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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920394

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the clinical characteristics and changes of serum tumor markers in lung cancer patients with different smoking status in Hanzhong area. Methods A retrospective analysis was performed on 642 hospitalized lung cancer patients in Hanzhong area from March 2017 to March 2019. According to their smoking status, they were divided into observation group (smoking history, n=404) and control group (no smoking history, n=238). Age, sex, place of residence, basic information of the disease including pathological stage, pathological type, short-term efficacy, survival and serum tumor marker level were analyzed retrospectively. Results The proportion of male in observation group (67.08%) was significantly higher(57.56%) (χ2=5.855,P2=4.824 , P2=2.110 , P2=15.291, P 2=10.817,P2=2.051, P>0.05). The 1-year survival rate of the observation group (64.85%) was significantly lower than that of the control group (73.95%) (χ2=5.255, P<0.05). Conclusion Middle-aged and elderly male smokers in Hanzhong area have a high incidence of lung cancer, multiple stage Ⅲ squamous cell carcinoma, and the level of tumor markers in serum is higher than that of non-smokers. The prognosis is not good, so we should encourage patients to quit smoking, which can improve the survival rate of patients.

3.
International Eye Science ; (12): 230-234, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913028

ABSTRACT

@#Microbial mixed infectious keratitis is an ocular surface disease caused by corneal infection, which has an acute onset and rapid progression and can lead to blindness in severe cases. Establishing an animal model of microbial mixed infectious keratitis is conducive to exploring its pathogenesis, prevention, clinical diagnosis and treatment. This article reviews the methods of making animal models of mixed infectious keratitis with microorganisms and the diagnostic methods after successful modelling infections, aiming to provide references for the further development and research of animal models of the disease.

4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 651-664, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929317

ABSTRACT

Inhibitor of nuclear factor kappa-B kinase subunit beta (IKKβ) is one of important kinases in inflammation to phosphorylate inhibitor of nuclear factor kappa-B (IκBα) and then activate nuclear factor kappa-B (NF-κB). Inhibition of IKKβ has been a therapeutic strategy for inflammatory and autoimmune diseases. Here we report that IKKβ is constitutively activated in healthy donors and healthy Ikkβ C46A (cysteine 46 mutated to alanine) knock-in mice although they possess intensive IKKβ-IκBα-NF-κB signaling activation. These indicate that IKKβ activation probably plays homeostatic role instead of causing inflammation. Compared to Ikkβ WT littermates, lipopolysaccharides (LPS) could induce high mortality rate in Ikkβ C46A mice which is correlated to breaking the homeostasis by intensively activating p-IκBα-NF-κB signaling and inhibiting phosphorylation of 5' adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (p-AMPK) expression. We then demonstrated that IKKβ kinase domain (KD) phosphorylates AMPKα1 via interacting with residues Thr183, Ser184, and Thr388, while IKKβ helix-loop-helix motifs is essential to phosphorylate IκBα according to the previous reports. Kinase assay further demonstrated that IKKβ simultaneously catalyzes phosphorylation of AMPK and IκBα to mediate homeostasis. Accordingly, activation of AMPK rather than inhibition of IKKβ could substantially rescue LPS-induced mortality in Ikkβ C46A mice by rebuilding the homeostasis. We conclude that IKKβ activates AMPK to restrict inflammation and IKKβ mediates homeostatic function in inflammation via competitively phosphorylating AMPK and IκBα.

5.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 474-488, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929086

ABSTRACT

Astrocytes are increasingly recognized to play an active role in learning and memory, but whether neural inputs can trigger event-specific astrocytic Ca2+ dynamics in real time to participate in working memory remains unclear due to the difficulties in directly monitoring astrocytic Ca2+ dynamics in animals performing tasks. Here, using fiber photometry, we showed that population astrocytic Ca2+ dynamics in the hippocampus were gated by sensory inputs (centered at the turning point of the T-maze) and modified by the reward delivery during the encoding and retrieval phases. Notably, there was a strong inter-locked and antagonistic relationship between the astrocytic and neuronal Ca2+ dynamics with a 3-s phase difference. Furthermore, there was a robust synchronization of astrocytic Ca2+ at the population level among the hippocampus, medial prefrontal cortex, and striatum. The inter-locked, bidirectional communication between astrocytes and neurons at the population level may contribute to the modulation of information processing in working memory.


Subject(s)
Animals , Astrocytes , Hippocampus/physiology , Humans , Memory, Short-Term/physiology , Mice , Neurons/physiology , Population Dynamics
6.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 272-277, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928802

ABSTRACT

In recent years, with the widespread use of immunodepressant agents, Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia (PJP) has been significantly found in non-human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) patients, such as those with malignancies, post-transplantation and autoimmune diseases. Although the risk factors and management of PJP have been extensively studied in the hematologic tumor and post-transplant populations, the research on real tumor cases is insufficient. Lung cancer has been the most common tumor with the highest number of incidence and death worldwide, and the prognosis of lung cancer patients infected with PJP is poor in clinical practice. By reviewing the previous studies, this paper summarized the epidemiology and clinical manifestations of PJP in lung cancer patients, the risk factors and possible mechanisms of PJP infection in lung cancer patients, diagnosis and prevention, and other research progresses to provide reference for clinical application.
.


Subject(s)
Humans , Incidence , Lung Neoplasms/complications , Pneumocystis carinii , Pneumonia, Pneumocystis/diagnosis , Risk Factors
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928163

ABSTRACT

This study aims to analyze the research on the prevention and treatment of cerebral small vessel diseases(CSVDs) with traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) based on knowledge map, and to preliminarily explore the research hotspots and trends. To be specific, articles on TCM treatment of CSVDs in CNKI, Wanfang, and VIP(from establishment to November 2021) were retrieved, followed by bibliometric analysis. Then CiteSpace 5.7 R4 and Gephi were employed for generation of maps on annual number of articles, author cooperation, institution cooperation, keyword co-occurrence, keyword clustering, and keyword emergence. A total of 106 eligible articles were screened out, and the annual number of articles presented a steady upward trend. A total of 277 authors were included in the author cooperation network, among whom CHEN Zhigang published the most articles. A total of 87 institutions were included in the institution cooperation network, among which Dongfang Hospital of Beijing University of Chinese Medicine showed the most frequent cooperation with other institutions. Keyword clustering showed that research on the TCM treatment of CSVDs mainly focused on five aspects: related disease research, neurological function deficits, disease nature and location in TCM, TCM treatment methods, and formulas. The prevention and treatment of CSVDs with TCM in China has been developing steadily in the past ten years, and TCM has unique advantages in the prevention and treatment of this disease. The knowledge maps vividly demonstrated the development and research hotspots and trends in this field. The result is expected to provide a reference for further research in this field.


Subject(s)
Bibliometrics , Cerebral Small Vessel Diseases/prevention & control , China , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Publications
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927952

ABSTRACT

The present study established the ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry(UPLC-MS/MS) method for simultaneous determination of the content of eight major active components in Caesalpinia decapetala and performed the quality evaluation of C. decapetala from different habitats with the chemical pattern recognition. The analysis was carried out on a Waters BEH C_(18) column(2.1 mm×100 mm, 1.7 μm) at 40 ℃, with the mobile phase of water containing 0.1% formic acid(A) and acetonitrile containing 0.1% formic acid under gradient elution, the flow rate of 0.3 mL·min~(-1), and the injection volume of 1 μL. The electrospray ionization(ESI) source in the negative mode and multiple reaction monitoring(MRM) were used for MS quantitative analysis. The content results were analyzed by the hierarchical cluster analysis(HCA) and principal component analysis(PCA) for the evaluation of the quality difference. Eight components showed good linear relationships within their respective concentration ranges(r>0.999), with the average recoveries of 96.85%-103.4% and RSD of 0.52%-2.8%. The analysis results showed that the quality of samples from different batches was different. The samples were classified into three clusters by HCA and PCA. The method is simple, sensitive, accurate, and efficient, and can be used for the quality evaluation of C. decapetala.


Subject(s)
Caesalpinia , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Chromatography, Liquid , Principal Component Analysis , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927890

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effects of the pyrin domain-containing protein 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome inhibitor MCC950 on nerve injury in rats with intracerebral hemorrhage(ICH). Methods: Seventy-two SD rats were randomly divided into three groups (n=24): Sham group, ICH group and MCC950 group. ICH group and MCC950 group rats were injected with autogenous non-anticoagulant blood to establish ICH model, and then the rats in MCC950 group were intraperitoneally injected with MCC950 at the dose of 10 mg/kg(2 mg/ml) for 3 days after ICH model was established. Seventy-two hours after the establishment of the model, the forelimb placement test, the corner test and mNSS score were performed to observe the neurological function of the rats with ICH. The volume of hematoma was observed in fresh brain tissue sections. HE staining was used to observe the pathological changes of brain tissue. The dry-wet weight ratio was calculated to evaluate the changes of brain tissue edema. The degeneration of neurons was observed by FJC staining. The neuronal apoptosis was observed by TUNEL staining. The protein expression and activation levels of NLRP3, ASC, caspase-1, IL-1β, IL-18 and GSDMD were determined by Western blot. Results: Compared with sham group, the percentage of successful placement of left forelimb and left turn was decreased significantly (P<0.01, P<0.05), mNSS score was increased significantly (P<0.01) in ICH group. Hematoma volume was increased significantly, the number of microglial cells around the hematoma was increased, the number of neurons was decreased, nerve cell swelled, some cells showed pyknotic necrosis, and the staining was deepened. The water content of the right base was increased significantly (P<0.05). The number of FJC positive and TUNEL positive cells around the hematoma was increased significantly (P<0.05). The levels of NLRP3, ASC, caspase-1, pro-caspase-1, caspase-1/pro-caspase-1 ratio, GSDMD-N, GSDMD, GSDMD-N/GSDMD ratio, IL-1β and IL-18 were increased significantly (P<0.01, P< 0.05). Compared with ICH group, the percentage of successful placement of left forelimb and left turn was increased significantly in MCC950 group (P<0.05), while the mNSS score and the volume of hematoma were decreased significantly (P<0.01), the swelling degree of nerve cells around the hematoma was reduced significantly, and the number of pyrotic necrotic cells was decreased. The water content of the right base was decreased significantly (P<0.05), and the number of FJC positive and TUNEL positive cells around the hematoma was decreased significantly (P<0.05). The levels of NLRP3, ASC, caspase-1, pro-caspase-1, caspase-1/pro-caspase-1 ratio, GSDMD-N, GSDMD, GSDMD-N/GSDMD ratio, IL-1β and IL-18 were decreased significantly (P<0.05). Conclusion: MCC950 can ameliorate nerve injury after ICH by inhibiting NLRP3 inflammasome mediated inflammation and pyroptosis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Caspase 1/metabolism , Cerebral Hemorrhage/pathology , Furans , Hematoma , Indenes , Inflammasomes/metabolism , Interleukin-18 , NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein/metabolism , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Sulfonamides , Water
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927401

ABSTRACT

The paper introduces professor MA Hui-fang's experience in age-related macular degeneration treated with acupuncture at Jingming (BL 1). It is believed that the basic pathogenesis of this disease refers to liver and kidney insufficiency and weakness of spleen qi. Based on the academic ideas of yang qi and meridian-collateral system, the treatment principle is proposed as "invigorating yang qi, replenishing the liver and kidney and nourishing the spleen and stomach". Regarding acupoint selection, Jingming (BL 1) is specially used, combined with the 4 front-mu points (Zhongwan [CV 12], Guanyuan [CV 4] and bilateral Tianshu [ST 25]), as well as the empirical points for eye diseases (Jingming [BL 1], Baihui [GV 20] and Zulinqi [GB 41]). Concerning to needling technique, shuci (transport needling), fenci (intermuscular needling) and yuandaoci (distal needling) are dominated. Eventually, a set of unique therapeutic method has been accumulated through professor MA Hui-fang's clinical practice in treatment of age-related macular degeneration.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Humans , Macular Degeneration/therapy , Meridians
11.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 456-460, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923689

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To assess the effects of acute exposure to electronic cigarette ( e-cigarette ) on leukocyte and total protein levels in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid ( BALF ) and pulmonary surfactant protein expression in a mouse model, so as to provide insights into the elucidation of the mechanism underlying the damages to the respiratory system caused by e-cigarette.@*Methods@#Twenty-one C57BL/6N female mice were randomly divided into the blank control group, the solvent control group and the nicotine group. Mice in the solvent control group and the nicotine group were exposed to the solvent aerosol or e-cigarette aerosol containing 25 mg/mL nicotine for 3 hours daily, while mice in the blank control group were bred in clean air. Following 3-day exposure, mouse BALF and lung specimens were collected. The cell morphology was observed using microscopy following Wright-Giemsa staining and the leukocyte count was estimated in BALF, while the total protein expression was quantified using bicinchoninic acid ( BCA ) assay. In addition, the mRNA expression of pulmonary surfactant protein genes was detected in mouse lung specimens using quantitative real-time PCR ( qPCR ) assay.@*Results@#All mice in three groups grew well without obvious abnormality or death seen. Wright-Giemsa staining showed a higher number of mononuclear macrophages in mouse BALF in the nicotine group than in the blank control group and the solvent control group. The leukocyte counts were ( 2.00±0.77 )×107, ( 1.79±0.99 )×107 and ( 4.00±1.35 )×107 cells/L ( F=9.199, P=0.002 ), and the total protein levels were ( 0.16±0.03 ), ( 0.12±0.02 ) and ( 0.16±0.04 ) mg/mL in mouse BALF in the blank control group, solvent control group and nicotine group ( F=3.610, P=0.048 ), and the relative mRNA expression of pulmonary surfactant protein B (SP-B) and SP-D was 1.00±0.14, 0.82±0.12 and 0.74±0.07 ( F=5.491, P=0.028 ), and 1.00±0.06, 0.90±0.02 and 0.71±0.15 in mouse lung specimens, respectively ( F=10.460, P=0.005 ). The leukocyte count was significantly higher in the nicotine group than in the blank control group and solvent control group (P=0.007, 0.003), and the total protein content was higher in the nicotine group than in the solvent control group ( P=0.060 ), while the relative SP-B mRNA expression was lower in the nicotine group than in the blank control group ( P=0.025 ), and the relative SP-D mRNA expression was lower in the nicotine group than in the blank control group and solvent control group ( P=0.004, 0.041 ).@*Conclusion@#Acute exposure to e-cigarette results in elevated intrapulmonary inflammatory responses, pulmonary capillary barrier impairment and reduced pulmonary surfactant protein expression.

12.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 429-432, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923145

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand physical activity status and its relation with cardiopulmonary endurance among Chinese children and adolescents, so as to provide reference for cardiopulmonary endurance improvement and intervention of Chinese children and adolescents.@*Methods@#During September to November 2018, a stratified cluster sampling method was used to select 4 269 children and adolescents aged 7-18 years in six major regions of China, 20 m shuttle run test and physical activity were assessed.@*Results@#Average duration for daily lowintensity physical activity among boys was (31.49±30.01) min, for moderate to vigorous physical activity (68.37±46.50) min. Average duration for low intensity physical activity among girls was (34.02±31.58) min, for moderate to vigorous physical activity was (63.02±44.91) min. The number of 20 m shuttle run test for boys reached ( 36.17 ±21.94) times, and the maximal oxygen uptake per minute was (44.51±5.05) mL/kg; the number of 20 m shuttle run test for girls reached (26.59±12.56) times, and the maximal oxygen uptake per minute was (41.99±5.29) mL/kg. There were statistically significant differences in the number of 20 m shuttle run test and maximal oxygen uptake across age groups in boys ( F= 589.37 , 152.79, P <0.01), as well as that in girls ( F=305.21, 1 032.46, P <0.01). The proportion of boys and girls who met moderate to vigorous physical activity standard was 49.24% and 42.92%, respectively. Linear regression analysis showed that there was a significant positive correlation between the duration of moderate to vigorous physical activity and maximal oxygen uptake ( β=0.11, P < 0.01).@*Conclusion@#There is a significant correlation between moderate to vigorous physical activity with cardiorespiratory endurance among Chinese children and adolescents. Higher level of moderate to vigorous physical activity is important to help improve cardiopulmonary endurance among children and adolescents.

13.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 113-129, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872623

ABSTRACT

Research on the material basis of Chinese materia medica (CMM) is the basis for modernization of CMM. High-resolution mass spectrometry (HRMS) has become a powerful tool for the qualitative analysis of the components of CMM. Some data-mining strategies based on high-resolution mass spectrometry, such as full-information tandem mass spectrometry scanning acquisition strategy, sequential windowed acquisition of all theoretical fragment ions, mass detect filter, characteristic ion filter, mass spectral tree similarity filter, etc. have greatly promoted the elucidation of the qualitative basis of CMM. In order to provide methods for the rapid discovery and structural characterization of components and metabolites of CMM, this review summarized the advances in HRMS-based data-mining technologies for detecting and characterizing the compounds and metabolites of CMM, which includes class compounds, all compounds and metabolites.

14.
International Eye Science ; (12): 257-261, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862422

ABSTRACT

@#Diabetic retinopathy(DR)remains a major cause of worldwide preventable blindness among working-age adults. DR screening programs are challenged by the rising burden of diabetes, unbalancing distribution of health resources and poor compliance with regular fundus examination. Teleophthalmology provide a viable method for rural remotely diabetic patients evaluated and monitored by the ophthalmologist at far location by exchange of medical data through electronic telecommunications technology. This review apply Wilson and Jungner's all 10 criteria of screening for chronic diseases to evaluate telemedicine screening program, summarizes and compares telemedicine screening programs according to American Telemedicine Association validation level.

15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880563

ABSTRACT

From the perspective view of Chinese medicine, the Gan (Liver) meridian of Foot-Jueyin starts from the great toe, running upward along the medial side of the thigh to the perineal area, where it curves around the external genitalia and goes up to the lower abdomen. In clinical practice, acupoints in the feet of the Gan meridian of Foot-Jueyin are used to treat the genitourinary and external genitalia diseases. Studies have shown that reproductive system diseases have specific pathological reactions in the places (radial side of tibia and foot) where Gan meridian of Foot-Jueyin passes by. Why does this happen? In this article, we begin by briefly reviewing the evidences linking foot and genitalia. We then explore the potential mechanism of the relationship between genitals and the Gan meridian of Foot-Jueyin. The brain cerebral cortex is characterized by cortical interactions. Numerous studies show that different cerebral cortex function areas (especially the adjacent areas) are overlapping and interact with each other. Finally, we presume that there is a specific connection between the feet and the genitals. Physiologically in the cortical homunculus, the genital area lies adjacent or overlapped to the foot areas, the two areas may interact with each other. The functional reorganization between different areas of the cerebral cortex under pathological conditions may be the underlying mechanism of the relationship between the feet and the genitals.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907655

ABSTRACT

Due to the limitations of language, culture and professional differences, there are many problems in the translation of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) terms, such as unclear translation, longtarget language and confusion of the target language. Therefore, this paper puts forward the translation strategy of TCM terms based on discourse cohesion theory, which could make full use of the characteristics of discourse cohesion and make the translated TCM terms still have the original meaning and function. In translation, we should follow the cognitive and communicative principles, create new words by using roots, affixes and vowels, optimize interpretative translation, and flexibly use transliteration translation method to improve the accuracy of translation and the conciseness and standardization of the targeted termsafter tranlation.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907585

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effects of Ophiopogon D combined with cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) gene silencing on the proliferation, migration and invasion of human pancreatic cancer BxPC-3 cells.Methods:BxPC-3 cells were divided into blank control group, Ophiopogonin D high-dose group (40 μmol/L), medium-dose group (20 μmol/L) and low-dose group (10 μmol/L). The COX-2-slienced cells were divided into control group, COX-2 inhibited group (50 pmol/ml siRNA-COX-2), Ophiopogonin D group (20 μmol/L) and combination treatment group (Ophiopogonin D 20 μmol/L+ 50 pmol/ml siRNA-COX-2). The proliferation activity of BxPC-3 cells was detected by CCK-8, and the migration distance of BxPC-3 cells was detected by scratched assay. The invasion degree of BxPC-3 cells was detected by Transwell, the relative expression level of COX-2 gene in BxPC-3 cells was detected by real-time quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR), and the relative expressions of COX-2, hypoxia inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) proteins in BxPC-3 cells were detected by Western blotting.Results:The cell proliferation rates of blank control group, Ophiopogonin D high-dose, medium-dose and low-dose groups were (100.0±4.9)%, (71.8±5.4)%, (80.5±5.8)% and (89.7±5.7)%, respectively. The migration distances were (279.8±24.0) μm, (141.9±21.2) μm, (168.8±37.1) μm and (224.6±19.9) μm, respectively. The absorbance ( A) values of invasion number were 1.107±0.095, 0.390±0.030, 0.596±0.017 and 0.826±0.034, respectively.There were statistically significant differences ( F=19.770, P<0.001; F=48.270, P<0.001; F=198.400, P<0.001). The above indexes of the Ophiopogonin D high-, medium- and low-dose groups were significantly lower than those in the blank control group (all P<0.05). The relative expression levels of COX-2 gene were 1.007±0.178, 0.387±0.169, 0.567±0.142 and 0.740±0.030, respectively, and the relative protein expression levels were 1.000±0.033, 0.654±0.085, 0.762±0.110 and 0.881±0.049, respectively, with statistically significant differences ( F=10.280, P=0.004; F=11.780, P=0.003). The above indexes of the Ophiopogonin D high- and medium-dose groups were significantly lower than those in the blank control group (all P<0.05), and there was no statistically significant difference between the Ophiopogonin D low-dose group and blank control group (both P>0.05). The medium-dose of Ophiopogonin D (20 μmol/L) was selected as the subsequent concentration.After COX-2 silencing, the proliferation rates of the control group, COX-2 inhibited group, Ophiopogonin D group and combination treatment group were (100.0±2.8)%, (68.4±6.7)%, (67.7±5.9)% and (57.0±8.5)%, respectively, the migration distances were (274.4±23.8) μm, (217.0±18.8) μm, (186.2±18.6) μm and (115.7±15.8) μm, respectively, and the A values of invasion number were 1.143±0.092, 0.791±0.058, 0.715±0.026 and 0.424±0.058, respectively, with statistically significant differences ( F=34.430, P<0.001; F=103.400, P<0.001; F=131.100, P<0.001). The proliferation rates, migration distances and invasion numbers in each treatment group were significantly lower than those in the control group (all P<0.001). Compared with the COX-2 inhibited group and Ophiopogonin D group, the cell proliferation, migration and invasion were significantly inhibited in the combination treatment group (all P<0.05). Compared with the Ophiopogonin D group, only the migration distance of the COX-2 inhibited group was significantly different ( P<0.05). The relative expression levels of COX-2 protein in the above groups were 0.995±0.037, 0.779±0.060, 0.806±0.076 and 0.645±0.079, respectively, the relative expression levels of HIF-1α were 1.083±0.104, 0.749±0.070, 0.736±0.070 and 0.394±0.016, respectively, and the relative expression levels of VEGF protein were 1.016±0.103, 0.757±0.090, 0.745±0.021 and 0.603±0.023, respectively, with statistically significant differences ( F=14.650, P=0.001; F=45.220, P<0.001; F=18.180, P<0.001). The expression levels of the three proteins in each treatment group were significantly lower than those in the control group (all P<0.05). Compared with the COX-2 inhibited group and Ophiopogonin D group, the relative protein expression levels of COX-2, HIF-1α and VEGF in the combination treatment group were significantly decreased (all P<0.05). Compared with the Ophiopogonin D group, there were no significant differences in the expression of the three proteins in the COX-2 inhibited group (all P>0.05). Conclusion:Ophiopogon D combined with COX-2 gene silencing can inhibit the proliferation, migration and invasion of pancreatic cancer cells, and the mechanism may be related to the inhibition of COX-2 pathway and the decrease of HIF-1α and VEGF protein expression levels.

18.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 3547-3554, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906827

ABSTRACT

According to the commonly used tablet compressibility, compactability and tabletability equation, the influence of pressure range on the fitting results and parameters of different compression equations was studied, and the optimal pressure range of different equations was determined. Plastic material microcrystalline cellulose (MCC) PH102, brittle material spray dried lactose and Chinese medicine Sanqi were used as experimental objects, the compression curves of tablets were obtained by the combination of dies with different diameters. For Heckel equation, the shape of Heckel section of different materials is not uniform, and the specified linear fitting range cannot be obtained, therefore, different distances between fitting pressure starting point and starting point were set to observe the influence of pressure range on R2 of Heckel equation. The Kawakita equation, Gurnham equation, Ryshkewitch-Duckworth (R-D) equation and Power equation are fitted in three different pressure ranges of 15-200, 15-300 and 15-400 MPa, respectively. In order to find the best linear region of Heckel equation, the 3D scatter diagram of "starting point of pressure, pressure range and R2" is drawn. The best linear pressure ranges of Heckel curves of MCC, lactose and Sanqi were 20-170, 20-220 and 10-90 MPa, respectively. It is proved that the 3D scatter diagram is an effective method to find the linear range of Heckel equation. The change of pressure range has little influence on the curve fitting effect and compression parameters of Kawakita equation, Gurnham equation and Ryshkewitch-Duckworth equation. The low pressure range of 15-200 MPa can meet the fitting requirements of Kawakita equation, Gurnham equation, R-D equation and Power equation for different materials. Therefore, only by optimizing the pressure range, can the good fitting effect be ensured and the obtained compression parameters be more reliable and interpretable.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906283

ABSTRACT

Objective:Based on database mining, the high-frequency compatibility of Caryophylli Fols as the core in formulas for treating diarrhea was analyzed, and the network pharmacology was used to elucidate the mechanism of the core drug group containing Caryophylli Fols in the treatment of diarrhea. Method:The online database of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) was intelligently crawled by Python 3.8.1 programming, and the compatibility rules of Caryophylli Fols were analyzed, and the TCM with support≥0.30, confidence≥0.90 and lift≥1.00 was set as the core drug group of Caryophylli Fols. The components were searched and screened by TCM Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform (TCMSP), and the disease targets were collected in Therapeutic Target Datebase (TTD), GeneCards and DisGeNET database with "Diarrhea" as the key word. The network diagram of "TCM-ingredients-potential targets" was constructed by Cytoscape 3.7.1 software, and the network of protein-protein interaction (PPI) was constructed by STRING 11.0. Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) enrichment analysis of potential targets was analyzed by R language, and the components of the core drug group were preliminarily verified and evaluated by Discovery Studio Client 2016 software. Result:A total of 155 formulas containing Caryophylli Fols for treating diarrhea were screened, involving 54 TCMs. The analysis of association rules showed that Caryophylli Fols was strongly associated with Myristicae Semen, Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, Aucklandiae Radix and Atractylodis Macrocephalae Rhizoma in the treatment of diarrhea. The core drug group composed of these five TCMs involved 119 kinds of TCM ingredients and 114 potential targets, of which 104 potential targets were distributed in the nervous system, and the key targets were tumor protein p53 (TP53), transcription factor activator protein-1 (JUN), mitogen-activated protein kinase 8 (MAPK8), interleukin-6 (IL-6), 90 kDa heat shock protein <italic>α</italic>A1 (HSP90AA1) and so on. GO enrichment analysis mainly involved biological processes such as the regulation of neurotransmitter levels, blood circulation, hormone-mediated signal pathway and regulation of chemical synaptic transmission. IL-17 signal pathway, helper T cell 17 (Th17) cell differentiation, epidermal growth factor receptor and salmonella infection in KEGG pathways were closely related to the treatment of diarrhea. Molecular docking showed that the key target protein had high affinity with quercetin, kaempferol and <italic>β</italic>-sitosterol. Conclusion:The multi-components, multi-targets and multi-pathways involved in the core drug group of Caryophylli Fols are closely related to inflammation and nervous system, so it is speculated that it may treat diarrhea by repairing intestinal shielding integrity and regulating the levels of neurotransmitters.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906102

ABSTRACT

Sjögren syndrome (SS) is a chronic autoimmune disease characterized by immune cell infiltration and progressive destruction of salivary and lacrimal glands. It not only affects the lacrimal and salivary glands, manifested as dry eyes and dry mouth, but also involves heart, lung,kidney,and central nervous system, seriously affecting human physical and mental health. Although western medicine has made extensive and in-depth research on the diagnosis and treatment of this disease in recent years,there is no effective treatment targeting the potential causes. Chinese medicine emphasizes the concept of holism,treatment and prescription formulation based on syndrome differentiation, and effect exertion via multiple targets,multiple levels,and multiple pathways,exhibiting great advantages in the treatment of SS. This paper reviews the mechanisms of Chinese medicine in treating SS from the perspectives of immunity regulation,aquaporin up-regulation, and anti-oxidative stress reported in the related literature,so as to provide more theoretical basis for the research and clinical treatment of SS.

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