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1.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 1116-1120., 2021.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876656

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the effect of AU-rich element RNA-binding factor 1 (AUF1) on glypican 3 (GPC3) in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and its possible mechanism. MethodsTCGA-HCC gene expression data were downloaded from Broad Institute Genome Data Analysis Center, and finally 371 HCC tissue samples with different etiologies and 50 adjacent tissue samples were included; LCI-HCC gene expression data were downloaded from GSE14520, and 214 patients with hepatitis B-associated HCC who had follow-up data were enrolled. A total of 35 primary liver cancer samples and corresponding adjacent tissue samples were collected from HCC patients who underwent radical surgery in Henan Provincial Cancer Hospital from 2009 to 2013. Immunohistochemistry was used to measure the protein expression of GPC3 and AUF1 in HCC tissue; Western Blot and qRT-PCR were used to measure the expression of GPC3 after AUF1 knockdown or overexpression in hepatoma cell lines; RNA-binding protein immunoprecipitation and RNA turnover assay were used to investigate the potential mechanism of AUF1 in regulating the expression of GPC3. The t-test was used for comparison of quantitative data between two groups, and the chi-square test was used for comparison of rates between two groups; the Kaplan-Meier method was used for survival analysis after surgery, and the log-rank test was used for comparison of survival rates. ResultsIn TCGA and LCI databases, the expression of GPC3 in HCC tissue was significantly higher than that in adjacent tissue (P<0.05), and in TCGA database, the high expression of GPC3 was associated with the poor prognosis of HCC patients (P<0.05). Immunohistochemistry showed that both GPC3 and AUF1 proteins are highly expressed in HCC tissue, with a positive expression rate of 77.1% (27/35) and 74.3% (26/35), respectively. In vitro experiment showed that AUF1 knockdown significantly reduced the expression of GPC3 in HepG2 and Huh-7 cells (P<0.05), while AUF1 overexpression significantly increased the expression of GPC3 (P<0.05). AUF1 protein could bind to GPC3 mRNA, and AUF1 knockdown reduced the stability of GPC3 mRNA. ConclusionAUF1 is an important post-transcriptional regulator of the GPC3 gene, and the abnormal high expression of AUF1 and GPC3 may be involved in the development and progression of HCC.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876475

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the pathogen composition and epidemic characteristics of viral diarrhea in Hubei province. Methods Stool samples of adults and children from sentinel monitoring of viral diarrhea in Hubei province from 2017 to 2019 were collected. Real-time RT-PCR method was used to detect the nucleic acids of rotavirus, norovirus, adenovirus, astrovirus and sapovirus. The detection results of the 5 pathogens were statistically analyzed. Results The total positive rate of 5 diarrheal viruses in 1 957 samples was 36.84%, and the number of cases of mixed infection accounted for 19.00%, among which rotavirus accounted for 9.50%, norovirus 13.29%, astrovirus 4.14%, adenovirus 14.10% and sapovirus 3.37%. In Hubei province, rotavirus and norovirus were still prevalent in autumn and winter. The epidemic seasons of adenovirus and astrovirus were similar, mainly occurring in April and May, while the infection rate of sapovirus was relatively high in November and January of the following year. The main infected population of the five diarrheal viruses was still children aged 5 years and younger, which was significantly higher than other age groups. Conclusion The main pathogens of viral diarrhea in Hubei from 2017 to 2019 are adenovirus, norovirus and rotavirus, and there are some mixed infections. It is necessary to strengthen the monitoring of major pathogens and take effective and scientific protection measures for high incidence seasons and key populations.

3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 593-603, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873771

ABSTRACT

The therapeutic effect of tumor photodynamic therapy is severely limited by the hypoxic tumor microenvironment. Inhibiting tumor celloxygen consumption is a more effective way than increasing its oxygen supply to overcome the tumor hypoxia and enhance photodynamic therapy. To carry out this strategy, the supramolecular nanoparticles VER-ATO-SMN loaded with photosensitizer verteporfin (VER), oxygen-consuming inhibitor atovaquone (ATO), and stabilizer polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP)-K30 were prepared by the nanoprecipitation method, and the optimal prescription was screened and optimized by single factor experiments. The results showed that the optimal prescription for VER-ATO-SMN was ATO∶VER (w/w) = 1∶1, PVP-K30 = 100 mg, N,N-dimethylformamide∶water (v/v) = 1∶10. The morphology, particle size, particle dispersion index and encapsulation efficiency of supramolecular nanoparticles were characterized. The VER-ATO-SMN showed a spherical morphology and was well dispersed. The hydrodynamic size of VER-ATO-SMN was 101.21 ± 4.30 nm as determined by dynamic light scattering (DLS). The encapsulation efficiencies of VER and ATO in VER-ATO-SMN prepared with the optimal prescription were 70.86% and 77.52%, respectively. The VER-ATO-SMN exhibited good laser stability and also showed high stability in conditions which simulated the physiological solution. Compared with free VER and VER liposome, VER-ATO-SMN performed enhanced therapeutic effect at the cell level. The mechanism was that VER-ATO-SMN could effectively incorporate into cells and improving the intracellular oxygen concentration by reducing the oxygen consumption of tumor cells could increase the amount of reactive oxygen species generated by VER mediated photodynamic therapy. The in vivo anticancer efficacy results of tumor-bearing mice suggested that VER-ATO-SMN could effectively inhibit the tumor growth or even completely eliminate the tumor. All animal experiments were performed in line with national regulations and approved by the Animal Experiments Ethical Committee of 900 Hospital of the Joint Logistics Team.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873748

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of persistent Echinococcus multilocularis infections on hepatic fibrosis in mice, so as to provide insights into the understanding of liver fibrogenesis induced by E. multilocularis infections and the treatment of alveolar echinococcosis. Methods Hepatic stellate HSC-T6 and LX-2 cells were exposed to the sera (25, 50 and 100 μL) from Meriones unguiculatus infected with E. multilocularis, and E. multilocularis, germinal layer cells (GCs) and protoscoleces (PSCs) for 48 hours, respectively. The cell proliferation was measured using a CCK-8 assay, and the levels of collagen 1 (Col1) and α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) were measured in the culture supernatant of HSC-T6 cells using ELISA. In addition, the serum and liver samples were collected 1, 2, 4, 6, 8 months post-infection with E. multilocularis, respectively. The serum Col1 and α-SMA concentrations were measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and the deposition of collagen fibers was examined in mice livers using Sirius red staining. Results The sera of E. multilocularis-infected gerbils promoted the proliferation of HSC-T6 and LX-2 cells in vitro, and there were significant differences seen in the proliferative rate of HSC-T6 (FHSC-T6 = 126.50, P < 0.05) and LX-2 cells (FLX-2 = 201.50, P < 0.05) among different serum groups, with the highest proliferative rate of HSC-T6 (573.36% ± 206.34%) and LX-2 cells (940.38% ± 61.65%) found following exposure to 100 μL mouse sera. Exposure to serum from E. multilocularis-infected gerbils resulted in an increase in the Col1 and α-SMA levels in the culture supernatant of HSC-T6 cells, with the greatest Col1 (20.99 ng/mL ± 2.01 ng/mL) and α-SMA levels (305.52 pg/mL ± 16.67 pg/mL) measured following exposure to 100 μL sera. The metacestodes (142.65% ± 9.17% and 189.99% ± 7.75%), GCs (118.55% ± 8.96% and 122.54% ± 0.21%) and PSCs of E. multilocularis (156.34% ± 17.45% and 160.59% ± 31.41%) all promoted the proliferation of HSC-T6 and LX-2 cells in vitro, and there were significant differences in the proliferative rates of HSC-T6 (FHSC-T6 = 11.24, P < 0.05) and LX-2 cells among groups (FLX-2 = 47.72, P < 0.05). Exposure to E. multilocularis resulted in an increase in Col1 and α-SMA levels in the culture supernatant of HSC-T6 cells, and the highest Col1 (4.43 ng/mL ± 2.23 ng/mL) and α-SMA levels (285.20 pg/mL ± 90.67 pg/mL) were detected following treatment with E. multilocularis metacestodes. In addition, a persistent increase was seen in the deposition of collagen fibers in mice livers 1 to 8 months post-infection with E. multilocularis, with the greatest Col1 level (280.26 ng/mL ± 23.04 ng/mL) seen 6 months post-infection and the highest α-SMA level (33.68 ng/mL ± 4.45 ng/mL) detected 8 months post-infection, respectively. Conclusions Persistent E. multilocularis infections promote hepatic stellate cell proliferation, induce an increase in mouse serum Col1 and α-SMA levels, and cause elevated deposition of collagen fibers in mice livers. The infective stage of E. multilocularis is a critical period for inducing hepatic fibrosis of alveolar echinococcosis.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873579

ABSTRACT

@#To prepare a minocycline hydrochloride microsphere depot and evaluate its release performance and physicochemical properties, poly (lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) was used as raw material, the minocycline hydrochloride microspheres were prepared by electrospray, and the morphology and size distribution of the microspheres were characterized by polarizing microscopy and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The microspheres were then mixed with sucrose acetate isobutyrate (SAIB) depot at a ratio of 1:10 to form a minocycline hydrochloride microsphere depot, and its release performance and porosity changes were evaluated. The results showed that the microspheres had smooth surface and the diameter was (5.294 ± 1.222) μm. After the microspheres were added into SAIB depot, the burst release of minocycline hydrochloride significantly decreased from 60% to 3.27% at the first day, and then the release lasted for 42 days . Additionally, the porosity of the depot increased rapidly from (12.53 ± 0.43)% to (32.53 ± 0.43)% during days 0-15, and increased slowly from (32.53 ± 0.43)% to (33.81 ± 0.54)% during days 15-45. The minocycline hydrochloride microsphere depot prepared in this study is expected to be an effective way for the application of minocycline hydrochloride for its good release performance and simple preparation process.

6.
International Eye Science ; (12): 462-466, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873445

ABSTRACT

@#With the progress in refractive cataract surgery, the refractive effects after cataract surgery are more accurate and predictable. Various types of intraocular lens have been applied to clinical practice and there is an increasingly higher demand on the precision of intraocular lens(IOL)calculation formula. According to calculation principles and different parameters required, this article aims to give a review on the research progress of IOL calculation formula.

7.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 9-20, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872595

ABSTRACT

Fibrosis is a pathological process of abnormal hyperplasia and excessive deposition of extracellular matrix during the process of repair after tissue and organ damage. Injury/inflammation caused by variously chronic diseases is a major trigger for fibrogenesis. Fibrosis of the liver and kidney is a common organ fibrosis. Recently, the intestinal microbiota has been shown to be extensively involved in the development of liver and kidney diseases, which may follow from changes in the intestinal microbial composition and intestinal integrity. This promotes the development of liver and/or kidney fibrosis through endocrine, cell signaling and other pathways. This paper reviews the research progress in understanding liver fibrosis and kidney fibrosis based on the gut-liver-kidney axis, which may be helpful for providing new strategies and theoretical basis for the diagnosis and treatment of hepatic and renal fibrosis.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885976

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) pretreatment on the protein expression of c-fos in fastigial nucleus (FN) and lateral hypothalamus area (LHA) in rats with acute myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury (MIRI), and to explore the role and mechanism of FN and LHA in EA at the Heart Meridian fighting against acute MIRI reaction. Methods: Seventy Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into a sham operation group, a model group, an EA-Heart Meridian group and an EA-Lung Meridian group, with 14 rats in each group; an LHA lesion plus EA-Heart Meridian group (LHA+EA-Heart Meridian group) and a FN lesion plus EA-Heart Meridian group (FN+EA-Heart Meridian group), with 7 rats in each group. Except the sham operation group, the left anterior descending branch of coronary artery was ligated to establish acute MIRI rat models in the other 5 groups. In the three groups with EA-Heart Meridian treatment, Shenmen (HT 7) and Tongli (HT 5) were selected; Taiyuan (LU 9) and Lieque (LU 7) were selected in the EA-Lung Meridian group. All the EA groups received EA stimulation prior to modeling, with 1 mA in current intensity and 2 Hz in frequency, 20 min each time, once a day for a total of 7 d. The sham operation group and the model group did not receive EA stimulation. The electrocardiogram was observed in the rats to analyze the ST-segment deviation and cardiac arrhythmia score. The expression of c-fos protein in FN and LHA was detected by immunohistochemistry method. Results: Compared with the sham operation group, the ST-segment deviation, cardiac arrhythmia score and the expression of c-fos protein in the FN and LHA increased significantly in the model group (all P<0.05). Compared with the model group, the ST-segment deviation, cardiac arrhythmia score and the expression of c-fos protein in FN and LHA decreased significantly in the EA-Heart Meridian group (all P<0.05). Compared with the EA-Heart Meridian group, the ST-segment deviation and cardiac arrhythmia score increased significantly in the EA-Lung Meridian group, LHA+EA-Heart Meridian group and FN+EA-Heart Meridian group (all P<0.05); the expression of c-fos in FN increased significantly in the EA-Lung Meridian group and LHA+EA-Heart Meridian group (both P<0.05); the expression of c-fos in LHA increased significantly in the EA-Lung Meridian group and FN+EA-Heart Meridian group (both P<0.05). Conclusion: FN and LHA are involved in the mechanism of EA at Heart Meridian to improve the acute MIRI reactions, and the cerebellum may participate in the improvement of cardiac function by EA through the cerebellum-hypothalamus projection.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885873

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe and analyze the clinical features, treatment methods and efficacy of patients with retinopathy associated with incontinentia pigmenti (IP).Methods:A retrospective case study. Twelve clinical confirmed IP patients (24 eyes) in Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center of Sun Yat-sen University from January 2015 to December 2018 were included in this study. The best corrected visual acuity and intraocular pressure examination were performed in patients (>4 years old). All patients were examined on the anterior segment, vitreous body, and fundus under topical anesthesia or general anesthesia. Eight cases underwent genetic testing. Patients with active disease should be given anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) drug treatment, retinal laser photocoagulation or vitrectomy, those without active disease should be observed. All patients were followed up for 1 to 3 months, with an average follow-up time of 18.7 months.Results:All patients were all female, with an average age of 6.3±9.8 years old at the first ophthalmology visit. According to the recommendations of the pediatrician, 3 cases were actively screened for ophthalmology (referrals), with an average age of 0.4±0.5 years (median age: 2 months). A total of 9 cases were not recommended for referrals (non-referrals), including 3 cases of ophthalmology who were diagnosed for the first time due to visual impairment, and 6 cases of undiagnosed IP before the ophthalmology visit, the average age of their first visit was 8.2±10.8 years (medium age: 3 years old). The age of the first visit for non-referred patients was larger than that of referrals, and the difference was statistically significant ( Z=-2.141, P=0.036). Among the 24 eyes of 12 cases, there were no obvious fundus abnormalities in 1 case or 2 eyes, 11 cases of IP-related retinopathy in 22 eyes (91.7%, 22/24), 8 cases of binocular asymmetry (66.7%, 8/12). There were active lesions on the fundus in 7 eyes (29.2%, 7/24). Patients underwent simple retinal laser photocoagulation and/or anti-VEGF drug therapy. During the follow-up, retinal neovascularization recurred in 1 eye. Among the 8 cases that underwent genetic testing, 3 cases (37.5%, 3/8) were deleted in exons 4-10 of the IKBKG gene. Conclusions:IP is more common in women. IP-associated retinopathy is noted with early-onset, asymmetrical retinopathy, which is identified with retinal neovascularization and vitreous proliferation. Early detection and timely treatment are essential.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885151

ABSTRACT

A 49-year-old male was admitted to Peking Union Medical College Hospital presented with fever for more than half a year. The patient was diagnosed as Sjogren′s syndrome at local hospital. After oral prednisone 60 mg per day was given, the fever alleviated, but recurred after prednisone tapered to 40 mg/d. Both blood culture and stool culture were positive for Salmonella enteritidis. Antibiotics including ceftazidime, ceftriaxone, cilastatin-imipenem were sequentially administrated for 4 weeks, yet not effective. Although there were not respiratory symptoms or certain abnormalities on high-resolution chest CT, arterial blood gas indicated hypoxemia. Serum lactate dehydrogenase and β2 micro-globulin were elevated, and the lung function test demonstrated significant impairment of diffusion function. Positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET/CT)scan suggested that high fluorodeoxyglucose uptake was diffusely seen in both lungs. The patient was finally diagnosed as pulmonary intravascular large B-cell lymphoma (IVLBCL) by transbronchial lung biopsy. This case aims to emphasize the differentiation diagnoses of pulmonary intravascular lymphoma from common situations.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883533

ABSTRACT

The research on the training program of medical education postgraduates will help to cultivate medical education talents with professional knowledge and ability, so as to further promote the specialization and sustainable development of medical education. In the practice of educational research, under the guidance of personnel training objectives, a relatively complete theoretical curriculum system has been set up around students' ideological and political quality, scientific research ability, theoretical and practical knowledge learning and application. In addition, the practical courses of postgraduate training have been rationally designed, and the evaluation methods of the effects have been planned scientifically and reasonably. Through the research, we can make the postgraduate training work of medical education has rules to follow, which plays a key role in improving the quality of education and training.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882329

ABSTRACT

Anti-tumor necrosis factor-α(anti-TNF-α)agents have been widely used in the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease(IBD)in children.Anti-TNF-α therapy can effectively induce and maintain disease remission, promote intestinal mucosal healing, and prevent long-term end-stage organ damage and growth retardation in pediatric IBD patient.Anti-TNF-α agents can significantly impair the human immune function, which may increase the infection risk of IBD children, including the infection of bacteria, viruses, fungi and mycobacteria.This study summarizes the current published literature regarding infections in pediatric patients with IBD receiving anti-TNF-α therapies, which can help to improve the cognition of pediatric medical staff on opportunistic infection of pediatric IBD patients following anti-TNF-α treatment.

13.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 151-155, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882255

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the prognostic significance of D-dimer level in patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL).Methods:The clinical data of 70 newly diagnosed DLBCL patients who were admitted to Tianjin People's Hospital from January 2015 to June 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. The optimal cut-off value of D-dimer for survival was determined according to the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve, and the patients were grouped. The differences of coagulation related indexes and clinicopathological features between patients with different D-dimer levels were compared. Kaplan-Meier method was used for univariate analysis of overall survival (OS), and Cox regression model was used for multivariate analysis of OS.Results:According to ROC curve, the best cut-off value of D-dimer for survival was 0.75 mg/L. The proportion of patients with different clinical staging, international prognostic index score, lactate dehydrogenase level had statistically significant differences between the D-dimer ≥0.75 mg/L group (36 cases) and <0.75 mg/L group (34 cases) (all P < 0.05). The prothrombin time of D-dimer ≥ 0.75 mg/L group and < 0.75 mg/L group were (13.5±0.9) s and (13.0±0.8) s, respectively, and the activated partial thromboplastin time were (37±5) s and (34±6) s, respectively,and the differences were statistically significant (all P < 0.05). Univariate analysis showed that the 5-year OS rates of DLBCL patients with Ann Arbor stage Ⅲ-Ⅳ, international prognostic index score > 2, lactate dehydrogenase level > 240 U/L, B symptoms, D-dimer level ≥0.75 mg/L were decreased (all P < 0.05). Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that D-dimer ≥0.75 mg/L was an independent risk factor for OS of DLBCL patients ( HR=0.368, 95% CI 0.144-0.944, P= 0.038). Conclusion:The level of D-dimer can be used as a clinical indicator to judge the prognosis of DLBCL patients, and the prognosis of patients with high D-dimer level is poor.

14.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 122-125, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882250

ABSTRACT

Malignant lymphoma is a common malignant tumor of the lymphatic system. In recent years, immunotherapy is a new direction in the field of lymphoma treatment after targeted therapy, radiotherapy and chemotherapy. Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICPi) have achieved significant efficacy in Hodgkin lymphoma (HL), with an overall response rate of about 80%, which makes the clinical application of ICPi in patients with malignant lymphoma become the focus of attention. This article reviews the recent progress in the biological mechanism of programmed cell death 1 (PD-1) and cytotoxic T lymphocyte-associated antigen (CTLA-4), and the application of ICPi in the treatment of HL and non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

15.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 651-667, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881161

ABSTRACT

Insulin therapy plays an essential role in the treatment of diabetes mellitus. However, frequent injections required to effectively control the glycemic levels lead to substantial inconvenience and low patient compliance. In order to improve insulin delivery, many efforts have been made, such as developing the nanoparticles (NPs)-based release systems and oral insulin. Although some improvements have been achieved, the ultimate results are still unsatisfying and none of insulin-loaded NPs systems have been approved for clinical use so far. Recently, nano‒protein interactions and protein corona formation have drawn much attention due to their negative influence on the

16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881075

ABSTRACT

The management of post-stroke complications plays an important role in the quality of life. Di-Tan Decoction (DTD; ) is a widely used traditional Chinese medicine. This study incorporated systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the efficacy of DTD in post-stroke neurological disorders. Randomized clinical trials (RCTs) were searched from English, Chinese and Korean electronic medical databases, by including the keywords "Di-Tan Tang", "Di-Tan Decoction", "Scour Phlegm Decoction", "stroke", and "RCT. Each RCT included control (placebo, conventional therapy, or Western medicine) and experimental (DTD treatment) groups. For patients inflicted with stroke for 1-6 weeks, the outcomes of post-stroke neurological disorders were measured by scales for post-stroke symptoms and were classified as "completely healed", "markedly effective", "effective" and "ineffective". Totally, 11 RCTs (n = 490 controls and n = 502 DTD subjects) were selected from 210 articles identified in the initial search. A meta-analysis of evaluation criteria in post-stroke symptoms revealed that the overall odds ratio (ORs) for alleviating post-stroke neurological disorders were 0.30-fold lower (95% CI = 0.21-0.43) in the DTD group than the control (Western medicine) group (P < 0.000 01). Moreover, regardless of the type of stroke diagnostic scale applied (including NFA, HDS, and NIHSS), the overall post-stroke symptoms determined were less severe in the DTD group (n = 219) than the control group (n = 217). No adverse effects of DTD were observed in the 11 RCTs reviewed. All 11 studies used an appropriate method for randomization of subjects to evaluate the risk of bias (ROB), and 7 studies included allocation concealment as well as blinding of patients and practitioners. High-risk ROB was included in 6 RCTs. No significant publication bias was derived from the funnel plot. Our results indicate that the administration of DTD alone, and DTD in combination with Western medicine, exert greater efficacy for post-stroke complication therapy, than Western medicine administered alone. More rigorous and regulated studies are required to confirm the therapeutic efficacy of DTD for post-stroke neurological disorders. disorders.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880465

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Based on the TGAM PCB module, a system of emotion control using audio-visual feedback is designed.@*METHODS@#TGAM collects EEG information through the electrode in contact with the forehead skin. The system analyzes the user's emotion through the STM32F103ZET6 of the main control chip, and finally controls the control end of the system to regulate the user's emotion.@*RESULTS@#It can be seen from the test results that the system can precisely recognize the user's emotions, and at the same time effectively adjust the user's emotions from both audio-visual aspects.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The system has high recognition accuracy and good adjustment effect.


Subject(s)
Emotional Regulation , Emotions , Recognition, Psychology
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880157

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the value of red cell distribution width (RDW), mean corpuscular volume (MCV), mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH) and hemoglobin (Hb) A2 combined determination scheme for screening thalassemia.@*METHODS@#The RDW levels of thalassemia group and healthy control group were detected and compared. The efficiency of RDW for screening thalassemia was evaluated by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. The diagnostic cut-off value of RDW was also acquired by Youden index. Then, 3 groups for thalassemia screening scheme were set, including MCV+MCH+HBA @*RESULTS@#The RDW level in thalassemia group was significantly higher than that in healthy control group (P15.15, when the Youden index was the biggest among all data. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, false negative rate and consistency rate of MCV+MCH+RDW(>15.15)+HBA @*CONCLUSION@#The diagnostic cut-off value of RDW for thalassemia screening has been established. The group of MCV(<82.0 fl)+MCH(<27.0 pg)+HBA


Subject(s)
Erythrocyte Indices , Hemoglobin A2/analysis , Humans , Mass Screening , Research , Thalassemia/diagnosis
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879961

ABSTRACT

To establish a rabbit model of proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type9 () point mutation with CRISPR/Cas9 gene editing technique. According to the PubMed gene protein data, the PCSK9 protein functional regions of human and rabbit were analyzed by Blast. The 386S (Ser) amino acid functional region of human gene was homologous to the 485S of rabbit gene. Three small guide RNAs and one single-stranded donor oligonucleotide were designed according to the 485S base substitution position and sequence analysis of rabbit gene. The synthetic small guide RNAs, Cas9 mRNA and single-stranded donor oligonucleotide were co-injected into the cytoplasm of rabbit fertilized eggs and the embryos were transferred into the pregnant rabbits. PCR, TA cloning and off-target analysis were performed on the F0 rabbits to identify whether the PCSK9 mutation was successful. Fifteen F0 rabbits were obtained. The sequencing results showed that one of them was PCSK9 point mutation homozygote and two of them were PCSK9 point mutation heterozygotes, and the mutation could be stably inherited. The rabbit model of PCSK9 point mutation was successfully constructed by CRISPR/Cas9 technique, which provides an animal model for exploring the molecular mechanism of impaired PCSK9 function and developing reliable and effective diagnosis and treatment measures.


Subject(s)
Animals , CRISPR-Cas Systems/genetics , Mutation , Point Mutation , Proprotein Convertase 9/metabolism , Rabbits
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879092

ABSTRACT

Chemical constituents were isolated and purified from fruiting bodies of Ganoderma calidophilum by various column chromatographic techniques, and their chemical structures were identified through combined analysis of physicochemical properties and spectral data. As a result, 11 compounds were isolated and identified as(24E)-lanosta-8,24-dien-3,11-dione-26-al(1), ganoderone A(2), 3-oxo-15α-acetoxy-lanosta-7,9(11), 24-trien-26-oleic acid(3),(23E)-27-nor-lanosta-8,23-diene-3,7,25-trione(4), ganodecanone B(5), ganoderic aldehyde A(6), 11β-hydroxy-lucidadiol(7), 3,4-dihydroxyacetophenone(8), methyl gentiate(9), ganoleucin C(10), ganotheaecolumol H(11). Among them, compound 1 is a new triterpenoid. The cytotoxic activities of all of the compounds against tumor cell lines were evaluated. The results showed that compounds 1, 3, 4 and 6 showed cytotoxic activity against BEL-7402, with IC_(50) values of 26.55, 11.35, 23.23, 18.66 μmol·L~(-1); compounds 1 and 3-6 showed cytotoxic activity against K562, with IC_(50) values of 5.79, 22.16, 12.16, 35.32, and 5.59 μmol·L~(-1), and compound 4 showed cytotoxic activity against A549, with IC_(50) value of 42.50 μmol·L~(-1).


Subject(s)
Cell Line, Tumor , Fruiting Bodies, Fungal , Ganoderma , Molecular Structure , Triterpenes/pharmacology
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