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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013493

ABSTRACT

@#The World Health Organization (WHO) released the “Global report on hypertension” on September 19, 2023. This report systematically summarizes the prevalence, mortality, diagnosis and treatment of hypertension in various countries, and elucidates the current situation of hypertension management, and gives a series of suggestions on how to manage hypertension, providing new thinking and inspiration for countries to optimize hypertension management. Through the summary of relevant studies and reports, this paper further reviews the present situation, early identification and management of hypertension.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009273

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To present on a prenatally diagnosed case with complex structural rearrangements of chromosome 8.@*METHODS@#Chromosome karyotyping, chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA) and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) were carried out for a fetus with increased nuchal thickness.@*RESULTS@#The karyotype of the amniotic fluid sample showed extra materials on 8p. FISH revealed a centromeric signal at the terminal of 8p with absence of telomeric signal. CMA revealed partial deletion of 8p23.3 [(208049_2256732)×1], partial duplication of 8p23.3p23.2 [(2259519_3016818)×3], and partial duplication of 8q [8q11.1q12.2(45951900_60989083)×3].@*CONCLUSION@#The complex structural rearrangements of chromosome 8 in this case has differed from the commonly seen inv dup del(8p).


Subject(s)
Female , Pregnancy , Humans , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 8/genetics , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Gene Rearrangement , Prenatal Diagnosis , Centromere
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014843

ABSTRACT

AIM: To explore the effects of inflammatory conditions on the pharmacokinetics of methotrexate (MTX) and its related mechanisms. METHODS: The model of adjuvant induced arthritis (AIA) was established. The expression of organic anion transporter 3 (OAT3) in kidney was detected by immunohistochemistry, Western blotting and QPCR. The plasma concentration of MTX was detected by LC-MS/MS, and the pharmacokinetics of MTX after different administration time were compared by isolated rat kidney perfusion, kidney slices, in vitro cell uptake and transport experiments. RESULTS: The expression of OAT3 was significantly increased in the kidneys of AIA rats by immunohistochemistry, Western blotting and QPCR. At the same time, the concentration of MTX was detected by the optimized LC-MS/MS. The results showed that the uptake of MTX in the kidney slices of AIA rats was significantly increased, and Pro could reduce the excretion of MTX by inhibiting OAT3. Furthermore, it was demonstrated in vitro that inflammatory pathology can promote renal excretion of MTX by increasing the expression and functional activity of OAT3.CONCLUSION: Under inflammatory pathological conditions, it can increase the expression of OAT3 in the kidney, enhance its functional activity, accelerate the uptake of MTX by the kidney, and promote the excretion of MTX.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954536

ABSTRACT

Objective:To introduce how to quickly set up a doctor team to achieve efficient treatment of batchs COVID-19 patients in Changchun GongTi shelter hospital.Methods:A cross-sectional study was conducted to analyze the basic situation of the doctors who supported the Changchun Gongti shelter hospital. The workload is the total number of patients from April 3 to 28, 2022. At the beginning of the task, the first week and the third week of the task, the five point scoring method was used to reflect the doctor's physical and mental state, stress state and rescue achievement. The time phased scheduling and disease grading management were fully implemented after 10 days of operation in the shelter. The doctors' ward round efficiency and self scoring changes before and after the implementation of the plan were compared, and the rescue results were summarized.Results:Total of 56 doctors (the Sichuan medical assistance team to Changchun), who undertook the work of Changchun Gongti shelter Hospital, came from 12 professional departments of 14 hospitals. By internal and external linkage-time phased scheduling and information-based patient zoning and grading management, the admission time of batch patients was shortened from (14.64±10.09) min to (6.80±5.10) min per person( P<0.05), the number of patients that each doctor can view per hour ranges from (28.50±12.26) to (68.43±19.95) ( P<0.01). A total of 1 293 patients were treated. There were no deaths, no accidents and no mild illness to severe illness in shelter hospital. 35 doctors completed a continuous survey. Before and after the implementation of those measures, the average physical state scores and the psychological state scores of doctors improved ( P=0.03), the self-score of stress feeling decreased ( P<0.01), and the self-score of professional achievement increased ( P<0.01). Conclusions:To adapt to the characteristics of emergency treatment for batch COVID-19 patients, the internal and external linkage-time phased scheduling and information-based patient zoning and grading management could help the temporarily convened doctors deal with a large number of patients efficiently, reduce work stress and exposure risk in shelter hospital.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-953536

ABSTRACT

@#The Medical Administration and Hospital Administration of the National Health Commission released the "2021 China Chest Pain Center Quality Control Report" in January 2022. This report analyzes the construction ratio of chest pain centers in the second-level and above medical institutions nationwide in 2021 and the construction of standard and basic chest pain centers, mainly from the way of coming to the hospital, symptom onset to first medical contact time, door to wire time, reperfusion therapy ratio, in-hospital mortality, proportion of discharges with medication recommended by the guidelines and average length and cost of hospital stay of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction patients to comprehensively describe the current status of the construction of the national chest pain centers. This article interprets the report in detail by reviewing relevant literature.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934394

ABSTRACT

Objective:To develop a self-made plasma quality control material for non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT) and evaluate its performance.Methods:139 NIPT-negative maternal plasmas stored in the genetic department of Shaoxing maternal and child health hospital from January 1, 2019 to June 30, 2021 were divided into male groups (19 cases) and female groups (120 cases) according to the neonatal gender. 9360 cases from September 2020 to September 2021 were enrolled as clinical validation cases.First step, 200 μl plasma from a 47 years-old non-pregnant healthy women was used as a matrix. Different amounts (0.1, 0.2, 0.5, 2.5, and 5 μl) of positive DNA from fetal chromosome aneuploidy (T21, T18, T13) detection kit were added. The appropriate volume of positive DNA was 0.5 μl according to the test results. Second step,Plasma in male and female group was treated as matrix. 0.5 μl positive DNA was added per 205 μl. Plasma matrix from female group showed good repeatability and the sensitivity was 100%.Third step, evaluate the self-made plasma quality control material, including storage stability, matrix uniformity and repeatability, and the effect of different batch numbers of positive DNA, by calculating Z score and the CV of fetal DNA concentration (FF).Results:Plasma matrix from female group showed good repeatability and the sensitivity was 100%, while the sensitivity of male group was only 84%. The CV of FF in female matrix was 3.9% in the repetitive experiments. After adding 0.5 μl positive DNA, the mean FF of self-made positive plasma quality control was 5.63%±0.42%, Z values>6, and the CV was 7% after storage of three months. Considering the concentration variation of positive DNA in different lots, 1 μl of positive DNA should be added when the FF of positive DNA is lower than 10%.Used in 9360 clinical cases from September 2020 to September 2021, all positive plasma quality control materials showed positive results, and the positive predictive value of trisomy 21 was 100%.Conclusions:The NIPT self-made positive plasma quality control material has been successfully developed in this study. The preliminary experimental results show that it has good repeatability and stability, which is suitable for clinical application.

7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939855

ABSTRACT

Tumor volume increases continuously in the advanced stage, and aside from the self-renewal of tumor cells, whether the oncogenic transformation of surrounding normal cells is involved in this process is currently unclear. Here, we show that oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC)-derived small extracellular vesicles (sEVs) promote the proliferation, migration, invasion, and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of normal epithelial cells but delay their apoptosis. In addition, nuclear-cytoplasmic invaginations and multiple nucleoli are observed in sEV-treated normal cells, both of which are typical characteristics of premalignant lesions of OSCC. Mechanistically, miR-let-7c in OSCC-derived sEVs is transferred to normal epithelial cells, leading to the transcriptional inhibition of p53 and inactivation of the p53/PTEN pathway. In summary, we demonstrate that OSCC-derived sEVs promote the precancerous transformation of normal epithelial cells, in which the miR-let-7c/p53/PTEN pathway plays an important role. Our findings reveal that cancer cells can corrupt normal epithelial cells through sEVs, which provides new insight into the progression of OSCC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Cell Transformation, Neoplastic , Down-Regulation , Epithelial Cells/metabolism , Extracellular Vesicles/pathology , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Mouth Neoplasms/pathology , PTEN Phosphohydrolase/metabolism , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53/metabolism
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928405

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To carry out genetic testing for a patient with 45,X/46,XY mosaicism and autism spectrum disorder (ASD).@*METHODS@#Peripheral blood samples of the patient and his parents were collected for the extraction of genomic DNA. Trio-based whole exome sequencing and Sanger sequencing were carried out thereafter.@*RESULTS@#The proband and his father were found to harbor a heterozygous c.4781G>A (p.Arg1594Gln) variant of the CACNA1I gene. In addition, the proband was also found to harbor a de novo c.268C>T (p.Arg90Trp) missense variant of the MTRR gene. Based on guidelines of the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG), the c.4781G>A (p.Arg1594Gln) variant of the CACNA1I gene was predicted to be pathogenic (PVS1, PM1, PM2, PP3), while the c.268C>T (p.Arg90Trp) variant of the MTRR gene was predicted to be of uncertain significance.@*CONCLUSION@#Variants of the CACNA1I and MTRR genes, together with the chromosomal mosaicism, may have predisposed to the susceptibility to the ASD in this patient.


Subject(s)
Humans , Autism Spectrum Disorder/genetics , Genomics , Heterozygote , Mosaicism , Exome Sequencing
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928366

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To report on a case of mosaicism 13q inversion duplication, analyze its mechanism, and discuss the correlation between its genotype and phenotype.@*METHODS@#Amniotic fluid and umbilical cord blood were collected at 23 and 32 weeks of gestation, respectively. Combined with G-banding chromosome karyotyping analysis, single nucleotide polymorphism array (SNP-array) and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) were used to confirm the result.@*RESULTS@#The karyotype of the fetus was determined as 47,XY,+inv dup(13)(q14.3q34)/46,XY. After careful counseling, the couple decided to continue with the pregnancy, and had given birth to a boy at 40 weeks' gestation. Except for a red plaque (hemangioma) on the nose bridge, no obvious abnormality (intelligence to be evaluated) was discovered.@*CONCLUSION@#To provide reference for clinical genetic counseling and risk assessment, the location and proportion of new centromere formation should be fully considered in the case of mosaicism 13q inversion duplication.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Pregnancy , Amniocentesis , Chromosome Inversion/genetics , Comparative Genomic Hybridization , Fetus , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Mosaicism , Prenatal Diagnosis
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879567

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To delineate the origin and structure of 3 cases of small supernumerary marker chromosomes (sSMCs) through cytogenetic and molecular genetic analysis.@*METHODS@#Conventional G, C and N banding were carried out to analyze the chromosomal karyotypes. Chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA) and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) were used to delineate the origin and structure of the sSMCs.@*RESULTS@#In case 1, chromosomal karyotype of peripheral blood sample was 47,XY,+mar. This de novo sSMC was a dual-satellited dicentric inverted duplicated marker chromosome, for which CMA yielded a normal result. It was predicted to not increase the risk of offspring. In case 2, the fetal chromosomal karyotype was 47,XY,+mar[17]/46,XY[33]. Chromosomal banding suggested that this de novo segment contained euchromatin, and the result of CMA was arr[hg19] 5p12q11.1(45 694 574-49 475 697) × 3. FISH showed the sSMC to be a fragment derived from 5p12 containing the HCN1 gene. Case 3 was found to have a fetal karyotype of 45,XY,-13[25]/46,XY,r(13)[18]/46,XY,-13,+mar[7]. Both parents had refused further examination.@*CONCLUSION@#Conventional chromosomal banding combined with molecular methods can delineate the origin and structure of the sSMCs, which can help with prediction of their pathogenicity and facilitate genetic counseling.


Subject(s)
Humans , Chromosome Banding , Chromosome Disorders , Cytogenetics , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Karyotyping
11.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 1835-1852, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888837

ABSTRACT

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disease and is mainly characterized by abnormal proliferation of fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS). The up-regulated cellular membrane expression of G protein coupled receptor kinase 2 (GRK2) of FLS plays a critical role in RA progression, the increase of GRK2 translocation activity promotes dysfunctional prostaglandin E4 receptor (EP4) signaling and FLS abnormal proliferation. Recently, although our group found that paeoniflorin-6'-

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826462

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the value of BACs-on-Beads (BoBs) for the practice of prenatal diagnosis.@*METHODS@#The results of chromosomal karyotyping and BoBs of 1773 prenatal samples were compared. Microdeletions and microduplications detected by BoBs were subjected to chromosome microarray analysis (CMA) with informed consent from patients.@*RESULTS@#BoBs has detected 46 cases of common aneuploidies involving chromosomes 13, 18, and 21, and 16 cases involving X and Y chromosomes. For 4 fetuses with normal results by BoBs, karyotyping analysis of amniotic fluid sample suggested low percentage mosaicisms (< 20%). BoBs has detected none of the 9 common microdeletions, but 14 male fetuses with Xp22 microdeletions and 5 with other microdeletions/microduplications. In 10 cases, the couples had chosen CMA verification, and the results were all consistent.@*CONCLUSION@#As a rapid diagnostic technique, BoBs has a high accuracy for common aneuploidies, and is capable of discovering certain chromosome microdeletions and microduplications. The difficulty lies in the inability to detect low proportion mosaicisms and the consultation following detection for male fetuses carrying Xp22 microdeletions.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-693804

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of intervention of E-cadherin (E-cad) and B-lymphoma Moloney murine leukemia virus insertion region-1 (Bmi-1) mediated by transcription activator-like effector nuclease (TALEN) on the biological behaviors ofnasopharyngeal carcinoma cells.Methods:Multi-locus gene targeting vectors pUC-DS1-CMV-E-cad-2A-Neo-DS2 and pUC-DS1-Bmi-1 shRNA-Zeo-DS2 were constructed,and the E-cad and Bmi-1 targeting vectors were transferred with TALEN plasmids to CNE-2 cells individually or simultaneously.The integration of target genes were detected by PCR,the expressions of E-cad and Bmi-1 were detected by Western blot.The changes of cell proliferation were detected by cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assay.T-he cell cycle and apoptosis were detected by flow cytometry.The cell migration and invasion were detected by Transwell assay.Results:The E-cad and Bmi-1 shRNA expression elements were successfully integrated into the genome of CNE-2 cells,the protein expression level of E-cad was up-regulated,and the protein expression level of Bmi-1 was down-regulated.The intervention of E-cad and Bmi-1 didn't affect the proliferation,cell cycle and apoptosis of CNE-2 cells,but it significantly inhibited the migration and invasion ability of CNE-2 cells.Furthermore,the intervention of E-cad and Bmi-1 together significantly inhibited the migration ability of nasopharyngeal carcinoma cells compared with the intervention of E-cad or Bmi-1 alone (all P<0.01).Conclusion:The joint intervention of E-cad and Bmi-1 mediated by TALEN can effectively inhibit the migration and invasion of nasopharyngeal carcinoma cells in vitro,which may lay the preliminary experimental basis for gene therapy of human cancer.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-515264

ABSTRACT

Objective · To identify broad-spectrum bacteriophages against extensively drug-resistant Klebsiella pneumonia and analyze their characteristics by biological and genomic methods. Methods · Multi-drug resistant Klebsiella pneumonia strains collected from a hospital were used as host bacteria to isolate and purify broad-spectrum phages in the wastewater at the same hospital area. The size and shape of phages were observed by transmission electron microscope. Titer, host range, pH stability and thermal stability were measured. Moreover, the DNA extracted from the phage SH-Kp152234 was sequenced and analyzed. Results · One strain of bacteriophage against Klebsiella pneumonia was isolated and named as SH-Kp152234. The electron microscope revealed it belongs to Podoviridae family. Moreover, genome of SH-Kp152234 showed to be a linear double-stranded DNA of 40578 bp with the GC content of 52.85%. It was predicted to have 49 open reading frames with related known functions.Conclusion · SH-Kp152234, with a broad host range and a short latent period, which could exert its activity in a wide range of temperature and pH, is a promising candidate to be exploited in the treatment of multiple drug-resistant Klebsiella pneumonia.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-666838

ABSTRACT

Cognitive dysfunction,as a common symptom among patients with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) and patients with fibromyalgia(FM),impacts on life quality,occupation and study of these patients.However,the neural correlates to the cognitive impairment are unknown.Event related potentials,which reflect the information processing objectively and constantly,provide possibility for taking a insight into and estimating the dysfunction.By summarizing and analyzing studies in event related potentials about chronic fatigue syndrome,fibromyalgia,we found that CFS patients were characterized with prolonged latency of N200 and P300 accompanied by decreased P300 amplitude when they performed on Oddball paradigm,fibromyalgia patients were characterized with lower P300 amplitude when they concentrated on Oddball task,meanwhile,fibromyalgia patients also showed decreased P100/N100,P200,P300,LPC in emotional word decision task and somatic pictures decision task.It's suggests that the cognitive dysfunction in CFS is mainly caused by slowed speed of information identification and classification,whereas in FM it's dysregulation in attention control system results in the cognitive dysfunction.Limitations in current studies and prospects on researches about cognitive dysfunction in CFS for future were also discussed.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-711991

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the value of two dimentional colour Doppler flow image (2D-CDFI) combined with three-dimensional color power angiography (3D-CPA) in diagnosis of placenta accreta.Methods A total of 43 pregnant women at risk of placenta accreta selected from September 2010 to August 2015 were enrolled,and underwent 2D-CDFI and 3D-CPA to scan entire placenta.Taking the results of clinical outcome and delivery pathology of the placenta as standard,the ultrasound characteristics of 2D-CDFI and 3D-CPA were analyzed.Results Taking the results of clinical outcome and delivery pathology of the placenta as standard,24 were proved with placenta increta,3 patients with adherent placenta,2 patients with placenta percreta,14 patients with no placenta implantation.Out of 43 cases,29 cases displayed the placental thickening and rich blood vessels in placenta,and at interface of placenta and bladder wall in 2D-CDFI.For 2D-CDFI,19 cases were correctly diagnosed with placenta accrete,while 6 cases were mis-diagnosed and 4 cases missed diagnosed,the diagnosis coincidence rate by 2D-CDFI was 65.5% (19/29).The ultrasound characteristics displayed irregular arranged myometrial arcuate artery,rich blood vessels at interface of placenta and bladder wall in 3D-CPA.For 3D-CPA,23 cases were correctly diagnosed with placenta accrete,3 cases were misdiagnosed,the diagnosis coincidence rate by 3D-CPA was 79.3% (23/29).For 3D-CPA combined 2D-CDFI,1 case missed diagnosed,the diagnosis coincidence rate by combination 2D-CDFI with 3D-CPA was 96.6% (28/29).Conclusions Placenta accrete can all be prenatally diagnosed by characteristic ultrasonic features of 2D-CDFI and 3D-CPA.But 3D-CPA can clearly display the range of placenta accrete lesions and the depth of the blood vessels diffused,has more advantage than two-gray scale ultrasound and 2D-CDFI and has broad application in clinic.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-491270

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the feasibility of macrophages as cell carriers to deliver floate modified oxygen loaded ultrasound contrast agent . Methods The phagocytic activity of macrophages was analyzed by ink phagocytose test , and the expression of folate recepters ( FRs ) on macrophages cell membrane surface was tested by immunofluofluorescence assay . Oxygen/paclitaxel loaded lipid microbubbles( OPLMB) and folate‐targeted OPLMB ( TOPLMB) were synthesized by mechanical shock method and incubated with macrophages in vitro . According to different treatment conditions ,the cells were divided into three groups:group A ( OPLMB) ,group B ( free folic acid + TOPLMB) and group C ( TOPLMB) , the fluorescence intensity of the cells were observed under fluorescence microscope ,and the phagocytic percentage and the phagocytic index of macrophages uptake OPLMB and TOPLMB were observed by bright field microscope . Results The phagocytic percentage of macrophages phagocytose ink was (99 .3 ± 1 .0)% ,FRs was highly expressed on macrophages cultured in vitro . After incubation for 30 minutes ,the fluorescence intensity of group C was significantly higher than those of A and B ,the phagocytic percentage in three groups were (19 .5 ± 0 .2)% ,(21 .0 ± 0 .2)% and (81 .2 ± 10 .0)% respetively . The phagocytic percentage of group C were significantly higher than those in group A and group B ( P <0 .05) . Conclusions Macrophages cultured in vitro possess highly phagocytic activity and these cells highly express FRs ,and can be used as cell carriers to deliver floate modified oxygen loaded multimodality ultrasound contrast agent .

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-247649

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To determine the origin of two prenatally detected small supernumerary marker chromosomes (sSMCs).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The sSMCs were analyzed with combined G-banding, C-banding, fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), and single nucleotide polymorphisms array (SNP-array) techniques.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In case 1, G-banding analysis has identified a 47,XY,+mar karyotype. Affymetrix CytoScan 750K Array scan has suggested arr 15q11.2q12(22 770 421-26 604 587)?, while FISH analysis suggested 47,XN,+mar.ish i(15)(q12)(D15Z1+,SNRPN++,PML-). In case 2, G-banding analysis has suggested 46,X,+mar/46,XY, FISH analysis showed two SRY hybridization signals, indicating 46,X,i(Y)(p10)/46,XY.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Multiple techniques needed be applied for verification of the origin of sSMCs identified in prenatal diagnosis.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Chromosome Aberrations , Chromosome Banding , Genetic Markers , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Karyotyping , Multiplex Polymerase Chain Reaction , Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Prenatal Diagnosis
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-618619

ABSTRACT

Objeetive:To screen the different extracts from Geranium strictipes with anticaries activity,and to study the effect of the active extract on the production of acid and polysaccharides of oral cariogenic bacteria.Methods:Chlorhexidine and Galla Chinensis were used as the positive controls.Tube double dilution method was used to study the extracts of Geranium strictipes on the growth of Streptococcus mutans (S.mutans) and Actinomyce viscosus (A.viscosus).First,the activity of 5 extracts fom Geranium strictipes against S.mutans,A.viscosus was detected.Their minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) were obtained.The effects of 4 lower concentrations(< MIC) of the active extract on the production of oral bacterial acid polysaccharides were examined.Results:The effect of n-butanol extraction part of Geranium strictipes was the strongest among all the extracts against the two kinds of bacteria in the inhibition of bacteria growth,bacterial acid production and polysaccharides production,but weaker than that of Chlorhexidine and Galla Chinensis.Conclusion:N-butanol extraction part of Geranium strictipes may be a natural and effective anti-caries agent.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-464198

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relaxant effects of ethanol extract fromRhodiola crenulata (Hook.f.et Thoms.) H.Ohba in isolated rat thoracic aorta and its possible mechanisms.MethodsThe thoracic aortas from male Sprague-Dawley rats were isolated and cut into 3- to 4-mm-wide transverse rings, and the tension in endothelium-intact or endothelium-denuded aortic rings was recorded. The relaxant effects of ethanol extract fromRhodiola crenulata in various concentrations (100, 300, 500, 700, 900, and 1 100 mg/L) in aortic rings precontracted with phenylephrine (1 μmol/L) were observed. The effects of pretreatment with soluble guanylyl cyclase inhibitor ODQ (10 μmol/L) on the relaxant effects of ethanol extract fromRhodiola crenulata were observed. The effects of ethanol extract fromRhodiola crenulataon calcium-induced contractions in calcium-free high-potassium medium and phenylephrine-induced contractions in calcium-free medium were also observed.ResultsEthanol extract fromRhodiola crenulatashowed a concentration-dependent relaxation in aortic rings precontracted with phenylephrine. The maximal relaxations of ethanol extract fromRhodiola crenulataln endothelium-intact or endothelium-denuded aortic rings were 57.4% ± 21.81% and 60.51% ± 0.34%, respectively, with a half-maximal effective concentration of 1 062.88 mg/L. The relaxant effects of ethanol extract fromRhodiola crenulatawere not statistically inhibited by pretreatment with ODQ (P>0.05). Contractions of aortic rings resulted from phenylephrine-induced Ca2+ release from intracellular stores in calcium-free medium or high potassium-induced influx of Ca2+ in calcium-free high-potassium medium were significantly inhibited by ethanol extract fromRhodiola crenulata(allP<0.05).ConclusionEthanol extract fromRhodiola crenulatahas a concentration-dependent vasorelaxation, its mechanisms may be involved in blocking extracellular Ca2+ influx and intracellular Ca2+ release.

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