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1.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873934

ABSTRACT

In aortic surgery involving shaggy aorta, surgical strategy to avoid embolism is crucial for each case. We applied the frozen elephant trunk technique to a patient with shaggy aorta. A 79-year-old man was admitted to our hospital for conservative treatment of acute Type B aortic dissection. Dissecting aneurysms of the aortic arch and descending aorta were shown to have rapidly dilated according to CT three weeks later. Preoperative contrast CT showed an ulcerated shaggy aorta from the aortic arch to the mid portion of the descending aorta. To utilize the benefit of the stent compared with the classical elephant trunk technique, we proposed that the frozen elephant trunk technique would be helpful in prevention of embolism. We therefore planned total arch replacement with the frozen elephant trunk technique and performed thoracic endovascular aortic repair. We employed the frozen elephant trunk technique in the first operation and balloon protection of the superior mesenteric artery and the renal artery in the second operation. The patient had an uneventful postoperative course without thromboembolism. The frozen elephant trunk technique may be helpful for patients with shaggy aorta to avoid thromboembolic events.

2.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-374596

ABSTRACT

A 28-year-old man was involved in a traffic accident that sandwiched his chest between a wall and a truck. Shortness of breath and other symptoms started to appear several years later. Echocardiography at that time showed severe tricuspid regurgitation due to a failed valve and ruptured chordae in the anterior leaflet. He was followed up with medication. Leg edema developed at the age of 62 years and worsening symptoms of heart failure over a period of 6 months indicated a need for surgery. Intraoperative findings revealed the ruptured chordae attached to the anterior leaflet and a scarred myocardium at the septomarginal trabeculation. The tricuspid valve was surgically repaired, the anterior leaflet chordae were surgically reconstructed, an annuloplasty ring was implanted to address the tricuspid regurgitation and atrial fibrillation was treated using the Maze procedure. Surgery 34 years after trauma has improved hemodynamic cardiac function and normalized the cardiac rhythm in this patient.

3.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-361874

ABSTRACT

Idiopathic hypereosinophilic syndrome (IHES) is a rare systemic disease, but frequently associated with the eosinophil-infiltrated end organ (cardiac, hematologic, cutaneous, neurologic, pulmonary, splenic and thromboembolic) failure. Mechanical valve replacement for valvular heart disease in cases of IHES has the potential of thromboembolic accidents in the early post-operative period, even though the strict anti-coagulant therapy was performed. We reported a younger IHES case with congestive heart failure due to severe mitral regurgitation who underwent mitral valve repair instead of replacement. In this case, only the lateral scallop of the posterior mitral leaflet was involved with endocarditis due to the eosinophyl infiltration, with no other symptoms, i.e., initial hyperplasia and thrombus in the left ventricle that were detected in the most cases with IHES endocarditis. Mitral annuloplasty with the complete ring was simply performed because of the presence of sufficient intact anterior leaflet. The eosinophil count had been strictly controlled with imatinib mesilate in addition to the anti-coagulant therapy, and any thromboembolic event had been detected post operatively. In case of valvular heart disease due to IHES endocarditis, valve repair should be firstly attempt and imatinib mesilate is very useful and effective for preventing from post-operative thromboembolic accidents in FIP1L1-PDGFRα gene positive cases.

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