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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-997251

ABSTRACT

Objective To examine the impact of COVID-19 pandemic on the epidemic status of imported malaria and national malaria control program in China, so as to provide insights into post-elimination malaria surveillance. Methods All data pertaining to imported malaria cases were collected from Anhui Province, Hubei Province, Henan Province, Zhejiang Province and Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region during the period from January 1, 2018 through December 31, 2021. The number of malaria cases, species of malaria parasites, country where malaria parasite were infected, diagnosis and treatment after returning to China, and response were compared before (from January 1, 2018 to January 22, 2020) and after the COVID-19 pandemic (from January 23, 2020 to December 31, 2021). Results A total of 2 054 imported malaria cases were reported in Anhui Province, Hubei Province, Henan Province, Zhejiang Province and Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region during the period from January 1, 2018 to December 31, 2021, and there were 1 722 cases and 332 cases reported before and after the COVID-19 pandemic, respectively. All cases were reported within one day after definitive diagnosis. The annual mean number of reported malaria cases reduced by 79.30% in Anhui Province, Hubei Province, Henan Province, Zhejiang Province and Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region after the COVID-19 pandemic (171 cases) than before the pandemic (826 cases), and the number of monthly reported malaria cases significantly reduced in Anhui Province, Hubei Province, Henan Province, Zhejiang Province and Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region since February 2020. There was a significant difference in the constituent ratio of species of malaria parasites among the imported malaria cases in Anhui Province, Hubei Province, Henan Province, Zhejiang Province and Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region before and after the COVID-19 pandemic (χ2 = 146.70, P < 0.05), and P. falciparum malaria was predominant before the COVID-19 pandemic (72.30%), while P. ovale malaria (44.28%) was predominant after the COVID-19 pandemic, followed by P. falciparum malaria (37.65%). There was a significant difference in the constituent ratio of country where malaria parasites were infected among imported malaria cases in Anhui Province, Hubei Province, Henan Province, Zhejiang Province and Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region before and after the COVID-19 pandemic (χ2 = 13.83, P < 0.05), and the proportion of malaria cases that acquired Plasmodium infections in western Africa reduced after the COVID-19 pandemic that before the pandemic (44.13% vs. 37.95%; χ2 = 4.34, P < 0.05), while the proportion of malaria cases that acquired Plasmodium infections in eastern Africa increased after the COVID-19 pandemic that before the pandemic (9.58% vs. 15.36%; χ2 = 9.88, P = 0.02). The proportion of completing case investigation within 3 days was significantly lower after the COVID-19 pandemic than before the pandemic (96.69% vs. 98.32%; χ2= 3.87, P < 0.05), while the proportion of finishing foci investigation and response within 7 days was significantly higher after the COVID-19 pandemic than before the pandemic (100.00% vs. 98.43%; χ2 = 3.95, P < 0.05). Conclusions The number of imported malaria cases remarkably reduced in Anhui Province, Hubei Province, Henan Province, Zhejiang Province and Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region of China during the COVID-19 pandemic, with a decreased proportion of completing case investigations within 3 days. The sensitivity of the malaria surveillance-response system requires to be improved to prevent the risk of secondary transmission of malaria due to the sharp increase in the number of imported malaria cases following the change of the COVID-19 containment policy.

2.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2339-2343, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996389

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To study the mechanism of Qingre huashi decoction in the treatment of gastric cancer by intervening in miRNA-155 and inhibiting Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway. METHODS Thirty nude mice were randomly divided into model group, control group (0.004 g/kg cisplatin+0.02 g/kg fluorouracil), overexpression group, Qingre huashi prescription low-dose, medium-dose and high-dose groups (2.71, 5.43, 10.86 g/kg), with 5 mice in each group. The overexpression group was inoculated with miRNA-155 AGS cell line, and the other groups were inoculated with AGS cells to induce tumor-bearing gastric cancer model. The control group was given relevant medicine intraperitoneally, and other groups were given relevant medicine or normal saline intragastrically, once a day, for 3 consecutive weeks. The weight of tumor tissue in nude mice was determined; the pathological morphology of tumor tissue was observed; the miRNA-155 expression, mRNA and protein expressions of Wnt7, β-catenin and T- cell factor-4(TCF-4) in tumor tissue were detected. RESULTS Compared with the model group, the tumor weights of nude mice in the control group, the overexpression group and Qingre huashi decoction high-dose group were significantly reduced (P<0.05); mRNA and protein expressions of Wnt7, β -catenin and TCF-4 were significantly decreased (P<0.05), while miRNA-155 expression was increased significantly (P<0.05). Tumor cells exhibited varying degrees of loose arrangement, shallow nuclear staining, and necrotic foci. CONCLUSIONS Qingre huashi decoction can inhibit the protein and mRNA expressions of Wnt7, β-catenin and TCF-4 in Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway by up-regulating miRNA-155, thus inhibiting the tumor growth of tumor-bearing nude mice.

3.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 419-423, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996250

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the efficacy and adverse reactions of image-guided hypofractionated intensity-modulated radiotherapy (Ig-HypoRT) conbined with contralateral esophageal protection in treatment of patients with unresectable stage Ⅲ non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).Methods:The clinical data of 45 patients with unresectable stage Ⅲ NSCLC who were admitted to Xuzhou Cancer Hospital from January 2016 to January 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. Patients received induction chemotherapy with a platinum-based dual-drug combination regimen, followed by Ig-HypoRT with a total dose of tumor of 60-63 Gy/12- 18 times at 3.5-5.0 Gy/time. Contralateral esophagus was delineated as an organ at risk during radiotherapy, limiting V 45 Gy≤1.8 cc and V 55 Gy ≤0.4 cc. Patients' efficacy, survival and the occurrence of adverse reactions were observed. Results:Among 45 patients, there were 9 cases of complete remission, 31 cases of partial remission, 4 cases of stable disease and 1 case of disease progression, and the effective rate was 88.8% (40/45). The median follow-up time was 34 months, 45 patients had a median overall survival (OS) time of 25.0 months (95% CI 21.7-28.8 months), with 1-, 2-, and 3-year OS rates of 78.9%, 56.8% and 47.7%, respectively; the median progression-free survival (PFS) time was 18.5 months (95% CI 15.0-22.0 months), with 1-, 2- and 3-year PFS rates of 59.8%, 32.6% and 18.6%, respectively. The 3-year local recurrence rate was 9% (4/45). The incidence of grade 1-2 radioactive esophagitis was 80% (36/45); the incidence of grade 1-2 chest pain was 20% (9/45). The incidence of grade 3-4 adverse reactions were 13% (6/45), including 7% (3/45) of grade 3 pulmonary atelectasis, 4% (2/45) of grade 3 radioactive pneumonia, and 2% (1/45) of grade 4 hemoptysis. Conclusions:Ig-HypoRT combined with contralateral esophageal protection for unresectable stage Ⅲ NSCLC can improve survival rate and reduce esophageal adverse reactions of patients.

4.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 353-360, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996238

ABSTRACT

Objective:To screen the differentially expressed genes (DEG) related to inflammatory response associated with the prognosis of colon cancer based on the bioinformatics approach, and to construct and validate a prognostic model for colon cancer.Methods:RNA sequencing and clinical data of 472 colon cancer patients and normal colon tissues of 41 healthy people were retrieved from the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database. Gene expression related to prognosis of colon cancer and clinical data were retrieved from the International Cancer Genome Consortium (ICGC) database. The retrieval time was all from the establishment of library to November 2022. A total of 200 genes associated with inflammatory response obtained from the Gene Set Enrichment Analysis (GSEA) database were compared with the RNA sequencing gene dataset of colon cancer and normal colon tissues obtained from the TCGA database, and then DEG associated with inflammatory response were obtained. The prognosis-related DEG in the TCGA database were analyzed by using Cox proportional risk model, and the inflammatory response-related DEG were intersected with the prognosis-related DEG to obtain the prognosis-related inflammatory response-related DEG. The prognostic model of colon cancer was constructed by using LASSO Cox regression. Risk scores were calculated, and colon cancer patients in the TCGA database were divided into two groups of low risk (< the median value) and high risk (≥the median value) according to the median value of risk scores. Principal component analysis (PCA) was performed on patients in both groups, and survival analysis was performed by using Kaplan-Meier method. The efficacy of risk score in predicting the overall survival (OS) of colon cancer patients in the TCGA database was analyzed based on the R software timeROC program package. Clinical data from the ICGC database were applied to externally validate the constructed prognostic model, and patients with colon cancer in the ICGC database were classified into high and low risk groups based on the median risk score of patients with colon cancer in the TCGA database. By using R software, single-sample gene set enrichment analysis (ssGESA), immunophenotyping difference analysis, immune microenvironment correlation analysis, and immune checkpoint gene difference analysis of immune cells and immune function were performed for prognosis-related inflammation response-related DEG in the TCGA database.Results:A total of 60 inflammatory response-related DEG and 12 prognosis-related DEG were obtained; and 6 prognosis-related inflammatory response-related DEG (CCL24, GP1BA, SLC4A4, SRI, SPHK1, TIMP1) were obtained by taking the intersection set. LASSO Cox regression analysis showed that a prognostic model for colon cancer was constructed based on 6 prognosis-related inflammatory response-related DEG, and the risk score was calculated as = -0.113×CCL24+0.568×GP1BA+ (-0.375)×SLC4A4+(-0.051)×SRI+0.287×SPHK1+0.345×TIMP1. PCA results showed that patients with colon cancer could be better classified into 2 clusters. The OS in the high-risk group was worse than that in the low-risk group in the TCGA database ( P < 0.001); the area of the curve (AUC) of the prognostic risk score for predicting the OS rates of 1-year, 3-year, 5-year was 0.701, 0.685, and 0.675, respectively. The OS of the low-risk group was better than that of the high-risk group in the ICGC database; AUC of the prognostic risk score for predicting the OS rates of 1-year, 2-year, 3-year was 0.760, 0.788, and 0.743, respectively. ssGSEA analysis showed that the level of immune cell infiltration in the high-risk group in the TCGA database was high, especially the scores of activated dendritic cells, macrophages, neutrophils, plasmacytoid dendritic cells, T helper cells, and follicular helper T cells in the high-risk group were higher than those in the low-risk group, while the score of helper T cells 2 (Th2) in the high-risk group was lower compared with that in the low-risk group (all P < 0.05); in terms of immune function, the high-risk group had higher scores of antigen-presenting cell (APC) co-inhibition, APC co-stimulation, immune checkpoint, human leukocyte antigen (HLA), promotion of inflammation, parainflammation, T-cell stimulation, type Ⅰ interferon (IFN) response, and type ⅡIFN response scores compared with those in the low-risk group (all P < 0.05). The results of immunophenotyping analysis showed that IFN-γ-dominant type (C2) had the highest inflammatory response score, and the differences were statistically significant when compared with trauma healing type (C1) and inflammatory response type (C3), respectively (all P < 0.05). Immune microenvironment stromal cells and immune cells were all positively correlated with prognostic risk scores ( r values were 0.35 and 0.21, respectively, both P < 0.01). The results of immune checkpoint difference analysis showed there was a statistically significant difference in programmed-death receptor ligand 1 (PD-L1) expression level between high-risk group and low-risk group ( P = 0.002), and PD-L1 expression level was positively correlated with prognostic risk score ( r = 0.23, P < 0.01). Conclusions:Inflammatory response-related genes may play an important role in tumor immunity of colon cancer and can be used in the prognostic analysis and immunotherapy of colon cancer patients.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995478

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the feasibility of an "ABC" three line perforator locating method in design and harvest of free anterolateral perforator flap of calf.Methods:Between March 2021 and November 2021, 42 patients with 62 wounds on hand and foot were treated in the Department of Hand Surgery, Suzhou Ruihua Orthopaedic Hospital. The "ABC" three line perforator locating method was applied to determine the location and source of perforating branch before operation and to guide the design and harvest of flap during operation in wound reconstruction. Among the 42 patients, 24 had the injury of single digit, 7 had the injuries with 2 digits, 4 with 3 digits, 1 with 4 digits, 1 of the first web, 1 in the wrist, 2 of the great toe, 1 of second toe and 1 in dorsal foot. The sizes of soft tissue defect were 1.5 cm×2.0 cm-3.0 cm×14.0 cm. The sizes of the flaps were 2.0 cm×2.5 cm-3.5 cm×15.0 cm. All donor sites were sutured directly. In the follow-up, sensations of flaps were evaluated following the sensory function evaluation standard of British Medical Research Council(BMRC), and the recovery of the donor and recipient sites was evaluated by the flap comprehensive evaluation scale. Regular follow-up were scheduled at outpatient clinic.Results:A total of 162 perforators were located before operation. There were 95 perforating branches being explored in the operation, of which 5 patients had 1 extra perforating branch than that located before surgery. Seventy-six perforating branches were found consistent with preoperative localisation, with a coincidence rate of 84.4%(76/90). Sixty-four perforating branches were found consistent with the preoperative source with an accuracy rate of 84.2%(64/76). All the 62 flaps survived without a vascular compromise. Follow-up lasted for 6-10(mean 7.1) months. The colour and texture of the flaps were excellent. The flaps were thin and wear-resistant. The sensory function of the flaps was evaluated at S 1-S 3 by BMRC. Comprehensive evaluation scale of flap was excellent in 38 patients and good in 4 patients. Conclusion:"ABC" three line perforator locating method in design of free anterolateral calf flap is a feasible and an ideal auxiliary method in surgical practice. It combines anatomical knowledge, clinical experience and Doppler ultrasound localisation as well as accurately guides the location and source prediction of perforator before surgery.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994559

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the safety and efficacy of aortic banding in the treatment of refractory endoleaks after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR).Methods:The clinical and follow-up data of 10 patients with refractory endoleaks EVAR undergoing aortic banding at Peking University People's Hospital from Jun 2019 to Aprl 2022 were retrospectively analyzed.Results:The aortic banding was indicated for type Ⅰ endoleak in 6 patients, type Ⅱ endoleak in 3 patients and internal tension in 1 patient with persistent aneurysm enlargement or rupture. The surgical procedure was based on laparotomy. The proximal aortic neck was exposed and re-fixation with artificial strip to prevent bleeding. The surgical procedures was successful in all the 10 cases without residual endoleak or re-bleeding. The post-operative contrast-enhanced ultrasonography revealed neither new-onset endoleak nor occlusion of stent-grafts. Perioperative complications included one case of delayed wound healing and one case of incomplete ileus. No perioperative deaths occurred. Midterm follow-up was achieved in 10 patients with a mean follow-up time of 13 months. No recurrence of endoleak was found. One patient underwent endovascular repair for independent thoracic aortic aneurysm 6 months after surgery. There were no other aorta-related secondary surgeries or aortic-related deaths.Conclusion:Aortic banding for refractory endoleaks after EVAR is minimally invasive and reliable. It can effectively eliminate the refractory endoleaks, and reduce the risks of aortic-related secondary surgery or death.

7.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 316-321, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993814

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the predictive value of neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin(NGAL)in high-risk elderly patients with acute kidney injury(AKI).Methods:A retrospective study was conducted to collect 183 patients over 65 years old in the Department of Geriatrics, the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from January 2018 to October 2019.The patients were combined with at least one risk factor.The diagnostic effect of NGAL for AKI prediction in high-risk patients was evaluated.According to the initial serum creatinine(SCr)and basic glomerular filtration rate(eGFR), the patients were divided into chronic kidney disease(CKD)group and non-CKD group.The optimal diagnostic threshold for A-on-C is determined by determining the area under the subject curve(AuROC). Univariate and independent predictors multivariate regression analysis was used to assess the risk of AKI.Results:The serum NGAL(NGAL)level in AKI group was higher than that in non-AKI group[702.5 μg/L(499.2, 813.2) vs.233.9 μg/L(147.2, 315.7), Z=8.002, P<0.001]. In CKD patients, serum NGAL in AKI group was higher than that in non-AKI group[1033 μg/L(845.5, 1447) vs.288.2 μg/L(221.4, 423.3), Z=4.867, P<0.001]. In all patients, model 3 with four variables showed better AKI prediction ability than model 0, 1 and 2( R2=0.743, P<0.001). In the CKD group, the AuROC of serum NGAL for AKI prediction was larger than that of CYS-C group, whereas in the non-CKD group, the AuROC of serum NGAL for AKI prediction was smaller than that of CYS-C group. Conclusions:Serum NGAL may serve as a useful biomarker for AKI prediction in AKI high-risk elderly patients.Especially in patients with CKD, Serum NGAL has a better predictive value for AKI than traditional indicators.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993222

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the value of chemoradiotherapy and surgery in cervical esophageal cancer (CEC).Methods:Data of 459 patients with CEC from 2004 to 2017 were collected and retrospectively analyzed from the surveillance, epidemiology, and end results (SEER) database of National Cancer Institute (US). All patients were divided into the chemoradiotherapy group ( n=379) and surgery group ( n=80) according to the treatment methods. Survival analysis was performed by Kaplan-Meier method and survival curve was drawn. Multivariate survival analysis was conducted by Cox proportional hazards regression model. The death rate of different causes between two groups was calculated by cumulative incidence function (CIF). The differences of death rate between two groups were evaluated by Fine-Gray competing risk model. By analyzing the clinical characteristics and survival of CEC patients, the overall survival (OS) was compared between the surgery and chemoradiotherapy groups. Results:The 2- and 5-year survival rates in the chemoradiotherapy group were 43.1% and 22.4%, while those of the surgical group were 46.8% and 26.0%, respectively. No significant difference was observed in the OS between the chemoradiotherapy and surgery groups ( P=0.750). Cox multivariate analysis showed that treatment (surgery group vs. chemoradiotherapy group) was not an independent prognostic factor for OS. Based on the results of competing risk analysis, the risk of esophageal cancer-specific death in the chemoradiotherapy group was higher than that in the surgery group, and the difference was statistically significant between two groups ( P<0.001). The risk of other cause-specific death in the chemoradiotherapy group was lower than that in the surgery group ( P<0.001). The proportion of patients who died of oral, oropharyngeal, hypopharyngeal and laryngeal diseases in the surgery group was significantly higher than that in the chemoradiotherapy group(all P<0.001). Conclusions:No significant difference is observed in the OS of CEC patients treated with chemoradiotherapy or surgery. In the surgery group, the risk of esophageal cancer-specific death is lower, whereas the risk of other cause-specific death is higher compared with those in the chemoradiotherapy group.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993206

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy and safety of hippocampal avoidance whole-brain irradiation with simultaneous integrated boost in the treatment of brain metastases of lung cancer.Methods:Forty lung cancer patients with brain metastases who received whole-brain radiotherapy with simultaneous integrated boost and hippocampal avoidance in Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from 2014 to 2020 were enrolled in this study. Brain MRI, survival follow-up and evaluation of side effects were performed before radiotherapy and at 1, 3, 6 and 12 months after radiotherapy, respectively. Overall survival (OS), progression-free survival (PFS) and changes in cognitive function were analyzed. Continuous data were described as Mean ± SD. Categorical data were described by frequency and composition ratio or percentage. Survival analysis was conducted by Kaplan-Meier method. Influencing factors of survival were identified by univariate and multivariate Cox's regression analyses.Results:A total of 40 patients were enrolled in the study. The median follow-up time was 14.2 months and the median OS, PFS and intracranial PFS of all patients were 14.8 months, 6.7 months and 14.8 months, respectively. Multivariate analysis showed that male gender and newly diagnosed stage Ⅳ disease were associated with worse OS and PFS, respectively. The Hopkins verbal learning test-revised (HVLT-R) scores at baseline and 1, 3 and 6 months after radiotherapy were 21.94±2.99, 20.88±3.12, 20.03±3.14, and 19.78±2.98, respectively. The HVLT-R score at 6 months after radiotherapy was decreased by approximately 9.8% compared with the baseline. No grade 3 or above toxic and side effect occurred in the entire cohort.Conclusion:Hippocampal avoidance whole-brain irradiation with simultaneous integrated boost is a safe and effective treatment for brain metastases of lung cancer, which is expected to reduce the impact of radiotherapy on cognitive function.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993156

ABSTRACT

Lung cancer is the malignant tumor with the highest mortality rate in the world. Radiotherapy plays an important role in the comprehensive treatment of lung cancer. With the continuous advancement of radiotherapy technology and equipment, it has become one of the effective therapeutic options for lung cancer. In recent years, artificial intelligence technology has developed rapidly and has been widely applied in clinical practice, especially in the diagnosis and treatment of lung cancer imaging. The image database can be obtained by sorting and summarizing the images, which can be used in clinical work and scientific research. In this article, the application of artificial intelligence in lung cancer radiotherapy imaging and lung cancer imaging database was reviewed, aiming to provide reference for the construction of artificial intelligence radiotherapy imaging database for lung cancer.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992695

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Objective:To investigate whether the antibacterial copper sulfide (CuS)/graphene oxide (GO) nanosheets composite film can promote angiogenesis and osteogenesis in vitro. Methods:GO and CuS/GO nanosheets were synthesized and mixed into polyvinyl alcohol (PVA)/carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) hydrogel films. The study was conducted in 4 groups: PVA/CMC/GO, PVA/CMC/CuS/GO, PVA/CMC (only PVA/CMC-based film) and blank control (no material). The PVA/CMC, PVA/CMC/GO and PVA/CMC/CuS/GO films were characterized by electron scanning microscopy and energy dispersive spectrometer. The biocompatibility of different films (PVA/CMC/CuS/GO films with concentrations of CuS/GO nanotablets of 0, 50, 100, 200, 400, and 800 μ g/mL) was evaluated by CCK-8, live/dead cell staining, and hemolysis test. The angiogenesis was evaluated by cell migration and tube forming test in vitro. Alkaline phosphatase and alizarin red staining were used to evaluate osteogenesis in vitro, and the expression of osteogenic genes was measured by immunofluorescence staining and RT-qPCR. In addition, the bacterial plate counting method and bacteriostatic circle method were used to evaluate the antibacterial activity of films. Results:In the PVA/CMC/GO and PVA/CMC/CuS/GO groups, the surface of the PVA/CMC-based film was smooth and flat whereas the nanosheets composite films were irregularly flaky and convex. The biosafety experiments showed that the PVA/CMC-based film composited with GO or CuS/GO nanosheets at the concentration of 100 μg/mL had good biocompatibility. The results of angiogenesis in vitro showed that the migration ratio of HUVEC cells in the PVA/CMC/CuS/GO group was significantly better than those in the PVA/CMC/GO, PVA/CMC and control groups ( P<0.001). In the experiment of tube forming area and length, the PVA/CMC/CuS/GO group was significantly better than the PVA/CMC/GO, PVA/CMC and control groups ( P<0.001). The osteogenic differentiation in vitro displayed that the alkaline phosphatase and alizarin red staining of MC3T3-E1 cells in the PVA/CMC/CuS/GO group were significantly better than those in the PVA/CMC/GO, PVA/CMC and control groups ( P<0.001). In addition, the fluorescence intensity of immunofluorescence staining in alkaline phosphatase and type Ⅰcollagen on MC3T3-E1 cells, and the mRNA expression levels of osteogenic related genes including alkaline phosphatase, bone morphogenetic protein 2, osteocalcin and osteopontin in the PVA/CMC/CuS/GO group were significantly higher than those in the PVA/CMC/GO, PVA/CMC and control groups ( P<0.001). The antibacterial assay showed that the PVA/CMC/CuS/GO group had a significantly greater antibacterial activity and a significantly larger inhibition zone against Gram-positive bacteria and Gram-negative bacteria than the PVA/CMC/GO, PVA/CMC and control groups ( P< 0.001). Conclusions:PVA/CMC films composited with GO or CuS/GO nanosheets demonstrate ideal biocompatibility and antibacterial properties which promote angiogenesis and osteogenic differentiation in vitro. In particular, antibacterial PVA/CMC/CuS/GO composite films with the coupling function of angiogenesis and osteogenesis are expected to provide a new strategy for infectious bone defects.

12.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 348-354,359, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992306

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Objective:To explore the key targets and mechanism of Bielong Ruangan decoction in the treatment of liver cancer based on network pharmacology and molecular docking.Methods:Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform (TCMSP) database, PubChem database and PharmMapper database were used to search and screen the chemical components and related targets of Bielong Ruangan decoction and the targets of liver cancer diseases. The network diagram of " Bielong Ruangan decoction-traditional Chinese medicine-active ingredient-predicted target-disease" was constructed; Protein-protein interaction (PPI) network were analyzed through String database; gene ontology (GO) enrichment analysis was performed through WebGestalt database; Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) enrichment analysis was carried out through KEGG Orthology Based Annotation System (KOBAS) database; Molecular docking of the active components and core target proteins of Bielong Ruangan decoction was carried out by using PyMOL, Auto DockVina and other software.Results:Bielong Ruangan decoction had 67 active components, 154 liver cancer targets and 244 pathways. According to the analysis of network pharmacology, Bielong Ruangan decoction may play an anti-cancer role through key targets such as epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), mitogen activated protein kinase 1 (MAPK1), estrogen receptor 1 (ESR1), MAPK8, serine threonine protein kinase 1 (AKT1), MAPK14, cysteine protease 3 (CASP3), cyclin-dependent kinase 2 (CDK2), bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP2), aldose reductase (AKR1B1) and other key targets. KEGG enrichment analysis showed that the treatment of liver cancer by Bielong Ruangan decoction involved the regulation of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) signaling pathway, tumor necrosis factor (TNF) signaling pathway, thyroid hormone signaling pathway, T cell receptor signaling pathway and other pathways. The results of molecular docking showed that the binding energy of all compounds to protein was less than -5.6 kcal/mol, indicating that each compound and each protein could bind well.Conclusions:Bielong Ruangan decoction participates in the treatment of liver cancer through " multi-component, multi-target and multi-channel" ways, and plays an anti-cancer role mainly by regulating the proliferation and invasion of tumor cells and tumor inflammatory microenvironment.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990496

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Objective:To analyze the clinical characteristics, diagnosis and treatment of 3 children with severe COVID-19 encephalopathy, aiming to improve the clinicians′ understanding of the disease.Methods:The clinical features, laboratory examinations, imaging data and diagnosis as well as treatment process of 3 cases of severe COVID-19 encephalopathy admitted to the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit of Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University from December 1, 2022 to December 31, 2022 were retrospectively analyzed.Results:Among the 3 patients, 2 were female, age was 2-11 years old, all of them had 2-3 days of medical history.All of them had clinical manifestations of high fever(≥40 ℃), convulsions and consciousness disorders, nucleic acid and antigen tests of SARS-CoV-2 were positive, and mycoplasma pneumonia IgM antibody was positive in 1 case.Within 24 hours after admission, the levels of white blood cells were basically normal, neutrophil fraction was dominant, and procalcitonin was significantly increased.Total T cells and NK cells in the blood of the three patients were significantly decreased, and the levels of blood ammonia, blood glucose and bilirubin were basically normal.During the early stage of the disease, the cell counts of the cerebrospinal fluid was normal in all three patients, the protein level was significantly increased, and there were new symmetrical lesions on head magnetic resonance imaging in 3 patients.After symptomatic treatment and immunotherapy including early use of hormone, human gamma globulin and plasma exchange, all patients were survived, but had different degrees of new dysfunction of the nervous system.Conclusion:Severe COVID-19 encephalopathy can occur in the acute phase of SARS-CoV-2 infection, mostly manifested as high fever, convulsions and severe disturbance of consciousness, combining with multiple organ dysfunction and irreversible nervous system damage.Early supportive treatment, brain protective treatment and immunotherapy are helpful to improve the prognosis of the patients.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990494

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Objective:To analyze the clinical characteristics, diagnosis and treatment of 3 children with severe COVID-19 encephalopathy, targeted to improve the clinicians′ understanding of the disease.Methods:The clinical features, laboratory examinations, imaging data and diagnosis and treatment process of 3 cases of severe COVID-19 encephalopathy admitted to the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit of Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University from December 1, 2022 to December 31, 2022 were retrospectively analyzed.Results:Among the 3 patients, 2 were female, age was 2-11 years old, all of them had 2-3 days of medical history, all of them had clinical manifestations of high fever(≥40 ℃), convulsions and consciousness disorders, nucleic acid and antigen tests of SARS-CoV-2 were positive, and mycoplasma pneumonia IgM antibody was positive in 1 case.Within 24 hours after admission, the levels of white blood cells were basically normal, neutrophil fraction was dominant, and procalcitonin was significantly increased.Total T cells and NK cells in the blood of the three patients were significantly decreased, and the levels of blood ammonia, blood glucose and bilirubin were basically normal.In the early stage of the disease, the cell counts of the cerebrospinal fluid was normal in all the three patients, the protein level was significantly increased, there were new symmetrical lesions on head magnetic resonance imaging in 3 patients.After symptomatic treatment and immunotherapy including early use of hormone, human gamma globulin and plasma exchange, all the patients were survived, but had different degrees of new dysfunction of the nervous system.Conclusion:Severe COVID-19 encephalopathy can occur in the acute phase of SARS-CoV-2 infection, mostly manifested as high fever, convulsions and severe disturbance of consciousness, combined with multiple organ dysfunction and irreversible nervous system damage.Early supportive treatment, brain protective treatment and immunotherapy are helpful to improve the prognosis of patients.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990016

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the efficacy of pneumovesicoscopic Cohen and Politano-Leadbetter procedures in the treatment of vesicoureteral junction obstruction (VUJO) in children.Methods:The data of 48 children with VUJO who underwent operations in the Department of Urology, Anhui Provincial Children′s Hospital from January 2017 to December 2021 were retrospectively analyzed.According to the operation time, the patients were divided into the pneumovesicoscopic Cohen group(group C) (28 cases) and pneumovesicoscopic Politano-Leadbetter group(group P) (20 cases). The operation time, postoperative urinary catheterization duration, hematuria duration, hospitalization time, and the improvement of hydronephrosis, ureteral dilatation, and renal function after surgery were compared between the 2 groups.The enumeration data were compared by the χ2 test or Fisher′ s exact probability method.The measurement data were compared by the t-test. Results:All the 48 children were successfully operated on by the same surgeon, without conversion to open surgery.Six cases in the group C had a megaureter and underwent ureter tailoring.Two cases in the group P had calyceal and ureteral calculi, which were all removed after operation.There was a statistically significant difference in the operation time between group C and group P[(136.5±35.4) min vs.(165.8±33.2) min, t=-3.154, P=0.002]. The patients were followed up for (10.3±2.6) months after operation.There were 8 cases and 6 cases of urinary tract infection in group C and group P within 2 months after the operation, respectively.They all improved after conservative anti-infection treatment, and the infection was well controlled after removal of the D-J tube.Besides, their intravenous pyelography 6 months after operation showed that the ureter was unobstructed.In group C, 6 months after the operation, the anterior and posterior diameters of the renal pelvis [(1.62±0.54) cm vs.(2.55±1.24) cm, t=-5.027, P=0.001] and the largest diameter of the ureter [(0.95±0.27) cm vs.(1.51±0.52) cm, t=-8.495, P<0.001] were significantly decreased, compared with those before operation.However, the renal cortex thickness was increased significantly [(1.47±0.25) cm vs.(0.86±0.46) cm, t=2.028, P=0.004], and the renal function (as indicated by the diuretic nephrogram) was notably improved [(46.27±2.16)% vs.(41.83±3.04)%, t=1.647, P=0.030]. In group P, 6 months after operation, the anterior and posterior diameters of the renal pelvis[(1.48±0.82) cm vs.(2.68±1.41) cm, t=-2.740, P=0.003] and the maximum diameter of the ureter [(1.05±0.46) cm vs.(1.36±0.27) cm, t=-1.635, P=0.040] were significantly smaller than those before operation.However, the renal cortical thickness was increased [(1.38±0.33) cm vs.(0.74±0.39) cm, t=9.073, P<0.001], and the renal function (as indicated by the diuretic nephrogram) was significantly improved [(45.18±3.35)% vs.(39.55±2.49)%, t=1.277, P=0.030]. Politano-Leadbetter surgery outperformed Cohen surgery in promoting the recovery of the anterior and posterior diameters of the renal pelvis [(1.48±0.82) cm vs.(1.62±0.54) cm, t=-1.748, P=0.030]. Conclusions:Pneumovesicoscopic Politano-Leadbetter operation can establish a longer submucosal tunnel without changing the ureteral shape and opening position, having good effects in treating VUJO combined with calyceal and ureteral calculi.Pneumovesicoscopic Politano-Leadbetter operation can also better improve postoperative recovery from hydronephrosis than Cohen operation.However, the pneumovesicoscopic Politano-Leadbetter operation is more difficult and requires longer time.The surgeon should choose a reasonable operation based on his/her own experience.

16.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 362-367, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970216

ABSTRACT

With the continuous development of evidence-based medicine, increasing attention has been paid to the construction of a large medical database to ensure a source of high quality real-world data. The Chinese Medical Association Colorectal Surgery Group created the Chinese Colorectal Cancer Surgery Database (CCCD), whose objective is to promote the development of colorectal surgery and improve patient prognosis with evidence-based medicine theory. Compared to major databases around the world, CCCD contains more comprehensive information on colorectal cancer surgical cases, recording the main epidemiological characteristics and detailed surgical information, but perioperative treatment data still need to be strengthened. It is necessary to continuously expand the coverage, enrich perioperative data and strengthen data, quality control. In the future, CCCD is expected to play a role in promoting homogenization of medical services, promoting smooth and effective graded diagnosis and treatment, giving full role to the characteristics of each center to achieve integrated development, and connecting real-world data and artificial intelligence.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015635

ABSTRACT

The FRUITFULL (FUL) gene belongs to the AP1/ FUL subfamily of the plant MADS-box family and has functions in regulating flowering time, floral meristem differentiation and fruit development. PfFUL gene sequence was derived from the perilla transcriptome data, and the basic physicochemical properties of PfFUL were analyzed by bioinformatics methods. Evolutionary relationships of PfFUL with other species of FUL were analyzed by phylogenetic tree. Plant expression vector 35S::PfFUL was constructed and used to transform wild type Col-0 and mutant ful-7 Arabidopsis to obtain overexpression 35S::PfFUL/ Col-0 and complemented mutation 35S::PfFUL / ful-7 plants respectively. Comparative phenotypic analysis was performed to preliminarily clarify the function of PfFUL gene in plant flowering and fruit development. The functions of the PfFUL gene during flowering and angular fruit development of the plants were initially clarified. The CDS of PfFUL gene is 738 bp and encodes 245 amino acids. Phylogenetic tree showed that the perilla PfFUL was closely related to Solanum lycopersicum, Salvia splendens and Salvia hispanica, but far related to Arabidopsis thaliana, Nicotiana tabacum and Vitis vinifera. Compared to Col-0 and ful-7, the transgenic plants showed early flowering (P0. 05), and the amount of wrinkled seed was significantly reduced (P<0. 01). In addition, phenotypic observations revealed that the transgenic plants also exhibited increased internode length and narrowed and curled cauline leaves. In conclusion, this study confirmed that the PfFUL gene regulates early flowering and fruit development in plants and participates in nutritional growth.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015628

ABSTRACT

ω-3-Fatty acid desaturase 8 (FAD8), as a dehydrogenase enzyme, plays a key role in the transformation of saturated fatty acids into unsaturated fatty acids, which is helpful to enhance the freezing tolerance of plants. However, it remains unclear whether the expression level of FAD8 in Perilla frutescens is regulated by low temperature. Based on transcriptome data, the FAD8 gene was cloned, characterized and then successfully expressed in tobacco Nicotiana tabacum. The gene was designated as PfFAD8 and has a full-length coding sequence of 1 317 bp coding for 438 amino acids with a predicted molecular weight of 50 kD and a theoretical isoelectric point of 9. 13. Our research indicated that the expression of PfFAD8 in Perilla frutescens was increased under the freezing stress. To further confirm this result, a 35S::PfFAD8 vector were constructed and transformed into N. tabacum by Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated transformation. Transgenic tobacco leaves that over-expressed the PfFAD8 gene exhibited significantly higher unsaturated fatty acids (UFA) such as linoleic (C18:2) and palmitic acid (C16:0) content and advanced freezing tolerance. Moreover, PfFAD8 overexpression in transgenic tobacco leaves increases malondialdehyde (MDA) and proline (PRO) content, and enhances defense enzymes activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) to some extent under the cold condition, which might prevent the decline of UFA. Taken together, PfFAD8 overexpression in Perilla frutescens might be involved in the desaturation process of lipids leading to increased membrane stability and/ or induction of other genes related to freezing tolerance by octadecanoid pathway or lipid peroxidation products. Thus, PfFAD8 overexpression could be useful in the production of freeze-tolerant varieties of N. tabacum.

19.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 425-433, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015193

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the role of MLLT1 in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC)and its impact on the tumor immune microenvironment. Methods Multivariate Cox regression analysis and tumor gene analysis tools such as GEPIA and UALCAN were used to explore the expression of the MLLT1 gene and its prognostic significance in different tumors. Real-time PCR, Western blotting, and immunohistochemistry were used to investigate the differential expression of MLLT1 between HCC tumor tissue and normal tissue. MTT assay and cell cycle analysis were performed to assess the effect of MLLT1 knockdown on cell proliferation and cell cycle. The correlation between MLLT1 and immune cells, as well as immune infiltrates in the tumor microenvironment, and their correlation with immune neoantigens, immune checkpoints, tumor mutation burden, and microsatellite instability were also explored. Results The MLLT1 gene was found to be aberrantly expressed in various solid tumors including HCC, and its high expression was associated with poor prognosis in HCC. Knockdown of MLLT1 inhibited HCC cell proliferation and blocked the cell cycle. High expression of MLLT1 was found to affect the content of multiple immune cells, including CD4

20.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 366-372, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013865

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the effect of JiChuanjian(JCJ)on the Yang deficiency constipation based on Ca

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