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1.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 262-273, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875610

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study aimed to explore the role of the long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) RNA component of mitochondrial RNAase P (RMRP) in sepsis-induced acute kidney injury (AKI). @*Materials and Methods@#Venous blood was collected from septic patients and healthy people. C57BL/6 mice who underwent cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) were used as in vivo models of septic AKI. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced HK-2 cells were employed as in vitro models of AKI. Flow cytometry analysis was conducted to detect cell apoptosis. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and Western blot assays were used to detect levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines. @*Results@#RMRP was upregulated in sera from patients with AKI and in LPS-induced cells. Knockdown of RMRP inhibited cell apoptosis and reduced production of inflammatory factors in LPS-induced cells, as well as alleviated AKI in CLP mice. RMRP facilitated inflammation by activating NACHT, LRR, and PYD domains-containing protein 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome. We found that microRNA 206 (miR-206) binds with and is negatively regulated by RMRP: miR-206 directly targets the 3’ untranslated region of DEAD-box helicase 5 (DDX5) and negatively regulates DDX5 expression. By binding with miR-206, RMRP upregulated DDX5 expression. Rescue assays revealed that overexpression of DDX5 counteracted the effect of RMRP inhibition on cell apoptosis and inflammatory response in LPS-induced cells. @*Conclusion@#The lncRNA RMRP contributes to sepsis-induced AKI through upregulation of DDX5 in a miR-206 dependent manner and through activation of NLRP3 inflammasome. This novel discovery may provide a potential strategy for treating AKI.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879544

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis for Chinese pedigree affected with tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC).@*METHODS@#The proband and his family members were subjected to Sanger sequencing for variants of the TSC1 and TSC2 genes.@*RESULTS@#The proband was found to harbor a c.2837+1dupG splicing variant at a donor site of the TSC2 gene. The same variant was not found among his family members and the fetus during his mother's subsequent pregnancy.@*CONCLUSION@#The c.2837+1dupG splicing variant of the TSC2 gene has probably predisposed to the TSC in this pedigree. Above finding has enriched the spectrum of pathogenic variants associated with this disease.


Subject(s)
Female , Genetic Testing , Humans , Male , Mutation , Pedigree , Pregnancy , Prenatal Diagnosis , Tuberous Sclerosis/genetics , Tuberous Sclerosis Complex 2 Protein/genetics
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883966

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the correlation between hypersomnia and anhedonia in patients with major depressive disorder.Methods:From November 2018 to May 2019, patients hospitalized with major depressive disorder who met the ICD-10 diagnostic criteria were selected.According to the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS), 46 patients were divided into daytime sleepiness group with ESS ≥ 7, and 171 patients were divided into non-sleepiness group with ESS < 7.The Chinese Revised Social Anhedonia Scale (RSAS) and the Chinese Revised Physical Anhedonia Scale (RPAS) were used to evaluate the patients' anhedonia symptoms.Two-way ANOVA and Pearson correlation analysis were used for data processing.Results:(1)There was no interaction between the hypersomnia and gender on the score of physical anhedonia ( F=0.274, P=0.601). The main effect analysis showed that there was significant difference in the influence of gender on physical anhedonia ( F=10.948, P<0.05). (2)There was interaction between the hypersomnia and age on the score of physical anhedonia ( F=4.396, P=0.013). Further simple effect analysis showed that the score of physical anhedonia in 40-49 age(21.54±12.37) was lower than that in 50-64 age(34.13±12.53) in daytime sleepiness group( P<0.05). (3) There was interaction between hypersomnia and sitting and lying on the score of social anhedonia ( F=4.247, P=0.041). Further simple effect analysis showed that the score of social anhedonia in patients with sitting and lying time less than 2 hours (13.71±5.18) was lower than that in patients with sitting and lying time more than 2 hours (19.75±6.39) in daytime sleepiness group( P<0.05). (4)Pearson correlation analysis showed that the total sleepiness score of depression patients was positively correlated with the social anhedonia score ( r=0.206, P<0.01). After adjusting for gender, age and sitting and lying time, the total sleepiness score was still positively correlated with the social anhedonia score( r=0.225, P<0.01). Conclusion:Hypersomnia may be associated with anhedonia in patients with major depressive disorder.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883640

ABSTRACT

In order to explore the application of the teaching mode based on WeChat official platform in the teaching of experimental pathology for international students, the students are required to browse the teaching objectives and the general pictures and microscopic pictures of experimental specimens on the public platform before the experimental class, and get in touch with the preliminary diagnosis of pathology at an early stage, contact with the preliminary diagnosis of pathology early, and consolidate and expand their knowledge after class by using the platform. The research shows that the mixed teaching mode based on the official platform can improve the diagnostic thinking of foreign students in pathology, deepen their understanding of pathology, increase the interaction between teachers and students and the supervision of teachers on students, and enhance their interest in learning.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883517

ABSTRACT

Three hundred and twenty endophytic actinobacterial strains were isolated from psammophytes collected from Taklamakan Desert and identified.Among them,three strains already had been identified as new species of two genera and sixteen isolates showed relatively low 16S rRNA similarities<98.6%to validly described species.Seventy-five of the isolates were selected as representative strains to screen antibacterial activity and mechanism.Forty-seven strains showed antagonistic activity against at least one of the indicator bacteria.Two Streptomyces strains produced bioactive compounds inducing DNA damage,and two Streptomyces strains produced bioactive compounds with inhibitory activity on protein biosynthesis.Notably,the strain Streptomyces sp.8P21H-1 that demonstrated both strong antibacterial activity and inhibitory activity on protein biosynthesis was prioritized for exploring new antibiotics.Under the strategy of integrating genetics-based discovery program and MS/MS-based molecular networking,two new streptogramin-type antibiotics,i.e.,acetyl-griseoviridin and desulphurizing gri-seoviridin,along with known griseoviridin,were isolated from the culture broth of strain 8P21H-1.Their chemical structures were determined by HR-MS,and 1D and 2D NMR.Desulphurizing griseoviridin and griseoviridin exhibited antibacterial activities by inhibiting translation.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879892

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the association between maternal reduced folate carrier (@*METHODS@#A hospital-based case-control study was conducted. The mothers of 683 infants with CHD who attended the Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Hunan Children's Hospital, from November 2017 to March 2020 were enrolled as the case group. The mothers of 740 healthy infants without any deformity who attended the hospital during the same period of time were enrolled as the control group. A questionnaire survey was performed to collect the exposure data of subjects. Venous blood samples of 5 mL were collected from the mothers for genetic polymorphism detection. A multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to evaluate the association of @*RESULTS@#After control for confounding factors, the multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that maternal @*CONCLUSIONS@#Maternal


Subject(s)
Case-Control Studies , Child , Female , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Genotype , Heart Defects, Congenital/genetics , Humans , Infant , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Reduced Folate Carrier Protein/genetics , Risk Factors
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879198

ABSTRACT

Drug combination is a common clinical phenomenon. However, the scientific implementation of drug combination is li-mited by the weak rational evaluation that reflects its clinical characteristics. In order to break through the limitations of existing evaluation tools, examining drug-to-drug and drug-to-target action characteristics is proposed from the physical, chemical and biological perspectives, combining clinical multicenter case resources, domestic and international drug interaction public facilities with the aim of discovering the common rules of drug combination. Machine learning technology is employed to build a system for evaluating and predicting the rationality of clinical drug combinations based on "drug characteristics-repository information-artificial intelligence" strategy, which will be debugged and validated in multi-center clinical practice, with a view to providing new ideas and technical references for the safety and efficacy of clinical drug use.


Subject(s)
Artificial Intelligence , Drug Combinations , Machine Learning , Technology
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879188

ABSTRACT

The metabolites of salvianolic acid A and salvianolic acid B in rats were analyzed and compared by ultra-high-perfor-mance liquid chromatography with linear ion trap-orbitrap mass spectrometry(UHPLC-LTQ-Orbitrap MS). After the rats were administrated by gavage, plasma at different time points and urine within 24 hours were collected to be treated by solid phase extraction(SPE), then they were gradient eluted by Acquity UPLC BEH C_(18) column(2.1 mm×100 mm, 1.7 μm) and 0.1% formic acid solution(A)-acetonitrile(B) mobile phase system, and finally all biological samples of rats were analyzed under negative ion scanning mode. By obtaining the accurate relative molecular mass and multi-level mass spectrometry information of metabolites, combined with the characteristic cleavage law of the reference standard and literature reports, a total of 30 metabolites, including salvianolic acid A and B, were identified. Among them, there were 24 metabolites derived from salvianolic acid A, with the main metabolic pathways including ester bond cleavage, dehydroxylation, decarboxylation, hydrogenation, methylation, hydroxylation, sulfonation, glucuronidation, and their multiple reactions. There were 15 metabolites of salvianolic acid B, and the main biotransformation pathways were five-membered ring cracking, ester bond cleavage, decarboxylation, dehydroxylation, hydrogenation, methylation, sulfonation, glucuronidation, and their compound reactions. In this study, the cross-metabolic profile of salvianolic acid A and B was elucidated completely, which would provide reference for further studies on the basis of pharmacodynamic substances and the exploration of pharmacological mechanism.


Subject(s)
Animals , Benzofurans , Caffeic Acids , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Lactates , Mass Spectrometry , Rats , Technology
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879186

ABSTRACT

Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis(NASH) was induced by high-sugar and high-fat diet in mice to investigate the intervention effect of total saponins from Panax japonicus(TSPJ) and explore its possible mechanism. Mice were fed with high-sugar and high-fat diet to establish NASH model, and intervened with different doses of TSPJ(15, 45 mg·kg~(-1)). The animals were fed for 26 weeks. The histomorphology and pathological changes of liver tissues were observed by HE staining. The transcriptional expression levels of miR-199 a-5 p, autophagy related gene 5(ATG5) and inflammatory cytokines interleukin-6(IL-6), interleukin-1β(IL-1β) and tumor necrosis factor α(TNF-α) in mouse liver were measured by quantitative Real-time polymerase chain reaction(qRT-PCR). Western blot was used to detect the expression of autophagy-related proteins ATG5, P62/SQSTM1(P62), and microtubule-associated protein light chain 3(LC3)-I/Ⅱ proteins in mouse liver. The expression of P62 protein was detected by immunofluorescence staining. In order to verify the targeting regulation relationship between miR-199 a-5 p and ATG5, miR mimic/inhibitor NC and miR-199 a-5 p mimic/inhibitor were transfected into Hepa 1-6 cells, and the expression of ATG5 mRNA and protein was detected. pMIR-reportor ATG5-3'UTR luciferase reporter gene plasmid was constructed and co-transfected with miR mimic/inhibitor NC and miR-199 a-5 p mimic/inhibitor into Hepa 1-6 cells to detect luciferase activity. In vivo, HE staining in the model group showed typical fatty degeneration and inflammatory infiltration, with increased expression of miR-199 a-5 p and decreased expression of ATG5 mRNA and protein. The expression of autophagy-associated protein P62 increased significantly, the ratio of LC3Ⅱ/Ⅰ decreased, and the transcriptional expression of inflammatory factors increased significantly. After the intervention by TSPJ, the pathological performance of liver tissue was significantly improved, the expression of miR-199 a-5 p decreased and the expression of ATG5 mRNA and protein increased, the expression of autophagy-associated protein P62 decreased significantly, the ratio of LC3Ⅱ/Ⅰ increased, and the transcriptional expression of inflammatory cytokines IL-6, IL-1β and TNF-α decreased significantly. In vitro, it was found that the expression of ATG5 mRNA and protein and luciferase activity decreased significantly in miR-199 a-5 p overexpression cells, while after inhibition of miR-199 a-5 p expression, the expression level of ATG5 mRNA and protein and luciferase activity increased. The results showed that TSPJ can improve NASH in mice fed with high-sugar and high-fat diet, and its mechanism may be related to the regulation of miR-199 a-5 p/ATG5 signal pathway, the regulation of autophagy activity and the improvement of inflammatory response of NASH.


Subject(s)
Animals , Autophagy , Autophagy-Related Protein 5 , Mice , MicroRNAs/genetics , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease/genetics , Panax , Saponins/pharmacology
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879142

ABSTRACT

To probe the potential hepatotoxic components of Epimedii Folium and investigate its mechanism based on network toxicology and cell experimental validation. According to the previous results of component measurement and cytotoxicity evaluation, 11 active compounds related to hepatotoxicity in Epimedii Folium were chosen as research object in this study. Through SwissTargetPrediction database and GeneCards database, the potentially hepatotoxic targets of Epimedii Folium were obtained. Subsequently, the protein-target interaction network and active compounds-hepatotoxic targets network were established to analyze the core targets and screen the key hepatotoxic compounds in Epimedii Folium. Meanwhile, the signaling pathways and molecular mechanisms were inferred with GO functional enrichment analysis and KEGG pathway enrichment analysis on the core targets. At last, the effect of icaritin as the chief hepatotoxic compound on the indexes related to hepatotoxicity in HL-7702 cells and HepG2 cells was investigated to validate the hepatotoxicity mechanism of Epimedii Folium. Through the network toxicology analysis, 190 action targets and 991 hepatotoxic targets were collected, then 64 potentially hepatotoxic targets of Epimedii Folium including AKT1, EGFR, MAPK3, TNF and so on were obtained, and icaritin was screened as the key hepatotoxic compound. GO functional enrichment analysis indicated 160 biological process terms such as protein phosphorylation and negative regulation of apoptotic process, 41 molecular function terms such as protein binding and ATP binding, and 32 cellular component terms such as cytosol and cell surface. KEGG pathway enrichment analysis inferred 75 signaling pathways involving PI3 K-Akt and HIF-1. After comprehensive analysis, it was inferred that the hepatotoxicity mechanism of Epimedii Folium was related with regulating oxidative stress and apoptosis. The results of cell biology experiments showed that icaritin could significantly increase the level of aspartate aminotransferase and lactate dehydrogenase, reduce the level of glutathione, improve the quality of reactive oxygen species and reduce mitochondrial membrane potential, indicating that it could cause hepatotoxicity by destroying cell membrane structure, inhibiting antioxidant enzyme activity, activating oxidative stress and inducing apoptosis. These results proved the reliability of results of network pharmacology. This study preliminarily clarified the material base and the mechanism of potential hepatotoxicity of Epimedii Folium, which provided important information for further research and safe application.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal/toxicity , Plant Leaves , Protein Interaction Maps , Reproducibility of Results
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879075

ABSTRACT

Dendrobii officinalis, with a definite effect of nourishing Yin and clearing heat, has been a folk habit for drinking after being mixed with water. Because its superfine powder has the advantages of high dissolution and convenient drinking, we observed the effect of D. officinalis superfine powder on metabolic hypertension model rats and its possible mechanism in this experiment, which can be used as a reference for its clinical application for hypertension. The overeating greasy-induced metabolic hypertension model was established with high-fat, high-sugar and high-purine diet. These rats were orally administered with 400 mg·kg~(-1) and 200 mg·kg~(-1) of D. officinalis superfine powder for 20 consecutive weeks. During this period, blood pressure, blood lipid, blood glucose, insulin and other related indexes of glucose and lipid metabolism were monitored; the levels of lipopolysaccharide(LPS), C-reactive protein(CRP), interleukin 6(IL-6) and other inflammatory mediators were measured; the levels of nitric oxide(NO) and endothelin-1(ET-1) were detected, and the histomorphological and ultrastructural changes of aorta were observed. In addition, the expression of LPS/TLR4 pathway-related molecules in aorta was determined. The results showed that long-term administration of D. officinalis superfine powder significantly reduced the levels of systolic blood pressure(SBP), diastolic blood pressure(DBP) and mean arterial pressure(MBP) in metabolic hypertension model rats, decreased the levels of total cholesterol(TC), triglyceride(TG), low density lipoprotein cholesterol(LDL-c), glucose(Glu), and insulin(INS) levels in blood, increased the contents of high density lipoprotein cholesterol(HDL-c),decreased the LPS, CRP, IL-6 and ET-1 levels in blood and increased NO content. Furthermore, it improved the abnormality of aortic histomorphology and endothelial ultrastructure, and inhibited the protein expression of TLR4, myeloid differentiation factor(MyD88), IL-6, interleukin-1 β(IL-1β), and tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α) as well as mRNA expression of TNF-α and IL-1β in aorta. In conclusion, D. officinalis superfine powder may improve the abnormal function and structure of blood vessels by inhibiting the activation of LPS/TLR4 pathway, thus playing a role against metabolic hypertension.


Subject(s)
Animals , Dendrobium/chemistry , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Hyperphagia , Hypertension/drug therapy , Interleukin-6 , Powders , Rats , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878912

ABSTRACT

Chinese medicinal material is the foundation of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) industry. Its quality is not only closely related to the health of residents but also the key to the development of the TCM industry. Pesticide residues, heavy metals and mycotoxins are the major pollutants of Chinese medicinal materials. In recent years, quite a number of rapid detection methods for pollutants have been constructed. Among them, surface-enhanced Raman scattering(SERS), which has been widely used in food chemistry, environmental analysis, and other fields because of its speediness and non-destructiveness, shows its great potential in the pollutant detection in Chinese medicinal material. This paper firstly reviews the application of SERS for the detection of common pollutants in Chinese medicinal material. We then discussed the characteristics and advantages of SERS technique for pesticide detection, including the principle, SERS substrate design, specific recognition, etc. Finally, simultaneous detection of multiple pesticide residues in Chinese medicinal material was explored.


Subject(s)
China , Environmental Pollutants , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Pesticide Residues/analysis , Spectrum Analysis, Raman
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877728

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION@#Associations of variations in PLA2R1 and HLA-DQA1 genes with susceptibility to idiopathic membranous nephropathy (IMN) have been well documented. Association with spontaneous remission, however, is poorly defined in the Chinese Han population.@*METHODS@#A Chinese cohort of 117 IMN patients and 138 healthy controls were recruited between July 2009 and November 2019. Case-control studies for single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) within HLA-DQA1 (rs2187668) and PLA2R1 (rs35771982, rs4664308, rs3749117, rs3749119) genes were performed. The contributions of these polymorphisms to predict susceptibility, titre of autoantibodies against the M-type phospholipase A2 receptor (anti-PLA2R1), glomerular PLA2R1 expression, and spontaneous remission were analysed.@*RESULTS@#We found that variations in PLA2R1 (SNPs rs35771982, rs4664308, rs3749117) were strongly associated with IMN susceptibility, while SNP (rs2187668) within HLA-DQA1 did not increase the risk of IMN. All SNPs in PLA2R1 and HLA-DQA1 were not statistically associated with anti-PLA2R1 titre, glomerular PLA2R1 expression and spontaneous remission after Bonferroni correction (@*CONCLUSION@#This study confirms that variations in PLA2R1 (SNPs rs35771982, rs4664308, rs3749117) are risk factors for IMN. We found excellent association of serum albumin level, anti-PLA2R1 titre and glomerular PLA2R1 positivity with non-spontaneous remission in IMN.

15.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 723-733, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876513

ABSTRACT

Indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase 1 (IDO1) is the rate-limiting enzyme in the degradation of tryptophan to kynurenine. IDO1 is highly expressed in some tumor tissues. IDO1 can deplete tryptophan in tumor microenvironment, inhibit T cell function, and mediate the immune escape of tumor cells. Thus, IDO1 is considered a potential target of tumor immunotherapy. Currently, there are several IDO1 inhibitors in clinical research studies. The mechanism of IDO1-mediated tumor immune escape and the structure of IDO1 inhibitors are summarized in this review.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781697

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the risk factors for cow's milk protein allergy (CMPA) among infants through a multicenter clinical study.@*METHODS@#A total of 1 829 infants, aged 1-12 months, who attended the outpatient service of the pediatric department in six hospitals in Shenzhen, China from June 2016 to May 2017 were enrolled as subjects. A questionnaire survey was performed to screen out suspected cases of CMPA. Food avoidance and oral food challenge tests were used to make a confirmed diagnosis of CMPA CMPA. A multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to investigate the risk factors for CMPA.@*RESULTS@#Among the 1 829 infants, 82 (4.48%) were diagnosed with CMPA. The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that maternal food allergy (OR=4.91, 95%CI: 2.24-10.76, P6 months (OR=0.38, 95%CI: 0.17-0.86, P<0.05) were protective factors.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The introduction of complementary food at an age of <4 months, maternal food allergy, and antibiotic exposure during pregnancy are risk factors for CMPA in infants.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , China , Female , Humans , Infant , Milk Hypersensitivity , Milk Proteins , Pregnancy , Risk Factors , Surveys and Questionnaires
17.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 301-309, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781588

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Mesenchymal stem or stromal cells (MSCs) derived from the induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) have uniform biological activity, which makes the clinical application of MSCs in bone repair possible. Culturing the iPSC-MSCs onto osteoconductive materials is a promising tissue engineering-based strategy in bone regeneration. The aim of this work was to evaluate the effects of semaphorin 3A (Sema3A) and hypoxia inducible factor 1 subunit alpha (HIF1α) co-overexpression on the survival and osteogenic differentiation of iPSC-MSCs.@*METHODS@#Sema3A and HIF1α were linked together with the three (GGGGS; G, glycine; S, serine) peptide fragment, and their co-expression in iPSC-MSCs was mediated by a lentiviral vector. The fusion protein retained the immune reactivity for both Sema3A and HIF1α as determined with Western blotting. iPSC-MSCs were infected with overexpression lentivirus (oeLenti) as negative control, oeLenti-Sema3A, oeLenti-HIF1α or oeLenti-Sema3A-HIF1α lentiviruses.@*RESULTS@#Sema3A overexpression alone promoted the osteogenic differentiation of iPSC-MSCs (the activity and/or expression of osteoblast markers, such as alkaline phosphatase, osteopontin, and osteocalcin, were upregulated), and suppressed cell survival. The Sema3A-HIF1α fusion protein showed a comparable osteoconductive effect to that of Sema3A without reducing cell survival. We further seeded iPSC-MSCs modified by SemaA-HIF1α overexpression onto hydroxyapatite (HA) scaffolds, and evaluated their growth and differentiation on this three-dimensional material. Additional data indicated that, as compared to iPSC-MSCs cultured in ordinary two-dimensional dishes, cells cultured in HA scaffolds grew (blank vs. HA scaffolds: 0.83 vs. 1.39 for survival) and differentiated better (blank vs. HA scaffolds: 11.29 vs. 16.62 for alkaline phosphatase activity).@*CONCLUSION@#Modifying iPSC-MSCs with pro-osteogenic (Sema3A) and pro-survival (HIF1α) factors may represent a promising strategy to optimize tissue engineering-based strategy in bone repair.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781282

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the value of non-invasive prenatal screening (NIPS) for the detection of fetal chromosome 16 aneuploidy through multi-method verification and follow-up of pregnancy outcomes.@*METHODS@#From January 2016 to December 2017, 7972 pregnant women with singleton pregnancies accepted the NIPS test after 10th gestational week with informed consent. Those with fetal chromosome 16 abnormality suggestive by the NIPS test were subjected to prenatal diagnosis including chromosomal karyotyping and chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA).@*RESULTS@#Of the 7972 pregnant women tested by NIPS, 16 (0.2%) were predicted to have fetal chromosome 16 abnormality. The average age of the 16 pregnant women was 33.5 ± 5.24, and the average gestational week was 19.88±2.47. Chromosomal karyotyping verified that 3 fetuses had mosaicisms and 1 carried pericentric inversion of chromosome 9, which yielded a positive predictive value (PPV) of 18.8%. CMA has detected 7 fetuses with genomic abnormalities, which yielded a PPV of 43.8%. Eleven of the 16 women (68.8%) have given birth to healthy babies.@*CONCLUSION@#For pregnant women with a high risk of chromosome 16 aneuploidy suggested by NIPS, the prognosis of fetus should be evaluated by multiple methods. Compared with conventional karyotyping analysis, molecular methods such as CMA are far superior.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826642

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of moxibustion on oxidative stress injury of nigrostriatal system in rats with Parkinson's disease (PD) based on nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor (Nrf2)/antioxidant response element (ARE) pathway, and to explore its mechanism.@*METHODS@#A total of 48 SD rats were randomized into a blank group, a sham-operation group, a model group and a moxibustion group, 12 rats in each group. Unilateral two-point injection with 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) was adopted in the model group and the moxibustion group to establish the PD model; the operation manipulation in the sham-operation group was the same as the model group and the moxibustion group, and the same volume of 0.9% sodium chloride solutions was given by unilateral two-point injection. Moxibustion was adopted at "Baihui" (GV 20) and "Sishencong" (EX-HN 1) in the moxibustion group for 20 min, once a day, 6 times a week for 6 weeks. No intervention was given in the other 3 groups. Morphology of right mesencephalon substantia nigra was observed by HE staining, the expression of tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) in right mesencephalon substantia nigra was detected by immunohistochemistry method, the expression of reactive oxygen species (ROS), malondialdehyde (MDA), glutathione (GSH), and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) in corpus striatum was detected by colorimetry method, and the expression of Nrf2 and heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) proteins was detected by Western blot in the 4 groups.@*RESULTS@#Clear tissue structure and complete dopaminergic neurons of right mesencephalon substantia nigra were observed in the blank group and the sham-operation group; unclear tissue structure, decreased and swelling dopaminergic neurons were observed in the model group; compared with the model group, more neurons were observed and the swelling of cyton was reduced in the moxibustion group. Compared with the sham-operation group, the expression of TH in right mesencephalon substantia nigra was decreased in the model group (<0.01); compared with the model group, the expression of TH in right mesencephalon substantia nigra was increased in the moxibustion group (<0.05). Compared with the sham-operation group, the expression of ROS, MDA was increased (<0.01), the expression of GSH, GSH-Px, Nrf2 and HO-1 was decreased in the model group (<0.01, <0.05); compared with the model group, the expression of ROS, MDA was decreased (<0.05, <0.01), the expression of GSH, GSH-Px, Nrf2 and HO-1 was increased in the moxibustion group (<0.05, <0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#Moxibustion can alleviate oxidative stress injury of nigrostriatal system in rats with Parkinson's disease by activating the Nrf2/ARE pathway, and protect the dopamine neurons.

20.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2205-2211, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826601

ABSTRACT

Sepsis is defined as life-threatening organ dysfunction caused by a dysregulated host response to infection. The heart is one of the most important oxygen delivery organs, and dysfunction significantly increases the mortality of the body. Hence, the heart has been studied in sepsis for over half a century. However, the definition of sepsis-induced cardiomyopathy is not unified yet, and the conventional conception seems outdated: left ventricular systolic dysfunction (LVSD) along with enlargement of the left ventricle, recovering in 7 to 10 days. With the application of echocardiography in intensive care units, not only LVSD but also left ventricular diastolic dysfunction, right ventricular dysfunction, and even diffuse ventricular dysfunction have been seen. The recognition of sepsis-induced cardiomyopathy is gradually becoming complete, although our understanding of it is not deep, which has made the diagnosis and treatment stagnate. In this review, we summarize the research on sepsis-induced cardiomyopathy. Women and young people with septic cardiomyopathy are more likely to have LVSD, which may have the same mechanism as stress cardiomyopathy. Elderly people with ischemic cardiomyopathy and hypertension tend to have left ventricular diastolic dysfunction. Patients with mechanical ventilation, acute respiratory distress syndrome or other complications of increased right ventricular afterload mostly have right ventricular dysfunction. Diffuse cardiac dysfunction has also been shown in some studies; patients with mixed or co-existing cardiac dysfunction are more common, theoretically. Thus, understanding the pathophysiology of sepsis-induced cardiomyopathy from the perspective of critical care echocardiography is essential.

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