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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876708

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the burden of clonorchiasis and identify its temporal and spatial changes in China, thus to provide insights into the control and prevention of the diseases. Methods The disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) was employed as the primary indicator for the disease burden. The prevalence data of Clonorchis sinensis infection were obtainted from the three national surveys on important human parasitic diseases in China, conducting during the period from 1988 to 1922, from 2001 to 2004 and from 2014 to 2016, respectively, and the demographic data from National Bureau of Statistics of China. DALYs of clonorchiasis were calculated and the temporal changes were analyzed at both national and provincial levels, using the disability weight (DW) obtained from a community study in China. Sensitivity analysis was carried out to compare the resulted DALYs of China calculated under the method adopted in this study and that calculated with other commonly used methods. Results The national burden of clonorchiasis was 489174.04 [95% confidence interval (CI): (391648.87, 597509.87)] DALYs in China in 2016, indicating 0.36 [95% CI: (0.28, 0.43)] DALYs per 1 000 populations. The regions with a high burden of clonorchiasis were concentrated in southern China and northeastern China, and the provinces with the three highest burdens of clonorchiasis included Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, Guangdong Province and Heilongjiang Province, which accounted for 91.18% of total burdens of clonorchiasis in China. During the periods of the three national surveys on important human parasitic diseases in China, the national burden of clonorchiasis was found to show a tendency of first rise and then decrease in China; however, the burden of clonorchiasis has recently shown a tendency towards a rise in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, Heilongjiang Province and Jiangxi Province. Sensitivity analysis showed that the calculation of diseases burden with age-stratified prevalence of clonorchiasis was similar to that of our method without age stratification; however, the burden estimates calculated only based on the DW of the severe symptoms were much lower than our estimates. Conclusions The burden of clonorchiasis is high in China, with a large regional difference. Recently, the overall burden of clonorchiasis has shown a tendency of decline in China; however, there is a tendency towards a rise in some provinces. Therefore, the control of clonorchiasis requires more adaptations to local circumstances.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873742

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the spatial-temporal characteristics of reported schistosomiasis cases in China from 2004 to 2017, so as to provide insights into the development of different schistosomiasis control strategies at various stages. Methods The monthly data of reported schistosomiasis cases at a provincial level of China from 2004 to 2017 were collected from the Public Health Science Data Center, and the spatial-temporal distribution of reported schistosomiasis cases was preliminarily identified using a descriptive statistical method. According to the goals at different stages proposed by the National Mid- and Long-term Program for Schistosomiasis Prevention and Control in China (2004—2015), a Bayesian interrupted time-series model was established to analyze the provincial reported incidence, time trend and seasonal variations of schistosomiasis in China at different stages. Results The reported schistosomiasis cases were mainly concentrated in 5 provinces of Anhui, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Hubei and Hunan and 2 provinces of Sichuan and Yunnan in China from 2004 to 2017, and the number of reported cases in endemic areas decreased gradually. The incidence of reported schistosomiasis cases predominantly peaked during the period from May to September in the marshland and lake regions, while no regular seasonality was seen in hilly regions. Bayesian interrupted time-series analysis showed the peak incidence of reported schistosomiasis cases in 4 provinces of Anhui, Hubei, Hunan and Jiangxi between May and September and in Jiangsu Province from July to November; however, no regular seasonal cycle was identified in hilly regions. The number of reported schistosomiasis cases showed a tendency towards an increase in 2 provinces of Hubei and Hunan from 2008 to 2014, with a minor peak during the period between March and April, and since 2015, the seasonality was not remarkable any longer in 3 provinces of Anhui, Jiangsu and Jiangxi with a decline in the incidence of reported schistosomiasis cases, while the seasonality remained in Hubei Province. Conclusions The spatial-temporal characteristics of schistosomiasis in China, notably seasonality, vary at different control stages. Bayesian interrupted time-series model is effective to identify the spatial-temporal changes of schistosomiasis, and the schistosomiasis control strategy may be adjusted according to the spatial-temporal changes to improve the schistosomiasis control efficiency.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873312

ABSTRACT

Objective::To investigate the antihypertensive effect of Tianmu Jiangya powder and its related antihypertensive mechanism by using SHR rats as a model, and protein expressions provide an experimental basis for the clinical application of Tianmu Jiangya powder in the treatment of hypertension. Method::Sixty male SHR rats were randomly divided into six groups according to body weight after one week of adaptive feeding: model group, valsartan group (12 mg·kg-1), captopril group (9 mg·kg-1), hydrochlorothiazide group (6 mg·kg-1), Tianmu Jiangya powder low and high-dose group (0.36, 1.44 g·kg-1), WKY rats were used as the normal group, and the intragastric administration lasted for 16 weeks. Softron BP-2010A intelligent non-invasive blood pressure meter was used to measure the systolic blood pressure (SBP)and heart rate (HR) of rat tail arteries. Adobe Photoshop CS5 software was used to analyze the left auricle and claw fixed selected areas to evaluate the effect on blood stasis syndrome. Vevo 2100 small animal ultrasound imaging system detects left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), left ventricular shortening (FS), left ventricular end-systolic volume (LVESV), left ventricular end-diastolic volume (LVEDV), left ventricular end-systole dimension (LVIDs), left ventricular end-diastole dimension (LVIDd), interventricular septum end-systolic depth (IVSs), and interventricular septum end-diastolic depth (IVSd). Then the rats were sacrificed and the materials were taken (blood, heart, aorta, liver, kidney, tibia), and the weight of heart, liver, kidney and tibia length were measured and recorded. Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining was used to observe the pathological changes of the heart and thoracic aorta. Separation of serum and plasma, and determination of nitric oxide (NO) in serum by nitrate reductase method. Radioimmunoassay was used to detect plasma adrenaline/3 methoxyadrenaline (MN), urea (UREA), and uric acid (UA) contents. The expression of nitric oxide synthase(iNOS) and vascular endothelial growth factor(VEGF) protein in thoracic aorta of each group was detected and analyzed by immunohistochemical method. Result::Compared with normal group, the SBP and HR of the rats in model group were significantly increased (P<0.05). The r value of the claw was significantly reduced and the g value was significantly increased at 8 and 16 weeks (P<0.05). LVEF and FS significantly decreased, LVESV, LVIDs, IVSd increased significantly (P<0.05). Heart weight, heart weight /tibia length, liver weight and liver weight /tibia length, plasma of MN, UREA, and UA contents significantly increased, and promoted the expression of iNOS and VEGF proteins in the aortic (P<0.05). Compared with the model group, the Tianmu Jiangya powder administration group could continuously reduce SBP in SHR rats, maintain HR stability (P<0.05), significantly increase the claw of r value, lower the claw of g value(P<0.05). LVEF, FS significantly increased, LVEDV, LVESV, LVIDd and LVIDs significantly decreased (P<0.05), significantly increased serum NO content, decreased liver weight, liver weight/tibia length, plasma MN, UREA, UA content (P<0.05), and down-regulated the expression of iNOS and VEGF protein in the aorta(P<0.05). Conclusion::Tianmu Jiangya powder has a certain antihypertensive effect, and its mechanism may be mainly related to protecting heart function, improving vascular endothelial function, reducing catecholamines and sedative analgesia.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872815

ABSTRACT

Psychiatric diseases represented by depression have gradually become one of the major health problems of people in the fast-paced, high-pressure society. Severe cases can cause suicides, huge harm or disaster to families and the society. Although modern medicine has made great progress in the field of anti-depressant drug therapy, depression still cannot be cured. At the same time, traditional Chinese medicines(TCM) with a definite curative effect, few adverse reactions, and mild efficacy have received increasing attention. TCM valerianae Jatanmansi Rhizoma et Radix has been widely used to alleviate sleep disorder, and its root extract is popularly known as valerian and used as a mild sedative for a long time in European. Tagara takes Valerianae Jatamansi Rhizoma et Radix as the key ingredient for treatment of depression-type insomnia, and is available abroad. It is reported that iridoid, sesquiterpenes, flavonoids or extract from Valerianae Jatamansi Rhizoma et Radix has a superior anti-depression activity in both animal and clinical trials, and the mechanism is mainly related to the regulation of neurotransmitters in the brain, the improvement of the function of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, the resistance of free radicals and inflammation, and the neuroprotective effect. However, there is still lack of report on the anti-depression system and in-depth research of Valerianae Jatamansi Rhizoma et Radix. Therefore, it is urgently necessary to systematically collect and summarize the anti-depressant activity and explain the relevant mechanisms, so as to provide reference for the further development of Valerianae Jatamansi Rhizoma et Radix medicinal resources.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776228

ABSTRACT

Professor is a well-known national veteran doctor with over 70 years of clinical experience. He has unique academic thoughts and clinical experience for common diseases and some difficult and complicated diseases. This paper mainly introduces professor 's syndrome-differentiation thought and experience of acupoint selection for hot flashes. It is emphasized that common hot flashes, such as hot flashes and night sweats, are different between and . While regulating and , more attention should be paid to - harmony, which is not only suitable for women's perimenopausal syndrome, but also for a series of clinical diseases caused by refractory drugs such as endocrine therapy after breast cancer surgery. At the same time of acupoint selection based on syndrome differentiation, a more rational prescriptions should be made according to the duration of the disease and the experience acupoints to improve the clinical efficacy.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Breast Neoplasms , General Surgery , Female , Hot Flashes , Therapeutics , Humans , Syndrome
6.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 432-436, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818256

ABSTRACT

Abnormal immune system is the final stage of the pathogenesis of ulcerative colitis (UC). So it can be regarded as involved in the pathogenesis of UC as long as it can affect immune-related factors. The excessive immune activation in the intestinal wall of UC patients leads to the development of UC. Currently the treatment of UC is mainly focused on inhibiting or regulating the activity of immune system. This paper mainly reviews the role and mechanism of immune factors in the UC recently.

7.
Mycobiology ; : 192-204, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-729779

ABSTRACT

The name Golovinomyces cynoglossi s. lat. is traditionally applied to a complex of morphologically similar powdery mildews on hosts of the plant family Boraginaceae. The current species-level taxonomy within this complex is ambiguous due to the lack of phylogenetic examinations. The present study applied phylogenetic methods to clarify the taxonomy of G. cynoglossi s. lat. Phylogenetic analysis of rDNA ITS sequences retrieved from Asian, European and North American specimens revealed that G. cynoglossi s. lat. collections from different hosts involved several species in five clearly separated lineages. Clade I consists primarily of Golovinomyces cynoglossi s. str. on Cynoglossum. Clade III consists of Golovinomyces sequences retrieved from the host genera Symphytum and Pulmonaria. The taxa within clade III are now assigned to G. asperifoliorum comb. nov. Clade V encompasses G. cynoglossi s. lat. on the host genera Bothriospermum, Buglossoides, Echium, Myosotis, and Trigonotis. The taxa within clade V are now assigned to G. asperifolii comb. nov. The species concerned in this study were lecto- and epitypified to stabilize their nomenclature.


Subject(s)
Animals , Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Boraginaceae , Classification , Comb and Wattles , DNA, Ribosomal , Echium , Humans , Plants , Pulmonaria
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-665567

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the feasibility of fabricating a self-powered and implantable stimulator . Methods Based on pyroelectric effect and high penetrability of infrared ray , an implantable stimulator was designed and fabricated .The electrical performance of stimulator was measured under infrared ray illumination .We conducted the animal experiments in vitro and in vivo to observe the response of gastrocnemius contraction under stimulation .Results The stimulator could output the electrical signal under the periodical infrared ray illumination .The output voltage and current were proportional to the intensity of infrared ray ,which could reach up to 1 .2 V . A real-time electrical stimulation of frog gastrocnemius was conducted and obvious contraction was observed .The tension values increased with the increase of infrared intensity .We further carried out the in vivo experiment with a frog in order to evaluate the performance of the stimulator after being implanted into the body . The gastrocnemius would also be made to contract even though the infrared intensity decayed when through the skin .Conclusion The proposed pyroelectric stimulator can be self-powered and controlled through near-infrared illumination .This study can provide some guidance for solving the problems of implantable power .

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687334

ABSTRACT

With the growth of number of Chinese patent medicines and clinical use, the rational use of Chinese medicine is becoming more and more serious. Due to the complexity of Chinese medicine theory and the uncertainty of clinical application, the prescription review of Chinese patent medicine always relied on experience in their respective, leading to the uncontrolled of clinical rational use. According to the traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) theory and characteristics of the unique clinical therapeutics, based on the practice experience and expertise comments, our paper formed the expert consensus on the prescription review of Chinese traditional patent medicine for promoting the rational use of drugs in Beijing. The objective, methods and key points of prescription review of Chinese patent medicine, were included in this expert consensus, in order to regulate the behavior of prescription and promote rational drug use.

10.
Chinese Pharmaceutical Journal ; (24): 560-566, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-858759

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To establish and compare the HPLC fingerprints of different medicinal parts of Morus alba. METHODS: An HPLC analysis was performed on an Agilent Eclipse XDB C18 (4. 6 mm × 250 mm, 5 μm) chromatographic column, using gradient elution with acetonitrile and 0.1% aqueous formic acid at a flow rate of 1.0 mL·min-1. The column temperature was kept at 30 ℃, and the detection wavelength was set at 254 nm. The data was analyzed with Similarity Evaluation System for Chromatographic Fingerprint of Traditional Chinese Medicine (Version 2004A). RESULTS: The HPLC fingerprints and common models of different medicinal parts of M. alba were established. The numbers of common peaks obtained in the fingerprints of Mori Cortex, Mori Ramulus, Mori folium, and Mori Fructus were 10, 11, 12, and 8, respectively. Ten characteristic peaks were identified by comparison with the reference substances and accurate molecular weights determined by UPLC-Q-TOF/MS. Mori Cortex and Mori Ramulus both had mulberroside A, oxyresveratrol, kuwanon G, and morusin. Rutin and isoquercitrin were detected in both Mori folium and Mori Fructus. CONCLUSION: The method is stable, reliable, and repeatable. The composition profiles of different medicinal parts are established, which provides a scientific basis for the quality control of M. alba.

11.
International Eye Science ; (12): 587-591, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-731337

ABSTRACT

@#AIM:To investigate the relationship of matrix metalloproteinase-2(MMP-2)and transforming growth factor-beta 2(TGF-β2)levels in human vitreous with axial length(AL)of patients with high myopia.<p>METHODS: The concentrations of MMP-2 and TGF-β2 levels were tested by Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbnent Assay(ELISA). Fifty-five human vitreous samples of 55 patients were collected during vitrectomy surgery, and were divided into two groups according to their spherical equivalent(SE)and axial length(AL). High myopia group(25 cases): SE>-6.00D, AL≥26.00mm, and control group or non-high myopia group(30 cases): SE≤-6.00D, AL<26.00mm.<p>RESULTS: The MMP-2 levels in vitreous of high myopia group(96.87±55.95ng/mL)was significantly higher than that of control group(77.24±41.81ng/mL, <i>P</i><0.05), but not correlated with AL(<i>r</i>=0.088, <i>P</i>=0.544). While the TGF-β2 vitreous concentration was negatively correlated with AL(<i>r</i>=-0.344, <i>P</i>=0.014), and there was significant difference of TGF-β2 vitreous levels between high myopia group(3729.08±1890.88pg/mL)and control group(3926.00±1333.88pg/mL, <i>P</i><0.05).<p>CONCLUSION: MMP-2 and TGF-β2 in human vitreous may play a critical role in human high myopia development, and the TGF-β2 appears to be associated with axial length.

12.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1914-1918, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-338829

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Coronary intervention therapy is the main treatment for uremic patients with coronary heart disease. The studies on whether dialysis reduces the efficacy of dual antiplatelet drugs are limited. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of dialysis on antiplatelet drugs in uremic patients with coronary heart disease.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>This study included 26 uremic patients who had undergone percutaneous coronary intervention in China-Japan Friendship Hospital from November 2015 to May 2017. We examined their thromboelastography results before and after hemodialysis. Self-paired t-tests were employed to analyze changes in the inhibition rate of platelet aggregation.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The mean inhibition rates of arachidonic acid-induced platelet aggregation before and after hemodialysis were 82.56 ± 2.79% and 86.42 ± 3.32%, respectively (t= -1.278, P= 0.213). The mean inhibition rates of adenosine diphosphate-induced platelet aggregation before and after hemodialysis were 67.87 ± 5.10% and 61.94 ± 5.90%, respectively (t = 1.425, P= 0.167). There was no significant difference in the inhibition rates of platelet aggregation before or after hemodialysis. These results also applied to patients with different sensitivity to aspirin and clopidogrel.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Dialysis did not affect the antiplatelet effects of aspirin and clopidogrel in uremic patients with coronary heart disease.</p>

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-664878

ABSTRACT

Pulmonary adenofibroma is an extremely rare benign primary tumor of the lung,with characteristic bi-phasic differential pattern.They are usually sub-pleural solid pulmonary nodules with clear margins.The tumor is composed of glands and peri-gland stroma.The glands are often quite simple,forming long and narrow tubules,with uniformly monolayer lining cells.Combined papillary or phyllodes structures were reported in some cases.The stromal cells are spindle-shaped and look mild,mixed with the collagen bands.Up till now,only a few cases of pulmonary adenofibroma have been reported all over the world.And because of the limited recognition,this tumor is easily misinterpreted as malignancy in frozen section or biopsy specimens.We reported a new case of pulmonary adenofibroma.The mass peripherally located in the left lobe of the lung,found by chance in a 74-year-old woman.The patient underwent a wedge resection of the left lung by the thoracoscope,because of the slowly gradual enlargement of the mass annually.An oval grayish-white nodule was sub-pleural located in the specimen,with solid and rubbery texture,but without a distinct capsule.Two distinct components of simple glands and mild spindle cell stroma were found to mix together uniformly under the microscope.Collagen bands of various widths evenly surrounded each stromal cell.A few small coarse papillae or phyllodes structures were randomly distributed in some area.The immunohistochemical staining pattern of the glandular cells was accordant with type Ⅱ alveolar epithelium.Stromal cells were positive with CD34,B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2),CD99and estrogen receptor (ER),while S-100,smooth muscle actin (SMA) and all the mesothelium markers were negative.The patient was disease free after the surgery,although the follow-up time was only one year.Besides the new case above,we also reviewed all the reported cases,and tentatively discussed the probable histological origin of pulmonary adenofibroma.

14.
Natural Product Sciences ; : 187-192, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-192319

ABSTRACT

The goal of this study was to determine whether gypenosides (GPS) exert protective effects against dopaminergic neuronal cell death in a 6-hydroxydopamine (OHDA)-lesioned rat model of Parkinson's disease (PD) with or without long-term 3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (L-DOPA) treatment. Rats were injected with 6-OHDA in the substantia nigra to induce PD-like symptoms; 14 days after injection, groups of 6-OHDA-lesioned animals were treated for 21 days with GPS (25 or 50 mg/kg) and/or L-DOPA (20 mg/kg). Dopaminergic neuronal cell death was assessed by counting tyrosine hydroxylase (TH)-immunopositive cells in the substantia nigra and measuring levels of dopamine, norepinephrine, 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC), and homovanillic acid (HVA) in the striatum. Dopaminergic neuronal cell death induced by 6-OHDA lesions was ameliorated by GPS treatment (50 mg/kg). L-DOPA treatment exacerbated 6-OHDA-induced dopaminergic neuronal cell death; however, these effects were partially reversed by GPS treatment (25 and 50 mg/kg). These results suggest that GPS treatment is protective against dopaminergic neuronal cell death in a 6-OHDA-lesioned rat model of PD with long-term L-DOPA treatment. Therefore, GPS may be useful as a phytotherapeutic agent for the treatment of PD.


Subject(s)
3,4-Dihydroxyphenylacetic Acid , Animals , Cell Death , Dihydroxyphenylalanine , Dopamine , Dopaminergic Neurons , Homovanillic Acid , Levodopa , Models, Animal , Norepinephrine , Oxidopamine , Parkinson Disease , Rats , Substantia Nigra , Tyrosine 3-Monooxygenase
15.
Natural Product Sciences ; : 246-251, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-146021

ABSTRACT

This study investigated the effects of (−)-sesamin on memory deficits in 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP)-lesioned mouse model of Parkinson's disease (PD). MPTP lesion (30 mg/kg/day, 5 days) in mice showed memory deficits including habit learning memory and spatial memory. However, treatment with (−)-sesamin (25 and 50 mg/kg) for 21 days ameliorated memory deficits in MPTP-lesioned mouse model of PD: (−)-sesamin at both doses improved decreases in the retention latency time of the passive avoidance test and the levels of dopamine, norepinephrine, 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid, and homovanillic acid, improved the decreased transfer latency time of the elevated plus-maze test, reduced the increased expression of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor, and increased the reduced phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK1/2) and cyclic AMP-response element binding protein (CREB). These results suggest that (−)-sesamin has protective effects on both habit learning memory and spatial memory deficits via the dopaminergic neurons and NMDA receptor-ERK1/2-CREB system in MPTP-lesioned mouse model of PD, respectively. Therefore, (−)-sesamin may serve as an adjuvant phytonutrient for memory deficits in PD patients.


Subject(s)
1-Methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine , 3,4-Dihydroxyphenylacetic Acid , Animals , Carrier Proteins , Dopamine , Dopaminergic Neurons , Homovanillic Acid , Humans , Learning , Memory Disorders , Memory , Mice , N-Methylaspartate , Norepinephrine , Parkinson Disease , Phosphorylation , Phosphotransferases , Spatial Memory
16.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1187-1189, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-638815

ABSTRACT

The rate of blinding caused by high myopic maculopathy is high, vitrectomy is the most common treatment. However, the effectiveness of vitrectomy for high myopic patients who have serious posterior scleral staphyloma is not ideal. Recent years, posterior scleral reinforcement is used as a supplementary method with vitrectomy in clinical, treating for high myopic maculopathy. lt achieves a positive curative effect especially in macular foveoschisis and macular hole cases. ln this article, we introduced a review of history, current situation, material and surgery operand of scleral reinforcement. lt also makes a further discussion of its prospects used in retina surgery.

17.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 248-252, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-275067

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the effects of soluble epoxide hydrolase inhibitor t-AUCB on foam cell formation and cholesterol efflux in macrophage.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Mouse macrophages RAW264.7 were cultured and stimulated with ox-LDL (80 µmol/L) in the absence (group A) or presence of t-AUCB (1, 10, 50, 100 µmol/L, group B) or t-AUCB (100 µmol/L) pretreated with PPARγ antagonist GW9662 (5 µmol/L, group C). The foam cell was identified by oil red O staining. The cholesterol efflux rates of (3)H-cholesterol in cells were measured by liquid scintillation counter. mRNA and protein expressions of ABCA1 were detected by real-time PCR or Western blot, respectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Oil red O staining showed that t-AUCB (100 µmol/L) significantly inhibited foam cell formation which could be significantly reversed by GW9662 (all P < 0.05). t-AUCB dose-dependently increased cholesterol efflux rates in mouse macrophage [(5.91 ± 0.18)% in group A, (7.03 ± 0.33)%, (8.05 ± 0.32)%, (9.04 ± 0.14)%, (10.06 ± 0.85)% in 1, 10, 50, 100 µmol/L t-AUCB groups, all P < 0.05 vs. group A], which could be reversed by pretreatment with GW9662 [(6.33 ± 0.15)% in 100 µmol/L t-AUCB + GW9662 group].t-AUCB also upregulated ABCA1 mRNA and protein expressions in a dose-dependent manner which could be significantly attenuated by pretreatment with GW9662.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>t-AUCB could inhibit foam cell formation by improving cholesterol efflux through activating PPARγ-ABCA1 pathway in macrophage.</p>


Subject(s)
ATP Binding Cassette Transporter 1 , ATP-Binding Cassette Transporters , Metabolism , Animals , Benzoates , Pharmacology , Cell Differentiation , Cell Line , Cholesterol , Metabolism , Enzyme Inhibitors , Pharmacology , Epoxide Hydrolases , Foam Cells , Macrophages , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Mice , PPAR gamma , Metabolism , Urea , Pharmacology
18.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1101-1104, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-241174

ABSTRACT

Objective Using Intelligence Scale of Mini Mental State Estimated (MMSE) as the gold standard to determine the relevance of International HIV-associated Dementia Scale (IHDS)in minority ethnic areas in Guangxi populations with different cultural values.Corresponding boundary value related to the authenticity and reliability on IHDS were also evaluated.Methods 200 patients with HIV infection were randomly selected from the minority ethnic groups in Guangxi.For each infected person,MMSE and IHDS blind scale were tested at the same period.Using the results from MMSE scale test as the gold standard,ROC curve and IHDS scale in Guangxi minority populations with different education levels which related to the diagnosis of dementia-HIV values were determined.The value of a specific sector under the IHDS sensitivity,specificity,and internal consistency coefficients was also evaluated.Results When considering the infected person did not differ on their educational level,the IHDS scale diagnostic cutoff appeared as 8.25,while 1HDS sensitivity as 0.925,specificity as 0.731 and Kappa as 0.477 (P<0.001).When considering the extent of cultural differences did influence the prevalence of infection,the different education groups showed different IHDS diagnostic cutoff values.People with high school,secondary school or higher education levels,the IHDS diagnosis appeared to be 8.25,when sensitivity was 0.917,specificity was 0.895 and Kappa was 0.722 (P<0.001).People with only primary education level,the IHDS appeared to be 7.25.When sensitivity was 0.875,specificity was 0.661 and Kappa was 0.372 (P<0.001).Conclusion The IHDS diagnostic sector in Guangxi minority groups was lower than the internationally recommended level of diagnostic cutoff value (IHDS≤ 10 points).When using IHDS to perform the HIV related dementia screening program,in the minority areas of Guangxi,culture context,the degree and difference of HIV infection should be considered,especially in using IHDS diagnostic cutoff values.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-840761

ABSTRACT

Objective: To summarize the major ultrasonic manifestations of various hepatic vascular anomaly(HVA), so as to improve the ultrasonic diagnosis rate of HVA. Methods: The chief complaints, timing and mode of ultrasonic diagnosis of 18 patients with congenital HVA or post-liver transplantation HVA were retrospectively analyzed. Six of the 18 patients were subjected to detailed analysis. The major ultrasonic manifestations of various HVA were observed and experience of ultrasonic diagnosis was summarized. Results: The major vascular abnormalities in our group included hepatic vascular fistula (including fistulas between artery and vein, artery and portal vein, portal vein and hepatic vein, also a complex fistula among artery, portal vein and hepatic vein), portal aneurysm, congenital portal atresia and portal vein cavernous transformation; among which the portal atresia and the complex hepatic fistula involving hepatic artery, hepatic vein and portal vein were rarely described in the literature. Color Doppler ultrasound was the first choice for detection and diagnosis of HVA; contrast-enhanced ultrasound was sensitive and specific in diagnosis of all vascular fistulas due to its ability to display homodynamic phase. Conclusion: The wide application of Doppler and contrast-enhanced ultrasound examination improves the detection and diagnosis of HVA; diagnosis should be made based on scientific diagnosis mode and precise diagnosis planning.

20.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2688-2694, 2010.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-285763

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Previous discovery that long-term administration of pentoxifylline (PTX) to mice chronically exposed to smoke led to the development of pulmonary fibrosis rather than emphysema initiated our curiosity on whether the Wnt/β-catenin pathway, a set of signaling proteins essential to organ development and lung morphogenesis in particular were activated in the pathogenesis of pulmonary fibrosis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Male BALB/c mice were randomized into four study groups: Group Sm, smoke exposure and taken regular forage; Group PTX, no smoke but taken PTX-rich forage; Group Sm + PTX, smoke exposure and taken PTX-rich forage; Group control: shamed smoke exposure and taken regular forage. Animals were sacrificed at day 120. Morphometry of the lung sections and the expressions of TGF-β(1), hydroxyproline, β-catenin, cyclin D1, T cell factor 1 (Tcf-1) and lymphoid enhancer factor 1 (Lef-1) mRNA, etc, in the lung homogenate or in situ were qualitatively or quantitatively analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>As expected, smoke exposure along with PTX administration for 120 days, lungs of the mice progressed to be a fibrosis-like phenotype, with elevated fibrosis score (3.9 ± 1.1 vs. 1.7 ± 0.6 in Group Sm, P < 0.05). TGF-β(1) (pg/g) (1452.4 ± 465.7 vs. 818.9 ± 202.8 in Group Sm, P < 0.05) and hydroxyproline (mg/g) (5.6 ± 0.6, vs. 2.4 ± 0.1 in Group Sm, P < 0.05) were also consistently increased. The upregulation of β-catenin measured either by counting the cell with positive staining in microscopic field (17.4 ± 7.9 vs. 9.9 ± 2.9 in Group Sm, P < 0.05) or by estimation of the proportion of blue-stained area by Masson's trichrome (11.8 ± 5.6 vs. 4.7 ± 2.4 in Group Sm) in Group SM + PTX was much more noticeable as than those in Group Sm. The expression of β-catenin measured by positive cell counts was correlated to TGF-β(1) concentration in lung tissue (r = 0.758, P < 0.001). PTX per se caused neither fibrosis nor emphysema though expression of β-catenin and downstream gene cyclin D(1) may also be altered by this medication.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>PTX mediated transformation of pulmonary emphysema into pulmonary fibrosis under chronic cigarette smoke exposure is associated with upregulation of β-catenin and elevation of TGF-β(1), implying that activation of Wnt/β-catenin signaling may be involved in the pathogenesis of pulmonary fibrosis.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Blotting, Western , Female , Immunohistochemistry , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Pentoxifylline , Pharmacology , Pulmonary Emphysema , Metabolism , Pulmonary Fibrosis , Metabolism , Random Allocation , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Signal Transduction , Genetics , Tobacco Smoke Pollution , Transforming Growth Factor beta1 , Metabolism , Wnt Proteins , Metabolism , beta Catenin , Metabolism
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