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Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-366884


This paper reports on a case in which a heavily-calcified so-called “porcelain aorta” (including the ductus arteriosus) was observed, together with a patent ductus arteriosus and aortic stenosis associated with a bicuspid aortic valve. A 76-year-old man had been referred to our hospital on a diagnosis of aortic stenosis. Since angiography revealed slight contrast in an area on the right side of the heart, echocardiography was performed and revealed patent ductus arteriosus. Severe circumferential calcification of the ascending aorta and aortic arch was observed on CT scans. Almost no calcification was observed in other areas. Aortic valve replacement and closure of the ductus arteriosus (transpulmonary approach) were performed by means of a balloon to temporarily occlude the aorta, as surgical clamping was impossible due to calcification. Hypothermic systemic perfusion and antegrade selective cerebral perfusion were used. The postoperative progress of the patient was good. Bicuspid aortic valve and patent ductus arteriosus are highly likely to be present in combination in cases of congenital cardiac anomaly, and it is therefore necessary to be particularly attentive when diagnosing such cases. It was considered that our patient, an adult suffering patent ductus arteriosus, was a rare case in which the calcified ductus arteriosus was observed and the calcification had spread to the ascending aorta.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-366878


We performed endovascular stent-graft placement on 39 patients with abdominal aortic aneurysms between 1996 and March 2002-a period of approximately 5 years (first half: until the end of June 1998, second half: July 1998 onward). Three patients in the first half of the period and 8 patients in the second half were 80 years or older. Two cases of mycotic aneurysm were observed. During the second half, we encountered high-risk cases in which the patients had complications such as coronary artery disease (5 patients), COPD (1 patient) and thoracic aortic aneurysm (4 patients). Although we had to switch to surgery in 3 patients during the first half of the period, we successfully placed stent-grafts in the other 36 cases (92%). Endoleaks were observed in 6 patients, and dissection of the iliac artery was observed in 5 patients (stents had been placed in all patients). In 50% of all cases in the first half of the period and 89% of all cases in the second half, stent-graft placement was successful and no endoleak was observed. During the follow-up period, 3 cases required additional treatment, and another 4 cases required surgery. Four patients died in hospital during the first half of the period, and 3 patients died during the following 3 years. The 3-year survival rate was 82%. It was considered that stent-graft placement for abdominal aortic aneurysms is particularly effective for high-risk patients, and that the results of this type of therapy will improve in the future.