metástase em linfonodos centrais. A análise da curva ROC mostrou que a combinação do formato, margem e calcificação apresentou excelente precisão na previsão dessas metástases. O nomograma foi desenvolvido com base nos fatores de risco identificados para predizer a metástase em linfonodos centrais e a análise do gráfico de calibração indicou o bom desempenho e a utilidade clínica do nomograma. Conclusões Em pacientes com microcarcinoma papilífero de tireoide, metástase em linfonodos centrais está associado ao sexo masculino, menor idade ( < 45 anos), invasão extratireoidiana, multifocalidade e presença de metástase em linfonodos laterais. As características ultrassonográficas, como formato irregular, margem mal definida e calcificação, podem melhorar a eficácia da previsão de metástase em linfonodos centrais. Cirurgiões e radiologistas devem ficar mais atentos aos pacientes que apresentam esses fatores de risco. O nomograma pode ajudar a orientar a tomada de decisão cirúrgica para o microcarcinoma papilífero de tireoide.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-894697

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To objectively and subjectively assess and compare the characteristics of monoenergetic images [MEI (+)] and polyenergetic images (PEI) acquired by dual-energy CT (DECT) of patients with breast cancer. @*Materials and Methods@#This retrospective study evaluated the images and data of 42 patients with breast cancer who had undergone dual-phase contrast-enhanced DECT from June to September 2019. One standard PEI, five MEI (+) in 10-kiloelectron volt (keV) intervals (range, 40–80 keV), iodine density (ID) maps, iodine overlay images, and Z effective (Z eff) maps were reconstructed. The contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) and the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) were calculated. Multiple quantitative parameters of the malignant breast lesions were compared between the arterial and the venous phase images. Two readers independently assessed lesion conspicuity and performed a morphology analysis. @*Results@#Low keV MEI (+) at 40–50 keV showed increased CNR and SNR breast lesion compared with PEI, especially in the venous phase ([CNR: 40 keV, 20.10; 50 keV, 14.45; vs. PEI, 7.27; p < 0.001], [SNR breast lesion: 40 keV, 21.01; 50 keV, 16.28; vs.PEI, 10.77; p< 0.001]). Multiple quantitative DECT parameters of malignant breast lesions were higher in the venous phase images than in the arterial phase images (p < 0.001). MEI (+) at 40 keV, ID, and Z eff reconstructions yielded the highest Likert scores for lesion conspicuity. The conspicuity of the mass margin and the visual enhancement were significantly better in 40-keV MEI (+) than in the PEI (p = 0.022, p = 0.033, respectively). @*Conclusion@#Compared with PEI, MEI (+) reconstructions at low keV in the venous phase acquired by DECT improved the objective and subjective assessment of lesion conspicuity in patients with malignant breast lesions. MEI (+) reconstruction acquired by DECT may be helpful for the preoperative evaluation of breast cancer.

3.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 412-419, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888582

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) of the head and neck often develops lung metastasis. At present, there are not many research reports on ACC lung metastasis, little is known about its exact clinical features and treatment results, and there is no consensus on the best treatment strategy. This study explored the effective treatment strategies, clinical outcomes and long-term prognosis of head and neck ACC lung metastases.@*METHODS@#The clinical and follow-up data of 76 patients with head and neck ACC lung metastases were retrospectively analyzed. According to the initial treatment of patients, they are divided into 4 groups: surgery, surgery+chemotherapy or radiotherapy, chemotherapy or radiotherapy and supportive treatment. The patients were staged according to the International Registry of Lung Metastases Staging System (IRLM). Kaplan-Meier method and Log-rank test were used to compare the statistical differences of overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) of patients with different treatment methods and different IRLM stages.@*RESULTS@#The OS and PFS of patients undergoing surgery are better than those of supportive therapy or radiotherapy and/or chemotherapy (OS: P<0.000,1; PFS: P<0.000,1). The OS and PFS of patients with low stage IRLM are better than those with high stage (OS: P<0.000,1; PFS: P<0.000,1). Patients with single lung metastasis and without pleural effusion have better OS and PFS.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The long-term prognosis of patients with lung metastasis of head and neck ACC who undergo surgery is better than other treatments, which is related to higher OS and PFS. For patients with ACC lung metastases who are operationally eligible, the significance of complete surgical resection should be higher than other treatment options.

4.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 497-502, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888578

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The previous study has indicated that the incidence of venous thromboembolism (VTE) after thoracic surgery is high. The purpose of this study was to analyze the incidence and risk factors of postoperative VTE in thymic malignancy patients.@*METHODS@#This was a single-center study. Patients undergoing resection for thymic malignancy between December 2017 and February 2021 in Department of Thoracic Surgery, Beijing Tongren Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University were enrolled in this study. In addition to the routine examination, all patients were screened for deep venous thrombosis (DVT) by using noninvasive duplex lower extremity ultrasound before and after surgery. Patients did not receive any prophylactic anticoagulant therapy before and after surgery. All patients received modified caprini risk assessment. According to whether VTE occurred after operation, patients were divided into VTE group and control group. The clinical data of the two groups were compared. The occurrence time and possible high risk factors of VTE after operation were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#A total of 169 patients with thymic malignant tumor were enrolled, including 94 males and 75 females, aging from 22 to 76 years. A total of 95 patients underwent thoracoscopic surgery and 74 patients underwent median sternotomy. The total incidence of VTE was 12.4%. The median time for diagnosis of VTE was 4 days (2 days-15 days) after operation. According to the modified caprini score, the incidence of VTE in low risk patients (Caprini score≤4 points), moderate risk patients (Caprini score 5 to 8 points) and high risk patients (Caprini score≥9 points) were 0% (0/7), 7.0% (8/115) and 27.7% (13/47), respectively (Z=1.670, P=0.008). Univariate analysis showed that there were significant differences between VTE group and control group in age, operation method, operation time, indwelling central venous catheter, postoperative bed rest time more than 72 hours (P<0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that over 60 years old, operation method and operation time were independent risk factors for VTE after resection for thymic malignancies.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Over 60 years old, operation method and operation time are independent risk factors for VTE. Modified caprini assessment can effectively screen high-risk patients.

5.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1340-1345, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888563

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical features, treatment and prognosis of patients with hematological diseases complicated with mucor infection.@*METHODS@#The risk factors, clinical features, treatment regimen and prognosis of 18 hematological disease patients with mucor infection diagnosed by histopathology in our center from April 2014 to June 2020 were retrospectively analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Thirteen males and five females, with an average age of 30 (13-54) years old, were diagnosed as mucor infection by histopathological examination at the site of infection, including 16 cases of mucor infection alone and 2 cases of mucor + aspergillus mixed infection. There were 12 cases with malignant hematological disease and 6 cases with severe aplastic anemia, all of whom with long-term agranulocytosis, and their clinical manifestations and imaging findings were not specific. The common sites of infection were sinuses and lungs, and some patients showed multiple systemic manifestations. The remission status of hematological diseases and recovery of immune function showed an impact on the prognosis. All the patients were treated with amphotericin B liposome combined with posaconazole, and 15 patients were treated with surgery combined with antifungal drugs, 9 of whom were effective and 6 were ineffective, while intravenous administration in 3 cases was ineffective.@*CONCLUSION@#It is difficult to diagnose hematological disease complicated with mucor infection. After early diagnosis, prognosis can be improved by amelioration of primary state and combination of drugs and surgery.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Antifungal Agents/therapeutic use , Female , Hematologic Diseases/complications , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Mucormycosis/drug therapy , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Young Adult
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882606

ABSTRACT

The medical insurance is provided by the Unified Health System (SUS) covering most of Brazilians and alsocombined with private insurance, and every Brazilan could get access to basic health services. The major diseaseas leading to death in Brazil are ischemic heart disease, stroke and lower respiratory infection. The incidence of AD, chronic kidney disease and diabetes are increasing in recent years. Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), which was represented by acupuncture, was introduced to Brazil in the early 19th. At present, acupuncture has been widely accepted and used, which was included in SUS. A number of universities have acupuncture courses. However, the specialities and advantages of TCM needs to be strengthened, the local practioners lack the understanding of TCM theory, the appropriate use of herbal medicine, and there lacks TCM education standards, all these limit the development of TCM. Thus, in order to promote the development and dissemination of TCM in Brazil, it is suggested to give full play of the characteristics of TCM in preventing disease, increase the research and development input of herbal medicine, standardize the education stystem of TCM, etc.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905212

ABSTRACT

Objective:To create a prediction model that could be used to stratify the risk of cardiac rehabilitation in patients with stable coronary artery disease by using test data based on cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) and general clinical data. Methods:A total of 114 patients with stable coronary artery disease were consecutively enrolled from the Cardiology Coronary Artery Disease Database of our hospital from December, 2014 to December, 2018, all the patients underwent CPET before coronary angiography. LASSO was used for feature selection. A nomogram was formulated based on the results of multivariate Logistic regression analysis using the RMS package of R. The predictive power was assessed with Receiver Operating Characteristic Curve. Results:Seven predictors were identified based on LASSO: coronary angiography results, the maximum value of ventilatory equivalent for carbon dioxide (EqCO2max), lymphocyte count, fasting blood glucose levels, cardiac muscle enzyme positivity, blood homocysteine and blood urea nitrogen levels. Combined with clinical experience and weighting analysis, the final four factors were included for Logistic regression modeling: coronary angiography results, EqCO2max, lymphocyte count and fasting blood glucose levels. The area under the curve was 0.875 for the model. Conclusion:EqCO2max and lymphocyte count are key predictors for stable coronary heart disease and can be used to identify patients at high risk for cardiac rehabilitation. A risk stratification model based on CPET and laboratory tests can be used to assess risk stratification for cardiac rehabilitation in patients with stable coronary artery disease.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904626

ABSTRACT

Objective To re-examine the diagnosis results of reported malaria cases in Sichuan Province from 2014 to 2020, so as to assess the malaria diagnostic capability of Sichuan Provincial Malaria Diagnostic Reference Laboratory. Methods The blood and blood smear samples from reported malaria cases were collected by Sichuan Provincial Malaria Diagnostic Reference Laboratory from 2014 to 2020, and subjected to re-examinations using microscopy and nested PCR assay. The re-examination results were compared. Results A total of 1 710 samples from reported malaria cases were re-examined by Sichuan Provincial Malaria Diagnostic Reference Laboratory from 2014 to 2020, and 1 634 samples were identified positive, with a positive coincidence rate of 95.56% (1 634/1 710) and a 92.29% (1 508/1 634) total coincidence rate of the Plasmodium species. The coincidence rates with P. falciparum, P. vivax, P. malariae and P. ovale were 99.48% (961/966), 97.07% (430/443), 83.05% (98/118) and 67.86% (19/28), respectively, and the coincidence rate was 91.81% (1 513/1 648) between microscopic and nested-PCR results. Conclusions The capability of microscopists remains weak at grassroot medical institutions in Sichuan Province. Further training is required among microscopists to improve the malaria surveillance capability in Sichuan Province during the post-elimination stage.

9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-902401

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To objectively and subjectively assess and compare the characteristics of monoenergetic images [MEI (+)] and polyenergetic images (PEI) acquired by dual-energy CT (DECT) of patients with breast cancer. @*Materials and Methods@#This retrospective study evaluated the images and data of 42 patients with breast cancer who had undergone dual-phase contrast-enhanced DECT from June to September 2019. One standard PEI, five MEI (+) in 10-kiloelectron volt (keV) intervals (range, 40–80 keV), iodine density (ID) maps, iodine overlay images, and Z effective (Z eff) maps were reconstructed. The contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) and the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) were calculated. Multiple quantitative parameters of the malignant breast lesions were compared between the arterial and the venous phase images. Two readers independently assessed lesion conspicuity and performed a morphology analysis. @*Results@#Low keV MEI (+) at 40–50 keV showed increased CNR and SNR breast lesion compared with PEI, especially in the venous phase ([CNR: 40 keV, 20.10; 50 keV, 14.45; vs. PEI, 7.27; p < 0.001], [SNR breast lesion: 40 keV, 21.01; 50 keV, 16.28; vs.PEI, 10.77; p< 0.001]). Multiple quantitative DECT parameters of malignant breast lesions were higher in the venous phase images than in the arterial phase images (p < 0.001). MEI (+) at 40 keV, ID, and Z eff reconstructions yielded the highest Likert scores for lesion conspicuity. The conspicuity of the mass margin and the visual enhancement were significantly better in 40-keV MEI (+) than in the PEI (p = 0.022, p = 0.033, respectively). @*Conclusion@#Compared with PEI, MEI (+) reconstructions at low keV in the venous phase acquired by DECT improved the objective and subjective assessment of lesion conspicuity in patients with malignant breast lesions. MEI (+) reconstruction acquired by DECT may be helpful for the preoperative evaluation of breast cancer.

10.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 273-280, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879763

ABSTRACT

Postprostatectomy erectile dysfunction (pPED) remains a current problem despite improvements in surgical techniques. Vacuum therapy is clinically confirmed as a type of pPED rehabilitation. However, its underlying mechanisms are incompletely understood. Recently, autophagy and apoptosis were extensively studied in erectile dysfunction resulting from diabetes, senescence, and androgen deprivation but not in the context of pPED and vacuum therapy. Therefore, this study was designed to investigate the roles of autophagy and apoptosis in pPED and vacuum therapy. Twenty-four adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into three groups: the control group, bilateral cavernous nerve crush (BCNC) group, and BCNC + vacuum group. After 4 weeks of treatment, intracavernosal pressure was used to evaluate erectile function. Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction, western blot, and immunohistochemistry were used to measure the molecular expression. TdT-mediated dUTP nick-end labeling staining was used to assess apoptosis. Transmission electron microscopy was used to observe autophagosomes. After treatment, compared with those of the BCNC group, erectile function and cavernosal hypoxia had statistically significantly improved (P < 0.05). Apoptosis and the relative protein expression of B-cell lymphoma-2-associated X and cleaved Caspase3 were decreased (P < 0.05). Autophagy-related molecules such as phosphorylated unc-51-like autophagy-activating kinase 1 (Ser757) and p62 were decreased. Beclin1, microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3 A/B, and autophagosomes were increased (P < 0.05). Besides, the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/AKT/mammalian target of rapamycin signaling pathway, as a negative regulator of autophagy to some degree, was inhibited. This study revealed that vacuum therapy ameliorated pPED in BCNC rats by inhibiting apoptosis and activating autophagy.

11.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 215-221, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879712

ABSTRACT

Penile length shortening and erectile dysfunction are common complications after radical prostatectomy. Various methods have been used to maintain erectile function, but less attention has been paid to preserving penis length. N-acetylcysteine (NAC) has the effect of antioxidation and antifibrotic, which may be beneficial to improve those postoperative complications. This study investigated the effect of NAC on maintaining the penile length and the erectile function after bilateral cavernous nerve crush (BCNC) and its underlying mechanism. Twenty-four male rats were randomly divided into three groups: control group, BCNC group, and BCNC + NAC group. NAC or equal volume of saline was daily administrated by intragastric gavage for 4 weeks. The initial and end penile lengths were measured. Intracavernosal pressure/mean arterial pressure (ICP/MAP) ratio was calculated to assess erectile function. Hematoxylin-eosin staining, Masson's trichrome staining, immunohistochemistry, and Western blot were performed to explore cellular and molecular changes of the penis. Compared to the BCNC group, the penile length, ICP/MAP ratio and smooth muscle/collagen ratio in the BCNC + NAC group were improved significantly (all P < 0.05), and the expressions of endothelial nitric oxide synthase, α-smooth muscle actin, glutathione, and glutathione peroxidase 1 were significantly increased after NAC treated (all P < 0.05), along with the decreased expressions of hypoxia-inducible factor-1α, transforming growth factor-β1, collagen I, collagen III, collagen IV, malonaldehyde, and lysine oxidase (all P < 0.05). This study demonstrated that NAC could maintain penile length and partly improve erectile function. Possible mechanism is directly and/or indirectly related to antihypoxic and antifibrosis.

12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878359

ABSTRACT

Objective@#This study aimed to use an air-liquid interface (ALI) exposure system to simulate the inhalation exposure of motorcycle exhaust particulates (MEPs) and then investigate the benchmark dose (BMD) of MEPs by evaluating cell relative viability (CRV) in lung epithelial BEAS-2B cells.@*Methods@#The MEPs dose was characterized by measuring the number concentration (NC), surface area concentration (SAC), and mass concentration (MC). BEAS-2B cells were exposed to MEPs at different concentrations @*Results@#Our results reveal that BMD of NC and SAC were estimated by the best-fitting Hill model, while MC was estimated by Polynomial model. The BMDL for CRV following ALI exposure to MEPs were as follows: 364.2#/cm @*Conclusion@#These results indicate that MEPs exposure


Subject(s)
Benchmarking/statistics & numerical data , Bronchi/physiology , Cell Line , Cell Survival/drug effects , Epithelial Cells/physiology , Humans , Motorcycles , Particulate Matter/adverse effects , Vehicle Emissions/analysis
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888005

ABSTRACT

Cannabinoid receptor type 2( CB2 R),a member of the G protein-coupled receptor( GPCR) superfamily,has a variety of biological activities,such as regulating pain response,resisting inflammation and fibrosis,and mediating bone metabolism. Some CB2 R regulators exhibit a good regulatory effect on bone metabolism. Cannabinoids in Cannabis sativa can cause psychoactive effects despite various pharmacological actions they exerted by targeting CB2 R. Therefore,it is of great significance to discover CB2 R regulators in non-Cannabis plants for finding new lead compounds without psychoactive effects and elucidating the action mechanism of plant drugs. The present study clarifies the discovery,structure,and physiological functions of CB2 R,especially its regulatory effects on bone metabolism,summarized CB2 R regulators extracted from non-Cannabis plants,and systematically analyzes the regulatory effects of CB2 R regulators on bone metabolism in animals,osteoblasts,and osteoclasts,to provide a scientific basis for the discovery of new CB2 R regulators and the development of anti-osteoporotic drugs.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cannabinoids/pharmacology , Cannabis , Osteoblasts , Osteoclasts , Receptors, Cannabinoid
14.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2054-2065, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887637

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The Nuclear Dbf2-related (NDR1) kinase is a member of the NDR/LATS family, which was a supplementary of Hippo pathway. However, whether NDR1 could inhibit glioblastoma (GBM) growth by phosphorylating Yes-associated protein (YAP) remains unknown. Meanwhile, the role of NDR1 in GBM was not clear. This study aimed to investigate the role of NDR1-YAP pathway in GBM.@*METHODS@#Bioinformation analysis and immunohistochemistry (IHC) were performed to identify the expression of NDR1 in GBM. The effect of NDR1 on cell proliferation and cell cycle was analyzed utilizing CCK-8, clone formation, immunofluorescence and flow cytometry, respectively. In addition, the xenograft tumor model was established as well. Protein interaction was examined by Co-immunoprecipitation and immunofluorescence to observe co-localization.@*RESULTS@#Bioinformation analysis and IHC of our patients' tumor tissues showed that expression of NDR1 in tumor tissue was relatively lower than that in normal tissues and was positively related to a lower survival rate. NDR1 could markedly reduce the proliferation and colony formation of U87 and U251. Furthermore, the results of flow cytometry showed that NDR1 led to cell cycle arrest at the G1 phase. Tumor growth was also inhibited in xenograft nude mouse models in NDR1-overexpression group. Western blotting and immunofluorescence showed that NDR1 could integrate with and phosphorylate YAP at S127 site. Meanwhile, NDR1 could mediate apoptosis process.@*CONCLUSION@#In summary, our findings point out that NDR1 functions as a tumor suppressor in GBM. NDR1 is identified as a novel regulator of YAP, which gives us an in-depth comprehension of the Hippo signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Nucleus/metabolism , Cell Proliferation , Glioblastoma , Humans , Mice , Phosphorylation , Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases/metabolism , Signal Transduction
15.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 414-419, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912262

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects and mechanism of miR206 in rat model of denervated muscular atrophy.Methods:From September, 2020 to December, 2020, a total of 40 rats were selected for this study. Denervated muscular atrophy model was established on 16 SPF Sprague-Dawley rats, by removing 1 cm in length of sciatic nerve. The rats were classified into 4 groups according to the sampling time: 0 d, 3 d, 7 d and 14 d(4 rats per group). The other 24 rats were also established into denervated skeletal muscle atrophy models and assigned into 3 groups: denervation add miR206 group, denervation add NC transfection reagent group, and sham-operated group( n=8 in each group). After sampling, the area of cross section of the gastrocnemius muscle and gastrocnemius muscle mass were measured to evaluate muscle atrophy. The mRNA and protein expression of myostatin were determined by real-time PCR and Western blot. Combining with luciferase report to explore the underlying mechanism of miR206, the t-test and oneway ANOVA were used for data analysis used in this study. In one-way ANOVA analysis, if the difference between groups was statistically significant, Bonferroni method would be used for further comparing of all pairs. P<0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results:After excision of a part of sciatic nerve of rat models, gastrocnemius muscle mass of denervation plus miR206 group, denervation plus NC transfection reagent group and sham-operated group were: (0.63±0.04), (0.51±0.02) and (1.05±0.02), respectively. The cross section areas of gastrocnemius muscle in each groups were: (761.30±21.79) μm 2, (640.30±30.31) μm 2 and (1066.00±51.65) μm 2, respectively( P<0.05). Myostatin mRNA expression showed lower in miR206 group than in NC group tested by Western blot, which were(0.57±0.04) in miR206 and (0.81±0.04) in NC group tested by qPCR( P<0.05). The protein expression measured by Western blot test revealed same expression pattern as mRNA expression pattern. The different of relative expression between miR206 group and NC group( P<0.05). Finally, in the mmu-miR206 co-transfected with the MSTN 3'UTR-luciferase sensor group, the relative luciferase activity was measured at 0.26±0.07 and it was significant lower than any other groups( P<0.05). Conclusion:The miR206 can counteract denervated skeletomuscular atrophy through down regulating the myostatin expression. Myostatin is a new discovered target gene of miR206.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909320

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of applying individualized progressive nutrition guide sheet in postoperative enteral nutrition (EN) for patients with oral cancer.Methods:Using convenient sampling method, 40 oral cancer patients admitted to Sichuan Cancer Hospital from November 2017 to October 2018 were selected as the control group, and 46 from November 2018 to October 2019 were selected as the observation group. Both groups received EN support but the observation group were applied with progressive nutrition guide sheet. The pre- and post-operative body weight, nutrition related indicators, gastrointestinal symptoms, proportion of patients achieving daily target energy intake, patient/family satisfaction and other indicators were compared between the two groups.Results:There were significant differences in preoperative potassium, total protein and albumin at 7 days after operation, prealbumin at 3 and 7 days after operation, potassium at 3 days after operation and sodium at 3 days after operation between the two groups( Z=4.963, P<0.01; Z=5.094, P<0.01; Z=-2.022, P<0.05; Z=4.048, P<0.01; Z=2.14, P<0.05, Z=-6.04, P<0.01, Z=-7.13, P<0.01). The dynamic changes of potassium and sodium in the two groups were compared before operation, 3 days after operation and 7 days after operation ( F=30.20, F= 118.51, all P<0.01). There were significant differences in incidence of abdominal pain, abdominal distension and diarrhea between the two groups ( χ2=6.91, P=0.009, χ2=10.36, P=0.001, χ2=4.71, P=0.03). There were also significant differences in the proportion of patients achieving daily target energy intake at 1 day, 2 days, 3 days, 4 days, 5 days, and 6 days after operation between the two groups ( χ2=41.77, χ2=45.09, χ2=45.71, χ2=40.53, χ2=29.97, χ2=6.11, all P<0.01). Conclusion:The application of progressive nutrition guidelines in early postoperative EN support for patients with oral cancer can help to improve postoperative nutritional status, avoid potassium, sodium and electrolyte disturbance, alleviate postoperative gastrointestinal symptoms, improve the achievement of daily target energy intake and patient/family satisfaction, and promote disease recovery.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826388

ABSTRACT

To investigate the risk factors associated with acute renal failure (ARF) after thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm (TAAA) surgery. A total of 156 patients underwent TAAA repair between January 2009 and December 2017. Renal failure was defined based on the Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes criteria. The patients were divided into ARF group and non-ARF group based on the presence/absence of postoperative ARF. The risk factors of ARF were analyzed by univariate analysis and multivariate logistic analysis. The subjects included 111 males and 45 females aged (40.4±10.9) years (range:19-65 years). The surgical reasons included aortic dissection (=130,83.3%),aneurysm (=22,14.1%),and pseudoaneurysm (=4,2.6%). The degrees of repair included Crawford extent I in 6 patients (3.8%),extent Ⅱ in 128 patients (82.1%),extent Ⅲ in 20 patients (12.8%),and extent Ⅳ in 2 patients(1.3%). There were 3 patients presented with aortic rupture and 6 patients received emergent operations. Nine patients (5.8%) died within 30 days after surgery,and 8 patients (5.1%) suffered from permanent paraplegia. Thirty-six patients (23.1%) had ARF after surgery,and 18 of them needed dialysis. Multivariate logistic analysis showed that smoking ( =2.637,95%=1.113-6.250,=0.028),packed red blood cell usage in operation (≥6 U) ( =5.508,95%=2.144-11.930,=0.000),reoperation for bleeding (=3.529,95%=1.298-9.590,=0.013) were independent risk factors for ARF after TAAA repair. Smoking,packed red blood cell usage in operation (≥6 U),reoperation for bleeding are the independent risk factors of ARF after TAAA surgery.


Subject(s)
Acute Kidney Injury , Adult , Aged , Aortic Aneurysm, Thoracic , General Surgery , Blood Transfusion , Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Postoperative Complications , Reoperation , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Smoking , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865019

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the application value of parallel and cross-to-overlap anastomosis method (PCOA) in three-dimensional (3D) laparoscopic radical resection of right hemicolon cancer.Methods The retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted.The clinicopathological data of 138 patients who underwent 3D laparoscopic radical resection of right hemicolon cancer at Henan Provincial People's Hospital between July 2016 and July 2019 were collected.There were 83 males and 55 females,aged from 30 to 76 years,with a median age of 64 years.All the 138 patients with right hemicolon tumors were diagnosed as malignant tumors by enteroscopy and pathological examination before operation.The lymph node dissection and radical resection of right hemicolon cancer were performed according to the 9th edition of Japanese General Rules for Cancer of Colon,Rectum and Anus of the Japanese Colorectal Cancer Association.Observation indicators:(1) surgical situations;(2) postoperative conditions;(3) follow-up.Follow-up was conducted by outpatient examination or telephone interview to detect survival of patients and tumor recurrence and metastasis up to September 2019.Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean ± SD.Measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M (range).Count data were represented as percentages or absolute numbers.Results (1) Surgical situations:all the 138 patients underwent 3D laparoscopic radical resection of right hemicolon cancer using PCOA to reconstruct digestive tracts,without conversion to open surgery.The operation time,time for PCOA,and volume of intraoperative blood loss was (151.0±54.0)minutes,(20.1±2.0)minutes,and (60±21) mL.(2) Postoperative situations:the time to first flatus,time to semi-liquid food intake,length of auxiliary incision,and incidence rate of postoperative complications were (2.5±0.4)days,(4.0± 1.3)days,(3.0±0.2) cm,and 3.62% (5/138),respectively.Of the 5 patients with postoperative complications,1 patient with intestinal obstruction was cured after conservative treatment including gastrointestinal decompression and nutritional support,1 patient with anastomotic leakage was cured after conservative treatment including gastrointestinal decompression,local patency drainage,infection control and nutritional support,1 patient with ascites and abdominal infection was cured after computed tomography-guided percutaneous catheter drainage,1 patient with incisional infection was cured by controlling infection,strengthening dressing changes,local irrigation and drainage,1 patient with pulmonary infection was cured after anti-infective treatment.The number of lymph nodes dissected after surgery,duration of postoperative hospital stay,and hospital expenses were 19±8,(7.2±4.1) days,and (4.8± 1.4) × 104 yuan.All the 138 patients were confirmed as colonic adenocarcinoma by postoperative pathological examination,including 27 cases of poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma,92 cases of moderately differentiated adenocarcinoma,10 cases of highly differentiated adenocarcinoma,and 9 cases of mucinous adenocarcinoma.(3) Follow-up:133 of 138 patients were followed up for 2-38 months,with a median follow-up time of 18 months.During the follow-up,2 patients died,1 of which was detected multiple liver metastases at postoperative 16 months and died at postoperative 21 months,and the other was detected multiple liver metastases at postoperative 20 months and died at postoperative 24 months.Eight patients had distant metastasis,including 5 cases of liver metastasis,1 case of lung metastasis,and 2 cases of abdominal metastasis.The 10 patients with death and tumor metastasis were confirmed as stage Ⅲ by postoperative pathological examination,and the other 123 patients were generally in good condition.Conclusion PCOA is safe and effective for 3D laparoscopic radical resection of right hemicolon cancer.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863480

ABSTRACT

Glioma is the most common primary tumor of the central nervous system. Although clinicians select multimodal treatment, the overall prognosis of most patients is still very poor, especially glioblastoma (GB), which is related to the biological characteristics of glioma. Genomic alterations have been confirmed to be closely related to the tumorigenesis of GB. Different gene expression has a guiding therapeutic and prognostic predictive function for gliomas, so the deeper understanding of the relationship between genes and diseases behind gliomas will enable us to explore potential individualized targeted therapies for patients.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863026

ABSTRACT

MicroRNA is a group of endogenous non-coding RNAs with about 22 nucleotides, that participate in cell proliferation, differentiation, metabolism and apoptosis.Microglia are the specialized resident innate immune cells of the central nervous system, which mediate inflammation and immune response, and play an important role in the occurrence, development and rehabilitation of several nervous system diseases.Activated microglia can be polarized into two types: M1 and M2.M1 polarized microglia mainly promotes inflammation, whereas M2 cells are characterized by anti-inflammation and tissue remodeling.In recent years, studies have demonstrated that miRNAs can regulate the process of microglia polarization and affect the progress of various nervous system diseases.The biological function of miRNAs and the regulation of microglia activation and polarization are reviewed in this paper.

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