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Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 885-890, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-470674


Objective To investigate the imaging characteristics of mucinous tubular and spindle cell carcinoma of the kindey (MTSCC-K).Methods Five cases of pathologically confirmed MTSCC-K were analyzed retrospectively.All patients underwent CT scanning,and 4 cases underwent conventional MR and diffusion weighted imaging (DWI) scanning.MR enhancement ratio for the tumor was calculated according to MR signal intensity of pre-and post-contrast in tumor and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values of tumor and normal renal cortical.Results Two case located in the right kindey,and 3 cases located in the left kindey.The maximum diameter of lesions ranged from 3.2 cm to 7.1 cm.Five cases showed nearly round shape with clear borderline.Pseudocapsule was found in 4 cases,3 cases had necrosis and cystic,and 1 case had calcification.There were no hemorrhage,fat and invasion of adjacent tissue.Isodensity or hypodense tumors were found on plain CT.Isointense or hyperintense tumors were found on plain T1WI,while isointense or mixed-signal tumors were found on plain T2WI.Slightly homogeneous or heterogeneous enhancement was observed on dynamic enhanced CT or MR,and the solid component of tumors showed hyperintense on DWI and hypointense on ADC.The mean CT value of tumor at the plain,cortical and nephrographic phase was 32.6 HU,46.5 HU and 66.5 HU,respectively.The mean ADC value of tumor and normal renal cortical was 1.23 × 10-3 mm2/s and 2.31 × 10-3 mm2/s,respectively.The mean MR percentage of enhancement value of tumor was 32.7% and 104.9%,respectively.Conclusions The imaging characteristics of MTSCC-K include nearly round shape,pseudocapsule,clear borderline,necrosis,cystic and calcification.There is no invasion of adjacent tissue and seldom malignant appearances.Isodensity or hypodense can be observed on plain CT,isointense or hyperintense on plain T1WI,and a mild continuously enhancement on dynamic enhanced scanning.

China Oncology ; (12): 804-812, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-441199


Background and purpose:Chemotherapy is the important way of breast cancer treatment, but the drug-resistance has attracted special attention. The emergence of drug resistance is closely related to the abnormal enhancement of DNA-damage repair. Both Kif4A and PARP-1 are important molecules of DNA repair. The research investigated the function of Kif4A in epirubicin up-regulating the activity of PARP-1 in breast cancer cells and possible significance. Methods:Western blot was used to detect the expression of Kif4A and PARP-1 after treatment with epirubicin in MDA-MB-231 and MCF-7 cells; the expression of PARP-1 and its activity were detected after high expression of Kif4A and treatment with epirubicin;FCM was used to detect cell apoptosis after treatment with epirubicin combined with PARP-1 inhibitor 3-ABA. Results:Epirubicin up-regulated PARP-1 activity and induced low expression of Kif4A in breast cancer cells, both of them showed dose-dependent and time-dependent. After high expression of Kif4A, the activity of PARP-1 was inhibited and the apoptosis of cells increased, epirubicin partially reversed the activity of PARP-1 inhibited by high Kif4A expression. Both of epirubicin and 3-ABA induced cell apoptosis, combination of them further increased cell apoptosis compared with alone used (P<0.05). The results also showed the apoptosis rate of MDA-MB-231 cells induced by epirubicin, PARP-1 inhibitor 3-ABA and high expression Kif4A was higher than that of MCF-7 cells (P<0.05). Conclusion:Epirubicin increases the activity of PARP-1 dependent on the low expression of Kif4A in breast cancer cells. Kif4A might become a novel target for overcoming resistance of epirubicin.

Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 682-686, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-427549


Objective To evaluate the correlation of ADC values on 3.0 T MR with the pathological grades in pT1b clear cell renal cell carcinoma(CCRCC).Methods Conventional MR images,ADC values and Fuhrman pathological grading of pT1b CCRCC were performed in 30 patients.Grade Ⅰ and Ⅱ were defined as low-grade group; grade Ⅲ and IV were defined as high-grade group.The differences of ADC values among four different pathologic grades were compared with a one-way analysis of variance. The comparison of ADC values of two different grade groups was performed with t test,and the ROC curve was performed to evaluate the diagnostic efficacy of ADC value. Correlation between pathological gradings and ADC values was assessed with Spearman rank correlation analysis. Results ( 1 ) The mean ADC value of grading Ⅰ ( 10 patients ), Ⅱ ( 8 patients ),Ⅲ ( 7 patients ),IV ( 5 patients ) was ( 0.94 ± 0.11 ) ×10-3 mm2/s,(0.82 ±0.13) × 10-3 mm2/s,(0.68 ±0.09) × 10-3 mm2/s,(0.59 ±0.03) × 10-3 mm2/s,respectively.Significant differences of ADC values among the four grades were present (F =16.422,P =0.000 ).( 2 ) The mean ADC value of the low-grade group was significantly higher than that of the high-grade group(t =5.738,P =0.000).Sensitivity and specificity of diagnosing the low-grade group was 88.9% and 83.3% respectively.There was a negative correlation between pathological grading and ADC value ( r =-0.807,P < 0.05). Conclusions The ADC values of pT1b CCRCC have close correlation with pathological gradings.They can be used to predict the degree of tumor malignancy preoperatively and guide surgical planning.

Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 199-202, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-413921


Objective To study the clinical,histopathological,immunohistochemical features and the diagnosis and treatment of paraganglioma of urinary bladder. Methods Two cases of paraganglioma of urinary bladder were treated. The first case was a male with painless haematuria. The abdominal ultrasonography and CT scan showed a 2.5 cm× 2.0 cm mass in the right anterior wall of the bladder, and urine vanillylmandelic acid elevated to 17. 9- 31. 3 μmol/24 h (normal range 10- 35 μmol/24 h). The second case was a female who presented with 8 years history of headache and palpitation after voiding. Abdominal ultrasonography and CT scan showed a 2. 6 cm× 1.5 cm mass in the left wall of the bladder, and her urine vanillylmandelic acid was 35.3-43.3 μmol/24 h. Results One patient underwent transurethral resection (TURBT) and the other underwent partial cystectomy.The two cases were diagnosed as bladder paraganglioma by pathological examination. Immunohistochemically, the tumor cells were positive for CgA, Syn, NSE and S-100. No evidence of recurrence was detected during follow-up at 3 months and 3 years. Conclusions Paraganglioma of urinary bladder should be considered as a low grade malignancy. Partial cystectomy should be recommended. The diagnosis depends on clinical symptoms, pathological and immunohistochemical results.