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Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689438


The prevalence of joint diseases in Japan is increasing yearly and it causes the need of nursing care and reduces quality of life. Therefore, there is an urgent need for the development of approaches to prevent and treat the diseases. In the present study, we investigated the effective, healthy food material focusing on the metabolism of joint cartilage. Ampelopsis glandulosa (A. g. ) extract improved exacerbation of hyaluronic acid metabolism and NFκB nuclear translocation caused by inflammatory cytokines, and it suppressed the onset of collagen-induced arthritis in mice. Moreover, intake of the drink containing A. g. extract for three months improved discomfort, pain, and bending angle of knee joint in activities of daily living. These results suggest that A. g. extract improves hyaluronic acid metabolism of joint cartilage, and it is expected to prevent and improve joint disease by long-term intake of the drink containing A. g. extract.

Asian Spine Journal ; : 928-934, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-126906


STUDY DESIGN: Prospective comparative study. PURPOSE: To compare the incidence and severity of adverse reactions associated with myelography performed in outpatients vs. in inpatients and report the safety and usefulness of outpatient myelography in Japanese patients. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: Myelography is normally performed as an inpatient procedure in most hospitals in Japan. No studies have reported the usefulness and adverse effects of outpatient myelography in Japanese patients. METHODS: We performed 221 myelography procedures. Eighty-five of the 221 patients underwent outpatient myelography using our new protocol. The incidence and severity of adverse reactions were compared with the other 136 patients, who underwent conventional inpatient myelography. We further compared the cost of outpatient and inpatient myelography. RESULTS: The overall rate of adverse effects was 9.4% in outpatients, as compared with 7.4% in inpatients. Overall, 1.2% of outpatients and 0.74% inpatients experienced "severe" adverse effects (requiring hospitalization). There were no significant differences between the 2 groups in either the overall rate of adverse effects or the rate of "severe" adverse effects. Moreover, the average outpatient procedure cost was only one-third to one-half that of the inpatient procedure. CONCLUSIONS: This was the first study to address the safety and usefulness of outpatient myelography in Japanese patients. If selected according to proper inclusion criteria for outpatient procedure, no significant differences were observed in the adverse effects between inpatients and outpatients. The outpatient procedure is more economical and has the added benefit of being more convenient and time-efficient for the patient.

Asians , Health Care Costs , Humans , Incidence , Inpatients , Japan , Myelography , Outpatients , Prospective Studies
Asian Spine Journal ; : 835-839, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-152134


Thoracic ossification of the ligamentum flavum (T-OLF) is a relatively rare spinal disorder that generally requires surgical intervention, due to its progressive nature and the poor response to conservative therapy. The prevalence of OLF has been reported at 3.8%-26%, which is similar to that of cervical ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL). The progression of OPLL after cervical laminoplasty for the treatment of OPLL is often shown in long-term follow-up. However, there have been no reports on the progression of OLF following surgery. We report a case of thoracic myelopathy secondary to the progressive relapse of OLF following laminectomy.

Follow-Up Studies , Laminectomy , Ligamentum Flavum , Longitudinal Ligaments , Prevalence , Recurrence , Spinal Cord Diseases
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-218256


OBJECTIVE: To determine the safety and usefulness of a two-tiered approach to balloon-occluded retrograde transvenous obliteration (B-RTO) as a treatment for large gastric varices after portal hypertension. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 50 patients were studied who underwent B-RTO for gastric varices between October 2004 and October 2011 in our institution. The B-RTO procedure was performed from the right femoral vein and the B-RTO catheter was retained until the following morning. Distribution of sclerotic agents in the gastric varices on fluoroscopy was evaluated in all patients on days 1 and 2. When distribution of sclerotic agents in the gastric varices on day 1 had been none or very scanty even though the volume of the sclerotic agent infused was above the acceptable level, a second infusion was administered on day 2. When distribution was satisfactory, the B-RTO catheter was removed. RESULTS: In 8 (16%) patients, little or no sclerotic agent infused on day 1 was distributed in the gastric varices. However, on day 2, sclerotic agents were distributed in all gastric varices. Mean volume of ethanolamine oleate-iopamidol infused on day 1 was 24.6 mL and was 19.4 mL on day 2. Gastric varices were well obliterated with no recurrence. Complications caused by the sclerotic agent such as pulmonary edema or renal insufficiencies were not seen. CONCLUSION: When gastric varices are very large, a strategy involving thrombosis of only the drainage vein on the first day followed by infusing the sclerotic agent on the following day might be effective and feasible.

Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Balloon Occlusion/methods , Catheters, Indwelling , Collateral Circulation , Drug Administration Schedule , Esophageal and Gastric Varices/etiology , Female , Femoral Vein , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/etiology , Humans , Hypertension, Portal/complications , Iopamidol/administration & dosage , Male , Middle Aged , Oleic Acids/administration & dosage , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Sclerosing Solutions/administration & dosage , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 611-617, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-190358


PURPOSE: Thoracic dumbbell tumors are relatively rare, usually arising from neurogenic elements. Methods for surgical removal thereof remain controversial. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the surgical results of a single-stage posterior approach with laminectomy and costotransversectomy only for the management of thoracic dumbbell tumors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eight cases of thoracic large dumbbell tumor were analyzed retrospectively: seven men and one woman (mean age, 49 years). Pathologic findings included schwannoma in five patients, neurofibroma in two patients (Recklinghausen in one patient), and ganglioneuroma in one patient. All patients underwent single-stage removal of dumbbell tumors by a posterior approach followed by laminectomy and costotransversectomy combined with instrumentation. Clinical and radiologic outcomes were reviewed, thereafter. RESULTS: Operative time ranged from 185 to 420 minutes (mean, 313 minutes), with estimated blood loss ranging from 71 to 1830 mL (mean, 658 mL). Postoperative complications included atelectasis in one case. All patients had tumors successfully removed with no neurological deterioration. Spinal deformities were not observed in any patients at the last follow-up (mean, 52 months), with instrumentation. CONCLUSION: Single-stage surgery with laminectomy and costotransversectomy may be useful for removing thoracic dumbbell tumors without a combined anterior approach.

Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Laminectomy , Male , Retrospective Studies , Thoracic Neoplasms/surgery , Thoracic Vertebrae/surgery